U.S. Energy Information Administration logo

Projects published on Beta are not final and may contain programming errors. They are for public testing and comment only. We welcome your feedback. For final products, please visit www.eia.gov.

Last Updated: September 2019

Overview


Map of Morocco
Map of Morocco
  • Morocco produces marginal amounts of oil, natural gas, and refined petroleum products, and it is a net hydrocarbon importer.
  • In 2017, fossil fuels accounted for more than 80% of Morocco’s electricity generation mix, and renewable energy (wind 9%, hydroelectricity 5%, and solar 1%) accounted for most of the rest.
  • Morocco plans to reduce its dependence on foreign imports by developing renewable energies to meet domestic electricity needs.

Petroleum and other liquids

  • Morocco is not a significant liquids producer, and total petroleum and other liquids production has never exceeded 5,000 barrels per day (b/d). In 2018, total petroleum and other liquids consumption stood at 286,000 b/d.
  • Morocco has been working to expand its oil storage and distribution capabilities to improve its security of supply. The most recent expansion of its oil storage and distribution facilities occurred in 2012, when Morocco completed construction of the 3.35 million barrel capacity Horizon Tangier terminal. Additional storage and distribution terminals are under development in the port of Jorf Lasfar.

Natural gas

  • Morocco is a net natural gas importer, and its production is much less than domestic consumption. Morocco produced 3.1 billion cubic feet (Bcf) in 2018, and the country consumed 44 Bcf.
  • A portion of the Maghreb-Europe Pipeline (also known as the Pedro Duran Farell pipeline), which transports natural gas between Algeria and Spain, passes through Morocco. Instead of transit fees, Morocco receives natural gas from the pipeline. Ownership of the Moroccan section is set to pass from Algeria to Morocco in 2021.
  • Recently interest in upstream activities has increased, largely because Morocco is believed to hold untapped hydrocarbon shale resources. In 2018, Morocco’s National Bureau of Petroleum and Mines (ONHYM) granted a production concession to Sound Energy to develop the Tendrara natural gas field near the Algerian border. The independent British company, which will partner with Schlumberger to operate the field, expects first natural gas by 2021.
  • In 2017, Morocco and Nigeria signed the Nigeria-Morocco Pipeline Project agreement, which, if completed, would supply 15 countries in West Africa with natural gas. One of the goals of this project is to connect natural gas resources in Nigeria to West African countries, including Morocco.
  • By the end of 2019, Morocco is expected to tender a $4.5 billion liquefied natural gas (LNG) project and related infrastructure, including a 2.4 gigawatt (GW) combined-cycle natural gas plant, at Jorf Lasfar on the Atlantic coast. If completed, this import terminal would allow Morocco to import up to 247 Bcf of LNG by 2025. The government is also considering as an alternative to the import terminal renting a lower-cost floating storage and regasification unit (FRSU) to turn imported LNG into natural gas to use as fuel to generate electricity.

Coal

  • Morocco relies on coal imports, including U.S. coal, for a significant portion of its domestic power generation. In 2017, Morocco consumed 7 million short tons, fueling about half of Morocco’s power generation.
  • Morocco has three coal-fired electric power stations, and it increased its coal-fired capacity by almost 50% in 2018 with the construction of the 1,386-megawatt (MW) Safi coal power station on Morocco’s west coast.

Electricity

  • The state-owned Moroccan Electricity and Drinking Water utility (ONEE) plans to harness renewables by generating about 52% of the country’s electricity needs by 2030 from wind and solar. Renewable energy, although still a small share of the country’s energy consumption in 2018 at 14%, has grown in recent years.
  • In 2018, Morocco increased its renewables capacity by more than tripling solar capacity to 711 MW and raising wind capacity by 36% to 1.22 GW. Since 2007, installed wind turbine capacity has increased 25%.
  • The 580 MW, $9 billion Noor Solar complex in Ouarzazate is Morocco’s premier solar facility, and it uses a combination of concentrating solar power (CSP) and photovoltaic (PV) technology. A larger 800 MW hybrid CSP/PV facility is planned in Midelt.
  • Morocco generated 3.8 terawatthours (TWh) of wind power in 2018, making it the second-largest wind producer in Africa behind South Africa. In 2016, ONEE selected a consortium, including the Moroccan energy company Nareva, Italy’s Enel Green Power (EGP), and Germany’s Siemens Wind Power, to develop five wind projects with a 850 MW of capacity. Out of the five projects, Midelt (150 MW), Tanger (100 MW), and Jbel Lahdid (200 MW) are located in northern Morocco, and Tiskrad (300 MW) and Boujdour (100 MW) are located in the country’s south. These five projects, at a total investment of $1.22 billion, are scheduled to come online by the end of 2020.
  • The 120 MW Khalladi wind farm in Tangier was inaugurated in 2018. The project is one of the first privately funded renewable energy projects in the country and was developed under Law 13-09 regulatory framework, which allows private producers to sell electricity directly to high voltage clients.