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Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey (CBECS)

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Table B18. Occupancy of nongovernment-owned and government-owned buildings, floorspace, 2012

Released: May 2016

Total floorspace (million square feet)
Nongovernment-owned buildings Government-owned buildings
  All
buildings
All
buildings
Owner occupied Leased to
tenant(s)
Owner occupied and leased Unocc-upied All
buildings
Federal State Local
All buildings 87,093 67,550 30,637 26,115 8,873 1,925 19,543 1,573 5,539 12,431
Building floorspace (square feet)                    
1,001 to 5,000 8,041 7,077 3,871 2,526 382 298 964 Q 230 713
5,001 to 10,000 8,900 7,953 4,118 2,932 635 267 947 Q Q 765
10,001 to 25,000 14,105 11,987 6,045 4,149 1,305 488 2,117 Q 621 1,373
25,001 to 50,000 11,917 9,482 4,067 3,656 1,353 Q 2,435 Q 647 1,649
50,001 to 100,000 13,918 9,104 3,712 4,051 1,106 Q 4,814 Q 1,327 3,351
100,001 to 200,000 12,415 8,905 4,306 3,493 1,025 Q 3,510 Q 1,392 1,989
200,001 to 500,000 10,724 7,634 2,976 3,084 1,482 Q 3,090 Q 1,024 1,928
Over 500,000 7,074 5,408 1,542 2,223 1,584 Q 1,666 806 Q 663
Principal building activity                    
Education 12,239 3,084 2,471 327 Q N 9,154 Q 2,408 6,689
Food sales 1,252 1,252 612 448 Q N N N N N
Food service 1,819 1,702 1,008 656 Q N Q N Q Q
Health care 4,155 3,523 2,007 584 932 N 632 143 178 311
Inpatient 2,374 1,900 1,247 Q 450 N 475 104 156 214
Outpatient 1,781 1,623 760 381 482 N 158 Q Q Q
Lodging 5,826 5,360 3,656 1,130 574 N 466 N Q Q
Mercantile 11,330 11,298 3,189 6,566 1,543 N Q Q Q Q
Retail (other than mall) 5,439 5,427 3,189 1,628 610 N Q N Q Q
Enclosed and strip malls 5,890 5,871 N 4,938 933 N Q Q N N
Office 15,952 12,815 3,169 7,118 2,528 N 3,136 600 1,203 1,333
Public assembly 5,559 3,178 2,049 508 620 N 2,381 Q 514 1,736
Public order and safety 1,440 Q Q Q Q N 1,274 Q Q 1,019
Religious worship 4,557 4,542 4,097 224 Q N Q N N Q
Service 4,630 3,800 1,803 1,629 368 N 830 Q Q 375
Warehouse and storage 13,077 12,316 5,098 5,989 1,229 N 761 Q Q Q
Other 2,002 1,826 1,181 443 Q N Q Q Q Q
Vacant 3,256 2,689 Q 455 Q 1,925 567 Q Q 411
Year constructed                    
Before 1920 3,983 3,116 1,274 979 644 Q 867 Q Q 393
1920 to 1945 6,025 4,071 2,146 1,386 410 Q 1,954 447 429 1,079
1946 to 1959 7,381 5,253 2,918 1,458 628 249 2,128 Q 679 1,413
1960 to 1969 10,362 7,070 3,356 2,554 911 249 3,293 Q 991 2,097
1970 to 1979 10,846 8,539 3,618 3,578 1,048 295 2,306 Q 895 1,246
1980 to 1989 15,230 13,074 4,465 5,961 2,277 Q 2,156 Q 580 1,509
1990 to 1999 13,803 10,757 5,366 4,076 1,066 Q 3,046 277 687 2,081
2000 to 2003 7,215 5,796 3,051 2,159 539 Q 1,419 Q 311 1,004
2004 to 2007 6,524 5,143 2,192 2,206 700 Q 1,381 Q 397 851
2008 to 2012 5,723 4,729 2,251 1,757 651 Q 994 N Q 757
Census region                    
Northeast 15,534 11,913 5,454 4,430 1,786 Q 3,621 Q 1,149 2,213
Midwest 18,919 14,177 7,338 4,720 1,767 352 4,742 275 1,158 3,310
South 34,279 26,441 12,119 10,105 3,242 975 7,839 835 2,111 4,893
West 18,360 15,019 5,726 6,860 2,078 355 3,341 204 1,122 2,015
Climate region1                    
Very cold/Cold 31,898 24,295 12,072 8,401 3,199 624 7,603 402 2,300 4,901
Mixed-humid 27,873 20,730 9,096 8,427 2,804 404 7,143 996 1,891 4,256
Mixed-dry/Hot-dry 12,037 10,197 4,141 4,430 1,313 313 1,840 Q 468 1,305
Hot-humid 12,831 10,246 4,636 3,831 1,225 554 2,585 Q 747 1,743
Marine 2,454 2,081 693 1,026 332 Q 372 Q Q 225
Number of floors                    
One 39,809 32,751 13,707 14,937 2,885 1,221 7,058 323 1,530 5,205
Two 20,206 15,005 7,954 4,864 1,805 382 5,201 Q 1,682 3,336
Three 8,140 5,929 3,564 1,284 975 Q 2,210 Q 655 1,454
Four to nine 13,535 9,454 4,439 2,830 2,015 Q 4,081 469 1,473 2,139
Ten or more 5,404 4,410 973 2,199 1,193 Q 993 496 199 Q
Elevators and escalators
(more than one may apply)
                   
Any elevators 32,120 21,858 9,683 7,287 4,618 270 10,262 1,177 3,193 5,892
Number of elevators                    
One 11,158 6,522 3,576 1,732 1,124 Q 4,636 Q 1,687 2,848
Two to five 12,817 9,288 4,250 3,235 1,668 Q 3,529 256 1,162 2,112
Six or more 8,145 6,048 1,857 2,320 1,826 Q 2,097 820 344 932
Any escalators 3,654 2,560 471 1,246 819 Q 1,094 Q Q 582
Number of workers (main shift)                    
Fewer than 5 17,751 15,635 8,458 4,456 795 1,925 2,116 Q 675 1,392
5 to 9 8,973 7,865 4,190 2,798 877 N 1,108 Q 279 764
10 to 19 9,623 7,911 4,011 3,222 679 N 1,711 Q 505 1,096
20 to 49 14,514 11,024 4,570 4,568 1,886 N 3,490 Q 1,036 2,313
50 to 99 13,476 8,465 3,455 3,914 1,096 N 5,011 Q 1,522 3,347
100 to 249 10,941 7,679 3,345 3,152 1,182 N 3,262 Q 720 2,351
250 or more 11,815 8,971 2,608 4,004 2,359 N 2,844 873 802 1,168
Weekly operating hours                    
Fewer than 40 8,220 6,625 3,606 890 Q 1,925 1,596 Q 303 1,241
40 to 48 15,828 10,950 4,932 4,295 1,723 N 4,878 Q 1,293 3,416
49 to 60 20,529 15,766 6,461 7,095 2,210 N 4,763 312 1,001 3,450
61 to 84 15,867 12,911 4,234 6,902 1,775 N 2,955 Q 857 1,838
85 to 167 9,395 7,572 3,447 3,238 888 N 1,823 Q 828 851
Open continuously 17,253 13,725 7,958 3,695 2,073 N 3,528 635 1,257 1,636
Party responsible for operation
and maintenance of energy
systems
                   
Building owner 73,702 54,927 30,060 15,337 7,818 1,713 18,775 1,525 5,359 11,891
Business owner or tenant 11,309 10,819 Q 9,557 816 Q 489 Q Q Q
Property management 1,250 1,144 Q 839 Q Q Q Q N Q
Other 832 659 Q 382 Q Q Q Q Q Q
Provider of direct input on energy-
related equipment purchases
                   
Building owner 76,271 57,471 30,242 17,233 8,205 1,792 18,800 1,473 5,454 11,873
Business owner or tenant 8,256 7,906 Q 7,239 382 Q 350 Q Q Q
Property management 880 826 Q 646 Q N Q Q N Q
Other 1,686 1,347 158 996 Q Q 339 Q Q 254
Number of establishments                    
One 54,994 39,577 27,607 11,970 N N 15,417 940 4,352 10,126
2 to 5 17,756 14,543 2,918 5,886 5,739 N 3,213 594 990 1,629
6 to 10 4,425 4,303 Q 3,125 1,088 N Q Q Q Q
11 to 20 3,704 3,533 Q 2,731 778 N Q Q Q Q
More than 20 3,821 3,669 N 2,401 1,268 N Q Q N Q
Currently unoccupied 2,393 1,925 N N N 1,925 468 N Q Q
Campus or complex activity                    
Not part of a campus or complex 52,275 43,046 19,501 16,136 6,015 1,393 9,229 686 1,468 7,075
Primary or secondary school 4,616 802 624 Q Q N 3,814 Q 1,037 2,754
College or university 4,068 2,173 1,813 Q Q N 1,895 Q 1,852 Q
Office complex 3,456 3,142 565 2,017 464 Q 314 Q Q Q
Retail complex 5,159 4,963 1,041 3,474 355 Q Q N Q Q
Storage complex 3,212 3,172 1,065 1,753 Q Q Q N Q Q
Religious campus or complex 1,932 1,932 1,836 Q Q Q N N N N
Health care complex 3,362 2,572 1,633 422 498 Q 790 104 Q 210
Lodging or resort complex 1,295 1,263 853 Q Q Q Q N Q N
Transportation complex 554 272 Q Q Q N 282 N Q 226
Government complex 2,107 Q Q Q Q N 2,002 572 236 1,194
Other 5,057 4,108 1,603 1,765 561 Q 948 Q 275 608
Predominant exterior wall material                    
Brick, stone, or stucco 40,463 29,025 14,367 9,787 3,999 872 11,438 839 3,282 7,316
Concrete (block or poured) 20,726 16,285 6,623 7,228 2,147 287 4,441 Q 1,080 2,969
Concrete panels 8,693 7,594 2,452 3,585 1,189 Q 1,099 Q 369 584
Siding or shingles 5,750 4,750 2,387 1,854 385 Q 1,001 Q 236 733
Metal panels 8,673 7,516 4,110 2,531 646 Q 1,157 Q 438 615
Window glass 1,340 1,112 Q 597 274 Q 228 Q Q Q
Other 856 784 311 324 Q N Q Q Q Q
No one major type 592 483 Q Q Q N Q Q Q Q
Predominant roof material                    
Metal surfacing 15,916 13,220 7,400 4,425 968 427 2,696 Q 780 1,628
Synthetic or rubber 25,817 19,413 7,354 8,007 3,638 414 6,403 664 1,899 3,841
Built-up 21,835 15,277 5,127 7,269 2,286 596 6,557 410 1,942 4,205
Slate or tile shingles 4,306 3,706 2,531 899 223 Q 600 Q Q 368
Wooden materials (including
shingles)
1,139 981 475 460 Q Q Q N Q Q
Asphalt, fiberglass, or
other shingles
15,104 12,642 7,053 3,900 1,317 373 2,461 Q 577 1,806
Concrete 1,642 1,315 325 748 Q Q 327 Q Q Q
Other 678 485 Q Q Q N Q N Q Q
No one major type 657 510 Q Q Q N Q Q Q Q
Roof characteristics                    
Roof tilt                    
Flat 49,623 37,026 13,576 16,780 5,550 1,121 12,597 1,139 3,656 7,802
Shallow pitch 23,853 19,570 9,795 6,960 2,280 535 4,283 Q 1,204 2,731
Steeper pitch 13,617 10,954 7,267 2,375 1,043 269 2,663 Q 679 1,899
Cool roof 19,630 14,300 5,973 5,629 2,438 Q 5,330 542 1,722 3,066
Renovations in buildings
constructed before 2008
(more than one may apply)
                   
Any type of renovation 42,216 31,673 13,831 11,884 5,393 565 10,543 835 3,290 6,418
Addition or annex 13,022 8,486 4,755 2,204 1,449 Q 4,536 291 1,209 3,036
Reduction in floorspace 1,753 1,250 459 437 327 Q Q Q Q Q
Roof replacement 20,917 14,683 7,032 4,756 2,682 Q 6,233 471 1,919 3,844
Exterior wall replacement 4,230 3,046 1,380 969 688 Q 1,184 Q 319 753
Interior wall reconfiguration 21,340 16,175 6,137 6,487 3,241 311 5,165 594 1,626 2,945
Window replacement 12,265 8,541 3,596 3,039 1,865 Q 3,723 384 996 2,343
HVAC equipment upgrade 26,779 19,199 8,248 7,032 3,635 284 7,580 712 2,337 4,532
Lighting upgrade 25,503 18,255 8,051 6,527 3,517 Q 7,248 715 2,249 4,283
Electrical upgrade 16,160 11,551 5,306 3,956 2,121 Q 4,609 436 1,563 2,611
Plumbing system upgrade 13,828 9,845 3,953 3,739 2,056 Q 3,983 375 1,275 2,333
Insulation upgrade 7,607 5,269 2,546 1,529 1,129 Q 2,338 199 714 1,426
Fire, safety, or security upgrade 17,196 11,953 5,137 4,320 2,431 Q 5,244 461 1,833 2,950
Structural upgrade 3,913 2,754 1,624 554 546 Q 1,160 Q Q 662
Other 848 587 Q Q Q N Q Q Q Q
No renovations 39,154 31,148 14,555 12,473 2,829 1,291 8,007 739 2,013 5,255
Buildings constructed 2008 or later 5,723 4,729 2,251 1,757 651 Q 994 N Q 757
Energy sources
(more than one may apply)
                   
Electricity 84,869 65,620 30,321 25,809 8,820 670 19,248 1,573 5,522 12,153
Natural gas 58,725 44,481 20,542 17,361 6,254 325 14,244 868 3,939 9,438
Fuel oil 20,200 14,057 6,308 4,749 2,928 Q 6,143 1,083 1,400 3,660
District heat 5,964 3,135 1,842 730 557 Q 2,829 708 1,538 584
District chilled water 4,608 2,104 1,478 297 329 N 2,504 Q 1,448 612
Propane 7,706 5,896 3,569 1,567 743 Q 1,810 Q 394 1,332
Other 3,826 2,663 1,431 789 427 Q 1,163 Q Q 616
Space-heating energy sources
(more than one may apply)
                   
Electricity 49,030 39,210 16,986 16,368 5,641 214 9,821 798 2,730 6,293
Natural gas 49,511 37,495 16,788 15,108 5,282 317 12,016 657 3,069 8,290
Fuel oil 4,351 2,844 1,691 734 392 Q 1,507 Q Q 1,169
District heat 5,925 3,119 1,825 730 557 Q 2,807 697 1,526 584
Propane 3,067 2,429 1,638 497 285 Q 638 Q Q 397
Other 1,010 834 523 Q Q N Q Q Q Q
Primary space-heating
energy source
                   
Electricity 26,205 22,225 9,948 9,250 2,842 Q 3,980 Q 983 2,785
Natural gas 42,988 32,258 14,409 12,976 4,592 280 10,730 593 2,717 7,420
Fuel oil 2,542 1,658 976 426 Q Q 884 Q Q 656
District heat 5,797 3,076 1,793 730 547 Q 2,721 697 1,445 579
Propane 1,948 1,644 1,311 262 Q Q 303 Q Q 235
Other 598 481 307 Q Q N Q N Q Q
Cooling energy sources
(more than one may apply)
                   
Electricity 76,034 59,329 26,984 23,688 8,379 278 16,705 1,403 4,086 11,217
Natural gas 732 542 147 Q Q N Q Q Q Q
District chilled water 4,608 2,104 1,478 297 329 N 2,504 Q 1,448 612
Water-heating energy sources
(more than one may apply)
                   
Electricity 42,755 35,729 13,903 16,509 5,232 Q 7,025 667 1,907 4,452
Natural gas 39,523 28,106 13,220 10,578 4,063 Q 11,417 628 3,096 7,693
Fuel oil 1,911 1,108 757 Q Q N 804 Q Q 607
District heat 4,551 2,566 1,593 456 517 N 1,986 691 1,010 285
Propane 1,575 1,179 849 195 Q Q 396 Q Q Q
Cooking energy sources
(more than one may apply)
                   
Electricity 25,151 16,711 8,113 6,036 2,557 Q 8,440 851 1,659 5,930
Natural gas 24,770 17,556 8,066 6,438 3,041 Q 7,214 305 1,546 5,363
Propane 2,001 1,424 904 280 Q N 577 Q Q 462
Energy end uses
(more than one may apply)
                   
Buildings with space heating 80,078 61,341 28,745 23,766 8,328 502 18,736 1,557 5,411 11,768
Buildings with cooling 79,294 60,960 28,174 23,907 8,602 278 18,334 1,573 5,252 11,508
Buildings with water heating 79,015 60,645 27,869 23,900 8,544 332 18,370 1,565 5,270 11,535
Buildings with cooking 38,546 26,909 13,400 9,378 4,115 Q 11,637 933 2,538 8,166
Buildings with manufacturing 5,078 4,745 2,024 2,107 614 N 333 Q Q Q
Buildings with electricity
generation
25,642 17,555 8,079 5,917 3,502 Q 8,086 1,122 1,829 5,136
Percent of floorspace heated                    
Not heated 7,015 6,208 1,892 2,349 544 1,423 807 Q Q 663
1 to 50 10,130 9,311 3,844 3,801 1,528 Q 819 Q Q 545
51 to 99 14,650 11,566 4,662 4,986 1,877 Q 3,084 460 1,135 1,490
100 55,298 40,465 20,239 14,980 4,923 323 14,833 1,055 4,045 9,733
Percent of floorspace cooled                    
Not cooled 7,799 6,589 2,464 2,208 Q 1,648 1,210 N 287 923
1 to 50 18,891 15,853 7,022 6,681 2,046 Q 3,037 Q 943 2,011
51 to 99 22,728 16,290 6,644 6,758 2,846 Q 6,437 926 2,170 3,341
100 37,676 28,816 14,508 10,468 3,710 Q 8,859 564 2,140 6,155
Percent lit when open                    
Zero 322 304 Q Q Q N Q N Q Q
1 to 50 12,628 11,290 5,915 3,885 1,490 N 1,338 Q 433 816
51 to 99 34,814 26,289 11,103 11,365 3,821 N 8,525 891 2,777 4,856
100 35,726 26,617 12,885 10,265 3,467 N 9,109 577 2,185 6,348
Building never open/electricity
not used
3,603 3,050 643 429 Q 1,925 553 Q Q 406
Percent lit during off hours                    
Zero 24,746 19,295 9,859 7,328 1,677 431 5,451 Q 1,459 3,788
1 to 50 50,753 38,812 16,371 16,094 6,108 239 11,941 1,089 3,385 7,467
51 to 100 6,926 5,391 2,821 1,771 799 N 1,535 Q 599 665
Building always open with
no "off hours"
2,443 2,122 1,269 616 Q N 322 Q Q Q
Electricity not used 2,225 1,929 317 306 Q 1,255 Q N Q Q
Heating equipment
(more than one may apply)
                   
Heat pumps 11,846 8,500 3,841 3,022 1,597 Q 3,346 212 636 2,497
Furnaces 8,654 7,472 3,629 2,880 900 Q 1,182 Q 378 753
Individual space heaters 20,766 16,206 7,363 6,507 2,284 Q 4,561 558 1,375 2,628
District heat 5,925 3,119 1,825 730 557 Q 2,807 697 1,526 584
Boilers 22,443 13,405 6,663 4,091 2,590 Q 9,038 471 2,305 6,263
Packaged heating units 49,188 40,336 17,635 17,239 5,102 360 8,852 495 2,213 6,144
Other 1,574 1,316 214 1,021 Q Q Q Q Q Q
Cooling equipment
(more than one may apply)
                   
Residential-type central air
conditioners
14,765 12,846 6,442 4,937 1,431 Q 1,919 Q 511 1,250
Heat pumps 12,538 9,142 4,113 3,345 1,673 Q 3,396 Q 636 2,582
Individual air conditioners 12,420 9,115 4,591 2,856 1,657 Q 3,305 407 761 2,137
District chilled water 4,608 2,104 1,478 297 329 N 2,504 Q 1,448 612
Central chillers 17,041 10,175 4,184 3,678 2,278 Q 6,866 932 1,798 4,135
Packaged air conditioning units 45,153 36,119 15,037 15,687 5,186 Q 9,034 682 2,246 6,106
Swamp coolers 1,918 1,373 643 576 Q N 545 Q Q Q
Other 328 Q Q Q Q N Q Q Q Q
Main equipment replaced since
1990 (more than one may apply)
                   
Heating 27,558 21,157 9,562 8,292 3,125 Q 6,400 266 1,797 4,338
Cooling 30,702 23,862 10,494 9,430 3,825 Q 6,840 409 1,972 4,459
Water-heating equipment                    
Centralized system 47,534 35,837 19,154 12,749 3,698 237 11,697 837 3,188 7,672
Distributed system 12,688 11,091 4,090 4,804 2,181 Q 1,596 Q 746 749
Combination of centralized and
distributed system
18,793 13,717 4,626 6,347 2,665 Q 5,076 626 1,336 3,115
Lighting equipment types
(more than one may apply)
                   
Incandescent 38,406 29,885 13,181 11,650 5,011 Q 8,522 761 2,581 5,180
Standard fluorescent 80,081 61,330 28,109 24,494 8,508 219 18,751 1,572 5,320 11,859
Compact fluorescent 53,816 40,348 18,432 15,538 6,323 Q 13,469 1,288 4,009 8,171
High-intensity discharge (HID) 23,396 16,399 6,238 6,932 3,190 Q 6,998 804 1,955 4,238
Halogen 28,059 22,488 8,652 9,504 4,293 Q 5,571 949 1,716 2,906
LED 22,071 17,210 6,135 7,422 3,647 Q 4,862 798 1,480 2,584
Other 446 Q Q Q Q N Q Q Q Q
Refrigeration equipment
(more than one may apply)
                   
Any refrigeration 73,645 55,949 26,616 21,437 7,777 Q 17,696 1,517 4,998 11,180
Walk-in units 28,361 18,873 7,630 7,877 3,345 Q 9,488 864 2,260 6,365
Cases or cabinets 28,719 21,072 8,763 8,868 3,422 Q 7,647 836 1,876 4,936
Large cold storage areas 4,171 3,292 1,365 1,240 687 N 879 Q Q 587
Commercial ice makers 32,734 23,456 10,557 8,954 3,907 Q 9,278 874 2,645 5,759
Residential-type or compact units 62,381 47,604 22,109 18,695 6,748 Q 14,776 1,227 4,114 9,435
Vending machines 43,936 31,303 13,162 13,020 5,071 Q 12,633 1,288 4,022 7,323
No refrigeration 13,448 11,601 4,021 4,677 1,096 1,806 1,848 Q 541 1,251
Office equipment
(more than one may apply)
                   
Desktop computers 77,063 58,540 26,561 23,368 8,546 Q 18,523 1,564 5,276 11,683
With flat screen monitors 76,160 57,715 26,016 23,163 8,472 Q 18,445 1,564 5,267 11,614
With multiple monitors 30,946 23,308 8,360 10,617 4,332 N 7,638 998 2,371 4,269
Laptop computers 63,486 47,112 20,017 19,751 7,317 Q 16,374 1,314 4,565 10,496
Dedicated servers 53,369 40,203 16,319 17,242 6,604 Q 13,166 1,230 3,438 8,498
Laser printers 54,256 40,763 17,695 16,747 6,284 Q 13,493 1,309 3,803 8,381
Inkjet printers 36,235 27,684 12,573 11,001 4,107 Q 8,551 455 2,248 5,847
FAX machines 66,682 51,133 22,209 20,978 7,881 Q 15,550 1,446 4,053 10,051
Photocopiers 59,277 43,565 19,647 17,099 6,755 Q 15,711 1,326 4,626 9,760
Number of desktop computers                    
None 10,030 9,010 4,076 2,747 327 1,860 1,020 Q 263 748
1 to 4 15,669 13,784 8,435 4,501 820 Q 1,885 Q 453 1,273
5 to 9 9,422 8,172 4,093 3,082 996 N 1,250 Q 413 666
10 to 19 9,388 8,335 3,442 3,521 1,371 N 1,054 Q 277 691
20 to 49 13,094 10,590 4,473 4,542 1,537 Q 2,505 Q 839 1,627
50 to 99 8,284 5,121 1,629 2,591 901 N 3,164 Q 1,079 1,929
100 to 249 9,728 5,398 2,262 1,980 1,156 N 4,330 Q 1,163 2,892
250 or more 11,478 7,142 2,226 3,151 1,765 N 4,336 679 1,051 2,605
Number of laptop computers                    
None 23,607 20,438 10,620 6,364 1,556 1,898 3,169 Q 974 1,935
1 to 4 21,161 18,233 9,562 6,597 2,046 Q 2,929 Q 758 2,041
5 to 9 8,345 6,792 2,542 3,251 999 N 1,554 Q Q 1,006
10 to 19 8,343 6,572 1,995 3,405 1,171 N 1,772 Q 421 1,212
20 to 49 9,643 6,199 2,623 2,582 993 N 3,445 Q 1,189 2,154
50 to 99 5,234 2,730 1,062 1,036 632 N 2,504 Q 567 1,697
100 to 249 5,217 2,931 1,138 1,148 645 N 2,286 Q 671 1,402
250 or more 5,542 3,657 1,094 1,733 830 N 1,886 405 498 983
Number of dedicated servers                    
None 33,724 27,347 14,318 8,873 2,269 1,888 6,377 Q 2,101 3,933
1 to 4 34,097 25,711 11,554 10,896 3,224 Q 8,386 519 2,193 5,674
5 to 9 6,241 4,648 1,257 2,526 865 N 1,593 Q 352 1,112
10 to 19 5,711 4,587 1,730 1,563 1,294 N 1,124 Q 443 603
20 to 49 3,758 2,632 738 1,199 696 N 1,125 Q 241 726
50 or more 3,562 2,625 1,040 1,058 526 N 938 345 Q 383
Number of photocopiers                    
None 27,816 23,984 10,991 9,016 2,118 1,860 3,832 Q 913 2,671
One 17,080 14,576 8,175 5,074 1,262 Q 2,504 Q 666 1,663
2 to 4 20,312 13,983 6,016 5,752 2,215 N 6,329 Q 2,104 4,102
5 to 9 8,863 5,557 1,971 2,445 1,141 N 3,305 Q 1,120 2,085
10 or more 13,022 9,450 3,484 3,828 2,138 N 3,572 927 735 1,910
Number of TVs or video displays                    
None 24,339 20,462 8,687 7,885 1,993 1,898 3,877 Q 959 2,763
One 9,990 8,307 4,623 3,047 634 Q 1,683 Q 555 871
2 to 4 16,465 13,194 6,410 5,052 1,707 Q 3,271 Q 921 2,203
5 to 9 8,148 6,297 2,647 2,679 971 N 1,851 Q 634 1,119
10 to 19 8,168 5,169 1,914 2,354 902 N 2,999 Q 884 1,839
20 to 49 8,058 5,372 1,684 2,692 995 N 2,686 Q 509 1,972
50 to 99 4,378 2,989 1,662 814 513 N 1,390 Q 429 808
100 or more 7,547 5,760 3,011 1,592 1,157 N 1,787 283 648 856
Food preparation or serving areas
in non-food service buildings
(more than one may apply)
                   
Snack bar or concession stand 9,884 6,017 2,527 1,985 1,505 N 3,868 614 853 2,401
Fast food or small restaurant 9,787 8,787 2,077 4,745 1,965 N 1,000 Q Q 614
Cafeteria or large restaurant 15,222 7,773 3,351 2,662 1,760 N 7,449 508 1,556 5,386
Commercial kitchen/
food preparation area
16,150 9,952 5,062 2,952 1,929 Q 6,198 508 1,368 4,321
Small kitchen area 14,054 10,324 6,181 2,492 1,644 Q 3,730 276 841 2,613
Separate computer areas
(more than one may apply)
                   
Data center or server farm 11,105 7,934 3,418 2,823 1,694 N 3,171 531 816 1,824
Computer-based training room 17,723 10,525 4,645 4,167 1,713 N 7,199 806 2,063 4,330
Student or public computer center 14,341 6,484 3,431 2,159 894 N 7,858 Q 2,102 5,626
HVAC conservation features
(more than one may apply)
                   
Economizer cycle 30,749 20,885 8,595 8,599 3,610 Q 9,864 1,013 3,001 5,850
Regular HVAC maintenance 69,244 51,901 23,421 20,514 7,661 304 17,344 1,553 4,825 10,966
Building automation system (BAS)2 37,051 24,391 10,251 9,923 4,114 Q 12,660 1,238 3,525 7,897
Window and interior lighting
features (more than one may
apply)
                   
Multipaned windows 60,362 46,287 21,268 17,938 6,141 941 14,075 1,192 3,894 8,988
Tinted window glass 45,025 34,511 13,814 14,748 5,242 707 10,514 885 3,246 6,383
Reflective window glass 15,908 13,120 4,775 6,103 2,126 Q 2,789 362 689 1,737
External overhangs or awnings 32,188 25,663 10,225 11,637 3,488 313 6,526 528 1,984 4,014
Skylights or atriums 22,261 16,637 6,525 6,931 2,880 Q 5,623 655 1,768 3,201
Light scheduling 30,263 23,907 8,247 11,537 4,076 Q 6,356 844 1,687 3,825
Occupancy sensors 35,871 26,125 9,881 11,955 4,237 Q 9,746 1,202 2,926 5,617
Multi-level lighting or dimming 14,534 11,424 4,410 5,085 1,906 Q 3,110 470 1,096 1,543
Daylight harvesting 6,114 4,696 1,688 1,811 1,182 Q 1,418 414 437 567
Demand responsive lighting 4,738 4,168 981 2,504 683 N 570 Q Q 288
Building automation system (BAS)
for lighting2
12,068 9,350 2,425 5,249 1,671 Q 2,717 397 715 1,606
Equipment usage reduced when
building not in full use
(more than one may apply)
                   
Heating 63,167 47,806 21,373 19,438 6,580 415 15,361 1,378 4,358 9,625
Cooling 62,516 47,611 20,750 19,741 6,890 230 14,905 1,376 4,220 9,309
Lighting 78,594 60,178 27,704 24,140 8,334 N 18,417 1,517 5,274 11,626
1These climate regions were created by the Building America program, sponsored by the U.S. Department of Energy’s Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE).
2In earlier CBECS publications, BAS was referred to as Energy Management and Control System (EMCS).
Q = Data withheld either because the Relative Standard Error (RSE) was greater than 50 percent or fewer than 20 buildings were sampled.
N = No cases in reporting sample.
Notes:• Because of rounding, data may not sum to totals. • See
Guide to the 2012 CBECS Detailed Tables or CBECS Terminology for definition of terms used in these tables and/or comparison of differences with prior CBECS tables. Both references can be accessed from http://www.eia.gov/consumption/commercial/data/2012/
Source: U.S. Energy Information Administration, Office of Energy Consumption and Efficiency Statistics, Form EIA-871A of the 2012 Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey.