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Last Updated: September 2014

Overview


Map of Morocco
Map of Morocco
  • Morocco is a net hydrocarbon importer. The country produces marginal amounts of oil, natural gas, and refined petroleum products, which is mainly consumed domestically. Morocco has two refineries with a total crude oil distillation capacity of about 155,000 barrels per day (bbl/d), according to Oil & Gas Journal.
  • Production of petroleum and other liquids in Morocco was 5,100 bbl/d in 2013, while total petroleum consumption stood at 209,000 bbl/d. Likewise, natural gas production falls well below consumption, totaling 2 Bcf in 2012, while consumption was 38 Bcf.
  • With most of its energy needs met by importing hydrocarbons, Morocco plans to reduce its dependence on foreign imports by developing renewable energies to meet domestic electricity needs. The state-owned Office National de l’Electricite (ONE) plans to harness solar and wind energy by generating about 42% of the country’s electricity needs by 2020, according to the Arab Oil and Gas Journal. These sources represented less than 4% of the country’s electricity generation in 2011.
  • Morocco has been working to expand its oil storage and distribution capabilities to improve its security of supply. In 2012, Morocco completed construction of the 3.35 million barrel-capacity Horizon Tangier terminal, according to Tank Storage. Additional storage and distribution terminals are under development in the port of Jorf Lasfar.
  • A portion of the Maghreb-Europe Pipeline (also known as the Pedro Duran Farell pipeline), which transits natural gas between Algeria and Spain, passes through Morocco. In lieu of transit fees, Morocco receives natural gas from the Europe-Maghreb Pipeline Limited every year.
  • Recently there has been increased interest in upstream activities, largely because Morocco is believed to hold untapped hydrocarbon shale resources, and the country also offers favorable fiscal terms for foreign investment in the energy sector.
  • According to a 2013 report sponsored by the U.S. Energy Information Administration, Morocco has 20 trillion cubic feet and 200 million barrels of technically recoverable shale gas and oil resources, respectively. These resources include those located in the Western Sahara territory and are mostly located in the Tindouf basin, with smaller amounts in the Tadla basin.