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Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey (CBECS)

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Table C15. Electricity consumption and conditional energy intensity by Census region, 2012

Released: May 2016

Total electricity
consumption
(billion kWh)
Total floorspace of
buildings using electricity
(million square feet)
Electricity
energy intensity
(kwh/square foot)
  North-
east
Mid-
west
South West North-
east
Mid-
west
South West North-
east
Mid-
west
South West
All buildings 220 249 530 243 15,291 18,560 33,026 17,992 14.4 13.4 16.1 13.5
Building floorspace (square feet)                        
1,001 to 5,000 15 25 66 25 996 1,714 3,165 1,616 15.0 14.6 20.7 15.3
5,001 to 10,000 14 22 48 30 1,184 1,816 3,295 2,195 11.7 11.9 14.5 13.8
10,001 to 25,000 24 31 68 36 2,329 2,850 4,965 3,421 10.5 10.8 13.6 10.6
25,001 to 50,000 18 33 69 29 1,628 2,997 4,330 2,716 11.2 11.1 15.8 10.6
50,001 to 100,000 37 40 88 28 2,676 2,688 5,879 2,361 13.8 14.7 14.9 11.7
100,001 to 200,000 44 34 73 38 2,519 2,400 5,122 2,321 17.6 14.2 14.3 16.4
200,001 to 500,000 37 40 70 33 2,232 2,676 3,659 2,084 16.8 14.8 19.1 16.0
Over 500,000 30 25 50 24 1,727 1,418 2,611 1,277 17.5 17.9 19.2 18.6
Principal building activity                        
Education 18 33 65 18 2,056 3,173 5,162 1,848 8.7 10.3 12.6 10.0
Food sales 14 9 22 15 316 174 399 363 45.0 50.5 56.2 42.7
Food service 12 16 38 16 292 369 771 387 39.7 43.1 49.7 41.1
Health care 23 22 43 19 1,067 862 1,441 786 22.0 25.1 29.5 24.6
Inpatient 14 14 31 15 538 496 894 447 26.3 28.9 34.3 32.5
Outpatient 9 7 12 5 529 366 548 339 17.6 20.1 21.7 14.3
Lodging 14 16 38 21 1,007 1,058 2,302 1,459 14.0 15.4 16.6 14.1
Mercantile 27 37 93 49 1,644 2,132 4,729 2,815 16.3 17.5 19.7 17.6
Retail (other than mall) 11 16 35 21 825 1,142 2,126 1,336 12.8 14.1 16.3 15.8
Enclosed and strip malls 16 21 58 28 818 990 2,603 1,478 19.9 21.4 22.5 19.1
Office 63 51 88 51 3,703 3,334 5,501 3,414 17.1 15.3 16.0 14.9
Public assembly 13 21 33 13 953 1,585 2,003 1,018 14.1 13.2 16.3 13.2
Public order and safety 5 3 11 Q 345 334 576 Q 15.1 10.3 18.3 Q
Religious worship 4 4 12 3 897 925 2,011 725 4.5 4.5 6.1 4.7
Service 5 11 15 6 813 1,448 1,557 694 6.6 7.3 9.8 8.8
Warehouse and storage 8 16 43 16 1,699 2,395 5,063 3,411 4.9 6.6 8.4 4.8
Other 12 9 26 9 273 433 827 439 43.2 20.2 32.0 20.3
Vacant Q 2 3 3 Q 336 686 450 Q 5.3 4.0 5.6
Year constructed                        
Before 1920 12 6 11 3 1,577 965 949 308 7.9 6.4 11.4 8.1
1920 to 1945 21 16 18 10 1,929 1,724 1,435 778 10.9 9.2 12.4 12.3
1946 to 1959 17 20 31 17 1,581 1,651 2,495 1,480 10.9 12.2 12.4 11.2
1960 to 1969 29 32 58 29 2,229 2,667 3,398 1,904 13.0 11.8 16.9 15.3
1970 to 1979 37 44 59 30 1,900 2,565 3,557 2,535 19.7 17.1 16.7 11.8
1980 to 1989 27 37 124 46 1,713 2,560 6,720 3,797 15.5 14.5 18.4 12.2
1990 to 1999 40 36 95 42 2,014 2,720 5,678 2,706 19.7 13.3 16.7 15.6
2000 to 2003 17 24 52 19 974 1,495 3,298 1,426 17.2 16.0 15.7 13.2
2004 to 2007 8 18 41 30 476 1,236 2,825 1,948 16.5 14.4 14.5 15.6
2008 to 2012 12 17 42 Q 898 976 2,669 1,110 13.6 17.1 15.9 15.9
Climate region1                        
Very cold/Cold 142 210 N 67 10,283 15,875 N 5,128 13.8 13.3 N 13.1
Mixed-humid 79 39 298 N 5,008 2,685 19,729 N 15.7 14.5 15.1 N
Mixed-dry/Hot-dry N N Q 139 N N Q 10,248 N N 8.9 13.6
Hot-humid N N 219 Q N N 11,802 Q N N 18.6 Q
Marine N N N 35 N N N 2,416 N N N 14.6
Number of floors                        
One 58 99 269 119 3,693 7,453 17,493 9,414 15.6 13.3 15.4 12.7
Two 52 56 100 51 4,067 4,789 6,803 4,269 12.8 11.8 14.7 11.9
Three 30 31 35 13 2,409 2,590 2,028 1,075 12.6 12.0 17.1 12.3
Four to nine 50 46 95 40 3,380 2,850 5,002 2,185 14.7 16.1 19.0 18.5
Ten or more 31 17 31 19 1,742 879 1,698 1,049 17.7 19.0 18.4 18.4
Elevators and escalators
(more than one may apply)
                       
Any elevators 129 115 202 94 7,892 7,487 10,943 5,620 16.3 15.3 18.4 16.8
Number of elevators                        
One 34 39 55 19 2,560 3,201 3,665 1,693 13.1 12.2 15.0 11.2
Two to five 52 43 89 39 3,146 2,731 4,568 2,268 16.4 15.7 19.4 17.4
Six or more 43 33 58 36 2,186 1,554 2,711 1,658 19.8 21.1 21.3 21.7
Any escalators 15 15 21 16 798 880 1,057 905 18.2 17.1 19.8 17.3
Number of workers (main shift)                        
Fewer than 5 16 31 61 25 2,449 3,926 6,086 3,070 6.7 7.8 10.1 8.2
5 to 9 14 23 51 25 1,282 1,910 3,550 2,227 10.5 11.9 14.3 11.0
10 to 19 14 26 63 30 1,390 1,880 3,814 2,538 9.8 13.6 16.5 11.8
20 to 49 32 45 94 49 1,903 3,372 5,611 3,628 16.7 13.2 16.8 13.5
50 to 99 34 43 106 31 2,385 2,761 6,076 2,254 14.4 15.4 17.5 13.8
100 to 249 40 37 74 34 2,530 2,314 4,163 1,934 15.8 16.1 17.8 17.7
250 or more 71 46 81 49 3,352 2,397 3,726 2,341 21.1 19.3 21.6 20.8
Weekly operating hours                        
Fewer than 40 4 11 13 7 976 1,771 2,508 1,293 4.4 6.1 5.2 5.3
40 to 48 21 26 71 36 2,343 3,027 6,737 3,631 9.0 8.5 10.6 10.0
49 to 60 42 50 103 44 3,332 4,356 8,480 4,257 12.6 11.4 12.1 10.4
61 to 84 45 53 99 52 3,313 3,628 5,248 3,611 13.7 14.6 18.8 14.4
85 to 167 36 47 80 37 1,881 2,411 3,133 1,939 19.0 19.6 25.6 19.0
Open continuously 72 63 165 66 3,447 3,366 6,920 3,262 20.9 18.7 23.8 20.3
Ownership and occupancy                        
Nongovernment owned 174 192 421 201 11,670 13,852 25,397 14,701 14.9 13.8 16.6 13.7
Owner occupied 72 95 205 84 5,385 7,258 12,013 5,665 13.5 13.0 17.1 14.8
Leased to tenant(s) 76 69 164 89 4,415 4,660 9,931 6,803 17.1 14.9 16.5 13.1
Owner occupied and leased 26 27 52 27 1,786 1,743 3,242 2,050 14.5 15.6 16.1 13.3
Unoccupied Q Q (*) Q Q Q 211 Q Q Q 2.2 Q
Government owned 46 58 109 42 3,621 4,708 7,629 3,291 12.8 12.3 14.3 12.8
Federal Q 5 13 3 Q 275 835 204 Q 16.4 15.8 12.7
State 21 16 29 14 1,149 1,142 2,110 1,122 18.0 14.3 13.8 12.9
Local 23 37 67 25 2,213 3,291 4,684 1,965 10.5 11.2 14.2 12.8
Party responsible for operation
and maintenance of energy
systems
                       
Building owner 180 219 435 195 13,066 16,466 27,680 14,450 13.8 13.3 15.7 13.5
Business owner or tenant 34 26 78 44 1,814 1,712 4,384 3,223 18.8 15.0 17.9 13.5
Property management Q Q 11 Q Q Q 652 Q Q Q 16.8 Q
Other Q Q 6 Q Q Q 309 Q Q Q 18.5 Q
Provider of direct input on energy-
related equipment purchases
                       
Building owner 183 222 449 207 13,324 16,800 28,647 15,376 13.7 13.2 15.7 13.5
Business owner or tenant 28 20 61 32 1,393 1,274 3,233 2,261 20.3 15.9 19.0 14.2
Property management Q Q 4 Q Q Q 345 Q Q Q 12.4 Q
Other 6 Q 15 2 314 345 801 221 18.3 12.8 18.9 10.0
Number of establishments                        
One 131 156 339 151 9,443 12,361 21,551 11,129 13.9 12.6 15.7 13.6
2 to 5 47 62 95 45 3,305 4,207 6,503 3,742 14.1 14.7 14.7 12.1
6 to 10 12 12 31 16 775 774 1,661 1,103 14.9 15.8 18.6 14.3
11 to 20 14 9 32 13 833 493 1,560 789 16.8 18.5 20.8 16.5
More than 20 17 10 32 17 832 532 1,419 1,011 20.4 18.3 22.6 17.3
Currently unoccupied Q Q 1 Q Q Q 332 218 Q Q 1.7 3.5
Predominant exterior wall material                        
Brick, stone, or stucco 104 123 275 94 7,562 8,925 16,216 6,905 13.8 13.8 17.0 13.6
Concrete (block or poured) 57 54 140 72 3,574 3,937 7,974 4,920 15.9 13.8 17.6 14.6
Concrete panels 16 29 39 36 804 1,667 2,994 2,982 20.0 17.3 13.2 12.1
Siding or shingles 17 18 17 19 1,533 1,351 1,365 1,316 11.1 13.6 12.8 14.2
Metal panels 10 16 43 11 954 2,061 3,821 1,219 10.4 7.5 11.2 8.8
Window glass 12 Q 8 7 432 Q 360 323 27.3 Q 23.5 20.9
Other Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
No one major type Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Predominant roof material                        
Metal surfacing 16 28 95 29 1,541 3,128 7,804 2,551 10.3 9.1 12.2 11.5
Synthetic or rubber 90 110 148 75 5,860 7,413 7,664 4,676 15.3 14.8 19.3 16.0
Built-up 64 56 148 69 3,711 3,923 8,576 5,096 17.2 14.3 17.3 13.6
Slate or tile shingles 8 4 29 18 826 390 1,824 1,182 9.1 10.9 15.7 15.3
Wooden materials (including
shingles)
2 Q 6 5 149 Q 375 469 13.0 Q 15.3 9.7
Asphalt, fiberglass, or
other shingles
34 44 82 37 2,630 3,221 5,579 3,249 12.8 13.6 14.7 11.4
Concrete 5 Q 16 6 298 Q 802 403 18.2 Q 20.2 15.8
Other Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
No one major type Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Roof characteristics                        
Roof tilt                        
Flat 164 159 320 157 9,995 10,449 17,606 10,695 16.4 15.2 18.2 14.6
Shallow pitch 29 58 147 64 2,422 4,880 10,607 5,110 12.0 11.9 13.9 12.5
Steeper pitch 28 32 63 22 2,874 3,230 4,812 2,187 9.6 10.0 13.1 10.2
Cool roof 55 60 131 79 3,379 3,666 7,443 4,892 16.3 16.4 17.6 16.2
Renovations in buildings
constructed before 2008
(more than one may apply)
                       
Any type of renovation 142 142 258 107 9,260 10,056 15,145 7,451 15.3 14.1 17.0 14.4
Addition or annex 38 61 78 28 2,574 4,082 4,556 1,757 14.7 15.0 17.0 15.9
Reduction in floorspace Q 5 13 4 584 253 626 270 22.8 20.7 21.3 13.7
Roof replacement 82 80 125 42 5,457 5,375 6,838 3,097 15.1 14.9 18.4 13.5
Exterior wall replacement 11 17 30 12 910 1,072 1,435 805 11.8 16.2 21.1 14.8
Interior wall reconfiguration 80 78 133 65 5,019 5,182 6,794 4,255 15.9 15.1 19.6 15.4
Window replacement 41 37 71 27 3,404 3,039 3,761 2,048 12.2 12.0 18.8 13.3
HVAC equipment upgrade 107 93 164 69 6,477 6,539 9,234 4,398 16.5 14.3 17.8 15.6
Lighting upgrade 92 89 159 70 6,009 6,102 8,749 4,554 15.2 14.6 18.2 15.3
Electrical upgrade 62 58 101 44 3,968 4,002 5,411 2,707 15.6 14.5 18.7 16.2
Plumbing system upgrade 53 50 80 39 3,378 3,445 4,609 2,375 15.6 14.7 17.3 16.4
Insulation upgrade 26 31 46 23 1,749 2,195 2,305 1,304 14.9 14.3 19.8 17.5
Fire, safety, or security upgrade 71 63 105 43 4,602 3,812 5,850 2,899 15.4 16.4 18.0 14.9
Structural upgrade 9 14 27 19 732 885 1,201 1,094 12.2 16.1 22.6 17.0
Other Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
No renovations 66 90 230 118 5,133 7,527 15,212 9,431 12.9 12.0 15.1 12.6
Buildings constructed 2008 or later 12 17 42 Q 898 976 2,669 1,110 13.6 17.1 15.9 15.9
Energy sources
(more than one may apply)
                       
Electricity 220 249 530 243 15,291 18,560 33,026 17,992 14.4 13.4 16.1 13.5
Natural gas 172 205 335 191 11,068 15,025 19,900 12,732 15.5 13.6 16.9 15.0
Fuel oil 95 73 153 60 6,079 3,935 7,051 3,135 15.7 18.7 21.7 19.2
District heat 37 15 35 16 1,981 906 2,191 886 18.7 16.3 16.1 18.4
District chilled water 22 10 39 14 794 585 2,479 749 27.4 17.6 15.9 18.8
Propane 24 26 42 19 1,741 1,893 2,567 1,484 13.6 13.6 16.4 12.7
Other 12 8 16 14 1,078 783 907 1,034 10.8 9.9 17.8 13.8
Space-heating energy sources                        
Electricity 115 130 384 146 7,276 8,638 22,558 10,559 15.7 15.0 17.0 13.9
Electricity main 40 49 269 81 2,188 2,982 15,118 5,917 18.5 16.4 17.8 13.7
Electricity secondary 74 81 114 65 5,088 5,655 7,440 4,642 14.6 14.3 15.4 14.1
Other excluding electricity 103 118 116 87 7,768 9,402 7,941 5,912 13.2 12.5 14.6 14.7
Buildings without heating Q 2 31 10 247 520 2,527 1,521 Q 3.2 12.2 6.5
Primary space-heating
energy source
                       
Electricity 40 49 269 81 2,188 2,982 15,118 5,917 18.5 16.4 17.8 13.7
Natural gas 120 173 186 133 8,366 13,084 12,312 9,226 14.3 13.2 15.1 14.4
Fuel oil 17 Q 3 Q 1,988 Q 299 Q 8.4 Q 8.9 Q
District heat 37 14 34 16 1,954 864 2,112 867 18.7 16.4 16.3 18.4
Propane 3 7 7 2 377 723 613 235 7.6 9.1 11.1 6.8
Other Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q 8.1
Cooling energy sources                        
Electricity 197 239 499 224 13,303 16,826 29,950 15,955 14.8 14.2 16.7 14.1
Other excluding electricity Q 5 25 Q 646 317 1,784 512 26.2 14.6 14.3 18.4
Buildings without cooling 7 6 6 9 1,342 1,416 1,292 1,525 4.9 4.0 4.6 6.1
Water-heating energy sources                        
Electricity 97 111 321 121 6,561 7,934 19,449 8,811 14.7 14.0 16.5 13.7
Other excluding electricity 121 134 192 114 8,072 9,658 10,812 7,719 15.0 13.9 17.7 14.7
Buildings without water heating 2 4 18 8 658 967 2,765 1,462 3.6 4.6 6.5 5.8
Cooking energy sources                        
Electricity 80 99 189 86 4,677 6,159 9,812 4,503 17.1 16.0 19.2 19.2
Other excluding electricity 59 38 97 53 3,500 2,567 4,568 2,760 16.9 14.9 21.2 19.1
Buildings without cooking 81 112 245 104 7,114 9,834 18,645 10,730 11.4 11.4 13.1 9.7
Energy end uses
(more than one may apply)
                       
Buildings with space heating 217 248 499 233 15,044 18,039 30,499 16,471 14.5 13.7 16.4 14.2
Buildings with cooling 214 244 524 234 13,949 17,144 31,734 16,467 15.3 14.2 16.5 14.2
Buildings with water heating 218 245 512 234 14,633 17,592 30,261 16,529 14.9 13.9 16.9 14.2
Buildings with cooking 139 137 286 139 8,177 8,726 14,381 7,262 17.0 15.7 19.9 19.1
Buildings with manufacturing 15 11 29 11 1,059 1,172 1,708 1,139 14.1 9.6 17.1 10.0
Buildings with electricity
generation
112 88 202 88 6,223 5,358 9,377 4,683 18.0 16.5 21.6 18.7
Percent of floorspace heated                        
Not heated Q 2 31 10 247 520 2,527 1,521 Q 3.2 12.2 6.5
1 to 50 9 11 43 35 1,132 1,294 3,979 3,709 8.1 8.8 10.7 9.4
51 to 99 43 30 110 51 2,868 2,239 6,218 3,320 14.9 13.5 17.7 15.4
100 166 206 347 147 11,044 14,506 20,302 9,441 15.0 14.2 17.1 15.6
Percent of floorspace cooled                        
Not cooled 7 6 6 9 1,342 1,416 1,292 1,525 4.9 4.0 4.6 6.1
1 to 50 26 45 47 35 3,558 4,741 6,189 4,403 7.3 9.4 7.7 7.9
51 to 99 90 72 152 68 5,081 4,697 8,462 4,487 17.6 15.2 18.0 15.2
100 98 127 325 131 5,311 7,706 17,083 7,576 18.5 16.5 19.0 17.3
Percent lit when open                        
Zero Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
1 to 50 14 30 50 20 2,097 2,870 4,755 2,907 6.5 10.5 10.5 7.0
51 to 99 91 114 217 104 6,288 7,932 13,288 7,307 14.4 14.4 16.3 14.2
100 116 104 262 118 6,670 7,266 14,405 7,385 17.4 14.3 18.2 15.9
Building never open/electricity
not used
Q 1 1 1 Q 414 456 315 Q 3.2 1.5 3.0
Percent lit during off hours                        
Zero 37 46 89 60 3,877 5,594 9,120 6,156 9.4 8.3 9.8 9.7
1 to 50 130 170 347 138 9,299 11,464 20,182 9,808 13.9 14.8 17.2 14.1
51 to 100 45 19 65 36 1,801 953 2,567 1,605 24.8 19.9 25.2 22.6
Building always open with
no "off hours"
9 14 30 9 314 550 1,157 423 29.8 26.1 25.6 21.3
Electricity not used N N N N N N N N N N N N
Heating equipment
(more than one may apply)
                       
Heat pumps 21 16 109 33 1,397 1,068 6,927 2,453 15.2 15.3 15.7 13.4
Furnaces 15 29 45 18 1,244 2,511 3,363 1,536 11.8 11.6 13.3 11.5
Individual space heaters 71 71 86 44 4,918 5,719 6,519 3,594 14.5 12.4 13.1 12.2
District heat 37 15 35 16 1,981 906 2,171 867 18.7 16.3 16.1 18.4
Boilers 87 96 107 59 6,442 6,666 5,784 3,545 13.6 14.4 18.5 16.8
Packaged heating units 110 156 344 161 7,186 10,894 20,049 11,059 15.3 14.4 17.2 14.5
Other Q 7 15 8 Q 370 550 339 Q 19.3 27.3 22.7
Cooling equipment
(more than one may apply)
                       
Residential-type central air
conditioners
23 45 81 38 1,695 4,347 5,895 2,828 13.7 10.3 13.7 13.3
Heat pumps 22 17 112 38 1,490 1,024 7,108 2,916 14.5 16.4 15.8 13.1
Individual air conditioners 47 37 56 20 3,845 2,585 4,263 1,727 12.1 14.4 13.2 11.5
District chilled water 22 10 39 14 794 585 2,479 749 27.4 17.6 15.9 18.8
Central chillers 63 79 137 49 3,489 4,475 6,460 2,617 18.2 17.6 21.2 18.8
Packaged air conditioning units 133 148 306 140 8,697 9,816 17,185 9,455 15.3 15.1 17.8 14.8
Swamp coolers Q Q 8 18 Q Q 469 1,340 Q Q 17.2 13.3
Other Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Main equipment replaced since
1990 (more than one may apply)
                       
Heating 69 93 162 64 5,356 6,886 10,048 5,268 12.9 13.6 16.1 12.1
Cooling 87 97 191 70 6,314 7,210 11,668 5,510 13.8 13.5 16.3 12.8
Water-heating equipment                        
Centralized system 137 158 302 132 9,128 11,316 17,460 9,631 15.0 13.9 17.3 13.7
Distributed system 30 26 69 33 2,383 2,335 4,938 3,032 12.4 11.3 13.9 11.0
Combination of centralized and
distributed system
52 61 142 69 3,122 3,942 7,863 3,866 16.6 15.4 18.1 17.8
Lighting equipment types
(more than one may apply)
                       
Incandescent 117 137 248 109 7,565 9,038 14,581 7,222 15.5 15.2 17.0 15.1
Standard fluorescent 214 242 509 232 14,473 17,514 31,363 16,732 14.8 13.8 16.2 13.9
Compact fluorescent 174 179 365 170 10,771 11,841 20,042 11,163 16.2 15.1 18.2 15.3
High-intensity discharge (HID) 76 87 158 61 4,510 5,357 9,347 4,182 16.8 16.2 16.9 14.7
Halogen 78 101 206 93 5,267 6,169 10,970 5,653 14.9 16.5 18.7 16.5
LED 90 89 159 77 4,752 5,148 7,559 4,612 18.9 17.3 21.1 16.6
Other Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Refrigeration equipment
(more than one may apply)
                       
Any refrigeration 207 233 491 219 13,612 16,570 28,755 14,709 15.2 14.1 17.1 14.9
Walk-in units 124 118 250 115 5,870 6,331 10,777 5,384 21.1 18.6 23.2 21.3
Cases or cabinets 120 122 222 118 6,066 6,803 10,386 5,464 19.9 17.9 21.4 21.6
Large cold storage areas 13 18 44 23 569 972 1,700 930 23.4 18.6 25.8 24.3
Commercial ice makers 116 126 290 122 5,573 6,598 14,516 6,048 20.7 19.2 19.9 20.1
Residential-type or compact units 169 193 377 172 11,436 14,257 24,189 12,499 14.8 13.5 15.6 13.8
Vending machines 144 149 315 133 8,448 9,673 17,627 8,188 17.1 15.4 17.9 16.3
No refrigeration 14 16 39 24 1,679 1,990 4,271 3,283 8.1 8.3 9.1 7.3
Office equipment
(more than one may apply)
                       
Desktop computers 210 238 500 229 14,116 16,861 29,686 16,400 14.9 14.1 16.9 14.0
With flat screen monitors 209 236 493 228 13,956 16,628 29,347 16,229 14.9 14.2 16.8 14.1
With multiple monitors 94 104 214 111 5,289 6,407 12,095 7,155 17.7 16.2 17.7 15.6
Laptop computers 179 196 412 181 11,774 13,895 24,921 12,896 15.2 14.1 16.5 14.0
Dedicated servers 162 173 359 175 10,087 11,271 20,565 11,447 16.1 15.3 17.4 15.3
Laser printers 162 174 357 162 10,317 12,158 20,460 11,320 15.7 14.3 17.5 14.3
Inkjet printers 88 104 226 106 6,559 7,682 14,297 7,697 13.4 13.6 15.8 13.8
FAX machines 189 206 443 191 12,733 14,439 25,795 13,715 14.8 14.3 17.2 13.9
Photocopiers 178 185 371 175 11,654 13,053 22,099 12,471 15.2 14.1 16.8 14.0
Number of desktop computers                        
None 11 11 30 13 1,175 1,698 3,340 1,592 9.0 6.8 9.0 8.4
1 to 4 26 41 98 41 2,457 3,582 6,273 3,356 10.4 11.4 15.7 12.1
5 to 9 20 28 60 26 1,392 2,120 3,528 2,381 14.2 13.1 16.9 11.1
10 to 19 22 24 52 31 1,644 1,826 3,531 2,388 13.7 13.1 14.6 13.1
20 to 49 31 41 97 40 2,327 2,591 5,347 2,830 13.5 15.8 18.2 14.3
50 to 99 20 28 48 23 1,365 1,984 3,243 1,692 14.9 14.3 14.8 13.5
100 to 249 39 31 60 30 2,303 2,202 3,391 1,832 17.1 14.0 17.6 16.5
250 or more 51 45 86 38 2,628 2,556 4,373 1,921 19.4 17.7 19.7 19.6
Number of laptop computers                        
None 41 53 119 62 3,517 4,665 8,104 5,096 11.7 11.3 14.6 12.2
1 to 4 38 60 121 53 3,350 5,045 8,080 4,687 11.3 11.9 15.0 11.4
5 to 9 25 23 56 22 1,406 1,478 3,568 1,894 18.1 15.8 15.6 11.4
10 to 19 22 20 56 32 1,500 1,473 3,386 1,984 14.4 13.8 16.7 16.2
20 to 49 22 32 61 38 1,471 2,195 3,794 2,183 15.0 14.8 16.2 17.5
50 to 99 17 21 34 14 1,218 1,312 1,827 877 13.9 15.7 18.5 16.1
100 to 249 24 16 39 11 1,414 1,022 2,108 673 17.3 15.4 18.6 16.0
250 or more 31 24 44 11 1,415 1,370 2,159 598 21.8 17.4 20.2 17.9
Number of dedicated servers                        
None 58 76 172 68 5,205 7,288 12,461 6,545 11.2 10.5 13.8 10.3
1 to 4 82 102 217 96 6,193 7,200 13,500 7,203 13.3 14.1 16.1 13.3
5 to 9 18 23 37 22 1,092 1,435 2,226 1,487 16.6 16.1 16.8 14.8
10 to 19 25 16 44 24 1,117 1,006 2,325 1,263 22.8 16.4 18.7 18.9
20 to 49 11 17 29 13 688 982 1,309 779 16.4 17.0 22.3 16.7
50 or more 25 15 32 20 996 649 1,204 714 24.9 23.0 26.4 28.5
Number of photocopiers                        
None 43 65 159 68 3,637 5,507 10,927 5,521 11.8 11.8 14.6 12.3
One 31 48 88 48 2,604 3,942 6,129 4,405 12.0 12.0 14.3 10.9
2 to 4 43 61 132 56 3,581 4,583 8,063 4,085 12.1 13.3 16.4 13.7
5 to 9 35 30 56 23 1,946 2,167 3,203 1,547 17.9 14.0 17.4 15.0
10 or more 68 46 96 47 3,523 2,361 4,704 2,434 19.3 19.3 20.3 19.5
Number of TVs or video displays                        
None 40 46 89 49 3,811 4,731 8,229 5,343 10.4 9.7 10.8 9.1
One 17 26 55 23 1,416 2,292 4,276 2,006 12.0 11.2 12.9 11.4
2 to 4 36 52 111 38 2,930 4,056 6,314 3,165 12.2 12.8 17.5 11.9
5 to 9 33 21 63 33 1,824 1,450 3,162 1,711 17.8 14.6 19.9 19.4
10 to 19 33 35 57 22 1,799 1,893 3,051 1,424 18.6 18.4 18.6 15.2
20 to 49 24 25 60 31 1,443 1,668 3,188 1,759 16.5 14.8 18.7 17.9
50 to 99 7 15 38 17 382 929 2,036 1,031 18.2 16.3 18.8 16.4
100 or more 31 30 58 30 1,685 1,541 2,769 1,552 18.4 19.4 20.8 19.6
Food preparation or serving areas
in non-food service buildings
(more than one may apply)
                       
Snack bar or concession stand 36 37 78 40 1,924 2,262 3,763 1,934 18.7 16.5 20.6 20.7
Fast food or small restaurant 37 39 97 51 1,751 1,774 3,797 2,464 20.9 21.9 25.6 20.9
Cafeteria or large restaurant 62 52 103 43 3,585 3,455 5,947 2,236 17.4 15.0 17.3 19.5
Commercial kitchen/
food preparation area
58 60 117 57 3,254 3,952 6,092 2,852 17.8 15.3 19.2 19.9
Small kitchen area 41 42 83 37 3,105 3,413 5,121 2,414 13.1 12.4 16.2 15.5
Separate computer areas
(more than one may apply)
                       
Data center or server farm 54 49 82 54 2,377 2,488 3,873 2,366 22.5 19.6 21.3 22.7
Computer-based training room 51 65 128 56 3,341 3,950 7,121 3,311 15.2 16.4 17.9 17.0
Student or public computer center 32 41 94 37 2,710 3,338 5,999 2,293 11.7 12.2 15.6 16.0
HVAC conservation features
(more than one may apply)
                       
Economizer cycle 125 128 173 112 6,911 7,916 9,051 6,870 18.1 16.2 19.1 16.3
Regular HVAC maintenance 203 223 470 212 12,982 15,173 26,573 14,517 15.6 14.7 17.7 14.6
Building automation system (BAS)2 126 133 279 132 6,934 7,996 14,578 7,542 18.2 16.7 19.1 17.4
Window and interior lighting
features (more than one may
apply)
                       
Multipaned windows 170 213 387 160 11,389 15,143 22,263 10,935 15.0 14.1 17.4 14.7
Tinted window glass 109 140 320 150 6,309 9,002 18,538 10,550 17.3 15.6 17.2 14.2
Reflective window glass 44 65 122 70 2,344 3,771 5,426 4,296 18.6 17.3 22.4 16.3
External overhangs or awnings 81 102 250 117 4,290 6,476 13,763 7,533 18.8 15.8 18.1 15.5
Skylights or atriums 64 57 136 74 4,035 4,089 8,064 5,889 15.7 14.0 16.9 12.6
Light scheduling 107 107 207 121 5,838 6,651 10,737 7,038 18.3 16.1 19.2 17.2
Occupancy sensors 124 124 236 124 7,732 7,916 11,922 8,300 16.0 15.7 19.8 14.9
Multi-level lighting or dimming 44 55 109 64 2,335 3,177 5,424 3,598 18.9 17.3 20.1 17.8
Daylight harvesting 18 27 36 28 1,032 1,522 1,996 1,564 17.5 18.0 17.8 17.8
Demand responsive lighting 10 15 34 21 648 912 1,692 1,487 14.8 16.7 20.2 14.0
Building automation system (BAS) for lighting2 47 45 91 57 2,159 2,448 4,507 2,953 21.6 18.2 20.1 19.3
Equipment usage reduced when
building not in full use
(more than one may apply)
                       
Heating 173 185 354 181 12,285 14,110 23,309 13,442 14.1 13.1 15.2 13.4
Cooling 167 180 375 180 11,450 13,442 24,448 13,176 14.6 13.4 15.3 13.6
Lighting 200 230 482 225 14,259 17,263 30,541 16,531 14.1 13.3 15.8 13.6
Annual consumption
(kilowatthours)
                       
10,000 or less 1 1 1 1 558 858 978 689 1.2 1.4 1.3 1.3
10,001 to 50,000 7 11 18 13 1,818 2,506 3,555 2,623 4.0 4.5 5.1 5.0
50,001 to 100,000 8 13 27 14 960 1,663 3,130 1,849 8.4 7.9 8.6 7.7
100,001 to 500,000 40 53 125 65 3,346 4,271 8,470 5,226 11.9 12.3 14.8 12.5
500,001 to 1,000,000 23 37 78 27 1,805 2,205 4,202 1,838 12.9 16.6 18.6 14.6
1,000,001 to 5,000,000 68 84 160 67 4,070 4,815 8,197 3,657 16.7 17.4 19.5 18.4
Over 5,000,000 73 51 121 55 2,733 2,242 4,494 2,109 26.8 22.6 26.9 26.2
 
1These climate regions were created by the Building America program, sponsored by the U.S. Department of Energy’s Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE).
2In earlier CBECS publications, BAS was referred to as Energy Management and Control System (EMCS).
Q = Data withheld either because the Relative Standard Error (RSE) was greater than 50 percent or fewer than 20 buildings were sampled.
N = No cases in reporting sample.
(*) = Value rounds to zero in the units displayed.
Notes: • Because of rounding, data may not sum to totals. • See the
Guide to the 2012 CBECS Detailed Tables or CBECS Terminology for definitions of terms used in these tables and/or comparison of differences with prior CBECS tables. Both references can be accessed from http://www.eia.gov/consumption/commercial/data/2012/ • Site electricity is the amount of electricity delivered to commercial builidngs. Primary electricity, which is not included in the Total of major fuelscategory, is site electricity plus the conversion losses in the generation, transmission, and distribution processes. •Statistics for the Energy end uses category represent total consumption in buildings that have the end use, not consumption specifically for that particular end use. • HVAC = Heating, ventilation, and air conditioning.
Source: U.S. Energy Information Administration, Office of Energy Consumption and Efficiency Statistics, Forms EIA-871A and E of the 2012 Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey.