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India's Key Energy Statistics world rank
Total Primary Energy Consumption
Quadrillion Btu
Total Primary Energy Production
Quadrillion Btu
Primary Coal Production
Thousand Short Tons
Total Petroleum Consumption
Thousand Barrels Per Day
Total Renewable Electricity Net Generation
Billion Kilowatthours
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Map of India
Map of India

Analysis - Energy Sector Highlights Last updated: June 14, 2016

  • India was the third-largest energy consumer in the world after China and the United States in 2013, and despite having notable fossil fuel resources, the country has become increasingly dependent on energy imports.
  • India was the fourth-largest consumer of crude oil and petroleum products in the world in 2015, after the United States, China, and Japan. The country depends heavily on imported crude oil, mostly from the Middle East.
  • India's upstream petroleum industry is still mainly owned by state-owned firms, although the sector attracts some level of private and foreign investment. The government regulates the fuel price for petroleum products, although the mounting costs of fuel subsidies in recent years have encouraged the government to lift retail price caps on many oil products.
  • India held nearly 5.7 billion barrels of proved oil reserves at the end of 2015, mostly in the western part of the country. Domestic production has not kept pace with demand in recent years, leading to exploration of deepwater and marginal fields and investment in improving recovery rates of existing fields. In addition, Indian national oil companies are purchasing more upstream stakes in overseas oil fields to secure more oil supply from their own production.
  • India's government promotes the country's refining sector, and India became a net exporter of petroleum products in 2001. India has several world-class refineries, and the private sector has significant investments in the country's refining industry.

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