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Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey (CBECS)

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Table B3. Census region, number of buildings and floorspace, 2012

Released: May 2016

Number of buildings (thousand) Total floorspace (million square feet)
  All
buildings
North-
east
Mid-
west
South West All
buildings
North-
east
Mid-
west
South West
All buildings 5,557 805 1,237 2,247 1,267 87,093 15,534 18,919 34,279 18,360
Building floorspace (square feet)                    
1,001 to 5,000 2,777 372 645 1,159 601 8,041 1,057 1,858 3,383 1,744
5,001 to 10,000 1,229 171 257 491 310 8,900 1,248 1,872 3,535 2,245
10,001 to 25,000 884 152 183 327 221 14,105 2,408 2,889 5,209 3,599
25,001 to 50,000 332 47 83 127 75 11,917 1,644 3,029 4,528 2,716
50,001 to 100,000 199 36 40 88 34 13,918 2,676 2,729 6,139 2,374
100,001 to 200,000 90 18 18 37 17 12,415 2,542 2,400 5,152 2,321
200,001 to 500,000 38 8 10 13 7 10,724 2,232 2,726 3,681 2,084
Over 500,000 8 2 2 3 1 7,074 1,727 1,418 2,652 1,277
Principal building activity                    
Education 389 45 67 159 118 12,239 2,056 3,173 5,162 1,848
Food sales 177 27 34 81 35 1,252 316 174 399 363
Food service 380 62 77 160 80 1,819 292 369 771 387
Health care 157 22 44 54 37 4,155 1,067 862 1,441 786
Inpatient 10 2 2 4 2 2,374 538 496 894 447
Outpatient 147 21 42 50 35 1,781 529 366 548 339
Lodging 158 27 23 69 38 5,826 1,007 1,058 2,302 1,459
Mercantile 602 98 131 251 122 11,330 1,653 2,132 4,729 2,815
Retail (other than mall) 438 75 103 177 83 5,439 835 1,142 2,126 1,336
Enclosed and strip malls 164 23 28 74 39 5,890 818 990 2,603 1,478
Office 1,012 148 230 390 245 15,952 3,703 3,334 5,501 3,414
Public assembly 352 65 100 110 77 5,559 953 1,585 2,003 1,018
Public order and safety 84 14 19 39 Q 1,440 345 334 576 Q
Religious worship 412 51 92 195 74 4,557 897 925 2,011 725
Service 619 108 177 230 103 4,630 823 1,472 1,642 694
Warehouse and storage 796 89 163 325 219 13,077 1,761 2,530 5,257 3,529
Other 125 18 30 34 43 2,002 273 435 827 467
Vacant 296 32 51 150 63 3,256 389 536 1,659 672
Year constructed                    
Before 1920 362 112 106 104 40 3,983 1,632 1,040 982 329
1920 to 1945 488 125 140 128 94 6,025 1,959 1,769 1,503 795
1946 to 1959 599 96 110 229 164 7,381 1,581 1,662 2,634 1,504
1960 to 1969 639 100 159 232 148 10,362 2,240 2,687 3,499 1,937
1970 to 1979 684 75 160 274 176 10,846 1,952 2,619 3,693 2,582
1980 to 1989 915 86 172 427 231 15,230 1,743 2,617 6,942 3,929
1990 to 1999 845 90 203 385 168 13,803 2,044 2,798 6,172 2,788
2000 to 2003 375 46 80 159 90 7,215 980 1,495 3,314 1,426
2004 to 2007 347 37 50 163 97 6,524 501 1,236 2,839 1,948
2008 to 2012 303 38 57 147 61 5,723 903 997 2,701 1,122
Climate region1                    
Very cold/Cold 2,031 642 983 N 406 31,898 10,510 16,172 N 5,217
Mixed-humid 1,743 164 255 1,325 N 27,873 5,024 2,748 20,101 N
Mixed-dry/Hot-dry 837 N N Q 706 12,037 N N Q 10,490
Hot-humid 799 N N 791 Q 12,831 N N 12,632 Q
Marine 147 N N N 147 2,454 N N N 2,454
Number of floors                    
One 3,836 360 785 1,737 954 39,809 3,865 7,652 18,532 9,760
Two 1,158 236 296 377 248 20,206 4,098 4,867 6,972 4,269
Three 374 147 121 63 43 8,140 2,421 2,607 2,028 1,083
Four to nine 177 60 33 64 21 13,535 3,409 2,915 5,013 2,198
Ten or more 13 4 2 5 2 5,404 1,742 879 1,734 1,049
Elevators and escalators
(more than one may apply)
                   
Any elevators 405 90 102 137 77 32,120 7,911 7,555 11,022 5,633
Number of elevators                    
One 272 58 74 89 50 11,158 2,580 3,220 3,665 1,693
Two to five 118 27 25 42 24 12,817 3,146 2,781 4,610 2,281
Six or more 16 5 3 6 3 8,145 2,186 1,554 2,746 1,658
Any escalators 10 3 Q 2 2 3,654 798 880 1,071 905
Number of workers (main shift)                    
Fewer than 5 2,892 414 715 1,163 600 17,751 2,692 4,286 7,336 3,438
5 to 9 1,085 154 224 448 259 8,973 1,282 1,910 3,553 2,227
10 to 19 731 106 129 297 200 9,623 1,390 1,880 3,814 2,538
20 to 49 513 68 104 198 143 14,514 1,903 3,372 5,611 3,628
50 to 99 206 31 41 97 36 13,476 2,385 2,761 6,076 2,254
100 to 249 93 21 18 32 22 10,941 2,530 2,314 4,163 1,934
250 or more 37 10 7 11 8 11,815 3,352 2,397 3,726 2,341
Weekly operating hours                    
Fewer than 40 1,149 149 290 489 221 8,220 1,173 2,026 3,508 1,514
40 to 48 1,346 168 302 536 339 15,828 2,361 3,048 6,789 3,631
49 to 60 1,244 199 254 501 290 20,529 3,345 4,372 8,494 4,318
61 to 84 764 131 155 270 209 15,867 3,313 3,628 5,275 3,651
85 to 167 479 75 98 204 101 9,395 1,881 2,428 3,138 1,948
Open continuously 575 83 139 247 106 17,253 3,461 3,418 7,076 3,298
Ownership and occupancy                    
Nongovernment owned 4,781 723 1,066 1,958 1,034 67,550 11,913 14,177 26,441 15,019
Owner occupied 2,466 400 629 983 455 30,637 5,454 7,338 12,119 5,726
Leased to tenant(s) 1,745 239 329 721 457 26,115 4,430 4,720 10,105 6,860
Owner occupied and leased 349 62 69 140 78 8,873 1,786 1,767 3,242 2,078
Unoccupied 221 Q 40 115 43 1,925 Q 352 975 355
Government owned 776 83 171 289 233 19,543 3,621 4,742 7,839 3,341
Federal 33 Q 9 14 Q 1,573 Q 275 835 204
State 185 15 31 77 62 5,539 1,149 1,158 2,111 1,122
Local 558 67 131 198 162 12,431 2,213 3,310 4,893 2,015
Party responsible for operation
and maintenance of energy
systems
                   
Building owner 4,715 661 1,118 1,881 1,054 73,702 13,304 16,815 28,772 14,811
Business owner or tenant 724 124 102 308 190 11,309 1,819 1,724 4,541 3,225
Property management 54 Q Q 24 16 1,250 Q Q 652 233
Other 64 Q Q 33 Q 832 Q Q 315 Q
Provider of direct input on energy-
related equipment purchases
                   
Building owner 4,876 682 1,136 1,947 1,112 76,271 13,567 17,159 29,802 15,742
Business owner or tenant 540 94 77 230 139 8,256 1,393 1,274 3,326 2,263
Property management 35 Q Q 15 Q 880 Q Q 345 Q
Other 106 23 15 55 13 1,686 314 345 806 221
Number of establishments                    
One 4,205 602 974 1,690 939 54,994 9,527 12,503 21,742 11,222
2 to 5 862 150 192 328 193 17,756 3,305 4,207 6,503 3,742
6 to 10 147 19 21 63 44 4,425 775 798 1,750 1,103
11 to 20 68 8 8 27 25 3,704 833 493 1,560 818
More than 20 27 3 2 8 14 3,821 832 532 1,419 1,037
Currently unoccupied 248 24 41 130 53 2,393 262 386 1,306 439
Campus or complex activity                    
Not part of a campus or complex 3,683 551 921 1,485 726 52,275 9,030 12,622 20,204 10,419
Primary or secondary school 237 6 28 94 110 4,616 508 1,027 1,988 1,093
College or university 84 15 11 39 19 4,068 738 659 2,093 577
Office complex 154 22 31 58 42 3,456 759 619 1,254 824
Retail complex 258 36 45 108 69 5,159 907 976 2,095 1,181
Storage complex 314 35 55 138 86 3,212 549 460 1,396 808
Religious campus or complex 197 34 27 83 53 1,932 489 261 777 405
Health care complex 52 14 8 19 12 3,362 1,130 583 1,067 582
Lodging or resort complex 65 Q Q 31 16 1,295 Q Q 539 468
Transportation complex 35 Q Q Q Q 554 Q Q Q Q
Government complex 104 14 23 42 26 2,107 587 303 720 496
Other 371 66 64 143 99 5,057 629 1,085 1,950 1,393
Predominant exterior wall material                    
Brick, stone, or stucco 2,312 317 528 934 534 40,463 7,649 9,051 16,679 7,084
Concrete (block or poured) 1,121 140 217 529 236 20,726 3,608 4,010 8,153 4,955
Concrete panels 210 16 21 68 105 8,693 804 1,694 3,158 3,037
Siding or shingles 905 239 218 238 210 5,750 1,589 1,395 1,389 1,377
Metal panels 933 82 231 458 162 8,673 1,020 2,150 4,246 1,257
Window glass 17 4 Q 2 10 1,340 432 Q 360 323
Other 37 Q Q Q Q 856 Q Q Q Q
No one major type 21 Q Q Q Q 592 Q Q Q Q
Predominant roof material                    
Metal surfacing 1,672 148 367 858 298 15,916 1,626 3,264 8,295 2,733
Synthetic or rubber 911 175 292 261 183 25,817 5,880 7,502 7,742 4,692
Built-up 836 90 117 373 256 21,835 3,782 3,999 8,890 5,164
Slate or tile shingles 406 66 47 162 130 4,306 842 390 1,865 1,209
Wooden materials (including
shingles)
157 27 Q 58 45 1,139 161 Q 383 469
Asphalt, fiberglass, or
other shingles
1,483 282 371 498 332 15,104 2,668 3,268 5,843 3,324
Concrete 51 10 Q 25 11 1,642 298 Q 860 403
Other 24 Q Q Q Q 678 Q Q Q Q
No one major type 18 Q Q Q Q 657 Q Q Q Q
Roof characteristics                    
Roof tilt                    
Flat 1,960 286 358 764 552 49,623 10,061 10,574 18,121 10,866
Shallow pitch 2,148 213 493 955 487 23,853 2,542 5,009 11,004 5,297
Steeper pitch 1,449 306 386 528 229 13,617 2,930 3,336 5,154 2,197
Cool roof 740 76 132 280 252 19,630 3,382 3,666 7,530 5,053
Renovations in buildings
constructed before 2008
(more than one may apply)
                   
Any type of renovation 2,094 352 521 789 432 42,216 9,263 10,097 15,393 7,462
Addition or annex 444 63 136 176 69 13,022 2,574 4,082 4,609 1,757
Reduction in floorspace 71 11 19 30 12 1,753 584 273 626 270
Roof replacement 987 178 272 359 178 20,917 5,460 5,397 6,962 3,097
Exterior wall replacement 194 31 50 83 31 4,230 910 1,074 1,442 805
Interior wall reconfiguration 889 181 210 295 204 21,340 5,019 5,201 6,854 4,266
Window replacement 560 117 157 184 102 12,265 3,404 3,041 3,773 2,048
HVAC equipment upgrade 1,101 191 291 421 197 26,779 6,477 6,541 9,363 4,398
Lighting upgrade 982 187 232 352 211 25,503 6,009 6,104 8,829 4,560
Electrical upgrade 747 155 180 273 139 16,160 3,968 4,004 5,482 2,707
Plumbing system upgrade 644 124 173 231 116 13,828 3,378 3,447 4,629 2,375
Insulation upgrade 382 75 123 133 52 7,607 1,749 2,197 2,358 1,304
Fire, safety, or security upgrade 616 145 147 210 114 17,196 4,602 3,814 5,875 2,905
Structural upgrade 152 38 43 40 30 3,913 732 887 1,201 1,094
Other 39 Q Q Q Q 848 Q Q Q Q
No renovations 3,160 415 660 1,311 775 39,154 5,368 7,826 16,185 9,776
Buildings constructed 2008 or later 303 38 57 147 61 5,723 903 997 2,701 1,122
Energy sources
(more than one may apply)
                   
Electricity 5,234 770 1,171 2,086 1,207 84,869 15,291 18,560 33,026 17,992
Natural gas 2,933 433 843 950 707 58,725 11,068 15,025 19,900 12,732
Fuel oil 467 217 77 131 43 20,200 6,079 3,935 7,051 3,135
District heat 48 16 7 18 7 5,964 1,981 906 2,191 886
District chilled water 54 7 2 35 9 4,608 794 585 2,479 749
Propane 510 106 133 187 84 7,706 1,746 1,909 2,567 1,484
Other 172 51 50 34 37 3,826 1,087 798 907 1,034
Space-heating energy sources
(more than one may apply)
                   
Electricity 2,858 310 493 1,380 676 49,030 7,276 8,638 22,558 10,559
Natural gas 2,612 392 819 782 618 49,511 9,352 14,031 15,438 10,690
Fuel oil 270 170 39 53 Q 4,351 2,851 667 765 Q
District heat 48 16 7 18 7 5,925 1,981 906 2,171 867
Propane 342 59 105 124 54 3,067 653 1,003 927 484
Other 101 Q 32 Q Q 1,010 206 301 Q Q
Primary space-heating
energy source
                   
Electricity 1,819 138 193 1,043 445 26,205 2,188 2,982 15,118 5,917
Natural gas 2,322 361 768 647 547 42,988 8,366 13,084 12,312 9,226
Fuel oil 205 141 Q 32 Q 2,542 1,988 Q 299 Q
District heat 47 15 6 18 7 5,797 1,954 864 2,112 867
Propane 261 46 84 92 38 1,948 377 723 613 235
Other 67 Q Q Q Q 598 Q Q Q Q
Cooling energy sources
(more than one may apply)
                   
Electricity 4,413 583 967 1,861 1,001 76,034 13,303 16,826 29,950 15,955
Natural gas 12 6 Q Q Q 732 305 Q Q Q
District chilled water 54 7 2 35 9 4,608 794 585 2,479 749
Water-heating energy sources
(more than one may apply)
                   
Electricity 2,658 324 525 1,242 567 42,755 6,561 7,934 19,449 8,811
Natural gas 1,758 291 493 527 447 39,523 7,533 10,615 12,258 9,116
Fuel oil 77 69 Q Q Q 1,911 1,401 Q Q Q
District heat 25 9 5 7 4 4,551 1,641 767 1,568 575
Propane 142 37 31 42 32 1,575 389 392 534 260
Cooking energy sources
(more than one may apply)
                   
Electricity 1,010 120 260 439 191 25,151 4,677 6,159 9,812 4,503
Natural gas 740 123 163 286 168 24,770 5,357 5,642 8,572 5,200
Propane 144 48 28 53 Q 2,001 779 328 663 230
Energy end uses
(more than one may apply)
                   
Buildings with space heating 4,722 727 1,096 1,842 1,057 80,078 15,053 18,055 30,499 16,471
Buildings with cooling 4,461 592 970 1,891 1,007 79,294 13,949 17,144 31,734 16,467
Buildings with water heating 4,423 671 1,014 1,740 997 79,015 14,633 17,592 30,261 16,529
Buildings with cooking 1,589 249 370 664 306 38,546 8,177 8,726 14,381 7,262
Buildings with manufacturing 259 44 55 83 77 5,078 1,059 1,172 1,708 1,139
Buildings with electricity
generation
410 107 84 141 78 25,642 6,223 5,358 9,377 4,683
Percent of floorspace heated                    
Not heated 835 79 141 405 210 7,015 481 864 3,781 1,890
1 to 50 697 86 103 297 211 10,130 1,132 1,310 3,979 3,709
51 to 99 727 137 137 267 185 14,650 2,873 2,239 6,218 3,320
100 3,298 503 856 1,278 661 55,298 11,049 14,506 20,302 9,441
Percent of floorspace cooled                    
Not cooled 1,096 213 267 355 260 7,799 1,585 1,776 2,545 1,894
1 to 50 1,173 196 281 422 273 18,891 3,558 4,741 6,189 4,403
51 to 99 897 156 177 330 234 22,728 5,081 4,697 8,462 4,487
100 2,391 240 512 1,139 500 37,676 5,311 7,706 17,083 7,576
Percent lit when open                    
Zero 70 Q Q Q Q 322 Q Q Q Q
1 to 50 1,099 170 292 379 258 12,628 2,097 2,870 4,755 2,907
51 to 99 1,666 259 382 614 411 34,814 6,288 7,932 13,288 7,307
100 2,222 308 427 1,011 476 35,726 6,670 7,266 14,405 7,385
Building never open/electricity
not used
501 60 121 216 103 3,603 437 773 1,710 683
Percent lit during off hours                    
Zero 2,489 366 528 945 650 24,746 3,877 5,594 9,120 6,156
1 to 50 2,441 360 592 990 499 50,753 9,299 11,464 20,182 9,808
51 to 100 202 40 25 97 40 6,926 1,801 953 2,567 1,605
Building always open with
no "off hours"
102 5 25 54 18 2,443 314 550 1,157 423
Electricity not used 323 36 66 161 61 2,225 243 360 1,254 368
Heating equipment
(more than one may apply)
                   
Heat pumps 628 48 53 392 134 11,846 1,397 1,068 6,927 2,453
Furnaces 755 85 252 282 137 8,654 1,244 2,511 3,363 1,536
Individual space heaters 1,247 239 340 381 287 20,766 4,918 5,735 6,519 3,594
District heat 48 16 7 18 7 5,925 1,981 906 2,171 867
Boilers 544 221 148 98 77 22,443 6,447 6,666 5,784 3,545
Packaged heating units 2,802 347 644 1,127 683 49,188 7,186 10,894 20,049 11,059
Other 62 Q 22 16 14 1,574 Q 370 550 339
Cooling equipment
(more than one may apply)
                   
Residential-type central air
conditioners
1,546 178 480 633 255 14,765 1,695 4,347 5,895 2,828
Heat pumps 692 53 65 409 165 12,538 1,490 1,024 7,108 2,916
Individual air conditioners 709 190 147 257 114 12,420 3,845 2,585 4,263 1,727
District chilled water 54 7 2 35 9 4,608 794 585 2,479 749
Central chillers 163 26 37 70 29 17,041 3,489 4,475 6,460 2,617
Packaged air conditioning units 1,909 253 362 786 508 45,153 8,697 9,816 17,185 9,455
Swamp coolers 109 Q Q Q 89 1,918 Q Q 469 1,340
Other Q Q Q Q Q 328 Q Q Q Q
Main equipment replaced since
1990 (more than one may apply)
                   
Heating 1,874 315 448 744 367 27,558 5,356 6,886 10,048 5,268
Cooling 1,971 313 452 836 370 30,702 6,314 7,210 11,668 5,510
Water-heating equipment                    
Centralized system 3,348 493 806 1,322 728 47,534 9,128 11,316 17,460 9,631
Distributed system 690 123 133 264 170 12,688 2,383 2,335 4,938 3,032
Combination of centralized and
distributed system
385 56 76 154 99 18,793 3,122 3,942 7,863 3,866
Lighting equipment types
(more than one may apply)
                   
Incandescent 1,826 293 460 721 353 38,406 7,565 9,038 14,581 7,222
Standard fluorescent 4,649 684 1,018 1,890 1,057 80,081 14,473 17,514 31,363 16,732
Compact fluorescent 2,302 354 542 840 566 53,816 10,771 11,841 20,042 11,163
High-intensity discharge (HID) 525 76 110 219 121 23,396 4,510 5,357 9,347 4,182
Halogen 905 148 203 377 177 28,059 5,267 6,169 10,970 5,653
LED 473 83 114 164 113 22,071 4,752 5,148 7,559 4,612
Other 10 Q Q Q Q 446 Q Q Q Q
Refrigeration equipment
(more than one may apply)
                   
Any refrigeration 3,984 593 898 1,630 864 73,645 13,612 16,570 28,755 14,709
Walk-in units 811 139 175 332 166 28,361 5,870 6,331 10,777 5,384
Cases or cabinets 915 165 203 357 190 28,719 6,066 6,803 10,386 5,464
Large cold storage areas 78 12 14 33 19 4,171 569 972 1,700 930
Commercial ice makers 846 101 167 412 166 32,734 5,573 6,598 14,516 6,048
Residential-type or compact units 3,388 511 795 1,342 740 62,381 11,436 14,257 24,189 12,499
Vending machines 960 135 194 436 195 43,936 8,448 9,673 17,627 8,188
No refrigeration 1,573 213 340 617 404 13,448 1,922 2,350 5,525 3,651
Office equipment
(more than one may apply)
                   
Desktop computers 3,977 593 876 1,550 957 77,063 14,116 16,861 29,686 16,400
With flat screen monitors 3,847 569 841 1,507 931 76,160 13,956 16,628 29,347 16,229
With multiple monitors 911 120 183 358 250 30,946 5,289 6,407 12,095 7,155
Laptop computers 2,730 412 598 1,074 646 63,486 11,774 13,895 24,921 12,896
Dedicated servers 1,748 254 358 693 442 53,369 10,087 11,271 20,565 11,447
Laser printers 2,339 355 524 857 603 54,256 10,317 12,158 20,460 11,320
Inkjet printers 2,187 311 468 916 493 36,235 6,559 7,682 14,297 7,697
FAX machines 3,185 486 684 1,258 756 66,682 12,733 14,439 25,795 13,715
Photocopiers 2,163 355 474 808 526 59,277 11,654 13,053 22,099 12,471
Number of desktop computers                    
None 1,581 212 361 697 310 10,030 1,418 2,058 4,594 1,960
1 to 4 2,039 320 484 780 454 15,669 2,457 3,582 6,273 3,356
5 to 9 821 91 186 334 210 9,422 1,392 2,120 3,528 2,381
10 to 19 482 86 81 188 127 9,388 1,644 1,826 3,531 2,388
20 to 49 355 48 62 140 105 13,094 2,327 2,591 5,347 2,830
50 to 99 143 20 33 58 33 8,284 1,365 1,984 3,243 1,692
100 to 249 92 20 20 31 21 9,728 2,303 2,202 3,391 1,832
250 or more 44 8 10 18 8 11,478 2,628 2,556 4,373 1,921
Number of laptop computers                    
None 2,827 394 639 1,173 621 23,607 3,760 5,024 9,358 5,464
1 to 4 1,944 283 451 755 455 21,161 3,350 5,045 8,080 4,687
5 to 9 350 53 62 142 92 8,345 1,406 1,478 3,568 1,894
10 to 19 181 33 29 71 49 8,343 1,500 1,473 3,386 1,984
20 to 49 144 20 28 63 33 9,643 1,471 2,195 3,794 2,183
50 to 99 58 9 15 22 12 5,234 1,218 1,312 1,827 877
100 to 249 35 9 9 13 3 5,217 1,414 1,022 2,108 673
250 or more 20 4 5 9 2 5,542 1,415 1,370 2,159 598
Number of dedicated servers                    
None 3,809 551 879 1,554 825 33,724 5,448 7,648 13,715 6,913
1 to 4 1,562 227 325 618 392 34,097 6,193 7,200 13,500 7,203
5 to 9 97 14 20 37 26 6,241 1,092 1,435 2,226 1,487
10 to 19 50 7 6 25 12 5,711 1,117 1,006 2,325 1,263
20 to 49 25 3 5 9 8 3,758 688 982 1,309 779
50 or more 13 3 2 4 4 3,562 996 649 1,204 714
Number of photocopiers                    
None 3,394 451 763 1,438 742 27,816 3,880 5,866 12,181 5,889
One 1,325 216 299 485 325 17,080 2,604 3,942 6,129 4,405
2 to 4 648 104 139 246 158 20,312 3,581 4,583 8,063 4,085
5 to 9 116 18 23 47 27 8,863 1,946 2,167 3,203 1,547
10 or more 75 16 13 30 15 13,022 3,523 2,361 4,704 2,434
Number of TVs or video displays                    
None 2,718 394 614 1,076 633 24,339 4,054 5,090 9,483 5,711
One 1,145 164 273 471 237 9,990 1,416 2,292 4,276 2,006
2 to 4 1,035 154 212 419 250 16,465 2,930 4,056 6,314 3,165
5 to 9 314 51 72 126 66 8,148 1,824 1,450 3,162 1,711
10 to 19 154 20 31 69 34 8,168 1,799 1,893 3,051 1,424
20 to 49 106 13 19 46 28 8,058 1,443 1,668 3,188 1,759
50 to 99 48 3 10 22 13 4,378 382 929 2,036 1,031
100 or more 37 7 7 17 7 7,547 1,685 1,541 2,769 1,552
Food preparation or serving areas
in non-food service buildings
(more than one may apply)
                   
Snack bar or concession stand 153 18 34 66 35 9,884 1,924 2,262 3,763 1,934
Fast food or small restaurant 173 29 31 77 37 9,787 1,751 1,774 3,797 2,464
Cafeteria or large restaurant 130 29 28 55 18 15,222 3,585 3,455 5,947 2,236
Commercial kitchen/
food preparation area
282 45 72 109 56 16,150 3,254 3,952 6,092 2,852
Small kitchen area 736 114 183 306 132 14,054 3,105 3,413 5,121 2,414
Separate computer areas
(more than one may apply)
                   
Data center or server farm 97 14 25 31 27 11,105 2,377 2,488 3,873 2,366
Computer-based training room 244 34 47 112 51 17,723 3,341 3,950 7,121 3,311
Student or public computer center 238 40 46 91 61 14,341 2,710 3,338 5,999 2,293
HVAC conservation features
(more than one may apply)
                   
Economizer cycle 601 107 141 147 206 30,749 6,911 7,916 9,051 6,870
Regular HVAC maintenance 3,178 480 674 1,279 744 69,244 12,982 15,173 26,573 14,517
Building automation system (BAS)2 781 117 160 291 212 37,051 6,934 7,996 14,578 7,542
Window and interior lighting
features (more than one may
apply)
                   
Multipaned windows 3,012 483 842 1,072 614 60,362 11,457 15,282 22,581 11,041
Tinted window glass 1,875 155 373 820 527 45,025 6,313 9,069 18,988 10,654
Reflective window glass 549 61 114 205 169 15,908 2,344 3,813 5,455 4,296
External overhangs or awnings 1,867 204 393 820 450 32,188 4,290 6,494 13,858 7,547
Skylights or atriums 591 80 94 210 207 22,261 4,058 4,091 8,083 6,028
Light scheduling 918 131 204 359 224 30,263 5,838 6,651 10,737 7,038
Occupancy sensors 813 137 155 256 266 35,871 7,732 7,916 11,922 8,300
Multi-level lighting or dimming 349 53 69 134 93 14,534 2,335 3,177 5,424 3,598
Daylight harvesting 125 19 29 53 24 6,114 1,032 1,522 1,996 1,564
Demand responsive lighting 176 Q 35 63 Q 4,738 648 912 1,692 1,487
Building automation system (BAS) for lighting2 208 32 36 83 57 12,068 2,159 2,448 4,507 2,953
Equipment usage reduced when
building not in full use
(more than one may apply)
                   
Heating 3,699 582 842 1,398 877 63,167 12,290 14,126 23,309 13,442
Cooling 3,517 473 764 1,438 841 62,516 11,450 13,442 24,448 13,176
Lighting 4,757 707 1,055 1,898 1,096 78,594 14,259 17,263 30,541 16,531
 
1These climate regions were created by the Building America program, sponsored by the U.S. Department of Energy’s Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE).
2In earlier CBECS publications, BAS was referred to as Energy Management and Control System (EMCS).
Q = Data withheld either because the Relative Standard Error (RSE) was greater than 50 percent or fewer than 20 buildings were sampled.
N = No cases in reporting sample.
Notes: • Because of rounding, data may not sum to totals. • See
Guide to the 2012 CBECS Detailed Tables or CBECS Terminology for definition of terms used in these tables and/or comparison of differences with prior CBECS tables. Both references can be accessed from http://www.eia.gov/consumption/commercial/data/2012/
Source: U.S. Energy Information Administration, Office of Energy Consumption and Efficiency Statistics, Form EIA-871A of the 2012 Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey.