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Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey (CBECS)

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Table C16. Electricity expenditures by Census region, 2012

Released: May 2016

Total electricity expenditures
(million dollars)
Electricity expenditures (dollars)
per kWh per square foot
  North-
east
Mid-
west
South West North-
east
Mid-
west
South West North-
east
Mid-
west
South West
All buildings 25,123 21,717 47,473 27,563 0.11 0.09 0.09 0.11 1.64 1.17 1.44 1.53
Building floorspace (square feet)                        
1,001 to 5,000 1,901 2,425 6,304 3,003 0.13 0.10 0.10 0.12 1.91 1.41 1.99 1.86
5,001 to 10,000 1,688 1,967 4,610 3,712 0.12 0.09 0.10 0.12 1.43 1.08 1.40 1.69
10,001 to 25,000 3,214 2,811 6,313 4,343 0.13 0.09 0.09 0.12 1.38 0.99 1.27 1.27
25,001 to 50,000 2,110 2,999 6,083 3,357 0.12 0.09 0.09 0.12 1.30 1.00 1.40 1.24
50,001 to 100,000 3,969 3,449 8,064 2,991 0.11 0.09 0.09 0.11 1.48 1.28 1.37 1.27
100,001 to 200,000 4,249 2,907 6,272 4,079 0.10 0.09 0.09 0.11 1.69 1.21 1.22 1.76
200,001 to 500,000 4,328 3,167 5,671 3,541 0.12 0.08 0.08 0.11 1.94 1.18 1.55 1.70
Over 500,000 3,665 1,991 4,156 2,537 0.12 0.08 0.08 0.11 2.12 1.40 1.59 1.99
Principal building activity                        
Education 2,038 2,824 5,914 2,116 0.11 0.09 0.09 0.12 0.99 0.89 1.15 1.15
Food sales 1,477 756 1,970 1,516 0.10 0.09 0.09 0.10 4.67 4.34 4.94 4.18
Food service 1,341 1,363 3,396 1,970 0.12 0.09 0.09 0.12 4.59 3.69 4.40 5.10
Health care 2,495 1,607 3,491 1,992 0.11 0.07 0.08 0.10 2.34 1.86 2.42 2.53
Inpatient 1,541 1,007 2,421 1,466 0.11 0.07 0.08 0.10 2.87 2.03 2.71 3.28
Outpatient 954 600 1,070 526 0.10 0.08 0.09 0.11 1.80 1.64 1.95 1.55
Lodging 1,424 1,324 3,344 2,407 0.10 0.08 0.09 0.12 1.41 1.25 1.45 1.65
Mercantile 3,140 3,263 8,507 5,106 0.12 0.09 0.09 0.10 1.91 1.53 1.80 1.81
Retail (other than mall) 1,333 1,461 3,094 2,257 0.13 0.09 0.09 0.11 1.61 1.28 1.46 1.69
Enclosed and strip malls 1,807 1,802 5,413 2,850 0.11 0.08 0.09 0.10 2.21 1.82 2.08 1.93
Office 7,357 4,592 8,459 5,833 0.12 0.09 0.10 0.11 1.99 1.38 1.54 1.71
Public assembly 1,530 1,908 2,872 1,578 0.11 0.09 0.09 0.12 1.61 1.20 1.43 1.55
Public order and safety 660 275 798 Q 0.13 0.08 0.08 Q 1.91 0.82 1.39 Q
Religious worship 430 393 1,245 446 0.11 0.09 0.10 0.13 0.48 0.42 0.62 0.62
Service 665 1,078 1,559 819 0.12 0.10 0.10 0.13 0.82 0.74 1.00 1.18
Warehouse and storage 1,059 1,429 3,727 2,228 0.13 0.09 0.09 0.14 0.62 0.60 0.74 0.65
Other 1,416 752 1,917 957 0.12 0.09 0.07 0.11 5.19 1.74 2.32 2.18
Vacant Q 153 276 290 Q 0.09 0.10 0.11 Q 0.46 0.40 0.64
Year constructed                        
Before 1920 1,561 594 1,097 263 0.13 0.10 0.10 0.10 0.99 0.62 1.16 0.85
1920 to 1945 2,856 1,388 1,787 1,248 0.14 0.09 0.10 0.13 1.48 0.81 1.25 1.60
1946 to 1959 2,173 1,759 2,734 1,789 0.13 0.09 0.09 0.11 1.37 1.07 1.10 1.21
1960 to 1969 3,500 2,627 4,730 3,469 0.12 0.08 0.08 0.12 1.57 0.98 1.39 1.82
1970 to 1979 3,657 3,931 5,207 3,226 0.10 0.09 0.09 0.11 1.93 1.53 1.46 1.27
1980 to 1989 3,066 3,264 10,821 5,692 0.12 0.09 0.09 0.12 1.79 1.27 1.61 1.50
1990 to 1999 4,227 3,200 8,594 4,458 0.11 0.09 0.09 0.11 2.10 1.18 1.51 1.65
2000 to 2003 1,860 2,153 4,650 2,010 0.11 0.09 0.09 0.11 1.91 1.44 1.41 1.41
2004 to 2007 873 1,558 3,821 3,309 0.11 0.09 0.09 0.11 1.84 1.26 1.35 1.70
2008 to 2012 1,349 1,243 4,032 Q 0.11 0.07 0.10 0.12 1.50 1.27 1.51 1.89
Climate region1                        
Very cold/Cold 15,980 18,390 N 5,702 0.11 0.09 N 0.09 1.55 1.16 N 1.11
Mixed-humid 9,142 3,327 26,907 N 0.12 0.09 0.09 N 1.83 1.24 1.36 N
Mixed-dry/Hot-dry N N Q 17,386 N N 0.07 0.12 N N 0.64 1.70
Hot-humid N N 19,604 Q N N 0.09 Q N N 1.66 Q
Marine N N N 3,910 N N N 0.11 N N N 1.62
Number of floors                        
One 6,488 8,881 24,763 13,850 0.11 0.09 0.09 0.12 1.76 1.19 1.42 1.47
Two 5,648 5,103 9,009 5,624 0.11 0.09 0.09 0.11 1.39 1.07 1.32 1.32
Three 3,715 2,740 2,999 1,560 0.12 0.09 0.09 0.12 1.54 1.06 1.48 1.45
Four to nine 5,262 3,680 7,937 4,547 0.11 0.08 0.08 0.11 1.56 1.29 1.59 2.08
Ten or more 4,011 1,313 2,766 1,982 0.13 0.08 0.09 0.10 2.30 1.49 1.63 1.89
Elevators and escalators
(more than one may apply)
                       
Any elevators 14,315 9,452 17,324 10,337 0.11 0.08 0.09 0.11 1.81 1.26 1.58 1.84
Number of elevators                        
One 3,286 3,384 4,972 2,083 0.10 0.09 0.09 0.11 1.28 1.06 1.36 1.23
Two to five 5,821 3,526 7,349 4,347 0.11 0.08 0.08 0.11 1.85 1.29 1.61 1.92
Six or more 5,207 2,542 5,003 3,907 0.12 0.08 0.09 0.11 2.38 1.64 1.85 2.36
Any escalators 1,752 1,206 1,779 1,558 0.12 0.08 0.08 0.10 2.20 1.37 1.68 1.72
Number of workers (main shift)                        
Fewer than 5 2,129 2,832 5,768 3,083 0.13 0.09 0.09 0.12 0.87 0.72 0.95 1.00
5 to 9 1,683 2,248 4,822 2,866 0.12 0.10 0.09 0.12 1.31 1.18 1.36 1.29
10 to 19 1,693 2,339 5,789 3,734 0.12 0.09 0.09 0.12 1.22 1.24 1.52 1.47
20 to 49 3,549 3,805 8,419 5,466 0.11 0.09 0.09 0.11 1.86 1.13 1.50 1.51
50 to 99 3,737 3,678 9,163 3,492 0.11 0.09 0.09 0.11 1.57 1.33 1.51 1.55
100 to 249 4,430 3,090 6,366 3,743 0.11 0.08 0.09 0.11 1.75 1.34 1.53 1.94
250 or more 7,901 3,725 7,147 5,178 0.11 0.08 0.09 0.11 2.36 1.55 1.92 2.21
Weekly operating hours                        
Fewer than 40 515 1,052 1,258 915 0.12 0.10 0.10 0.13 0.53 0.59 0.50 0.71
40 to 48 2,452 2,462 6,602 4,535 0.12 0.10 0.09 0.12 1.05 0.81 0.98 1.25
49 to 60 5,100 4,500 9,782 5,103 0.12 0.09 0.10 0.12 1.53 1.03 1.15 1.20
61 to 84 5,164 4,859 9,150 6,066 0.11 0.09 0.09 0.12 1.56 1.34 1.74 1.68
85 to 167 4,201 3,776 7,007 3,921 0.12 0.08 0.09 0.11 2.23 1.57 2.24 2.02
Open continuously 7,690 5,068 13,674 7,023 0.11 0.08 0.08 0.11 2.23 1.51 1.98 2.15
Ownership and occupancy                        
Nongovernment owned 20,111 16,836 37,870 22,879 0.12 0.09 0.09 0.11 1.72 1.22 1.49 1.56
Owner occupied 7,979 8,183 17,896 9,226 0.11 0.09 0.09 0.11 1.48 1.13 1.49 1.63
Leased to tenant(s) 9,213 6,307 15,265 10,277 0.12 0.09 0.09 0.12 2.09 1.35 1.54 1.51
Owner occupied and leased 2,904 2,309 4,650 3,299 0.11 0.08 0.09 0.12 1.63 1.33 1.43 1.61
Unoccupied Q Q 59 Q Q Q 0.13 Q Q Q 0.28 Q
Government owned 5,012 4,880 9,603 4,683 0.11 0.08 0.09 0.11 1.38 1.04 1.26 1.42
Federal Q Q 1,285 266 Q 0.09 0.10 0.10 Q 1.45 1.54 1.30
State 1,964 1,327 2,382 1,570 0.10 0.08 0.08 0.11 1.71 1.16 1.13 1.40
Local 2,753 3,153 5,937 2,848 0.12 0.09 0.09 0.11 1.24 0.96 1.27 1.45
Party responsible for operation
and maintenance of energy
systems
                       
Building owner 20,516 18,864 38,721 21,811 0.11 0.09 0.09 0.11 1.57 1.15 1.40 1.51
Business owner or tenant 3,952 2,392 7,239 5,051 0.12 0.09 0.09 0.12 2.18 1.40 1.65 1.57
Property management Q Q 973 Q Q Q 0.09 Q Q Q 1.49 Q
Other Q Q 539 Q Q Q 0.09 Q Q Q 1.74 Q
Provider of direct input on energy-
related equipment purchases
                       
Building owner 20,885 19,231 40,015 23,321 0.11 0.09 0.09 0.11 1.57 1.14 1.40 1.52
Business owner or tenant 3,269 1,885 5,613 3,589 0.12 0.09 0.09 0.11 2.35 1.48 1.74 1.59
Property management Q Q 413 Q Q Q 0.10 Q Q Q 1.20 Q
Other 650 392 1,433 287 0.11 0.09 0.09 0.13 2.07 1.14 1.79 1.30
Number of establishments                        
One 14,459 13,761 30,239 17,114 0.11 0.09 0.09 0.11 1.53 1.11 1.40 1.54
2 to 5 5,376 5,323 8,529 5,422 0.12 0.09 0.09 0.12 1.63 1.27 1.31 1.45
6 to 10 1,480 1,025 2,808 1,651 0.13 0.08 0.09 0.10 1.91 1.32 1.69 1.50
11 to 20 1,689 814 3,132 1,347 0.12 0.09 0.10 0.10 2.03 1.65 2.01 1.71
More than 20 2,104 757 2,696 1,942 0.12 0.08 0.08 0.11 2.53 1.42 1.90 1.92
Currently unoccupied Q Q 69 Q Q Q 0.12 0.11 Q Q 0.21 0.40
Predominant exterior wall material                        
Brick, stone, or stucco 12,393 10,613 24,453 10,910 0.12 0.09 0.09 0.12 1.64 1.19 1.51 1.58
Concrete (block or poured) 5,942 4,880 12,737 7,863 0.10 0.09 0.09 0.11 1.66 1.24 1.60 1.60
Concrete panels 1,560 2,311 3,601 4,202 0.10 0.08 0.09 0.12 1.94 1.39 1.20 1.41
Siding or shingles 2,220 1,659 1,667 2,201 0.13 0.09 0.10 0.12 1.45 1.23 1.22 1.67
Metal panels 1,242 1,453 3,664 1,150 0.12 0.09 0.09 0.11 1.30 0.70 0.96 0.94
Window glass 1,248 Q 759 691 0.11 Q 0.09 0.10 2.89 Q 2.11 2.14
Other Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
No one major type Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Predominant roof material                        
Metal surfacing 1,831 2,691 8,689 3,202 0.11 0.09 0.09 0.11 1.19 0.86 1.11 1.26
Synthetic or rubber 10,349 9,429 13,047 7,616 0.12 0.09 0.09 0.10 1.77 1.27 1.70 1.63
Built-up 6,724 4,678 13,130 8,050 0.11 0.08 0.09 0.12 1.81 1.19 1.53 1.58
Slate or tile shingles 878 401 2,501 2,555 0.12 0.09 0.09 0.14 1.06 1.03 1.37 2.16
Wooden materials (including
shingles)
222 Q 534 589 0.11 Q 0.09 0.13 1.49 Q 1.42 1.26
Asphalt, fiberglass, or
other shingles
4,327 3,904 7,490 4,306 0.13 0.09 0.09 0.12 1.65 1.21 1.34 1.33
Concrete 552 Q 1,498 774 0.10 Q 0.09 0.12 1.85 Q 1.87 1.92
Other Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
No one major type Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Roof characteristics                        
Roof tilt                        
Flat 18,467 13,519 28,006 17,298 0.11 0.09 0.09 0.11 1.85 1.29 1.59 1.62
Shallow pitch 3,243 5,290 13,555 7,485 0.11 0.09 0.09 0.12 1.34 1.08 1.28 1.46
Steeper pitch 3,414 2,907 5,912 2,780 0.12 0.09 0.09 0.12 1.19 0.90 1.23 1.27
Cool roof 5,780 4,927 11,910 8,533 0.10 0.08 0.09 0.11 1.71 1.34 1.60 1.74
Renovations in buildings
constructed before 2008
(more than one may apply)
                       
Any type of renovation 16,223 12,161 22,853 11,646 0.11 0.09 0.09 0.11 1.75 1.21 1.51 1.56
Addition or annex 4,249 5,060 6,833 2,786 0.11 0.08 0.09 0.10 1.65 1.24 1.50 1.59
Reduction in floorspace 1,091 447 1,224 402 Q 0.09 0.09 0.11 1.87 1.76 1.95 1.49
Roof replacement 9,276 6,776 10,987 4,429 0.11 0.08 0.09 0.11 1.70 1.26 1.61 1.43
Exterior wall replacement 1,357 1,379 2,483 1,290 0.13 0.08 0.08 0.11 1.49 1.29 1.73 1.60
Interior wall reconfiguration 9,660 6,656 11,384 6,804 0.12 0.09 0.09 0.10 1.92 1.28 1.68 1.60
Window replacement 5,138 3,095 6,288 2,895 0.12 0.08 0.09 0.11 1.51 1.02 1.67 1.41
HVAC equipment upgrade 12,150 7,886 14,436 7,399 0.11 0.08 0.09 0.11 1.88 1.21 1.56 1.68
Lighting upgrade 10,851 7,524 13,780 7,339 0.12 0.08 0.09 0.10 1.81 1.23 1.57 1.61
Electrical upgrade 7,666 4,765 8,714 4,535 0.12 0.08 0.09 0.10 1.93 1.19 1.61 1.68
Plumbing system upgrade 6,548 4,235 7,146 4,097 0.12 0.08 0.09 0.11 1.94 1.23 1.55 1.72
Insulation upgrade 3,030 2,601 3,867 2,256 0.12 0.08 0.08 0.10 1.73 1.19 1.68 1.73
Fire, safety, or security upgrade 8,557 5,155 9,157 4,703 0.12 0.08 0.09 0.11 1.86 1.35 1.57 1.62
Structural upgrade 1,161 1,181 2,194 1,898 0.13 0.08 0.08 0.10 1.59 1.33 1.83 1.73
Other Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
No renovations 7,550 8,313 20,588 13,818 0.11 0.09 0.09 0.12 1.47 1.10 1.35 1.47
Buildings constructed 2008 or later 1,349 1,243 4,032 Q 0.11 0.07 0.10 0.12 1.50 1.27 1.51 1.89
Energy sources
(more than one may apply)
                       
Electricity 25,123 21,717 47,473 27,563 0.11 0.09 0.09 0.11 1.64 1.17 1.44 1.53
Natural gas 19,110 18,019 29,542 21,172 0.11 0.09 0.09 0.11 1.73 1.20 1.48 1.66
Fuel oil 11,045 5,849 12,953 6,501 0.12 0.08 0.08 0.11 1.82 1.49 1.84 2.07
District heat 4,224 1,056 2,903 1,562 0.11 0.07 0.08 0.10 2.13 1.17 1.32 1.76
District chilled water 1,959 750 3,203 1,366 0.09 0.07 0.08 0.10 2.47 1.28 1.29 1.82
Propane 2,637 2,148 3,736 2,302 0.11 0.08 0.09 0.12 1.51 1.13 1.46 1.55
Other 1,388 769 1,542 1,472 0.12 0.10 0.10 0.10 1.29 0.98 1.70 1.42
Space-heating energy sources                        
Electricity 12,909 10,944 34,700 16,121 0.11 0.08 0.09 0.11 1.77 1.27 1.54 1.53
Electricity main 4,372 4,066 24,469 9,155 0.11 0.08 0.09 0.11 2.00 1.36 1.62 1.55
Electricity secondary 8,537 6,878 10,232 6,966 0.12 0.08 0.09 0.11 1.68 1.22 1.38 1.50
Other excluding electricity 11,856 10,586 9,872 9,695 0.12 0.09 0.09 0.11 1.53 1.13 1.24 1.64
Buildings without heating Q 186 2,901 1,746 0.12 0.11 0.09 0.18 Q 0.36 1.15 1.15
Primary space-heating
energy source
                       
Electricity 4,372 4,066 24,469 9,155 0.11 0.08 0.09 0.11 2.00 1.36 1.62 1.55
Natural gas 13,707 15,425 16,424 14,766 0.11 0.09 0.09 0.11 1.64 1.18 1.33 1.60
Fuel oil 2,001 Q 246 Q 0.12 Q 0.09 Q 1.01 Q 0.82 Q
District heat 4,191 1,010 2,837 1,531 0.11 0.07 0.08 0.10 2.15 1.17 1.34 1.77
Propane 358 534 562 174 0.13 0.08 0.08 0.11 0.95 0.74 0.92 0.74
Other Q Q Q Q Q Q Q 0.10 Q Q Q 0.79
Cooling energy sources                        
Electricity 22,836 20,841 44,836 25,544 0.12 0.09 0.09 0.11 1.72 1.24 1.50 1.60
Other excluding electricity 1,470 319 2,031 Q 0.09 0.07 0.08 0.10 2.28 1.01 1.14 1.76
Buildings without cooling 816 556 606 1,118 0.13 0.10 0.10 0.12 0.61 0.39 0.47 0.73
Water-heating energy sources                        
Electricity 11,198 9,629 29,001 13,375 0.12 0.09 0.09 0.11 1.71 1.21 1.49 1.52
Other excluding electricity 13,598 11,638 16,602 13,043 0.11 0.09 0.09 0.11 1.68 1.20 1.54 1.69
Buildings without water heating 327 450 1,871 1,145 0.14 0.10 0.10 0.13 0.50 0.47 0.68 0.78
Cooking energy sources                        
Electricity 8,865 8,226 17,002 9,103 0.11 0.08 0.09 0.11 1.90 1.34 1.73 2.02
Other excluding electricity 6,216 3,209 8,577 6,053 0.11 0.08 0.09 0.12 1.78 1.25 1.88 2.19
Buildings without cooking 10,041 10,282 21,894 12,407 0.12 0.09 0.09 0.12 1.41 1.05 1.17 1.16
Energy end uses
(more than one may apply)
                       
Buildings with space heating 24,765 21,530 44,572 25,816 0.11 0.09 0.09 0.11 1.65 1.19 1.46 1.57
Buildings with cooling 24,307 21,160 46,867 26,444 0.11 0.09 0.09 0.11 1.74 1.23 1.48 1.61
Buildings with water heating 24,796 21,267 45,603 26,418 0.11 0.09 0.09 0.11 1.69 1.21 1.51 1.60
Buildings with cooking 15,081 11,435 25,580 15,156 0.11 0.08 0.09 0.11 1.84 1.31 1.78 2.09
Buildings with manufacturing 1,777 1,095 2,362 1,427 0.12 0.10 0.08 0.13 1.68 0.93 1.38 1.25
Buildings with electricity
generation
12,432 7,191 17,294 9,209 0.11 0.08 0.09 0.11 2.00 1.34 1.84 1.97
Percent of floorspace heated                        
Not heated Q 186 2,901 1,746 0.12 0.11 0.09 0.18 Q 0.36 1.15 1.15
1 to 50 1,142 975 3,995 4,249 0.13 0.09 0.09 0.12 1.01 0.75 1.00 1.15
51 to 99 5,296 2,622 9,591 6,077 0.12 0.09 0.09 0.12 1.85 1.17 1.54 1.83
100 18,326 17,933 30,987 15,491 0.11 0.09 0.09 0.11 1.66 1.24 1.53 1.64
Percent of floorspace cooled                        
Not cooled 816 556 606 1,118 0.13 0.10 0.10 0.12 0.61 0.39 0.47 0.73
1 to 50 3,061 4,148 4,629 4,239 0.12 0.09 0.10 0.12 0.86 0.87 0.75 0.96
51 to 99 10,553 6,062 13,118 8,026 0.12 0.08 0.09 0.12 2.08 1.29 1.55 1.79
100 10,693 10,951 29,120 14,179 0.11 0.09 0.09 0.11 2.01 1.42 1.70 1.87
Percent lit when open                        
Zero Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
1 to 50 1,602 2,567 4,692 2,462 0.12 0.09 0.09 0.12 0.76 0.89 0.99 0.85
51 to 99 10,682 9,883 19,438 11,665 0.12 0.09 0.09 0.11 1.70 1.25 1.46 1.60
100 12,794 9,134 23,194 13,303 0.11 0.09 0.09 0.11 1.92 1.26 1.61 1.80
Building never open/electricity
not used
Q 123 85 104 Q 0.09 0.12 0.11 Q 0.30 0.19 0.33
Percent lit during off hours                        
Zero 4,487 4,518 8,736 7,609 0.12 0.10 0.10 0.13 1.16 0.81 0.96 1.24
1 to 50 15,097 14,519 31,165 15,142 0.12 0.09 0.09 0.11 1.62 1.27 1.54 1.54
51 to 100 4,398 1,511 5,095 3,830 0.10 0.08 0.08 0.11 2.44 1.59 1.98 2.39
Building always open with
no "off hours"
1,141 1,168 2,477 983 0.12 0.08 0.08 0.11 3.63 2.13 2.14 2.32
Electricity not used N N N N N N N N N N N N
Heating equipment
(more than one may apply)
                       
Heat pumps 2,344 1,324 10,311 3,599 0.11 0.08 0.09 0.11 1.68 1.24 1.49 1.47
Furnaces 1,712 2,614 4,090 2,009 0.12 0.09 0.09 0.11 1.38 1.04 1.22 1.31
Individual space heaters 8,257 5,992 7,927 4,519 0.12 0.08 0.09 0.10 1.68 1.05 1.22 1.26
District heat 4,224 1,056 2,867 1,531 0.11 0.07 0.08 0.10 2.13 1.17 1.32 1.77
Boilers 9,853 8,268 9,247 6,709 0.11 0.09 0.09 0.11 1.53 1.24 1.60 1.89
Packaged heating units 12,453 13,505 30,543 17,868 0.11 0.09 0.09 0.11 1.73 1.24 1.52 1.62
Other Q 580 1,380 595 Q 0.08 0.09 0.08 Q 1.57 2.51 1.76
Cooling equipment
(more than one may apply)
                       
Residential-type central air
conditioners
2,784 4,281 7,639 4,533 0.12 0.10 0.09 0.12 1.64 0.98 1.30 1.60
Heat pumps 2,333 1,378 10,678 4,042 0.11 0.08 0.10 0.11 1.57 1.35 1.50 1.39
Individual air conditioners 5,548 3,181 5,347 2,378 0.12 0.09 0.09 0.12 1.44 1.23 1.25 1.38
District chilled water 1,959 750 3,203 1,366 0.09 0.07 0.08 0.10 2.47 1.28 1.29 1.82
Central chillers 7,482 6,346 11,497 5,508 0.12 0.08 0.08 0.11 2.14 1.42 1.78 2.11
Packaged air conditioning units 15,404 12,764 27,008 15,841 0.12 0.09 0.09 0.11 1.77 1.30 1.57 1.68
Swamp coolers Q Q 704 1,946 Q Q 0.09 0.11 Q Q 1.50 1.45
Other Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Main equipment replaced since
1990 (more than one may apply)
                       
Heating 8,264 8,171 14,491 7,277 0.12 0.09 0.09 0.11 1.54 1.19 1.44 1.38
Cooling 10,765 8,474 17,177 8,195 0.12 0.09 0.09 0.12 1.70 1.18 1.47 1.49
Water-heating equipment                        
Centralized system 15,322 13,861 26,676 15,044 0.11 0.09 0.09 0.11 1.68 1.22 1.53 1.56
Distributed system 3,426 2,348 6,451 4,256 0.12 0.09 0.09 0.13 1.44 1.01 1.31 1.40
Combination of centralized and
distributed system
6,048 5,058 12,475 7,118 0.12 0.08 0.09 0.10 1.94 1.28 1.59 1.84
Lighting equipment types
(more than one may apply)
                       
Incandescent 12,883 11,798 21,693 11,693 0.11 0.09 0.09 0.11 1.70 1.31 1.49 1.62
Standard fluorescent 24,408 21,031 45,395 26,150 0.11 0.09 0.09 0.11 1.69 1.20 1.45 1.56
Compact fluorescent 19,492 15,452 32,029 18,764 0.11 0.09 0.09 0.11 1.81 1.30 1.60 1.68
High-intensity discharge (HID) 8,102 7,419 13,901 6,795 0.11 0.09 0.09 0.11 1.80 1.38 1.49 1.62
Halogen 9,156 8,540 18,249 10,038 0.12 0.08 0.09 0.11 1.74 1.38 1.66 1.78
LED 10,313 7,349 13,896 8,459 0.11 0.08 0.09 0.11 2.17 1.43 1.84 1.83
Other Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Refrigeration equipment
(more than one may apply)
                       
Any refrigeration 23,403 20,272 43,597 24,533 0.11 0.09 0.09 0.11 1.72 1.22 1.52 1.67
Walk-in units 13,442 9,709 21,978 12,325 0.11 0.08 0.09 0.11 2.29 1.53 2.04 2.29
Cases or cabinets 13,268 10,299 19,871 12,519 0.11 0.08 0.09 0.11 2.19 1.51 1.91 2.29
Large cold storage areas 1,570 1,469 3,811 2,206 0.12 0.08 0.09 0.10 2.76 1.51 2.24 2.37
Commercial ice makers 12,602 10,447 25,335 12,651 0.11 0.08 0.09 0.10 2.26 1.58 1.75 2.09
Residential-type or compact units 19,085 16,863 33,453 19,331 0.11 0.09 0.09 0.11 1.67 1.18 1.38 1.55
Vending machines 15,877 12,704 27,423 14,209 0.11 0.09 0.09 0.11 1.88 1.31 1.56 1.74
No refrigeration 1,720 1,444 3,877 3,030 0.13 0.09 0.10 0.13 1.02 0.73 0.91 0.92
Office equipment
(more than one may apply)
                       
Desktop computers 23,786 20,602 44,541 26,005 0.11 0.09 0.09 0.11 1.68 1.22 1.50 1.59
With flat screen monitors 23,666 20,416 43,975 25,774 0.11 0.09 0.09 0.11 1.70 1.23 1.50 1.59
With multiple monitors 10,777 8,692 18,749 12,193 0.12 0.08 0.09 0.11 2.04 1.36 1.55 1.70
Laptop computers 20,436 16,982 36,369 20,301 0.11 0.09 0.09 0.11 1.74 1.22 1.46 1.57
Dedicated servers 18,350 14,693 31,745 19,231 0.11 0.08 0.09 0.11 1.82 1.30 1.54 1.68
Laser printers 18,187 14,876 31,895 18,106 0.11 0.09 0.09 0.11 1.76 1.22 1.56 1.60
Inkjet printers 10,488 9,118 20,175 12,433 0.12 0.09 0.09 0.12 1.60 1.19 1.41 1.62
FAX machines 21,581 17,892 39,289 21,444 0.11 0.09 0.09 0.11 1.69 1.24 1.52 1.56
Photocopiers 20,039 15,852 32,979 19,418 0.11 0.09 0.09 0.11 1.72 1.21 1.49 1.56
Number of desktop computers                        
None 1,337 1,115 2,933 1,558 0.13 0.10 0.10 0.12 1.14 0.66 0.88 0.98
1 to 4 3,291 3,783 8,808 4,967 0.13 0.09 0.09 0.12 1.34 1.06 1.40 1.48
5 to 9 2,037 2,424 5,670 3,022 0.10 0.09 0.10 0.11 1.46 1.14 1.61 1.27
10 to 19 2,607 2,105 4,894 3,598 0.12 0.09 0.09 0.11 1.59 1.15 1.39 1.51
20 to 49 3,454 3,627 8,514 4,467 0.11 0.09 0.09 0.11 1.48 1.40 1.59 1.58
50 to 99 2,195 2,496 4,183 2,873 0.11 0.09 0.09 0.13 1.61 1.26 1.29 1.70
100 to 249 4,028 2,637 4,979 3,032 0.10 0.09 0.08 0.10 1.75 1.20 1.47 1.65
250 or more 6,174 3,530 7,493 4,047 0.12 0.08 0.09 0.11 2.35 1.38 1.71 2.11
Number of laptop computers                        
None 4,686 4,735 11,105 7,261 0.11 0.09 0.09 0.12 1.33 1.02 1.37 1.42
1 to 4 4,647 5,473 10,706 6,199 0.12 0.09 0.09 0.12 1.39 1.08 1.33 1.32
5 to 9 2,468 2,020 5,096 2,460 0.10 0.09 0.09 0.11 1.76 1.37 1.43 1.30
10 to 19 2,269 1,819 5,109 3,686 0.11 0.09 0.09 0.11 1.51 1.23 1.51 1.86
20 to 49 2,617 2,789 5,386 3,941 0.12 0.09 0.09 0.10 1.78 1.27 1.42 1.80
50 to 99 1,902 1,807 2,966 1,754 0.11 0.09 0.09 0.12 1.56 1.38 1.62 2.00
100 to 249 2,779 1,219 3,136 1,127 0.11 0.08 0.08 0.10 1.97 1.19 1.49 1.67
250 or more 3,754 1,855 3,968 1,133 0.12 0.08 0.09 0.11 2.65 1.35 1.84 1.90
Number of dedicated servers                        
None 6,772 7,024 15,729 8,331 0.12 0.09 0.09 0.12 1.30 0.96 1.26 1.27
1 to 4 9,144 8,888 19,734 10,746 0.11 0.09 0.09 0.11 1.48 1.23 1.46 1.49
5 to 9 1,905 2,027 3,200 2,443 0.11 0.09 0.09 0.11 1.74 1.41 1.44 1.64
10 to 19 2,943 1,275 3,757 2,618 0.12 0.08 0.09 0.11 2.63 1.27 1.62 2.07
20 to 49 1,399 1,354 2,456 1,329 0.12 0.08 0.08 0.10 2.03 1.38 1.88 1.71
50 or more 2,960 1,150 2,597 2,096 0.12 0.08 0.08 0.10 2.97 1.77 2.16 2.94
Number of photocopiers                        
None 5,083 5,865 14,494 8,145 0.12 0.09 0.09 0.12 1.40 1.07 1.33 1.48
One 3,421 4,178 8,148 5,451 0.11 0.09 0.09 0.11 1.31 1.06 1.33 1.24
2 to 4 4,972 5,381 12,020 6,206 0.11 0.09 0.09 0.11 1.39 1.17 1.49 1.52
5 to 9 3,581 2,666 4,636 2,572 0.10 0.09 0.08 0.11 1.84 1.23 1.45 1.66
10 or more 8,065 3,626 8,175 5,189 0.12 0.08 0.09 0.11 2.29 1.54 1.74 2.13
Number of TVs or video displays                        
None 4,554 4,292 8,491 5,920 0.11 0.09 0.10 0.12 1.19 0.91 1.03 1.11
One 1,928 2,297 5,021 2,652 0.11 0.09 0.09 0.12 1.36 1.00 1.17 1.32
2 to 4 4,421 4,850 10,282 4,543 0.12 0.09 0.09 0.12 1.51 1.20 1.63 1.44
5 to 9 3,793 1,817 5,296 3,561 0.12 0.09 0.08 0.11 2.08 1.25 1.67 2.08
10 to 19 3,212 2,873 4,982 2,363 0.10 0.08 0.09 0.11 1.79 1.52 1.63 1.66
20 to 49 2,676 2,033 5,501 3,310 0.11 0.08 0.09 0.11 1.85 1.22 1.73 1.88
50 to 99 964 1,227 3,042 1,837 0.14 0.08 0.08 0.11 2.52 1.32 1.49 1.78
100 or more 3,574 2,327 4,859 3,376 0.12 0.08 0.08 0.11 2.12 1.51 1.75 2.18
Food preparation or serving areas
in non-food service buildings
(more than one may apply)
                       
Snack bar or concession stand 3,977 3,013 6,868 4,279 0.11 0.08 0.09 0.11 2.07 1.33 1.82 2.21
Fast food or small restaurant 4,109 3,137 8,522 5,467 0.11 0.08 0.09 0.11 2.35 1.77 2.24 2.22
Cafeteria or large restaurant 6,602 4,099 9,201 4,722 0.11 0.08 0.09 0.11 1.84 1.19 1.55 2.11
Commercial kitchen/
food preparation area
5,919 4,830 10,479 5,993 0.10 0.08 0.09 0.11 1.82 1.22 1.72 2.10
Small kitchen area 4,593 3,646 7,446 4,054 0.11 0.09 0.09 0.11 1.48 1.07 1.45 1.68
Separate computer areas
(more than one may apply)
                       
Data center or server farm 6,341 3,888 6,923 5,551 0.12 0.08 0.08 0.10 2.67 1.56 1.79 2.35
Computer-based training room 5,838 5,306 11,327 5,854 0.11 0.08 0.09 0.10 1.75 1.34 1.59 1.77
Student or public computer center 3,588 3,286 8,178 3,727 0.11 0.08 0.09 0.10 1.32 0.98 1.36 1.62
HVAC conservation features
(more than one may apply)
                       
Economizer cycle 13,579 10,647 15,027 12,054 0.11 0.08 0.09 0.11 1.96 1.34 1.66 1.75
Regular HVAC maintenance 22,862 19,137 41,713 23,832 0.11 0.09 0.09 0.11 1.76 1.26 1.57 1.64
Building automation system (BAS)2 14,307 11,063 24,125 14,319 0.11 0.08 0.09 0.11 2.06 1.38 1.65 1.90
Window and interior lighting
features (more than one may
apply)
                       
Multipaned windows 19,735 18,467 34,017 16,989 0.12 0.09 0.09 0.11 1.73 1.22 1.53 1.55
Tinted window glass 11,902 11,880 28,409 16,771 0.11 0.08 0.09 0.11 1.89 1.32 1.53 1.59
Reflective window glass 5,101 5,437 10,278 7,778 0.12 0.08 0.08 0.11 2.18 1.44 1.89 1.81
External overhangs or awnings 8,741 8,794 22,584 12,723 0.11 0.09 0.09 0.11 2.04 1.36 1.64 1.69
Skylights or atriums 6,978 4,713 12,063 8,181 0.11 0.08 0.09 0.11 1.73 1.15 1.50 1.39
Light scheduling 12,409 9,072 18,369 13,168 0.12 0.08 0.09 0.11 2.13 1.36 1.71 1.87
Occupancy sensors 14,504 10,398 20,393 13,548 0.12 0.08 0.09 0.11 1.88 1.31 1.71 1.63
Multi-level lighting or dimming 5,034 4,467 9,798 7,032 0.11 0.08 0.09 0.11 2.16 1.41 1.81 1.95
Daylight harvesting 2,185 2,249 3,154 2,975 0.12 0.08 0.09 0.11 2.12 1.48 1.58 1.90
Demand responsive lighting 1,158 1,328 3,284 2,595 0.12 0.09 0.10 0.12 1.79 1.46 1.94 1.75
Building automation system (BAS) for lighting2 5,032 3,758 8,269 5,975 0.11 0.08 0.09 0.10 2.33 1.54 1.83 2.02
Equipment usage reduced when
building not in full use
(more than one may apply)
                       
Heating 19,541 16,336 32,430 20,398 0.11 0.09 0.09 0.11 1.59 1.16 1.39 1.52
Cooling 18,871 15,979 34,323 20,653 0.11 0.09 0.09 0.12 1.65 1.19 1.40 1.57
Lighting 22,913 20,056 43,475 25,526 0.11 0.09 0.09 0.11 1.61 1.16 1.42 1.54
Annual consumption
(kilowatthours)
                       
10,000 or less 103 153 183 136 0.16 0.13 0.14 0.15 0.18 0.18 0.19 0.20
10,001 to 50,000 993 1,194 2,034 1,840 0.14 0.11 0.11 0.14 0.55 0.48 0.57 0.70
50,001 to 100,000 999 1,355 2,703 1,875 0.12 0.10 0.10 0.13 1.04 0.81 0.86 1.01
100,001 to 500,000 4,932 4,929 11,728 7,730 0.12 0.09 0.09 0.12 1.47 1.15 1.38 1.48
500,001 to 1,000,000 2,852 3,160 7,043 2,974 0.12 0.09 0.09 0.11 1.58 1.43 1.68 1.62
1,000,001 to 5,000,000 7,445 7,040 14,055 7,324 0.11 0.08 0.09 0.11 1.83 1.46 1.71 2.00
Over 5,000,000 7,800 3,886 9,728 5,685 0.11 0.08 0.08 0.10 2.85 1.73 2.16 2.70
 
1These climate regions were created by the Building America program, sponsored by the U.S. Department of Energy’s Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE).
2In earlier CBECS publications, BAS was referred to as Energy Management and Control System (EMCS).
Q = Data withheld either because the Relative Standard Error (RSE) was greater than 50 percent or fewer than 20 buildings were sampled.
N = No cases in reporting sample.
Notes: • Because of rounding, data may not sum to totals. • See the
Guide to the 2012 CBECS Detailed Tables or CBECS Terminology for definitions of terms used in these tables and/or comparison of differences with prior CBECS tables. Both references can be accessed from http://www.eia.gov/consumption/commercial/data/2012/ • Site electricity is the amount of electricity delivered to commercial builidngs. Primary electricity, which is not included in the Total of major fuelscategory, is site electricity plus the conversion losses in the generation, transmission, and distribution processes. • Statistics for the Energy end uses category represent total consumption in buildings that have the end use, not consumption specifically for that particular end use. • HVAC = Heating, ventilation, and air conditioning.
Source: U.S. Energy Information Administration, Office of Energy Consumption and Efficiency Statistics, Forms EIA-871A and E of the 2012 Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey.