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Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey (CBECS)

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Table C18. Electricity consumption and conditional energy intensity by Census division (part 2), 2012

Released: May 2016

Total electricity
consumption
(billion kWh)
Total floorspace of
buildings using electricity
(million square feet)
Electricity
energy intensity
(kWh/square foot)
  West
North
Central
South
Atlantic
East
South
Central
West
North
Central
South
Atlantic
East
South
Central
West
North
Central
South
Atlantic
East
South
Central
All buildings 75 287 71 6,016 17,608 4,824 12.5 16.3 14.6
Building floorspace (square feet)                  
1,001 to 5,000 9 35 11 718 1,450 589 12.3 24.3 19.5
5,001 to 10,000 7 24 7 767 1,666 594 8.8 14.3 11.5
10,001 to 25,000 10 34 13 1,051 2,577 769 9.8 13.3 16.8
25,001 to 50,000 10 36 8 958 2,257 490 10.5 15.8 16.6
50,001 to 100,000 15 48 10 920 3,049 985 16.3 15.8 10.3
100,001 to 200,000 8 40 8 628 2,817 577 13.1 14.1 13.4
200,001 to 500,000 10 38 8 597 2,089 503 16.8 18.0 16.4
Over 500,000 6 32 5 376 1,702 Q 15.3 19.0 16.4
Principal building activity                  
Education 13 36 7 968 2,840 469 13.0 12.5 14.2
Food sales Q 11 Q Q 188 Q Q 56.5 Q
Food service 6 20 6 153 396 150 36.2 50.9 40.5
Health care 8 19 8 313 662 271 24.8 28.3 28.7
Inpatient 4 13 6 137 405 184 29.2 31.7 34.3
Outpatient Q 6 Q 176 257 Q 21.3 23.1 Q
Lodging 7 22 7 384 1,217 486 17.0 18.3 15.0
Mercantile 7 56 13 644 2,746 736 11.6 20.3 18.0
Retail (other than mall) 3 16 Q 394 1,052 Q 7.3 15.0 Q
Enclosed and strip malls 5 40 Q 250 1,694 Q 18.5 23.5 Q
Office 13 48 12 904 3,183 694 14.1 15.1 16.9
Public assembly 5 16 3 390 904 330 13.3 18.2 10.0
Public order and safety Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Religious worship 1 6 3 378 857 614 3.6 6.9 5.2
Service 4 9 3 613 741 318 6.7 11.7 8.9
Warehouse and storage 6 19 3 891 2,706 Q 6.5 7.1 6.0
Other Q 18 Q Q 568 Q Q 32.3 Q
Vacant Q 2 Q Q 299 Q Q 5.6 Q
Year constructed                  
Before 1920 2 6 3 380 425 Q 6.1 14.9 9.6
1920 to 1945 3 8 4 370 650 215 8.5 12.2 17.8
1946 to 1959 6 16 4 502 1,424 265 12.4 11.4 16.2
1960 to 1969 14 34 7 1,186 1,675 682 11.5 20.2 10.6
1970 to 1979 11 27 9 724 1,671 555 15.8 16.3 16.6
1980 to 1989 11 60 18 947 3,535 938 11.9 17.1 19.1
1990 to 1999 11 47 16 817 2,689 1,182 13.2 17.4 13.9
2000 to 2003 6 29 3 405 1,919 208 14.2 15.3 13.2
2004 to 2007 5 29 4 375 1,909 312 12.9 15.3 12.1
2008 to 2012 6 Q Q 310 1,711 Q 17.9 17.2 Q
Climate region1                  
Very cold/Cold 53 N N 4,369 N N 12.1 N N
Mixed-humid 22 203 51 1,647 13,073 3,761 13.5 15.6 13.6
Mixed-dry/Hot-dry N N N N N N N N N
Hot-humid N 83 Q N 4,534 Q N 18.3 18.4
Marine N N N N N N N N N
Number of floors                  
One 27 133 40 2,555 8,880 2,588 10.6 15.0 15.5
Two 19 59 12 1,654 3,762 1,066 11.3 15.7 11.6
Three 12 19 5 881 992 344 13.8 19.5 14.9
Four to nine 15 56 10 814 2,913 694 18.4 19.4 14.6
Ten or more Q 18 Q Q 1,061 Q Q 17.3 Q
Elevators and escalators
(more than one may apply)
                 
Any elevators 34 119 21 2,097 6,471 1,206 16.4 18.4 17.1
Number of elevators                  
One 13 28 7 949 1,948 440 13.8 14.6 15.7
Two to five 14 57 6 788 2,825 447 17.2 20.2 14.3
Six or more 8 34 7 359 1,697 320 21.7 19.8 22.8
Any escalators Q 14 Q Q 646 Q Q 20.9 Q
Number of workers (main shift)                  
Fewer than 5 10 32 11 1,461 2,660 1,186 7.1 12.0 9.4
5 to 9 9 24 6 800 1,751 491 10.8 13.7 11.9
10 to 19 8 32 11 648 1,935 573 13.0 16.8 19.5
20 to 49 13 48 11 1,102 3,001 964 12.1 16.1 11.6
50 to 99 10 62 14 614 3,490 764 16.2 17.9 18.1
100 to 249 12 44 9 766 2,622 447 16.1 16.9 19.5
250 or more 12 43 9 626 2,150 399 18.9 20.2 21.8
Weekly operating hours                  
Fewer than 40 4 4 3 600 897 618 6.0 4.9 5.4
40 to 48 8 29 12 1,051 2,852 1,269 7.7 10.3 9.7
49 to 60 17 60 11 1,620 5,083 876 10.8 11.9 12.3
61 to 84 14 62 10 1,037 3,440 476 13.9 17.9 20.2
85 to 167 16 48 11 818 1,846 503 19.4 25.7 21.0
Open continuously 15 83 24 890 3,490 1,082 17.3 23.8 22.2
Ownership and occupancy                  
Nongovernment owned 55 229 52 4,537 13,754 3,430 12.2 16.6 15.3
Owner occupied 32 95 32 2,634 5,694 1,975 12.2 16.7 16.4
Leased to tenant(s) 16 99 16 1,357 5,897 1,111 12.1 16.8 14.3
Owner occupied and leased 7 34 4 497 2,071 330 13.9 16.5 12.2
Unoccupied Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Government owned 19 58 18 1,479 3,853 1,394 13.2 15.0 13.1
Federal Q 10 Q Q 666 Q Q 15.4 Q
State Q 12 9 362 715 Q 16.2 16.4 Q
Local 13 36 8 1,048 2,472 569 12.2 14.5 14.2
Party responsible for operation
and maintenance of energy
systems
                 
Building owner 67 227 59 5,389 14,210 4,116 12.4 16.0 14.4
Business owner or tenant 6 49 9 507 2,823 546 12.3 17.3 16.8
Property management Q 6 Q Q 377 Q Q 16.8 Q
Other Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Provider of direct input on energy-
related equipment purchases
                 
Building owner 69 236 62 5,532 14,810 4,255 12.4 15.9 14.5
Business owner or tenant 5 38 6 357 2,076 384 13.9 18.5 14.5
Property management Q 3 Q Q 215 Q Q 11.8 Q
Other Q 10 Q Q 507 Q Q 19.8 Q
Number of establishments                  
One 52 169 50 4,237 10,769 3,293 12.4 15.7 15.2
2 to 5 15 54 14 1,317 3,711 1,014 11.5 14.6 13.3
6 to 10 Q 19 Q Q 1,007 Q Q 18.5 Q
11 to 20 Q 21 Q Q 1,025 Q Q 20.9 Q
More than 20 Q 23 Q Q 992 Q Q 23.6 Q
Currently unoccupied Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Predominant exterior wall material                  
Brick, stone, or stucco 35 148 40 2,716 8,399 2,639 12.7 17.7 15.1
Concrete (block or poured) 13 83 17 1,037 4,713 1,002 12.2 17.5 17.0
Concrete panels 11 23 4 521 1,799 Q 21.0 12.8 Q
Siding or shingles 7 8 3 504 639 270 14.7 12.7 12.1
Metal panels 9 16 6 1,150 1,630 526 7.5 9.7 10.9
Window glass N Q Q N Q Q N Q Q
Other Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
No one major type Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Predominant roof material                  
Metal surfacing 13 44 15 1,542 3,650 1,344 8.3 12.0 11.1
Synthetic or rubber 28 84 24 2,120 4,367 1,352 13.4 19.3 17.4
Built-up 18 77 15 1,083 4,659 865 16.4 16.6 17.4
Slate or tile shingles Q 16 Q Q 1,046 Q Q 15.2 Q
Wooden materials (including
shingles)
Q 5 Q Q 268 Q Q 17.4 Q
Asphalt, fiberglass, or
other shingles
14 47 12 1,049 2,941 986 13.1 15.9 12.5
Concrete Q 11 Q Q 490 Q Q 23.0 Q
Other Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
No one major type Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Roof characteristics                  
Roof tilt                  
Flat 45 179 34 3,047 9,914 2,015 14.7 18.0 16.9
Shallow pitch 20 72 28 1,819 5,205 1,773 11.3 13.9 15.6
Steeper pitch 10 36 9 1,150 2,488 1,036 8.3 14.3 8.6
Cool roof 18 68 19 1,121 3,858 1,331 16.2 17.6 14.3
Renovations in buildings
constructed before 2008
(more than one may apply)
                 
Any type of renovation 43 118 43 3,431 7,183 2,728 12.6 16.4 15.9
Addition or annex 22 39 12 1,580 2,328 778 13.6 16.7 15.9
Reduction in floorspace Q 9 Q Q 344 Q Q 26.1 Q
Roof replacement 29 50 29 2,118 2,842 1,638 13.6 17.5 17.5
Exterior wall replacement 8 17 5 468 767 299 16.3 21.7 16.3
Interior wall reconfiguration 23 64 22 1,625 3,316 1,214 14.2 19.2 18.5
Window replacement 12 37 10 1,013 2,079 583 12.3 17.8 17.3
HVAC equipment upgrade 28 78 25 1,967 4,547 1,431 14.0 17.2 17.5
Lighting upgrade 29 70 25 1,989 4,135 1,440 14.5 17.0 17.2
Electrical upgrade 20 49 16 1,378 2,555 979 14.9 19.3 16.8
Plumbing system upgrade 17 42 11 1,153 2,355 821 15.0 17.8 13.8
Insulation upgrade 14 24 5 929 1,150 409 15.2 21.2 11.9
Fire, safety, or security upgrade 20 53 14 1,201 2,773 899 16.7 19.0 15.8
Structural upgrade 5 16 Q 258 695 Q 20.8 23.5 Q
Other Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
No renovations 26 139 25 2,275 8,714 1,895 11.5 16.0 12.9
Buildings constructed 2008 or later 6 Q Q 310 1,711 Q 17.9 17.2 Q
Energy sources
(more than one may apply)
                 
Electricity 75 287 71 6,016 17,608 4,824 12.5 16.3 14.6
Natural gas 54 176 51 4,236 9,984 3,436 12.7 17.6 14.9
Fuel oil 22 92 16 1,316 4,419 797 16.8 20.7 19.8
District heat 6 18 5 332 1,159 Q 19.5 15.8 Q
District chilled water Q 19 6 Q 1,202 Q Q 15.8 Q
Propane 13 20 6 1,064 1,476 470 12.2 13.8 12.3
Other 2 9 Q 251 554 Q 9.5 15.9 Q
Space-heating energy sources                  
Electricity 40 214 48 2,951 12,514 3,170 13.7 17.1 15.0
Electricity main 18 152 31 1,281 8,533 1,982 14.3 17.8 15.6
Electricity secondary 22 62 17 1,670 3,982 1,188 13.1 15.7 14.2
Other excluding electricity 34 47 22 2,849 3,369 1,523 11.9 14.0 14.3
Buildings without heating 1 25 Q 217 1,724 Q 3.3 14.6 Q
Primary space-heating
energy source
                 
Electricity 18 152 31 1,281 8,533 1,982 14.3 17.8 15.6
Natural gas 42 87 32 3,497 5,694 2,067 12.1 15.4 15.3
Fuel oil Q 2 Q Q 245 Q Q 9.6 Q
District heat 6 18 5 332 1,089 Q 19.5 16.1 Q
Propane 6 2 Q 517 307 193 11.3 7.0 Q
Other Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Cooling energy sources                  
Electricity 71 274 66 5,352 16,368 4,307 13.2 16.7 15.3
Other excluding electricity Q 10 Q Q 726 Q Q 14.4 Q
Buildings without cooling 2 3 Q 548 514 Q 3.8 5.0 Q
Water-heating energy sources                  
Electricity 36 182 41 3,020 11,163 2,900 12.1 16.3 14.0
Other excluding electricity 36 94 28 2,490 4,981 1,698 14.4 18.9 16.6
Buildings without water heating 3 10 2 506 1,463 226 5.0 7.0 8.1
Cooking energy sources                  
Electricity 33 102 28 1,949 5,446 1,544 16.8 18.7 18.0
Other excluding electricity 10 59 12 602 2,479 711 16.1 23.6 17.5
Buildings without cooking 33 126 30 3,465 9,683 2,569 9.4 13.1 11.8
Energy end uses
(more than one may apply)
                 
Buildings with space heating 74 261 70 5,800 15,883 4,692 12.8 16.5 14.8
Buildings with cooling 73 284 70 5,469 17,094 4,710 13.3 16.6 14.8
Buildings with water heating 72 276 69 5,510 16,144 4,598 13.1 17.1 15.0
Buildings with cooking 42 160 40 2,551 7,925 2,255 16.6 20.2 17.8
Buildings with manufacturing 3 7 Q 365 821 Q 7.8 8.2 Q
Buildings with electricity
generation
25 125 22 1,445 5,901 1,075 17.2 21.1 20.4
Percent of floorspace heated                  
Not heated 1 25 Q 217 1,724 Q 3.3 14.6 Q
1 to 50 Q 26 4 560 2,193 469 7.3 11.9 8.3
51 to 99 8 53 17 694 3,098 1,236 11.7 17.1 13.6
100 62 182 49 4,545 10,592 2,987 13.6 17.2 16.3
Percent of floorspace cooled                  
Not cooled 2 3 Q 548 514 Q 3.8 5.0 Q
1 to 50 11 27 6 1,451 3,237 969 7.9 8.3 6.7
51 to 99 19 85 23 1,289 4,695 1,642 14.4 18.2 13.9
100 43 172 41 2,728 9,162 2,098 15.7 18.8 19.3
Percent lit when open                  
Zero Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
1 to 50 11 27 7 1,030 2,375 817 10.4 11.5 8.3
51 to 99 33 123 25 2,315 7,284 1,665 14.2 16.9 15.1
100 30 136 39 2,472 7,734 2,233 12.3 17.6 17.3
Building never open/electricity
not used
Q 0 Q Q 154 Q Q 2.1 Q
Percent lit during off hours                  
Zero 17 48 12 2,183 4,457 1,460 7.9 10.7 8.1
1 to 50 49 192 43 3,534 11,570 2,771 14.0 16.6 15.4
51 to 100 6 35 10 234 1,118 381 24.6 30.9 26.2
Building always open with
no "off hours"
Q 12 Q Q 462 Q Q 26.5 Q
Electricity not used N N N N N N N N N
Heating equipment
(more than one may apply)
                 
Heat pumps 6 77 12 436 4,909 844 12.7 15.6 14.4
Furnaces 8 17 8 755 1,234 530 11.0 14.1 15.5
Individual space heaters 24 43 15 2,051 3,328 1,295 11.8 13.0 11.3
District heat 6 18 5 332 1,148 Q 19.5 15.6 Q
Boilers 23 58 18 1,583 3,247 1,077 14.8 17.8 16.9
Packaged heating units 45 178 48 3,547 10,168 3,136 12.8 17.5 15.2
Other Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Cooling equipment
(more than one may apply)
                 
Residential-type central air
conditioners
14 39 13 1,493 2,574 891 9.3 15.0 14.6
Heat pumps 6 79 11 421 4,925 839 14.7 16.0 13.5
Individual air conditioners 10 34 11 779 2,484 808 12.7 13.9 13.2
District chilled water Q 19 6 Q 1,202 Q Q 15.8 Q
Central chillers 21 82 15 991 3,884 831 21.3 21.0 18.2
Packaged air conditioning units 41 162 43 2,977 9,119 2,686 13.7 17.8 15.8
Swamp coolers N 5 N N 226 N N 23.1 N
Other Q Q N Q Q N Q Q N
Main equipment replaced since
1990 (more than one may apply)
                 
Heating 28 84 26 2,482 5,204 1,616 11.3 16.1 16.1
Cooling 32 102 30 2,591 6,455 1,755 12.3 15.8 16.9
Water-heating equipment                  
Centralized system 47 158 44 3,710 8,889 2,745 12.8 17.7 15.9
Distributed system 7 40 4 663 3,030 437 10.1 13.3 9.9
Combination of centralized and
distributed system
18 79 21 1,137 4,226 1,416 16.0 18.6 14.6
Lighting equipment types
(more than one may apply)
                 
Incandescent 41 138 35 2,858 7,828 2,468 14.4 17.7 14.2
Standard fluorescent 72 274 69 5,634 16,888 4,573 12.8 16.2 15.0
Compact fluorescent 53 206 46 3,505 10,855 2,923 15.2 18.9 15.6
High-intensity discharge (HID) 22 93 20 1,255 5,325 1,182 17.7 17.5 17.0
Halogen 23 121 24 1,578 6,161 1,349 14.8 19.6 17.4
LED 23 98 21 1,389 4,553 1,232 16.3 21.6 17.4
Other Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Refrigeration equipment
(more than one may apply)
                 
Any refrigeration 70 265 68 5,196 15,268 4,498 13.5 17.3 15.1
Walk-in units 36 146 31 1,850 6,399 1,199 19.3 22.9 26.2
Cases or cabinets 37 125 31 1,983 5,711 1,596 18.5 21.9 19.6
Large cold storage areas Q 27 Q Q 1,049 Q Q 25.7 Q
Commercial ice makers 39 163 43 1,932 7,957 2,457 20.3 20.5 17.3
Residential-type or compact units 57 213 48 4,407 13,129 3,747 12.9 16.2 12.9
Vending machines 45 169 45 2,988 9,706 2,702 14.9 17.4 16.6
No refrigeration 5 22 3 820 2,340 326 5.8 9.4 Q
Office equipment
(more than one may apply)
                 
Desktop computers 72 274 65 5,301 16,255 4,236 13.5 16.8 15.4
With flat screen monitors 71 267 65 5,192 16,079 4,156 13.7 16.6 15.6
With multiple monitors 34 124 23 2,164 6,888 1,498 15.8 18.0 15.4
Laptop computers 60 230 51 4,389 13,950 3,421 13.6 16.5 14.9
Dedicated servers 50 201 45 3,378 11,468 2,897 14.7 17.5 15.6
Laser printers 51 205 45 3,624 11,789 2,681 14.1 17.3 16.8
Inkjet printers 30 120 27 2,521 7,724 1,954 12.0 15.6 13.9
FAX machines 62 243 55 4,484 14,307 3,404 13.7 17.0 16.1
Photocopiers 55 207 47 3,942 12,279 3,057 13.9 16.9 15.5
Number of desktop computers                  
None 3 13 5 715 1,352 588 4.7 9.7 8.9
1 to 4 13 52 13 1,299 3,318 911 10.0 15.5 14.7
5 to 9 8 32 8 730 1,723 649 11.6 18.4 12.1
10 to 19 7 29 8 522 1,903 649 12.8 15.1 12.6
20 to 49 13 50 13 958 2,966 758 13.7 16.8 16.8
50 to 99 6 25 8 452 1,713 456 13.6 14.6 18.1
100 to 249 12 41 6 634 2,156 410 19.0 18.8 15.5
250 or more 12 46 9 706 2,476 403 17.1 18.7 21.4
Number of laptop computers                  
None 15 56 19 1,628 3,657 1,402 9.4 15.4 13.9
1 to 4 18 63 17 1,785 4,218 1,281 10.2 14.9 13.0
5 to 9 6 34 6 415 2,003 452 14.2 16.9 12.7
10 to 19 6 32 10 414 1,994 489 14.9 15.9 21.1
20 to 49 13 39 7 811 2,362 505 16.2 16.5 13.8
50 to 99 5 13 5 334 809 244 16.4 15.5 19.1
100 to 249 Q 22 Q Q 1,078 Q Q 20.2 Q
250 or more 6 29 Q 319 1,487 Q 20.1 19.4 Q
Number of dedicated servers                  
None 25 86 26 2,639 6,139 1,926 9.6 13.9 13.3
1 to 4 27 129 23 2,145 7,735 1,785 12.6 16.6 13.2
5 to 9 8 18 6 504 1,063 414 15.5 16.9 14.6
10 to 19 7 21 Q 343 1,286 Q 19.4 16.2 Q
20 to 49 Q 14 Q Q 696 Q Q 19.4 Q
50 or more Q 20 Q Q 688 Q Q 29.5 Q
Number of photocopiers                  
None 20 79 23 2,075 5,329 1,767 9.8 14.9 13.1
One 16 49 11 1,216 3,397 816 13.0 14.4 13.0
2 to 4 18 67 17 1,581 4,073 1,247 11.4 16.5 14.0
5 to 9 8 34 9 523 1,943 456 14.5 17.6 18.8
10 or more 13 57 11 621 2,865 538 21.3 20.0 20.1
Number of TVs or video displays                  
None 15 47 12 1,699 4,343 1,052 8.7 10.8 11.7
One 6 28 8 806 2,162 740 7.9 12.8 10.3
2 to 4 13 58 16 1,167 3,192 964 10.8 18.0 16.3
5 to 9 9 28 8 611 1,524 637 14.3 18.5 13.2
10 to 19 13 31 7 760 1,558 435 17.6 19.8 16.0
20 to 49 8 37 9 470 1,973 401 16.0 19.0 22.1
50 to 99 Q 24 Q Q 1,213 Q Q 19.8 Q
100 or more 8 34 8 357 1,643 Q 21.8 20.7 18.7
Food preparation or serving areas
in non-food service buildings
(more than one may apply)
                 
Snack bar or concession stand 11 53 6 630 2,550 329 17.8 20.9 17.7
Fast food or small restaurant 12 55 15 476 2,135 609 25.3 25.6 24.4
Cafeteria or large restaurant 18 65 12 1,003 3,709 613 17.7 17.6 19.3
Commercial kitchen/
food preparation area
17 72 16 993 3,867 722 17.4 18.7 21.7
Small kitchen area 13 48 12 1,130 2,551 1,072 11.2 18.7 11.6
Separate computer areas
(more than one may apply)
                 
Data center or server farm 15 47 9 745 2,296 456 20.3 20.6 20.2
Computer-based training room 21 70 17 1,222 3,895 879 17.5 17.9 19.6
Student or public computer center 16 50 13 1,102 3,187 761 14.7 15.6 17.6
HVAC conservation features
(more than one may apply)
                 
Economizer cycle 39 97 21 2,366 5,286 1,059 16.7 18.4 19.8
Regular HVAC maintenance 63 258 58 4,513 14,891 3,362 14.0 17.3 17.1
Building automation system (BAS)2 39 160 32 2,350 8,070 1,880 16.6 19.8 16.9
Window and interior lighting
features (more than one may
apply)
                 
Multipaned windows 68 215 55 5,130 12,533 3,334 13.2 17.2 16.6
Tinted window glass 42 164 41 2,740 9,692 2,469 15.1 17.0 16.5
Reflective window glass 21 70 14 1,144 2,966 696 18.3 23.4 19.6
External overhangs or awnings 31 147 32 2,307 7,718 2,073 13.2 19.1 15.6
Skylights or atriums 17 79 13 1,275 4,768 904 13.3 16.6 14.3
Light scheduling 27 123 23 1,617 6,195 1,217 16.8 19.9 18.7
Occupancy sensors 32 140 25 1,990 7,130 1,429 16.0 19.7 17.8
Multi-level lighting or dimming 15 71 18 902 3,452 886 16.3 20.5 19.8
Daylight harvesting 7 21 Q 375 999 Q 19.2 21.0 Q
Demand responsive lighting 6 28 Q 406 1,315 Q 15.7 21.0 Q
Building automation system (BAS) for lighting2 14 58 9 768 2,714 495 18.2 21.5 17.6
Equipment usage reduced when
building not in full use
(more than one may apply)
                 
Heating 53 191 44 4,320 12,357 3,581 12.2 15.5 12.4
Cooling 53 210 46 4,121 13,458 3,675 12.8 15.6 12.5
Lighting 71 260 64 5,693 16,417 4,478 12.4 15.8 14.3
Annual consumption
(kilowatthours)
                 
10,000 or less 1 1 0 413 354 193 1.3 1.4 1.2
10,001 to 50,000 4 8 3 968 1,712 545 4.6 4.8 5.6
50,001 to 100,000 5 14 4 572 1,576 506 8.5 8.9 8.7
100,001 to 500,000 19 68 22 1,442 4,498 1,599 12.9 15.2 13.7
500,001 to 1,000,000 11 38 10 722 2,047 508 14.7 18.4 19.9
1,000,001 to 5,000,000 23 92 19 1,322 4,825 985 17.7 19.1 19.4
Over 5,000,000 12 66 12 578 2,596 488 21.6 25.3 24.1
   
1These climate regions were created by the Building America program, sponsored by the U.S. Department of Energy’s Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE).
2In earlier CBECS publications, BAS was referred to as Energy Management and Control System (EMCS).
Q = Data withheld either because the Relative Standard Error (RSE) was greater than 50 percent or fewer than 20 buildings were sampled.
N = No cases in reporting sample.
Notes: • Because of rounding, data may not sum to totals. • See the
Guide to the 2012 CBECS Detailed Tables or CBECS Terminology for definitions of terms used in these tables and/or comparison of differences with prior CBECS tables. Both references can be accessed from http://www.eia.gov/consumption/commercial/data/2012/ • Site electricity is the amount of electricity delivered to commercial builidngs. Primary electricity, which is not included in the Total of major fuelscategory, is site electricity plus the conversion losses in the generation, transmission, and distribution processes. • Statistics for the Energy end uses category represent total consumption in buildings that have the end use, not consumption specifically for that particular end use. • HVAC = Heating, ventilation, and air conditioning.
Source: U.S. Energy Information Administration, Office of Energy Consumption and Efficiency Statistics, Forms EIA-871A and E of the 2012 Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey.