U.S. Energy Information Administration logo

Projects published on Beta are not final and may contain programming errors. They are for public testing and comment only. We welcome your feedback. For final products, please visit www.eia.gov.

Israel's Key Energy Statistics world rank
Total Primary Energy Consumption
Quadrillion Btu
Total Primary Energy Production
Quadrillion Btu
Dry Natural Gas Production
Billion Cubic Feet
Exports of Crude Oil including Lease Condensate
Thousand Barrels Per Day
Imports of Crude Oil including Lease Condensate
Thousand Barrels Per Day
See more rankings ›
Map of Israel
Map of Israel

Analysis - Energy Sector Highlights Last updated: July 2016

  • Israel, once dependent on imports to supply its energy, now has a growing natural gas industry. Recent discoveries of offshore natural gas fields have the potential to provide adequate amounts of energy to meet domestic demand, while allowing the country to export excess volumes.
  • In 2015, Israel's primary energy consumption came mainly from petroleum and other liquids (43%), natural gas (30%), and coal (26%), according to the latest BP Statistical Review of World Energy. In the ten years from 2005 to 2015, energy consumption from coal has decreased by 15%. At the same time, energy consumption from natural gas grew more than fourfold.
  • As of January 2016, Israel had estimated proved oil reserves of 14 million barrels. The country has virtually no crude oil and condensate production, but in February 2015, exploratory drilling for oil began in the southern part of Golan Heights. Additionally, plans to begin drilling at a site near the Dead Sea are scheduled for November 2017. The site, discovered in 1995 but abandoned until recently, is estimated to contain from 7 to 11 million barrels of oil reserves. Oil discoveries in the Golan Heights and near the Dead Sea have the potential to positively impact Israel's quest for energy independence.
  • In 2015, Israel consumed 240 thousand barrels per day (b/d), all met by imports. A majority of Israel's oil imports are from crude oil, and the country exports small quantities of refined products. Israel plans to reduce its dependence on oil imports through an expansion of its rapidly-growing natural gas sector.
  • Israel is home to two refineries, with a combined capacity of nearly 300,000 b/d. The capacity of the Haifa refinery is 197,000 b/d, while Ashdod's capacity is about 100,000 b/d after an upgrade in 2013.

read full analysis ›