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Residential Energy Consumption Survey (RECS)

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Table HC3.9 Appliances in U.S. homes by by home size, 20151

Release date: October 2017
Revised date: May 2018

Number of housing units (million)
Size of home in square feet3
  Total U.S.2 Fewer
than 1,000
1,000
to 1,499
1,500
to 1,999 
2,000
to 2,499
2,500
to 2,999
3,000
or greater
All homes 118.2 26.6 26.1 17.5 14.1 10.8 23.1
Stoves (units with both an oven and a cooktop)              
Have a stove 108.0 25.4 25.1 16.4 12.9 9.3 18.9
1 105.8 25.4 24.7 16.2 12.7 8.8 18.0
2 or more 2.2 Q 0.4 0.2 0.2 0.4 0.9
Do not have a stove 10.2 1.1 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.5 4.2
Most-used stove fuel              
Electricity 66.4 16.4 16.3 9.9 7.7 5.7 10.4
Natural gas 35.2 7.9 7.5 5.6 4.3 2.9 6.9
Propane 5.5 0.9 1.1 0.7 0.8 0.6 1.3
Dual fuel 0.9 Q Q Q Q Q 0.3
Do not have a stove 10.2 1.1 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.5 4.2
Most-used stove usage: cooktop part              
0 times per week 3.4 1.5 0.8 0.4 0.2 Q 0.4
1 to 3  times per week 16.9 4.6 4.6 2.5 2.0 1.1 2.1
4 to 7 times per week 50.5 11.6 11.4 7.8 6.1 4.5 9.1
8 to 14 times per week 23.9 4.6 5.2 3.7 3.0 2.5 4.8
15 or more times per week 13.3 3.1 3.1 1.9 1.7 0.9 2.6
Do not have a stove 10.2 1.1 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.5 4.2
Most-used stove usage: oven part              
0 times per week 18.4 6.6 5.0 2.3 1.5 1.0 2.0
1 to 3  times per week 56.7 12.9 13.0 8.8 7.3 5.1 9.6
4 to 7 times per week 28.1 5.1 6.0 4.4 3.6 2.8 6.3
8 to 14 times per week 3.6 0.6 0.8 0.7 0.4 0.3 0.8
15 or more times per week 1.1 0.3 0.3 Q 0.2 Q Q
Do not have a stove 10.2 1.1 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.5 4.2
Separate cooktops              
Have a separate cooktop 17.1 2.0 2.8 2.2 1.9 2.1 6.0
1 16.7 2.0 2.7 2.2 1.9 2.1 5.9
2 or more 0.3 Q Q Q N Q Q
Do not have a separate cooktop 101.1 24.5 23.4 15.2 12.2 8.7 17.1
Most-used separate cooktop fuel              
Electricity 9.6 1.3 1.9 1.3 1.1 1.0 2.9
Natural gas 6.4 0.7 0.7 0.8 0.7 1.0 2.5
Propane 1.1 Q Q Q Q Q 0.6
Do not have a separate cooktop 101.1 24.5 23.4 15.2 12.2 8.7 17.1
Most-used separate cooktop usage              
0 times per week 2.1 0.6 0.4 0.3 Q 0.2 0.3
1 to 3  times per week 3.0 0.5 0.7 0.5 0.4 0.3 0.7
4 to 7 times per week 6.7 0.5 1.0 0.8 0.6 1.0 2.8
8 to 14 times per week 3.4 0.3 0.5 0.4 0.5 0.5 1.3
15 or more times per week 1.9 Q Q 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.8
Do not have a separate cooktop 101.1 24.5 23.4 15.2 12.2 8.7 17.1
Separate wall ovens              
Have a separate wall oven 13.9 0.8 1.7 1.9 1.7 1.9 5.9
1 9.9 0.7 1.5 1.6 1.4 1.3 3.5
2 or more 4.0 Q 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.7 2.4
Do not have a separate wall oven 104.4 25.8 24.5 15.6 12.4 8.9 17.2
Most-used separate wall oven fuel              
Electricity 11.9 0.7 1.4 1.6 1.4 1.6 5.3
Natural gas 1.8 Q 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.6
Propane Q N Q Q N Q Q
Do not have a separate wall oven 104.4 25.8 24.5 15.6 12.4 8.9 17.2
Most-used separate wall oven usage              
0 times per week 2.0 0.3 0.3 0.5 0.3 Q 0.5
1 to 3  times per week 6.1 0.2 0.8 0.9 0.8 0.8 2.4
4 to 7 times per week 4.6 0.3 0.4 0.3 0.5 0.8 2.4
8 to 14 times per week 0.8 Q Q Q Q Q 0.4
15 or more times per week 0.3 N Q Q Q Q Q
Do not have a separate wall oven 104.4 25.8 24.5 15.6 12.4 8.9 17.2
Frequency of hot meals cooked              
No hot meals cooked 0.9 0.5 Q Q Q Q Q
Less than once a week 2.4 0.6 0.6 0.4 0.3 Q 0.4
About once a week 2.6 0.7 0.9 0.2 0.2 Q 0.6
A few times each week 19.9 5.4 4.6 3.0 2.5 1.4 3.0
Once a day 36.1 7.2 7.4 5.6 4.2 3.9 7.9
2 times a day 38.1 7.6 8.4 5.6 5.0 3.8 7.7
3 or more times a day 18.2 4.6 4.2 2.5 1.9 1.4 3.6
Microwave ovens              
Have a microwave oven 113.6 24.3 25.1 17.2 13.6 10.7 22.8
1 108.9 24.0 24.5 16.6 13.0 10.1 20.7
2 or more 4.7 0.3 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 2.1
Do not have a microwave oven 4.6 2.3 1.1 0.3 0.5 Q 0.3
Microwave oven usage              
0 times per week 1.6 0.6 0.4 Q Q Q 0.2
1 to 3  times per week 10.6 3.4 2.6 1.6 1.0 0.6 1.3
4 to 7 times per week 39.0 9.3 9.5 5.6 4.5 3.4 6.7
8 to 14 times per week 27.9 5.5 5.8 4.3 3.6 2.8 6.0
15 or more times per week 34.5 5.5 6.8 5.5 4.3 3.8 8.5
Do not have a microwave oven 4.6 2.3 1.1 0.3 0.5 Q 0.3
Outdoor grills and fuel              
Use an outdoor grill 69.3 7.2 12.7 11.9 10.5 7.8 19.2
Natural gas 4.1 0.2 0.2 0.6 0.4 0.6 2.1
Propane 42.2 3.3 6.9 7.2 6.8 5.1 12.9
Charcoal 22.3 3.6 5.5 4.1 3.1 2.0 4.0
Some other fuel 0.7 Q Q Q Q Q Q
Do not use an outdoor grill 48.9 19.4 13.4 5.6 3.6 3.0 3.9
Small kitchen appliances used at least once each week (more than one may apply)              
Toaster 74.0 13.8 16.4 11.1 9.5 7.1 16.0
Toaster oven 28.7 5.2 5.7 4.5 3.5 3.2 6.6
Coffee maker 75.9 13.2 15.3 12.5 10.0 7.5 17.4
Slow cooker 33.3 5.7 7.5 5.2 4.5 2.8 7.6
Food processor 12.1 2.0 2.5 1.8 1.7 1.0 3.2
Rice cooker 14.3 3.2 3.4 2.3 1.8 1.1 2.6
Blender or juicer 30.8 6.9 6.8 4.4 3.8 2.5 6.4
Some other small kitchen appliance4 12.3 2.4 2.6 2.0 1.5 1.2 2.7
Refrigerators              
Use a refrigerator 117.4 26.2 26.0 17.3 14.1 10.8 23.1
1 82.3 24.4 21.2 11.7 8.4 6.0 10.5
2 or more 35.1 1.7 4.8 5.6 5.7 4.7 12.6
Do not use a refrigerator 0.9 0.4 Q Q Q Q N
Most-used refrigerator size              
Half-size or compact 0.9 0.5 0.3 Q Q Q Q
Small (less than 17.6 cubic feet) 6.8 3.5 1.6 0.6 0.3 0.4 0.4
Medium (17.6 to 22.5 cubic feet) 59.1 16.0 15.3 8.6 6.7 4.4 8.1
Large (22.6 to 29.5 cubic feet) 48.7 6.1 8.6 7.8 6.8 5.7 13.6
Very large (more than 29.5 cubic feet) 1.9 Q 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.9
Do not use a refrigerator 0.9 0.4 Q Q Q Q N
Most-used refrigerator type              
Half-size/compact 0.9 0.5 0.3 Q Q Q Q
One door 9.8 3.3 2.6 1.2 0.8 0.7 1.2
Two doors, top freezer 51.4 18.8 13.6 5.9 4.6 3.5 5.1
Two doors, bottom freezer 15.5 0.9 2.3 2.7 2.4 1.9 5.3
Two doors, side by side 36.8 2.6 7.0 7.1 5.7 4.3 10.2
Three or more doors 2.9 Q 0.2 0.4 0.6 0.4 1.2
Do not use a refrigerator 0.9 0.4 Q Q Q Q N
Most-used refrigerator age              
Less than 2 years old 15.9 3.7 3.4 2.0 1.7 1.5 3.5
2 to 4 years old 26.2 6.3 5.7 4.2 3.2 2.1 4.8
5 to 9 years old 41.1 9.7 9.4 6.1 4.8 3.4 7.7
10 to 14 years old 21.9 4.5 5.0 3.1 2.5 2.2 4.6
15 to 19 years old 7.5 0.9 1.6 1.0 1.2 1.1 1.6
20 or more years old 4.7 1.0 0.9 0.9 0.6 0.4 0.9
Do not use a refrigerator 0.9 0.4 Q Q Q Q N
Most-used refrigerator through-the-door ice service              
Yes 41.4 2.4 7.1 7.5 6.7 5.0 12.7
No 76.0 23.8 18.9 9.8 7.4 5.7 10.4
Do not use a refrigerator 0.9 0.4 Q Q Q Q N
Second refrigerator              
Use a second refrigerator 35.1 1.7 4.8 5.6 5.7 4.7 12.6
Do not use a second refrigerator 83.2 24.9 21.4 11.9 8.4 6.1 10.5
Second refrigerator size              
Half-size or compact 8.1 0.8 1.4 1.2 1.3 1.0 2.4
Small (less than 17.6 cubic feet) 5.5 0.3 1.1 0.9 0.9 0.8 1.6
Medium (17.6 to 22.5 cubic feet) 14.5 0.5 1.7 2.3 2.4 2.0 5.6
Large (22.6 to 29.5 cubic feet) 6.8 Q 0.6 1.1 1.0 1.0 2.9
Very large (more than 29.5 cubic feet) 0.2 N Q N Q Q Q
Do not use a second refrigerator 83.2 24.9 21.4 11.9 8.4 6.1 10.5
Second refrigerator type              
Half-size or compact 8.1 0.8 1.4 1.2 1.3 1.0 2.4
One door 5.9 0.4 1.2 1.0 0.8 0.7 1.8
Two doors, top freezer 14.1 0.3 1.7 2.1 2.7 2.1 5.2
Two doors, bottom freezer 1.1 N Q 0.2 Q Q 0.6
Two doors, side by side 5.7 0.2 0.4 1.0 0.8 0.9 2.5
Three or more doors Q N N Q Q N Q
Do not use a second refrigerator 83.2 24.9 21.4 11.9 8.4 6.1 10.5
Second refrigerator age              
Less than 2 years old 2.7 0.4 0.6 0.3 0.4 0.3 0.8
2 to 4 years old 5.0 0.2 1.2 0.6 0.9 0.6 1.5
5 to 9 years old 9.8 0.7 1.4 1.6 1.6 1.4 3.1
10 to 14 years old 9.2 0.2 1.0 1.5 1.4 1.2 3.8
15 to 19 years old 4.7 Q 0.4 0.7 0.7 0.7 2.1
20 or more years old 3.6 Q 0.2 0.8 0.6 0.5 1.3
Do not use a second refrigerator 83.2 24.9 21.4 11.9 8.4 6.1 10.5
Second refrigerator location              
Basement 6.8 Q 0.4 0.6 1.1 1.3 3.4
Garage 16.0 0.4 1.9 2.9 2.8 2.2 5.9
Outside 1.8 Q 0.4 0.5 0.4 Q 0.2
Main floor of house 8.8 1.0 1.8 1.4 1.2 0.8 2.6
Some other location 1.7 Q 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.5
Do not use a second refrigerator 83.2 24.9 21.4 11.9 8.4 6.1 10.5
Separate freezers              
Use a separate freezer 38.1 3.2 7.0 6.5 6.2 4.6 10.6
1 34.2 3.1 6.4 5.8 5.5 3.9 9.4
2 or more 3.9 Q 0.6 0.7 0.7 0.7 1.1
Do not use a separate freezer 80.1 23.4 19.2 11.0 7.9 6.2 12.5
Most-used separate freezer size              
Half-size or compact 3.3 0.5 0.9 0.5 0.5 0.4 0.5
Small (less than 17.6 cubic feet) 11.8 1.2 2.5 2.2 1.9 1.4 2.6
Medium (17.6 to 22.5 cubic feet) 15.2 1.0 2.6 2.6 2.3 1.9 4.9
Large (22.6 to 29.5 cubic feet) 7.2 0.4 0.9 1.3 1.5 0.9 2.2
Very large (more than 29.5 cubic feet) 0.5 Q Q Q Q N 0.3
Do not use a separate freezer 80.1 23.4 19.2 11.0 7.9 6.2 12.5
Most-used separate freezer type              
Upright 17.8 1.2 3.1 3.1 3.1 2.0 5.4
Chest 20.3 2.0 3.9 3.4 3.2 2.6 5.1
Do not use a separate freezer 80.1 23.4 19.2 11.0 7.9 6.2 12.5
Most-used separate freezer age              
Less than 2 years old 3.9 0.6 0.9 0.5 0.7 0.4 0.7
2 to 4 years old 6.0 0.6 1.6 0.9 0.9 0.6 1.3
5 to 9 years old 11.1 0.8 2.1 2.1 1.7 1.3 3.2
10 to 14 years old 8.0 0.7 1.4 1.4 1.2 1.0 2.4
15 to 19 years old 4.2 0.2 0.5 0.7 0.7 0.7 1.3
20 or more years old 4.9 Q 0.5 0.9 1.0 0.7 1.7
Do not use a separate freezer 80.1 23.4 19.2 11.0 7.9 6.2 12.5
Dishwashers and usage              
Have a dishwasher 79.7 11.5 16.8 12.4 10.5 8.4 20.1
Used 0 times per week 16.0 3.8 4.4 2.6 1.8 1.4 2.0
Used 1 time per week 13.3 2.5 3.3 1.9 1.7 1.2 2.8
Used 2 to 3 times per week 25.7 3.2 5.3 3.5 3.9 3.1 6.7
Used 4 to 6 times per week 15.1 1.5 2.2 2.7 2.0 1.7 5.1
Used 7 or more times per week 9.5 0.6 1.6 1.6 1.1 1.0 3.6
Do not have a dishwasher 38.6 15.1 9.3 5.1 3.7 2.4 3.0
Dishwasher age              
Less than 2 years old 11.3 1.3 2.6 1.6 1.4 1.4 2.9
2 to 4 years old 16.1 2.6 3.5 2.5 2.0 1.4 4.1
5 to 9 years old 26.9 4.0 5.3 4.4 3.6 2.7 6.7
10 to 14 years old 16.4 2.6 3.5 2.3 2.1 1.7 4.1
15 to 19 years old 5.1 0.4 1.0 0.9 0.6 0.7 1.4
20 or more years old 4.0 0.5 0.8 0.7 0.6 0.4 0.9
Do not have a dishwasher 38.6 15.1 9.3 5.1 3.7 2.4 3.0
Most-used dishwasher cycle type              
Normal or default cycle without heated dry 14.4 1.8 2.5 2.4 2.1 1.7 4.0
Normal or default cycle with heated dry 36.9 4.8 7.2 5.4 5.2 3.8 10.5
Heavy or "pots and pans" cycle 5.1 0.6 1.3 0.8 0.7 0.6 1.2
Light or delicate cycle 1.8 Q 0.4 0.4 0.2 Q 0.5
Energy saver 5.4 0.4 1.0 0.9 0.7 0.7 1.8
Do not have or use a dishwasher 54.5 18.8 13.7 7.7 5.4 3.8 5.0
Clothes washers              
Have a clothes washer at home 97.4 12.5 21.5 16.5 13.7 10.3 22.8
Top-loading 73.5 10.8 17.6 12.7 10.4 7.4 14.6
Front-loading 23.8 1.7 3.9 3.8 3.3 2.9 8.2
Do not have a clothes washer at home 20.8 14.1 4.6 1.0 0.4 0.5 0.3
Clothes washer age              
Less than 2 years old 15.1 2.1 3.3 2.5 2.0 1.8 3.4
2 to 4 years old 22.1 2.9 5.5 3.9 3.0 1.9 4.8
5 to 9 years old 34.7 4.5 7.8 5.4 5.2 3.7 8.1
10 to 14 years old 17.1 2.0 3.5 3.4 2.2 1.6 4.4
15 to 19 years old 5.4 0.6 0.8 0.8 1.0 0.9 1.3
20 or more years old 3.0 0.3 0.7 0.5 0.3 0.4 0.8
Do not have a clothes washer at home 20.8 14.1 4.6 1.0 0.4 0.5 0.3
Clothes washer usage              
0 loads per week 1.2 0.4 0.4 Q Q Q Q
1 to 4 loads per week 59.8 8.7 14.2 10.2 8.4 6.1 12.2
5 to 9 loads per week 26.9 2.6 5.5 4.6 4.0 2.9 7.3
10 to 15 loads per week 8.0 0.6 1.3 1.4 1.0 1.0 2.7
More than 15 loads per week 1.4 Q Q 0.2 Q 0.3 0.5
Do not have a clothes washer at home 20.8 14.1 4.6 1.0 0.4 0.5 0.3
Usual water temperature setting for the wash cycle              
Hot 6.6 1.0 2.0 1.2 0.8 0.5 1.2
Warm 47.5 5.6 9.5 7.8 6.5 5.1 12.9
Cold 42.0 5.5 9.6 7.4 6.2 4.7 8.6
Do not have or use a clothes washer at home 22.1 14.5 5.0 1.1 0.5 0.5 0.4
Usual water temperature setting for the rinse cycle              
Hot 2.3 0.4 0.6 0.5 Q Q 0.4
Warm 23.2 3.5 5.3 3.8 3.0 2.1 5.6
Cold 70.7 8.2 15.3 12.1 10.4 8.0 16.7
Do not have or use a clothes washer at home 22.1 14.5 5.0 1.1 0.5 0.5 0.4
Clothes dryer and fuel              
Have a clothes dryer at home 94.9 11.7 20.9 16.1 13.4 10.2 22.6
Electricity 75.8 10.1 17.7 13.0 10.7 7.9 16.4
Natural gas 17.9 1.5 3.0 3.0 2.6 2.1 5.7
Propane 1.3 Q Q Q Q 0.2 0.6
Do not have a clothes dryer at home 23.3 14.9 5.2 1.3 0.7 0.6 0.5
Clothes dryer age              
Less than 2 years old 11.7 1.8 2.6 2.0 1.4 1.4 2.6
2 to 4 years old 20.2 2.6 4.8 3.6 2.9 1.9 4.4
5 to 9 years old 33.9 4.2 7.7 5.3 5.1 3.4 8.1
10 to 14 years old 19.0 2.1 4.0 3.4 2.4 2.0 5.1
15 to 19 years old 6.2 0.7 1.0 0.9 1.0 0.9 1.6
20 or more years old 4.0 0.3 0.9 0.8 0.5 0.6 0.9
Do not have a clothes dryer at home 23.3 14.9 5.2 1.3 0.7 0.6 0.5
Clothes dryer usage              
0 loads per week 2.1 0.4 0.7 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.3
1 to 4 loads per week 56.8 7.8 13.4 9.7 7.9 5.9 12.0
5 to 9 loads per week 26.3 2.6 5.4 4.4 3.9 2.8 7.2
10 to 15 loads per week 8.3 0.7 1.2 1.5 1.1 1.0 2.7
More than 15 loads per week 1.4 Q 0.2 0.2 Q 0.3 0.5
Do not have a clothes dryer at home 23.3 14.9 5.2 1.3 0.7 0.6 0.5
1Housing characteristics data were collected between August 2015 and April 2016.
2Total U.S. includes all primary occupied housing units in the 50 states and the District of Columbia. Vacant housing units, seasonal units, second homes, military houses, and group quarters are excluded.
3Total square footage includes all basements, finished or conditioned (heated or cooled) areas of attics, and conditioned garage space that is attached to the home. Unconditioned and unfinished areas in attics and attached garages are excluded. The square footage for some housing units was calculated based on measurements taken by the interviewer. For households responding without the presence of an interviewer, square footage was imputed based on characteristics of the housing unit. See 2015 RECS Square Footage Methodology for full details about data collection and processing.
4Some other small kitchen appliance includes stand mixers, bread makers, waffle makers, electric can openers, sandwich makers, coffee grinders, and many other reported appliances.

Q = Data withheld because either the Relative Standard Error (RSE) was greater than 50% or fewer than 10 cases responded.
N = No cases responded.

Notes:  Because of rounding, data may not sum to totals. See RECS Terminology for definition of terms used in these tables.

Source: U.S. Energy Information Administration, Office of Energy Consumption and Efficiency Statistics, Forms EIA-457A and EIA-457C of the 2015 Residential Energy Consumption Survey.