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Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey (CBECS)

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Table C30. Natural gas consumption and conditional energy intensity by climate region, 2012

Released: May 2016

Total natural gas
consumption
(billion cubic feet)
Total floorspace of
buildings using natural gas
(million square feet)
Natural gas
energy intensity
(cubic feet/square foot)
  Very
cold/
cold
Mixed-
humid
Mixed-
dry/
hot-dry
Hot-
humid
Mar-
ine
Very
cold/
cold
Mixed-
humid
Mixed-
dry/
hot-dry
Hot-
humid
Mar-
ine
Very
cold/
cold
Mixed-
humid
Mixed-
dry/
hot-dry
Hot-
humid
Mar-
ine
All buildings 1,070 641 249 167 67 24,511 19,361 7,520 5,300 2,033 43.7 33.1 33.1 31.4 32.7
Building floorspace (square feet)                              
1,001 to 5,000 96 93 30 24 6 1,618 1,299 453 269 Q 59.5 71.2 66.8 90.0 51.3
5,001 to 10,000 111 76 30 18 Q 2,088 1,367 875 354 Q 53.2 55.8 34.3 50.6 Q
10,001 to 25,000 146 76 33 26 16 3,895 2,431 1,493 623 381 37.4 31.2 22.1 42.1 41.3
25,001 to 50,000 141 74 35 17 Q 3,384 2,474 1,184 789 318 41.6 29.9 29.8 21.7 30.5
50,001 to 100,000 178 97 22 23 Q 4,034 3,719 870 941 Q 44.0 26.0 25.8 24.9 Q
100,001 to 200,000 128 99 35 16 Q 3,522 3,580 1,277 818 Q 36.3 27.6 27.2 19.8 Q
200,001 to 500,000 165 61 Q 18 8 3,818 2,437 941 798 298 43.2 25.1 53.5 22.5 26.5
Over 500,000 106 66 13 23 Q 2,152 2,053 427 708 Q 49.4 32.0 30.1 33.2 Q
Principal building activity                              
Education 159 91 15 15 Q 3,873 3,615 842 1,077 Q 40.9 25.1 17.9 13.6 Q
Food sales 28 12 Q Q Q 400 193 Q Q Q 70.4 64.6 Q Q Q
Food service 76 87 26 27 Q 503 487 186 151 Q 150.4 178.7 139.1 179.6 Q
Health care 111 83 Q 25 Q 1,436 1,032 346 388 Q 77.3 80.7 93.2 63.7 Q
Inpatient 78 75 Q 24 Q 720 746 262 316 Q 108.7 100.0 115.0 75.2 Q
Outpatient 33 9 Q Q Q 717 286 Q Q Q 45.7 30.6 Q Q Q
Lodging 99 64 30 17 Q 1,684 1,617 812 676 Q 58.6 39.6 36.7 25.8 Q
Mercantile 136 62 44 32 Q 3,402 2,619 1,300 871 Q 39.9 23.8 34.2 37.1 Q
Retail (other than mall) 48 16 Q Q Q 1,517 975 Q Q Q 31.6 16.9 Q Q Q
Enclosed and strip malls 88 46 40 30 Q 1,885 1,644 824 643 Q 46.6 28.0 48.5 47.4 Q
Office 157 76 17 10 15 4,654 3,223 1,197 621 596 33.8 23.7 14.3 15.9 24.7
Public assembly 72 28 13 Q Q 1,802 952 557 324 Q 39.9 29.5 24.0 Q Q
Public order and safety 19 12 Q Q Q 409 326 Q Q Q 45.6 36.4 Q Q Q
Religious worship 40 30 Q Q Q 1,181 1,208 284 Q Q 33.6 24.5 Q Q Q
Service 58 44 Q Q Q 1,400 932 Q Q Q 41.7 47.0 Q Q Q
Warehouse and storage 75 31 25 Q Q 2,773 2,485 1,111 526 Q 27.1 12.4 22.8 7.3 Q
Other 34 Q Q Q Q 541 Q Q Q Q 63.5 Q Q Q Q
Vacant 7 Q Q N Q 454 Q Q N Q 15.8 Q Q N Q
Year constructed                              
Before 1920 57 26 Q Q Q 1,432 724 Q Q Q 39.7 35.9 Q Q Q
1920 to 1945 68 53 14 Q Q 1,677 1,418 388 Q Q 40.6 37.1 35.0 Q Q
1946 to 1959 117 49 15 10 Q 2,385 1,749 716 363 Q 49.0 28.0 21.6 26.5 Q
1960 to 1969 141 87 46 22 10 3,420 2,467 942 438 285 41.2 35.4 48.5 51.0 36.3
1970 to 1979 148 117 36 24 Q 3,337 2,363 1,330 768 Q 44.4 49.6 27.4 31.7 Q
1980 to 1989 152 77 35 46 17 3,484 3,054 1,337 1,415 598 43.5 25.3 25.9 32.8 27.7
1990 to 1999 155 99 38 28 11 3,857 2,963 1,099 947 295 40.1 33.5 34.2 29.1 38.6
2000 to 2003 82 40 16 12 Q 1,958 1,704 500 416 Q 41.9 23.5 32.6 28.2 Q
2004 to 2007 84 42 15 17 Q 1,547 1,489 471 397 Q 54.4 28.5 Q 42.8 Q
2008 to 2012 67 50 Q Q Q 1,414 1,430 661 Q Q 47.4 35.0 50.5 Q Q
Census region and division                              
Northeast 323 164 N N N 7,259 3,809 N N N 44.5 43.1 N N N
New England 108 N N N N 2,241 N N N N 48.1 N N N N
Middle Atlantic 215 164 N N N 5,018 3,809 N N N 42.9 43.1 N N N
Midwest 561 65 N N N 13,130 1,895 N N N 42.7 34.5 N N N
East North Central 452 Q N N N 9,944 Q N N N 45.5 34.9 N N N
West North Central 109 36 N N N 3,185 1,050 N N N 34.3 34.3 N N N
South N 411 23 167 N N 13,656 944 5,300 N N 30.1 24.0 31.4 N
South Atlantic N 251 N 47 N N 8,542 N 1,442 N N 29.4 N 32.5 N
East South Central N 79 N 22 N N 2,813 N 623 N N 28.0 N 35.6 N
West South Central N 82 23 97 N N 2,301 944 3,235 N N 35.5 24.0 30.1 N
West 186 N 226 N 67 4,123 N 6,576 N 2,033 45.2 N 34.4 N 32.7
Mountain 131 N 29 N N 2,872 N 894 N N 45.6 N 31.9 N N
Pacific 55 N 198 N 67 1,251 N 5,681 N 2,033 44.3 N 34.8 N 32.7
Number of floors                              
One 399 260 122 86 29 9,104 8,144 3,965 2,540 744 43.9 31.9 30.7 34.0 38.3
Two 272 145 42 21 Q 6,764 4,589 1,651 1,027 634 40.3 31.5 25.6 20.9 28.2
Three 134 58 15 8 Q 3,265 1,858 494 339 Q 41.1 31.0 31.0 24.5 Q
Four to nine 185 133 61 41 13 4,022 3,323 1,064 1,025 330 46.0 40.0 57.3 39.8 37.9
Ten or more 79 46 9 10 Q 1,357 1,447 346 369 Q 58.4 31.7 24.8 25.9 Q
Number of workers (main shift)                              
Fewer than 5 128 89 24 10 7 3,450 2,709 1,133 357 Q 37.1 32.8 21.3 28.6 32.4
5 to 9 84 64 26 17 Q 2,248 1,656 780 457 Q 37.2 38.5 33.1 36.3 Q
10 to 19 135 82 41 25 Q 2,811 2,055 1,171 503 Q 47.9 40.1 34.6 50.3 Q
20 to 49 178 102 39 32 18 4,577 3,229 1,382 906 520 39.0 31.6 28.0 35.6 34.2
50 to 99 196 99 25 23 Q 4,005 3,794 1,113 1,150 Q 48.9 26.0 22.6 19.8 Q
100 to 249 164 81 55 25 Q 3,766 3,010 1,060 878 Q 43.5 27.0 52.2 28.9 Q
250 or more 186 124 39 34 15 3,655 2,909 881 1,049 407 50.9 42.6 44.5 32.4 36.2
Weekly operating hours                              
Fewer than 40 50 30 8 5 Q 1,533 1,226 503 352 Q 32.6 24.2 15.3 15.2 Q
40 to 48 135 64 39 8 7 3,911 3,506 1,529 654 360 34.5 18.3 25.3 11.5 19.2
49 to 60 205 100 18 20 17 6,012 4,648 1,489 1,188 669 34.1 21.5 12.4 17.1 25.4
61 to 84 222 132 55 37 12 5,156 3,480 1,542 936 380 43.1 37.9 35.5 39.9 30.5
85 to 167 177 99 21 30 Q 3,199 2,096 797 427 Q 55.3 47.2 26.8 70.0 Q
Open continuously 282 216 108 66 16 4,701 4,404 1,661 1,743 317 60.0 49.1 65.0 37.9 49.8
Ownership and occupancy                              
Nongovernment owned 820 485 212 133 54 18,488 14,228 6,179 3,867 1,719 44.3 34.1 34.3 34.5 31.5
Owner occupied 430 253 103 62 21 8,997 6,294 2,716 1,917 618 47.8 40.2 38.0 32.2 33.3
Leased to tenant(s) 263 181 89 57 28 6,647 5,981 2,542 1,398 793 39.6 30.3 35.1 40.8 35.5
Owner occupied and leased 125 50 19 15 Q 2,672 1,914 836 552 Q 46.7 26.3 22.9 26.8 Q
Unoccupied Q Q Q N Q Q Q Q N Q Q Q Q N Q
Government owned 251 156 37 33 12 6,023 5,133 1,341 1,433 315 41.6 30.5 27.5 23.0 39.3
Federal 13 11 Q Q Q 313 448 Q Q Q 42.8 24.9 Q Q Q
State 79 61 9 Q Q 1,703 1,404 364 353 Q 46.1 43.8 26.1 28.5 Q
Local 159 84 25 21 6 4,007 3,280 932 1,026 193 39.6 25.5 26.6 20.4 33.1
Party responsible for operation
and maintenance of energy
systems
                             
Building owner 918 510 192 134 53 20,953 15,877 5,997 4,512 1,760 43.8 32.1 32.0 29.6 30.4
Business owner or tenant 132 108 Q 31 Q 3,093 2,830 1,395 666 256 42.8 38.1 36.5 46.4 48.5
Property management 6 13 Q Q Q 211 415 Q Q Q 29.0 32.1 Q Q Q
Other Q Q Q Q N Q Q Q Q N Q Q Q Q N
Provider of direct input on energy-
related equipment purchases
                             
Building owner 948 528 202 133 57 21,704 16,478 6,384 4,553 1,826 43.7 32.0 31.7 29.2 31.1
Business owner or tenant 94 85 Q 28 Q 2,156 2,111 978 587 Q 43.6 40.4 41.6 48.2 Q
Property management 6 Q Q Q N 173 Q Q Q N 32.6 Q Q Q N
Other 23 21 Q Q Q 478 532 Q Q Q 47.1 39.9 Q Q Q
Number of establishments                              
One 703 475 172 99 40 15,702 12,336 4,794 3,284 1,040 44.8 38.5 35.8 30.2 38.9
2 to 5 240 90 36 38 14 5,352 3,948 1,384 1,159 588 44.9 22.8 25.9 32.6 24.2
6 to 10 50 25 13 Q Q 1,242 1,073 375 Q Q 40.1 23.4 33.9 Q Q
11 to 20 48 32 14 14 Q 1,117 889 353 330 Q 42.7 36.3 40.4 Q Q
More than 20 26 18 14 6 Q 895 1,012 529 315 Q 28.7 17.9 26.1 20.0 Q
Currently unoccupied Q Q Q N Q Q Q Q N Q Q Q Q N Q
Predominant exterior wall material                              
Brick, stone, or stucco 552 375 111 68 Q 11,912 10,651 3,191 2,570 675 46.3 35.2 34.9 26.5 36.9
Concrete (block or poured) 228 157 63 53 21 5,688 4,573 2,056 1,510 691 40.0 34.4 30.8 35.3 29.7
Concrete panels 131 30 17 18 7 2,405 1,507 1,175 552 299 54.6 19.7 14.3 32.8 24.6
Siding or shingles 62 24 Q Q Q 1,683 467 518 Q Q 36.9 50.6 53.9 Q Q
Metal panels 71 31 6 12 Q 1,957 1,610 304 388 Q 36.2 19.4 19.4 30.6 Q
Window glass 14 Q Q Q Q 465 Q Q Q Q 29.3 Q Q Q Q
Other Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
No one major type Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Predominant roof material                              
Metal surfacing 101 82 16 29 Q 2,976 2,930 935 821 Q 33.8 27.9 16.8 35.0 Q
Synthetic or rubber 495 205 72 41 16 10,464 6,015 1,506 1,212 593 47.3 34.1 47.8 33.8 27.8
Built-up 228 197 71 49 22 5,559 5,526 2,358 1,862 721 41.0 35.7 30.3 26.6 31.1
Slate or tile shingles 40 26 26 10 Q 832 1,001 637 206 Q 48.1 Q 40.3 50.7 Q
Wooden materials (including
shingles)
9 18 Q Q Q 160 169 Q Q Q 59.1 108.8 Q Q Q
Asphalt, fiberglass, or
other shingles
184 92 45 31 7 4,037 3,104 1,512 962 281 45.7 29.8 29.5 31.9 23.7
Concrete Q 12 Q Q Q Q 332 Q Q Q Q 35.4 Q Q Q
Other Q Q Q Q N Q Q Q Q N Q Q Q Q N
No one major type Q Q Q N Q Q Q Q N Q Q Q Q N Q
Roof characteristics                              
Roof tilt                              
Flat 668 422 180 109 41 15,178 11,482 4,593 3,311 1,269 44.0 36.8 39.1 32.8 32.2
Shallow pitch 242 125 44 38 21 5,508 5,019 2,089 1,320 564 43.9 25.0 21.0 28.7 37.0
Steeper pitch 160 93 25 20 5 3,825 2,859 838 670 200 42.0 32.6 30.4 30.1 24.0
Cool roof 241 176 96 54 21 5,434 4,669 2,023 1,711 514 44.3 37.8 47.4 31.4 40.8
Renovations in buildings
constructed before 2008
(more than one may apply)
                             
Any type of renovation 618 348 108 90 36 13,747 10,438 2,847 2,759 1,154 45.0 33.3 38.0 32.5 31.2
Addition or annex 251 133 Q 37 Q 5,008 3,394 617 939 Q 50.1 39.1 46.1 39.9 Q
Reduction in floorspace 16 Q Q Q Q 340 810 Q Q Q 46.4 57.7 Q Q Q
Roof replacement 344 196 60 47 16 7,356 5,378 1,286 1,606 526 46.8 36.4 47.0 29.5 31.2
Exterior wall replacement 47 40 Q 14 Q 1,224 1,129 491 407 Q 38.3 35.2 42.5 Q Q
Interior wall reconfiguration 340 159 57 50 22 7,659 4,890 1,459 1,308 758 44.4 32.5 39.1 38.5 29.2
Window replacement 209 101 24 34 10 4,427 3,093 664 666 436 47.2 32.6 36.6 50.9 21.9
HVAC equipment upgrade 407 251 78 63 23 9,127 6,889 1,833 1,913 675 44.6 36.4 42.4 33.1 33.9
Lighting upgrade 430 199 77 61 23 8,992 6,177 1,849 1,645 635 47.9 32.2 41.7 37.1 36.0
Electrical upgrade 288 136 58 41 15 5,654 3,879 1,129 1,221 491 51.0 35.0 51.4 33.6 29.5
Plumbing system upgrade 256 134 58 42 14 4,749 3,489 1,079 816 418 53.8 38.3 53.5 50.9 32.9
Insulation upgrade 142 63 Q 29 Q 2,958 1,805 491 471 Q 48.0 35.1 41.9 62.4 Q
Fire, safety, or security upgrade 268 156 61 48 22 5,839 4,231 1,244 1,370 543 45.8 36.9 49.1 34.9 40.3
Structural upgrade 71 31 Q Q Q 1,325 677 352 Q Q 53.5 45.6 55.9 Q Q
Other Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
No renovations 385 243 107 74 28 9,350 7,493 4,012 2,268 836 41.2 32.5 26.8 32.7 33.6
Buildings constructed 2008 or later 67 50 Q Q Q 1,414 1,430 661 Q Q 47.4 35.0 50.5 Q Q
Energy sources
(more than one may apply)
                             
Electricity 1,070 641 249 167 67 24,511 19,361 7,520 5,300 2,033 43.7 33.1 33.1 31.4 32.7
Natural gas 1,070 641 249 167 67 24,511 19,361 7,520 5,300 2,033 43.7 33.1 33.1 31.4 32.7
Fuel oil 290 179 68 53 19 5,395 4,834 1,190 1,637 607 53.8 36.9 56.9 32.2 30.9
District heat Q Q Q Q Q 1,074 1,493 Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
District chilled water Q Q Q Q Q 820 1,224 170 194 Q Q Q 134.5 66.1 Q
Propane 86 29 10 16 Q 1,591 887 490 356 Q 54.1 33.0 19.7 44.5 Q
Other 60 20 Q Q Q 1,438 643 341 Q Q 41.6 31.4 Q Q Q
Space-heating energy sources                              
Natural gas 1,007 552 202 104 58 22,436 15,774 6,268 3,316 1,717 44.9 35.0 32.3 31.4 33.8
Natural gas main 945 483 163 79 56 20,554 12,884 5,252 2,710 1,588 46.0 37.5 31.1 29.0 35.1
Natural gas secondary 62 68 39 26 Q 1,882 2,890 1,016 607 Q 32.8 23.6 38.6 42.1 Q
Other excluding natural gas 63 88 39 51 Q 2,044 3,578 1,086 1,629 280 30.9 24.5 36.0 31.5 16.5
Buildings without heating Q Q Q 11 Q Q Q Q 355 Q Q Q Q 31.3 Q
Primary space-heating
energy source
                             
Electricity 78 114 63 68 Q 2,526 4,582 1,979 2,141 321 30.7 24.9 31.8 31.7 14.4
Natural gas 945 483 163 79 56 20,554 12,884 5,252 2,710 1,588 46.0 37.5 31.1 29.0 35.1
Fuel oil Q 5 N N N Q 360 N N N Q 15.1 N N N
District heat Q Q Q Q Q 1,032 1,483 Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Propane Q Q Q N N Q Q Q N N Q Q Q N N
Other Q Q N N N Q Q N N N Q Q N N N
Cooling energy sources                              
Natural gas 30 22 Q Q Q 403 272 Q Q Q 74.9 80.9 Q Q Q
Other excluding natural gas 995 607 244 165 58 22,970 18,728 7,325 5,276 1,868 43.3 32.4 33.3 31.2 30.8
Buildings without cooling 45 12 2 Q Q 1,138 361 158 Q Q 39.4 33.9 12.0 Q Q
Water-heating energy sources                              
Natural gas 839 514 201 124 50 16,960 11,896 5,927 3,447 1,294 49.4 43.2 34.0 36.0 38.9
Other excluding natural gas 216 114 44 41 14 7,014 6,724 1,327 1,784 647 30.8 16.9 32.9 22.8 21.7
Buildings without water heating 16 14 4 Q Q 537 741 266 Q Q 29.7 18.2 14.6 Q Q
Cooking energy sources                              
Natural gas 530 385 151 107 34 9,670 8,466 3,055 2,873 706 54.8 45.5 49.5 37.1 48.2
Other excluding natural gas 114 54 15 13 Q 2,914 2,162 455 510 Q 39.0 25.1 32.0 25.4 Q
Buildings without cooking 426 201 83 47 28 11,927 8,733 4,010 1,917 1,113 35.8 23.0 20.8 24.5 25.1
Energy end uses
(more than one may apply)
                             
Buildings with space heating 1,070 639 242 155 63 24,480 19,352 7,355 4,945 1,997 43.7 33.0 32.8 31.4 31.4
Buildings with cooling 1,026 629 247 166 58 23,373 19,000 7,361 5,289 1,874 43.9 33.1 33.5 31.4 30.9
Buildings with water heating 1,055 627 245 165 64 23,974 18,620 7,254 5,231 1,940 44.0 33.7 33.8 31.5 33.1
Buildings with cooking 644 440 166 120 39 12,584 10,628 3,510 3,383 921 51.2 41.4 47.2 35.3 42.0
Buildings with manufacturing 68 19 Q Q Q 1,735 997 367 445 Q 39.0 18.6 Q 44.1 Q
Buildings with electricity
generation
440 226 93 51 24 9,160 6,421 1,915 1,989 786 48.1 35.3 48.3 25.5 30.5
Percent of floorspace heated                              
Not heated Q Q Q 11 Q Q Q Q 355 Q Q Q Q 31.3 Q
1 to 50 30 33 41 9 Q 1,444 1,489 1,858 563 Q 20.8 22.0 22.2 15.7 Q
51 to 99 168 131 72 45 15 3,270 4,266 2,032 1,089 491 51.5 30.7 35.5 41.6 31.5
100 872 476 128 101 40 19,766 13,597 3,464 3,294 1,144 44.1 35.0 37.0 30.7 34.9
Percent of floorspace cooled                              
Not cooled 45 12 2 Q Q 1,138 361 158 Q Q 39.4 33.9 12.0 Q Q
1 to 50 245 97 51 10 6 6,303 3,785 1,900 693 350 38.8 25.7 26.7 13.9 16.5
51 to 99 316 190 79 44 22 6,836 6,109 2,242 1,229 690 46.2 31.2 35.4 35.5 31.5
100 465 341 117 113 30 10,234 9,105 3,220 3,367 835 45.5 37.4 36.3 33.5 36.4
Heating equipment
(more than one may apply)
                             
Heat pumps 61 102 50 17 11 1,584 4,001 1,122 494 358 38.8 25.4 44.2 35.1 31.7
Furnaces 121 71 Q 15 Q 3,139 2,403 904 454 Q 38.4 29.4 33.0 33.2 Q
Individual space heaters 316 130 35 33 18 8,159 4,842 1,224 995 587 38.7 26.9 28.4 33.3 30.2
District heat Q Q Q Q Q 1,074 1,483 Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Boilers 525 275 89 50 21 9,860 6,584 1,709 1,302 564 53.3 41.8 51.9 38.3 37.7
Packaged heating units 647 366 165 107 42 15,325 12,135 5,298 3,500 1,310 42.2 30.1 31.2 30.5 32.4
Other 32 Q Q Q Q 591 Q Q Q Q 53.5 Q Q Q Q
Cooling equipment
(more than one may apply)
                             
Residential-type central air
conditioners
197 110 66 30 Q 4,739 3,346 1,538 783 Q 41.6 33.0 42.9 37.9 Q
Heat pumps 71 108 36 22 14 1,842 4,085 1,095 551 445 38.4 26.5 32.8 39.2 31.2
Individual air conditioners 185 129 25 18 Q 3,993 3,467 626 802 Q 46.3 37.2 40.0 22.8 Q
District chilled water Q Q Q Q Q 820 1,224 170 194 Q Q Q 134.5 66.1 Q
Central chillers 290 171 56 48 19 5,752 4,526 1,230 1,727 510 50.4 37.8 45.3 28.0 36.9
Packaged air conditioning units 627 361 160 100 38 14,127 11,743 4,727 3,154 1,166 44.4 30.7 33.9 31.7 32.6
Swamp coolers 30 Q 26 Q Q 545 Q 582 Q Q 55.0 Q 44.1 Q Q
Other Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Main equipment replaced since
1990 (more than one may apply)
                             
Heating 371 248 73 57 22 8,831 6,974 2,789 1,725 739 42.0 35.6 26.1 33.3 29.3
Cooling 423 261 82 71 22 9,590 7,817 2,755 2,242 689 44.1 33.4 29.9 31.7 32.1
Water-heating equipment                              
Centralized system 693 419 130 99 38 15,179 10,784 4,230 2,832 980 45.7 38.9 30.8 34.9 38.5
Distributed system 127 49 50 21 Q 3,427 2,299 1,275 933 Q 37.1 21.4 39.0 22.4 Q
Combination of centralized and
distributed system
234 159 65 45 23 5,367 5,536 1,749 1,466 685 43.6 28.7 37.1 30.6 33.5
Food preparation or serving areas
in non-food service buildings
(more than one may apply)
                             
Snack bar or concession stand 182 92 38 33 10 3,283 2,630 839 844 271 55.6 35.1 45.2 38.5 37.5
Fast food or small restaurant 160 92 51 49 11 2,944 2,513 1,350 1,221 316 54.2 36.8 37.9 40.0 33.5
Cafeteria or large restaurant 259 193 59 45 16 4,911 5,239 1,073 1,495 325 52.8 36.9 54.6 30.3 49.7
Commercial kitchen/
food preparation area
317 205 67 50 18 5,862 4,702 1,403 1,763 352 54.0 43.6 47.8 28.3 51.5
Small kitchen area 223 110 31 27 8 4,820 3,527 1,102 1,154 279 46.3 31.3 27.8 23.3 26.9
HVAC conservation features
(more than one may apply)
                             
Economizer cycle 524 254 124 57 33 11,676 7,198 3,058 1,615 1,137 44.8 35.3 40.4 35.0 29.0
Regular HVAC maintenance 965 553 221 149 55 21,395 16,426 6,449 4,755 1,666 45.1 33.6 34.2 31.3 33.1
Building automation system (BAS)2 531 262 150 99 31 11,678 8,783 3,369 2,934 1,056 45.4 29.9 44.5 33.7 29.8
Window and interior lighting
features (more than one may
apply)
                             
Multipaned windows 925 473 147 115 49 20,517 14,990 3,905 3,075 1,287 45.1 31.5 37.6 37.5 38.3
Tinted window glass 556 382 157 115 49 12,194 10,966 4,817 3,203 1,450 45.6 34.9 32.5 35.8 33.6
Reflective window glass 258 133 78 38 21 5,332 3,314 1,816 1,137 452 48.4 40.1 43.2 33.1 45.6
External overhangs or awnings 440 311 126 90 39 9,079 7,538 3,145 2,495 962 48.4 41.2 39.9 36.0 40.8
Skylights or atriums 305 185 81 60 32 6,592 5,361 2,460 1,494 838 46.3 34.6 32.8 40.5 38.5
Light scheduling 462 215 113 80 36 9,885 6,723 3,262 2,266 973 46.7 31.9 34.7 35.1 36.6
Occupancy sensors 558 237 117 85 44 12,241 7,515 3,245 2,703 1,268 45.6 31.5 36.1 31.5 35.0
Multi-level lighting or dimming 248 156 99 36 20 4,712 3,751 1,729 1,004 507 52.6 41.7 57.5 35.8 39.2
Daylight harvesting 94 40 34 17 Q 2,168 1,205 784 601 Q 43.4 33.4 43.7 28.2 Q
Demand responsive lighting 47 40 23 11 Q 1,216 1,124 973 268 Q 38.5 35.8 23.5 39.4 Q
Building automation system (BAS) for lighting2 182 64 44 24 12 4,128 2,540 1,357 990 386 44.1 25.1 32.8 24.2 31.9
Equipment usage reduced when
building not in full use
(more than one may apply)
                             
Heating 820 482 181 103 48 19,735 15,659 6,228 3,592 1,603 41.6 30.8 29.0 28.7 29.9
Cooling 787 470 185 116 45 18,722 15,340 6,201 4,017 1,447 42.0 30.7 29.9 29.0 30.9
Lighting 1,015 596 230 150 64 23,235 18,079 6,910 4,850 1,959 43.7 32.9 33.2 30.9 32.4
Annual consumption
(hundred cubic feet)
                             
1,000 or less 21 17 8 4 1 1,757 2,491 1,649 906 Q 11.8 7.0 4.9 4.0 8.8
1,001 to 5,000 133 86 33 16 7 5,090 4,791 1,936 1,035 484 26.2 18.0 17.0 15.5 13.9
5,001 to 10,000 103 80 24 19 7 2,811 3,072 898 921 285 36.5 25.9 26.3 21.0 23.3
10,001 to 25,000 192 138 57 36 25 4,791 3,635 1,276 963 491 40.2 37.9 44.5 37.1 51.5
25,001 to 50,000 154 94 27 19 10 3,349 2,300 579 498 429 46.1 40.8 46.9 37.1 22.8
50,001 to 100,000 160 54 28 31 Q 3,061 1,235 476 455 Q 52.3 43.3 58.9 68.3 Q
Over 100,000 307 173 72 42 Q 3,652 1,836 705 523 Q 84.0 94.1 102.4 80.6 Q
 
1These climate regions were created by the Building America program, sponsored by the U.S. Department of Energy’s Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE).
2In earlier CBECS publications, BAS was referred to as Energy Management and Control System (EMCS).
Q = Data withheld either because the Relative Standard Error (RSE) was greater than 50 percent or fewer than 20 buildings were sampled.
N = No cases in reporting sample.
Notes: • Because of rounding, data may not sum to totals. • See the
Guide to the 2012 CBECS Detailed Tables or CBECS Terminology for definitions of terms used in these tables and/or comparison of differences with prior CBECS tables. Both references can be accessed from http://www.eia.gov/consumption/commercial/data/2012/ • Statistics for the Energy end uses category represent total consumption in buildings that have the end use, not consumption specifically for that particular end use. • HVAC = Heating, ventilation, and air conditioning.
Source: U.S. Energy Information Administration, Office of Energy Consumption and Efficiency Statistics, Forms EIA-871A and Cof the 2012 Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey.