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Pakistan's Key Energy Statistics world rank
Total Primary Energy Consumption
quadrillion Btu
Total Primary Energy Production
quadrillion Btu
Dry Natural Gas Production
billion cubic feet
Coal Recoverable Reserves
million short tons
Total Renewable Electricity Net Generation
billion kilowatthours
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Map of Pakistan
Map of Pakistan

Analysis - Energy Sector Highlights Last updated: August 2016

  • Over the past few years, Pakistan has experienced a major energy crisis as a result of expensive fuel sources, chronic natural gas and electricity shortages, circular debt, and insufficient transmission and distribution systems. According to the Asian Development Bank, prolonged power shortages cut GDP by 2-3% in 2013.
  • Pakistan's government has recently prioritized resolving the energy crisis by proposing to boost domestic hydrocarbon production, increase natural gas imports, diversify the installed capacity portfolio of electricity generation, improve domestic energy efficiency standards, phase out natural gas subsidies, and resolve the circular debt issue in the energy industry. According to the International Monetary Fund (IMF), lower international oil prices and the recent government reforms have helped mitigate power blackouts and reduce circular debt.
  • More than one-third of Pakistan's primary energy consumption is from biomass and waste since much of the population lacks access to reliable electricity and relies on traditional sources of energy in the residential sector. Roughly 58% of Pakistan's population uses biomass for cooking (about 105 million people) because of inadequate electricity and gas supply. Natural gas accounted for an estimated 30% of Pakistan's primary energy consumption in 2013, followed by petroleum and other liquids (26%), according to the International Energy Agency.
  • Pakistan is a net importer of crude oil and refined products. Crude oil imports grew an annual 12% from 2014 to 2015, according to FACTS Global Energy.
  • In 2015, the country produced 95,000 barrels per day (b/d) of total petroleum and other liquids, up from below 70,000 b/d before 2011. Most of the increase in oil production stems from additional discoveries and production of condensates from the Tal block. Oil exploration projects are ongoing and are expected to sustain production levels in the short term.

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