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Today in Energy

February 9, 2022

Electric vehicles and hybrids surpass 10% of U.S. light-duty vehicle sales

quarterly light-duty vehicle sales by powertrain
Source: Graph by the U.S. Energy Information Administration, based on data from Wards Intelligence

Hybrid, plug-in hybrid, and electric vehicle sales in the United States have increased in recent months as sales of non-hybrid internal combustion engine (ICE) vehicles fueled by gasoline or diesel decreased. In the fourth quarter of 2021, hybrid, plug-in hybrid, and electric vehicles collectively accounted for 11% of light-duty vehicle sales in the United States, according to data from Wards Intelligence.

Sales of several existing hybrid, plug-in hybrid, and electric models increased in 2021, but a large portion of the sales increase came from new manufacturer offerings across different market segments. Manufacturers increased the number of non-hybrid ICE vehicle models by 49 in 2021, versus an increase of 126 for hybrid and electric vehicle models.

light-duty vehicle models available by powertrain
Source: Graph by the U.S. Energy Information Administration, based on data from Wards Intelligence

These additional hybrid or electric models were mostly either crossover vehicles, which combine attributes of passenger cars and sport utility vehicles, or vehicles such as vans and pickups, which previously didn’t have many hybrid or electric vehicle options.

Manufacturers of hybrid vehicles and plug-in vehicles have expanded into market segments such as crossovers, vans, and pickups following consumer preference for larger vehicles. Within each electric or hybrid powertrain type, crossover vehicles now account for most sales.

sales of electrified light-duty vehicles by powertrain
Source: Graph by the U.S. Energy Information Administration, based on data from Wards Intelligence

Principal contributor: Michael Dwyer