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Ghana's Key Energy Statistics world rank
Total Primary Energy Production
quadrillion Btu
Total Primary Energy Consumption
quadrillion Btu
Crude Oil Proved Reserves
billion barrels
Production of Crude Oil including Lease Condensate
thousand barrels per day
Hydroelectricity Net Generation
billion kilowatthours
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Map of Ghana
Map of Ghana

Analysis - Energy Sector Highlights Last updated: May 2018

  • Ghana is a small oil and natural gas producer in West Africa. Oil and natural gas production are both expected to increase within the next five years with the start of new offshore projects. Ghana exports its crude oil production to international markets, and the country’s natural gas production is used to fuel its domestic power plants.
  • Ghanaians have traditionally relied on biomass and waste, particularly firewood and charcoal; however, the share of biomass in Ghana’s energy mix has been steadily declining because of increasing fossil fuel consumption. According to Ghana’s national energy statistics, the share of biomass consumption declined from 52% of total primary energy supply in 2009 to 37% in 2016.
  • Ghana National Petroleum Corporation (GNPC) is the state-owned company responsible for the exploration, development, and distribution of petroleum. The corporation is a partner in all oil and natural gas agreements in Ghana and manages the licensing of oil and natural gas fields. GNPC is also the national gas aggregator and aims to supply sufficient fuel to meet Ghana’s increasing energy needs.
  • Ghana’s energy sector is set to expand considerably with the onset of new crude oil production from the Twenboa-Enyenra-Ntomme (TEN) and Offshore Cape Three Points (OCTP) fields. Ghana’s overall production level is expected to grow in the next few years.
  • The TEN and OCTP oil and natural gas fields came online in 2016 and 2017, respectively. According to company reports by Tullow Oil, the operator of the Jubilee and TEN fields, average production for the TEN field was 56,000 barrels per day (b/d) in 2017 and is expected to increase to 64,000 b/d in 2018. Italian operator Eni is developing the OTCP field, which is expected to reach a peak production level of 45,000 b/d in 2019.

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