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Annual Coal Report

Release Date: October 4, 2021 Next Release Date: October 3, 2022 full reportPDF
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The Annual Coal Report (ACR) provides annual data on U.S. coal production, number of mines, productive capacity, recoverable reserves, employment, productivity, consumption, stocks, and prices. All data for 2020 and previous years are final.

Highlights for 2020

  • U.S. coal production decreased 24.2% year over year to 535.4 million short tons (MMst).
  • The total productive capacity of U.S. coal mines was 933 MMst, a decrease of 7.6% from the 2019 level.
  • The average number of employees at U.S. coal mines decreased by 10,645 from the 2019 level to 42,159 employees.
  • U.S. coal mining productivity, as measured by average production per employee hour, increased 3.0% from the 2019 level to 6.12 short tons per employee hour.
  • U.S. coal consumption decreased 18.7% from the 2019 level to 476.7 MMst. The electric power sector accounted for about 91.4% of the total U.S. coal consumed in 2020.
  • The average sales price of bituminous coal was $50.05 per short ton, a 15.1% decrease from the 2019 level. The average sales price of subbituminous coal was $14.43 per short ton, a 3.0% increase from the 2019 level. The average sales price of thermal coal decreased by 9.4% from the 2019 level to $24.93 per short ton. The average sales price of metallurgical coal decreased 21.0% from the 2019 level to $110.64 per short ton.
  • Total U.S. coal stocks in 2020 ended at 162.1 MMst, 2.1% lower than at the same time in 2019. Electric power coal stocks increased by 5.2 MMst to 133.7 MMst at the end of 2020.
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Data tables

Summary

  • Table ES-1.Coal Production
  • Available formats: PDFXLS
  • Table ES-2.Coal Mining Productivity
  • Available formats: PDF XLS
  • Table ES-3.Coke Overview
  • Available formats: PDF XLS
  • Table ES-4.Nominal Coal Prices
  • Available formats: PDF XLS
  • Table ES-5.Average Price of U.S. Coal Exports and Imports
  • Available formats: PDF XLS

Production

  • Table 1.Coal Production and Number of Mines by State and Mine Type
  • Available formats: PDF XLS
  • Table 2.Coal Production and Number of Mines by State, County, and Mine Type
  • Available formats: PDF XLS
  • Table 3.Underground Coal Production by State and Mining Method
  • Available formats: PDF XLS
  • Table 3.1Surface Coal Production by State and Mining Method
  • Available formats: PDF XLS
  • Table 4.Coal Production by Coalbed Thickness and Mine Type
  • Available formats: PDF XLS
  • Table 5.Coal Production and Coalbed Thickness by Major Coalbeds and Mine Type
  • Available formats: PDF XLS
  • Table 6.Coal Production and Number of Mines by State and Coal Rank
  • Available formats: PDF XLS
  • Table 7.Coal Production by State, Mine Type, and Union Status
  • Available formats: PDF XLS
  • Table 8.Coal Disposition by State
  • Available formats: PDF XLS
  • Table 9.Major U.S. Coal Mines
  • Available formats: PDF XLS
  • Table 10.Major U.S. Coal Producers
  • Available formats: PDF XLS

Productive Capacity

  • Table 11.Productive Capacity of Coal Mines by State
  • Available formats: PDF XLS
  • Table 12.Capacity Utilization of Coal Mines by State
  • Available formats: PDF XLS
  • Table 13.Productive Capacity and Capacity Utilization of Underground Coal Mines by State and Mining Method
  • Available formats: PDF XLS
  • Table 13.1Productive Capacity and Capacity Utilization of Surface Coal Mines by State and Mining Method
  • Available formats: PDF XLS

Recoverable Reserves

  • Table 14.Recoverable Coal Reserves at Producing Mines by State
  • Available formats: PDF XLS
  • Table 15.Recoverable Coal Reserves at Producing Mines, Estimated Recoverable Reserves, and Demonstrated Reserve Base by Mining Method
  • Available formats: PDF XLS
  • Table 16.Recoverable Coal Reserves at Producing Underground Coal Mines by State and Mining Method
  • Available formats: PDF XLS
  • Table 16.1Recoverable Coal Reserves at Producing Surface Coal Mines by State and Mining Method
  • Available formats: PDF XLS
  • Table 17.Recoverable Coal Reserves at Producing U.S. Mines by Mine Production Range and Mine Type
  • Available formats: PDF XLS

Employment

  • Table 18.Average Number of Employees by State and Mine Type
  • Available formats: PDF XLS
  • Table 18.1.Average Number of Employees and Number of Mines by State and Coal Type
  • Available formats: PDF XLS
  • Table 19.Average Number of Employees at Underground and Surface Mines by State and Mine Production Range
  • Available formats: PDF XLS
  • Table 20.Average Number of Employees at Underground and Surface Mines by State and Union Status
  • Available formats: PDF XLS

Productivity

  • Table 21.Coal Mining Productivity by State and Mine Type
  • Available formats: PDF XLS
  • Table 22.Underground Coal Mining Productivity by State and Mining Method
  • Available formats: PDF XLS
  • Table 22.1Surface Coal Mining Productivity by State and Mining Method
  • Available formats: XLS
  • Table 23.Coal Mining Productivity by State, Mine Type, and Mine Production Range
  • Available formats: PDF XLS
  • Table 24.Coal Mining Productivity by State, Mine Type, and Union Status
  • Available formats: PDF XLS

Domestic Market

  • Table 25.Intentionally left blank
  • Table 26.U.S. Coal Consumption by End Use Sector, Census Division, and State
  • Available formats: PDF XLS
  • Table 27.Year-End Coal Stocks by Sector, Census Division, and State
  • Available formats: PDF XLS

Average Mine Sales Price

  • Table 28.Average Sales Price of Coal by State and Mine Type
  • Available formats: PDF XLS
  • Table 29.Average Sales Price of Coal by State and Underground Mining Method
  • Available formats: PDF XLS
  • Table 29.1Average Sales Price of Coal by State and Surface Mining Method
  • Available formats: PDF XLS
  • Table 30.Average Sales Price of Coal by State, County, and Number of Mines
  • Available formats: PDF XLS
  • Table 31.Average Sales Price of Coal by State and Coal Rank
  • Available formats: PDF XLS
  • Table 32.Average Sales Price of Coal by Mine Production Range and Mine Type
  • Available formats: PDF XLS
  • Table 33.Average Sales Price of U.S. Coal by State and Disposition
  • Available formats: PDF XLS
  • Table 33.1.Average Sales Price of U.S. Coal by Use and Disposition
  • Available formats: PDF XLS

Average Consumer Prices

  • Table 34.Average Price of Coal Delivered to End Use Sector by Census Division and State
  • Available formats: PDF XLS

Imports and Exports

  • Table 35.Coal Imports by Country of Origin
  • Available formats: PDF XLS
  • Table 36.Coal Exports by Country of Destination
  • Available formats: PDF XLS