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Analysis & Projections

Northeast Regional Energy Efficiency Database (REED), Program and Measure Data: Report on Results of Investigations

Release date: May 4, 2020

Energy efficiency (EE) incentives offered by electric and natural gas utilities and state EE organizations are an important component of evolving state and local EE policies. To understand how these incentives affect energy consumption and technology choices in buildings, the U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) incorporates sub-federal EE incentives for a variety of end-use technologies into its National Energy Modeling System (NEMS) Residential Demand Module (RDM) and Commercial Demand Module (CDM). The NEMS RDM and CDM subtract incentives (equipment subsidies or rebates) from installed equipment costs for high-efficiency equipment—namely, those equipment or appliances that meet or exceed ENERGY STAR® specifications—in RDM and CDM technology choice menus. This approach lowers the relative cost of efficiency adoption when consumers choose between equipment that meets federal minimum EE standards and equipment that is more efficient. EIA and others use NEMS to produce long-term projections of energy use within the United States.

To enhance its representation of state and utility EE programs in NEMS, EIA contracted with the Northeast Energy Efficiency Partnerships (NEEP) to characterize these programs in the Northeast in fiscal year 2019 (FY 2019). This contract followed a similar FY 2018 contract. The project had two components. First, NEEP updated its Regional Energy Efficiency Database (REED) to include 2017 incentive data for 10 states in census divisions 1 (New England), 2 (Middle Atlantic), and 5 (South Atlantic). REED provides information on annual and lifetime energy savings, peak demand savings, program expenditures, the cost of saved energy, and program funding sources, among other metrics. During this process, NEEP added two new reports containing the complete REED program-level dataset, added descriptions to report views, added previously missing labels to the bars, and added a feature to auto-update the default year annually as new data are uploaded. The 2017 REED update informed NEEP’s 2019 Energy Efficiency Snapshot and four REED Rendering blog posts.

Second, NEEP collected detailed measure-level information on EE program incentives from selected utilities. In this report, measures refer to the specific technologies or projects supported or implemented to reduce energy consumption. This report defines measure-level data as fine-grained information on incentives for individual technologies or projects. Incentive levels were listed by technology, and the report focuses on utilities and state EE organizations in states that were not featured in NEEP’s FY 2018 report: New York (Central Hudson), Virginia (Dominion), New Jersey (Clean Energy and South Jersey Gas), West Virginia, and Pennsylvania. NEEP also summarized energy efficiency plans in Delaware, the District of Columbia, Pennsylvania, New York, and Maine and researched fuel-switching policies in the Northeast region.

Finally, NEEP engaged in strategic planning for REED’s future. A draft REED Strategic Vision establishes a path forward for REED to adapt to a changing energy efficiency landscape, incorporating feedback from a survey of REED users and input from EIA staff. NEEP held a REED stakeholder meeting on November 7, 2019, to further discuss how REED can continue to meet stakeholder EE data needs.

The contract report is to be cited as a report by the Northeast Energy Efficiency Partnerships (NEEP) prepared for the U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA).


See full report