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Italy's Key Energy Statistics world rank
Total Primary Energy Consumption
quadrillion Btu
Total Primary Energy Production
quadrillion Btu
Exports of Dry Natural Gas
billion cubic feet
Imports of Crude Oil including Lease Condensate
thousand barrels per day
Total Electricity Imports
billion kilowatthours
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Map of Italy
Map of Italy

Analysis - Energy Sector Highlights Last updated: August 2017

  • Italy is the fourth-largest energy consumer in Europe, after Germany, France, and the United Kingdom. Italy’s primary energy consumption is driven by petroleum and other liquids and natural gas, which accounted for more than over three-quarters of Italy’s total consumption in 2016. The remaining shares are coal, hydroelectricity, and other renewable energy sources. Renewable energy sources, excluding hydroelectricity, have increased their share in Italy’s energy consumption from less than 2% in 2005 to nearly 10% in 2016. As a net importer of crude oil and natural gas, Italy is heavily dependent on imports to meet about 93% of its oil and natural gas needs and to maintain its exports of refined petroleum products.
  • Net imports of petroleum and other liquids were slightly higher than 1.2 million barrels per day (b/d) in 2016.
  • Italy is a major oil refining center in Europe and is a significant exporter of refined products, exporting about 0.6 million b/d in 2016. Italy has the second-largest crude oil refining capacity in Europe after Germany, with a total capacity of slightly more than 2.1 million b/d from 13 crude oil refineries, according to Oil & Gas Journal.
  • Italy is also a major transit country for crude oil. The Transalpine Pipeline starts in Trieste on Italy’s northeastern coast and can transport up to 900,000 b/d of crude oil to destinations in Germany, Austria, and the Czech Republic.
  • Italy is the second-largest natural gas importer in Europe after Germany, and the third-largest consumer of natural gas after Germany and the United Kingdom. Natural gas imports were 2.3 trillion cubic feet (Tcf) in 2016, and dry natural gas production that year was 0.2 Tcf. Natural gas imports accounted for about 92% of the total natural gas supply in Italy.

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