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Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey (CBECS)

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Table C7. Consumption and gross energy intensity by Census division (part 1) for sum of major fuels, 2012

Released: May 2016

Sum of major fuel
consumption
(trillion Btu)
Total floorspace
of buildings
(million square feet)
Energy intensity for
sum of major fuels
(thousand Btu/square foot)
  New
England
Middle
Atlantic
East
North
Central
New
England
Middle
Atlantic
East
North
Central
New
England
Middle
Atlantic
East
North
Central
All buildings 368 1,092 1,131 4,302 11,232 12,742 85.5 97.2 88.7
Building floorspace (square feet)                  
1,001 to 5,000 29 77 101 405 652 1,066 70.8 118.8 95.0
5,001 to 10,000 32 57 107 541 707 1,062 58.4 81.2 101.1
10,001 to 25,000 49 111 132 901 1,507 1,823 54.7 73.5 72.6
25,001 to 50,000 54 69 167 642 1,002 2,040 83.9 69.2 81.7
50,001 to 100,000 63 188 164 598 2,078 1,809 105.3 90.5 90.7
100,001 to 200,000 43 259 143 418 2,124 1,771 103.3 121.7 80.6
200,001 to 500,000 71 174 195 597 1,636 2,129 119.0 106.3 91.5
Over 500,000 Q 156 122 Q 1,526 1,042 Q 102.3 116.7
Principal building activity                  
Education 45 124 160 642 1,414 2,205 69.7 87.7 72.7
Food sales Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Food service Q 47 72 Q 162 217 Q 288.3 331.1
Health care 48 128 102 274 792 549 176.5 161.0 184.9
Inpatient 40 84 84 169 369 359 237.1 227.3 232.3
Outpatient Q 44 18 Q 423 190 Q 103.2 95.0
Lodging Q 75 69 Q 800 673 Q 93.9 102.0
Mercantile 35 119 172 463 1,190 1,488 75.2 99.6 115.4
Retail (other than mall) Q 45 72 Q 672 748 Q 67.2 95.6
Enclosed and strip malls Q 73 100 Q 518 740 Q 141.6 135.5
Office 61 309 206 738 2,965 2,430 82.4 104.1 84.8
Public assembly 24 68 103 350 603 1,196 69.9 112.8 86.1
Public order and safety Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Religious worship Q 28 31 Q 613 547 Q 46.2 56.6
Service 14 35 58 255 568 847 54.9 61.3 68.8
Warehouse and storage 24 40 65 521 1,240 1,570 Q 31.9 41.4
Other Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Vacant Q Q Q Q Q 345 Q Q Q
Year constructed                  
Before 1920 43 54 39 692 940 642 61.9 57.2 60.7
1920 to 1945 Q 130 85 428 1,530 1,373 84.4 84.8 62.2
1946 to 1959 28 112 101 349 1,233 1,154 79.8 90.8 87.2
1960 to 1969 42 159 133 481 1,759 1,488 87.7 90.2 89.3
1970 to 1979 57 207 194 502 1,450 1,865 112.7 142.5 103.9
1980 to 1989 34 112 173 572 1,170 1,655 59.7 96.0 104.6
1990 to 1999 37 187 153 485 1,560 1,942 76.4 119.6 78.9
2000 to 2003 42 57 104 343 637 1,090 122.8 89.2 95.7
2004 to 2007 Q 20 76 Q 267 860 Q 74.5 87.8
2008 to 2012 16 55 73 217 685 672 72.3 80.5 108.4
Climate region1                  
Very cold/Cold 368 565 1,041 4,302 6,208 11,683 85.5 91.1 89.1
Mixed-humid N 526 Q N 5,024 Q N 104.7 Q
Mixed-dry/Hot-dry N N N N N N N N N
Hot-humid N N N N N N N N N
Marine N N N N N N N N N
Number of floors                  
One 76 265 460 1,083 2,782 4,975 70.4 95.3 92.6
Two 90 279 241 1,281 2,816 3,206 70.1 99.1 75.3
Three 76 123 140 965 1,456 1,708 78.9 84.5 81.7
Four to nine 94 262 203 782 2,626 2,085 119.9 99.8 97.3
Ten or more Q 162 86 Q 1,552 767 Q 104.6 112.8
Elevators and escalators
(more than one may apply)
                 
Any elevators 211 659 514 1,857 6,054 5,439 113.9 108.9 94.6
Number of elevators                  
One 82 176 185 944 1,636 2,252 86.4 107.8 82.4
Two to five 85 245 170 713 2,432 1,993 119.6 100.8 85.4
Six or more 45 238 159 200 1,986 1,195 223.1 119.7 133.0
Any escalators Q 82 58 Q 785 731 Q 105.0 79.7
Number of workers (main shift)                  
Fewer than 5 36 90 140 1,017 1,675 2,663 35.1 54.0 52.6
5 to 9 37 53 88 496 786 1,110 74.6 66.8 79.6
10 to 19 33 62 132 439 951 1,232 74.7 65.4 106.9
20 to 49 53 135 203 546 1,358 2,270 97.8 99.5 89.5
50 to 99 69 177 207 657 1,728 2,147 104.6 102.6 96.4
100 to 249 72 194 145 686 1,843 1,548 105.5 105.5 93.8
250 or more 68 380 215 460 2,892 1,771 147.2 131.3 121.5
Weekly operating hours                  
Fewer than 40 Q 28 55 392 781 1,329 23.4 35.6 41.5
40 to 48 41 98 128 830 1,531 1,988 48.8 63.9 64.2
49 to 60 57 189 207 910 2,435 2,736 62.1 77.6 75.6
61 to 84 77 219 254 984 2,329 2,591 78.7 93.9 97.9
85 to 167 84 172 180 530 1,351 1,606 157.8 127.4 112.3
Open continuously 101 386 307 655 2,806 2,491 153.5 137.6 123.4
Ownership and occupancy                  
Nongovernment owned 280 800 861 3,314 8,599 9,494 84.5 93.0 90.7
Owner occupied 120 378 427 1,499 3,954 4,649 80.3 95.6 91.9
Leased to tenant(s) 95 322 300 1,111 3,319 3,356 85.8 97.0 89.3
Owner occupied and leased 64 99 132 604 1,182 1,246 106.2 83.4 106.1
Unoccupied Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Government owned 88 292 269 988 2,634 3,247 88.7 110.9 82.9
Federal Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
State Q Q 81 Q 948 780 Q 155.0 103.3
Local 55 133 168 752 1,461 2,262 73.3 91.2 74.2
Party responsible for operation
and maintenance of energy
systems
                 
Building owner 306 909 990 3,625 9,679 11,275 84.4 93.9 87.8
Business owner or tenant 42 163 122 528 1,291 1,205 79.3 126.5 101.1
Property management Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Other Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Provider of direct input on energy-
related equipment purchases
                 
Building owner 316 919 1,004 3,714 9,853 11,466 85.1 93.3 87.6
Business owner or tenant 31 137 94 429 965 917 71.5 141.7 102.9
Property management Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Other Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Number of establishments                  
One 214 699 700 2,724 6,803 8,202 78.4 102.8 85.3
2 to 5 96 215 291 916 2,389 2,890 104.3 90.0 100.6
6 to 10 Q 47 53 Q 611 583 Q 77.4 91.5
11 to 20 Q 61 46 Q 572 369 Q 105.9 124.4
More than 20 Q 69 39 Q 701 435 Q 98.3 88.8
Currently unoccupied Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Predominant exterior wall material                  
Brick, stone, or stucco 197 524 598 1,999 5,650 6,298 98.5 92.8 94.9
Concrete (block or poured) 60 306 257 615 2,993 2,942 97.8 102.4 87.4
Concrete panels Q 76 115 Q 632 1,173 Q 120.4 98.1
Siding or shingles 60 39 70 915 674 867 66.0 58.4 80.7
Metal panels 14 56 44 347 673 930 41.6 83.0 47.9
Window glass Q 70 Q Q 419 Q Q 167.4 Q
Other Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
No one major type Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Predominant roof material                  
Metal surfacing 25 68 99 548 1,077 1,630 45.3 63.3 60.8
Synthetic or rubber 179 402 500 1,755 4,125 5,361 102.0 97.5 93.2
Built-up 55 373 261 684 3,098 2,894 81.1 120.5 90.1
Slate or tile shingles Q 47 21 Q 591 288 Q 79.9 74.1
Wooden materials (including
shingles)
Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Asphalt, fiberglass, or
other shingles
77 145 215 864 1,805 2,191 88.6 80.6 98.1
Concrete Q 29 Q Q 288 Q Q 101.1 Q
Other Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
No one major type Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Roof characteristics                  
Roof tilt                  
Flat 214 847 719 2,157 7,905 7,483 99.3 107.1 96.1
Shallow pitch 64 130 240 1,012 1,530 3,112 63.7 84.9 77.2
Steeper pitch 89 115 171 1,133 1,798 2,146 78.7 63.9 79.8
Cool roof 63 317 268 742 2,639 2,545 85.5 120.2 105.3
Renovations in buildings
constructed before 2008
(more than one may apply)
                 
Any type of renovation 243 703 625 2,625 6,639 6,653 92.7 105.8 94.0
Addition or annex 84 192 257 815 1,759 2,501 103.6 108.9 102.6
Reduction in floorspace Q Q Q Q Q Q Q 212.2 Q
Roof replacement 135 436 335 1,388 4,072 3,267 97.5 106.9 102.4
Exterior wall replacement 27 50 56 264 646 605 100.9 77.3 93.2
Interior wall reconfiguration 116 386 341 1,431 3,589 3,577 81.1 107.5 95.2
Window replacement 101 191 163 1,095 2,308 2,027 91.9 82.8 80.2
HVAC equipment upgrade 148 545 412 1,570 4,908 4,574 94.2 111.1 90.2
Lighting upgrade 181 427 395 1,666 4,343 4,115 108.9 98.3 95.9
Electrical upgrade 114 305 243 1,172 2,796 2,625 97.1 109.2 92.5
Plumbing system upgrade 96 268 216 1,023 2,355 2,294 94.3 113.8 94.2
Insulation upgrade 52 125 112 581 1,168 1,268 90.3 106.9 88.1
Fire, safety, or security upgrade 127 335 269 1,368 3,234 2,613 93.1 103.5 102.9
Structural upgrade 28 30 49 300 432 628 93.4 69.2 78.2
Other Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
No renovations 109 334 432 1,460 3,909 5,416 74.6 85.4 79.9
Buildings constructed 2008 or later 16 55 73 217 685 672 72.3 80.5 108.4
Energy sources
(more than one may apply)
                 
Electricity 368 1,092 1,131 4,192 11,099 12,544 87.7 98.4 90.2
Natural gas 233 940 1,027 2,241 8,827 10,790 103.9 106.5 95.2
Fuel oil 181 441 316 1,866 4,213 2,619 97.0 104.6 120.7
District heat Q 223 66 Q 1,628 574 172.2 137.2 114.7
District chilled water Q Q 53 Q 656 420 Q 242.9 126.6
Propane 68 65 82 861 885 829 79.4 73.4 98.5
Other Q 59 35 397 691 532 70.9 86.0 65.9
Space-heating energy sources
(more than one may apply)
                 
Electricity 184 487 537 1,848 5,428 5,687 99.5 89.7 94.4
Natural gas 195 743 964 1,990 7,362 10,122 98.1 100.9 95.2
Fuel oil 85 133 42 1,270 1,581 292 67.2 84.1 143.7
District heat Q 223 66 Q 1,628 574 172.2 137.2 114.7
Propane 16 19 Q 314 339 280 51.5 54.8 Q
Other Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Primary space-heating
energy source
                 
Electricity 34 134 131 468 1,720 1,702 72.2 77.9 76.7
Natural gas 181 660 913 1,811 6,555 9,587 100.0 100.7 95.2
Fuel oil 79 62 Q 1,099 889 Q 71.8 70.1 Q
District heat Q 221 62 Q 1,601 532 172.2 137.8 115.7
Propane 6 Q Q 204 Q Q 30.5 Q Q
Other Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Cooling energy sources
(more than one may apply)
                 
Electricity 312 942 1,083 3,317 9,986 11,474 94.1 94.4 94.4
Natural gas Q 32 Q Q 216 Q Q 148.4 Q
District chilled water Q Q 53 Q 656 420 Q 242.9 126.6
Water-heating energy sources
(more than one may apply)
                 
Electricity 153 393 423 1,939 4,622 4,914 78.7 85.0 86.1
Natural gas 170 718 802 1,492 6,042 7,910 113.7 118.8 101.4
Fuel oil 54 68 Q 693 708 Q 78.4 96.7 Q
District heat Q 197 59 Q 1,383 470 169.3 142.3 126.1
Propane 12 Q Q 233 Q Q 50.7 Q Q
Cooking energy sources
(more than one may apply)
                 
Electricity 113 364 425 1,143 3,534 4,211 98.6 103.1 100.8
Natural gas 117 566 492 1,015 4,341 4,293 115.1 130.5 114.5
Propane 45 Q Q 486 293 Q 91.7 102.1 Q
Energy end uses
(more than one may apply)
                 
Buildings with space heating 366 1,082 1,127 4,090 10,963 12,240 89.4 98.7 92.1
Buildings with cooling 342 1,060 1,101 3,482 10,467 11,675 98.3 101.2 94.3
Buildings with water heating 361 1,079 1,120 3,915 10,718 12,082 92.3 100.6 92.7
Buildings with cooking 202 715 639 2,053 6,124 6,175 98.5 116.7 103.5
Buildings with manufacturing 47 52 48 391 669 807 119.0 77.9 59.8
Buildings with electricity
generation
174 547 403 1,456 4,767 3,912 119.8 114.7 103.1
Percent of floorspace heated                  
Not heated Q Q Q 212 269 502 Q Q Q
1 to 50 13 41 36 Q 757 734 Q 53.9 49.5
51 to 99 94 184 148 805 2,068 1,545 116.5 89.0 96.1
100 259 857 942 2,910 8,138 9,961 89.0 105.3 94.6
Percent of floorspace cooled                  
Not cooled 25 32 30 819 765 1,067 31.0 41.9 28.0
1 to 50 72 155 250 1,019 2,539 3,289 70.6 60.9 75.9
51 to 99 150 421 346 1,323 3,758 3,408 113.6 112.0 101.5
100 120 484 505 1,141 4,170 4,977 105.4 116.1 101.5
Percent lit when open                  
Zero N Q Q N Q Q N Q Q
1 to 50 38 71 122 677 1,420 1,840 Q 49.9 66.0
51 to 99 193 412 558 2,099 4,189 5,616 92.1 98.2 99.4
100 134 607 448 1,286 5,384 4,794 104.1 112.8 93.5
Building never open/electricity
not used
Q Q Q Q Q 444 Q Q Q
Percent lit during off hours                  
Zero 64 176 215 1,396 2,481 3,411 45.8 70.9 63.0
1 to 50 252 618 762 2,499 6,801 7,930 100.9 90.9 96.1
51 to 100 50 248 95 287 1,514 719 173.0 163.9 132.2
Building always open with
no "off hours"
Q 49 59 Q 303 484 Q 162.2 121.0
Electricity not used N N N Q Q Q N N N
Heating equipment
(more than one may apply)
                 
Heat pumps 39 96 62 400 998 632 97.5 95.9 98.6
Furnaces 28 64 144 323 922 1,756 87.3 69.3 81.7
Individual space heaters 122 302 304 1,529 3,389 3,668 79.9 89.1 82.8
District heat Q 223 66 Q 1,628 574 172.2 137.2 114.7
Boilers 166 487 500 1,823 4,624 5,083 91.1 105.3 98.3
Packaged heating units 158 507 699 1,769 5,417 7,347 89.6 93.6 95.1
Other Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Cooling equipment
(more than one may apply)
                 
Residential-type central air
conditioners
48 121 225 451 1,244 2,854 106.7 96.9 78.8
Heat pumps 37 100 62 388 1,103 604 94.7 90.4 103.4
Individual air conditioners 101 269 174 1,035 2,810 1,806 98.0 95.6 96.3
District chilled water Q Q 53 Q 656 420 Q 242.9 126.6
Central chillers 94 310 361 783 2,706 3,484 119.5 114.5 103.7
Packaged air conditioning units 201 638 689 2,062 6,635 6,839 97.6 96.2 100.7
Swamp coolers Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Other Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Main equipment replaced since
1990 (more than one may apply)
                 
Heating 120 335 398 1,646 3,709 4,404 73.0 90.2 90.5
Cooling 139 440 437 1,516 4,798 4,620 91.7 91.7 94.6
Water-heating equipment                  
Centralized system 213 719 738 2,487 6,641 7,606 85.8 108.3 97.0
Distributed system 52 128 126 586 1,797 1,671 88.1 71.0 75.4
Combination of centralized and
distributed system
96 232 256 843 2,279 2,804 114.5 101.7 91.4
Lighting equipment types
(more than one may apply)
                 
Incandescent 175 607 630 2,046 5,520 6,180 85.4 109.9 101.9
Standard fluorescent 352 1,064 1,105 3,771 10,702 11,880 93.5 99.5 93.0
Compact fluorescent 291 866 827 2,886 7,886 8,336 101.0 109.8 99.2
High-intensity discharge (HID) 116 387 416 1,161 3,349 4,102 99.9 115.7 101.5
Halogen 151 352 492 1,494 3,774 4,590 100.9 93.2 107.1
LED 169 398 401 1,363 3,388 3,759 124.1 117.4 106.7
Other Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Refrigeration equipment
(more than one may apply)
                 
Any refrigeration 332 1,036 1,058 3,568 10,044 11,374 93.2 103.1 93.0
Walk-in units 189 623 536 1,424 4,445 4,481 133.0 140.2 119.6
Cases or cabinets 186 597 538 1,524 4,542 4,820 121.9 131.4 111.7
Large cold storage areas Q 69 76 Q 430 695 Q 160.1 108.8
Commercial ice makers 177 576 578 1,240 4,333 4,666 142.9 132.8 123.9
Residential-type or compact units 286 847 900 3,081 8,354 9,850 93.0 101.3 91.4
Vending machines 204 724 673 1,902 6,546 6,685 107.2 110.6 100.7
No refrigeration 35 56 73 734 1,189 1,368 48.3 47.2 53.5
Office equipment
(more than one may apply)
                 
Desktop computers 350 1,043 1,081 3,686 10,430 11,561 94.9 100.0 93.5
With flat screen monitors 349 1,032 1,071 3,645 10,310 11,436 95.7 100.1 93.6
With multiple monitors 132 474 448 1,158 4,132 4,244 113.9 114.8 105.6
Laptop computers 305 889 897 3,093 8,681 9,507 98.7 102.4 94.3
Dedicated servers 247 792 765 2,511 7,575 7,894 98.5 104.5 96.9
Laser printers 269 792 801 2,696 7,622 8,535 99.8 103.9 93.8
Inkjet printers 167 411 481 1,899 4,660 5,161 88.1 88.3 93.3
FAX machines 292 954 930 3,164 9,569 9,955 92.4 99.7 93.4
Photocopiers 291 888 837 2,989 8,665 9,111 97.3 102.5 91.8
Number of desktop computers                  
None 18 49 50 616 802 1,181 29.2 60.8 42.0
1 to 4 57 124 192 846 1,611 2,283 67.3 76.8 83.9
5 to 9 Q 99 144 Q 1,142 1,390 Q 86.8 103.3
10 to 19 42 109 113 494 1,150 1,304 84.9 94.8 87.0
20 to 49 90 138 170 717 1,610 1,633 126.3 85.4 104.1
50 to 99 39 88 132 430 936 1,532 91.7 94.0 86.0
100 to 249 39 233 130 432 1,870 1,569 89.2 124.5 82.7
250 or more 67 252 201 518 2,110 1,850 129.4 119.6 108.7
Number of laptop computers                  
None 63 203 234 1,208 2,552 3,235 51.8 79.6 72.4
1 to 4 95 177 282 1,083 2,267 3,260 88.1 78.2 86.6
5 to 9 37 Q 112 323 1,082 1,063 114.5 130.3 105.5
10 to 19 50 94 86 521 979 1,060 95.5 96.1 81.1
20 to 49 29 127 136 348 1,123 1,384 84.1 113.3 98.5
50 to 99 33 84 100 242 976 978 135.2 86.0 101.8
100 to 249 23 128 71 346 1,068 711 66.9 119.9 99.5
250 or more Q 137 110 Q 1,185 1,051 Q 115.6 104.4
Number of dedicated servers                  
None 120 300 366 1,790 3,657 4,848 67.3 82.1 75.4
1 to 4 137 419 467 1,582 4,611 5,055 86.5 90.9 92.5
5 to 9 31 87 98 338 755 931 91.5 114.9 104.9
10 to 19 47 106 58 340 777 663 137.9 136.6 87.1
20 to 49 Q 52 75 Q 566 714 Q 92.3 104.4
50 or more Q 128 68 Q 867 530 Q 147.1 127.8
Number of photocopiers                  
None 77 204 294 1,312 2,568 3,630 58.6 79.3 81.1
One 76 132 222 912 1,692 2,726 83.4 78.0 81.6
2 to 4 97 223 271 1,017 2,564 3,003 95.4 87.0 90.1
5 to 9 51 178 148 599 1,347 1,644 84.4 131.9 90.0
10 or more 67 355 196 461 3,062 1,739 146.0 116.0 112.5
Number of TVs or video displays                  
None 81 178 201 1,513 2,541 3,230 53.8 69.9 62.4
One 33 88 125 435 981 1,485 76.8 90.2 84.1
2 to 4 86 165 264 833 2,097 2,889 103.1 78.7 91.4
5 to 9 39 157 81 441 1,383 839 89.6 113.2 96.6
10 to 19 39 182 123 391 1,408 1,134 99.0 129.3 108.2
20 to 49 35 109 102 375 1,069 1,198 93.9 101.7 85.1
50 to 99 Q 31 72 Q 270 783 Q 113.4 91.4
100 or more 36 183 163 202 1,483 1,184 178.9 123.1 137.9
Food preparation or serving areas
in non-food service buildings
(more than one may apply)
                 
Snack bar or concession stand Q 192 174 Q 1,710 1,632 Q 112.3 106.8
Fast food or small restaurant 35 184 163 335 1,416 1,299 105.4 130.1 125.3
Cafeteria or large restaurant 85 350 237 829 2,756 2,452 102.2 127.1 96.8
Commercial kitchen/
food preparation area
95 329 302 915 2,339 2,960 103.7 140.8 102.1
Small kitchen area 66 208 204 776 2,329 2,282 85.6 89.3 89.4
Separate computer areas
(more than one may apply)
                 
Data center or server farm 80 236 202 491 1,887 1,743 164.0 125.1 115.7
Computer-based training room 66 264 279 747 2,594 2,728 88.3 101.7 102.4
Student or public computer center 63 186 192 834 1,877 2,236 75.6 99.1 86.0
HVAC conservation features
(more than one may apply)
                 
Economizer cycle 168 642 551 1,412 5,498 5,550 119.0 116.8 99.2
Regular HVAC maintenance 320 1,007 1,033 3,324 9,658 10,660 96.3 104.2 96.9
Building automation system (BAS)2 200 582 578 1,734 5,199 5,646 115.5 111.8 102.4
Window and interior lighting
features (more than one may
apply)
                 
Multipaned windows 307 788 944 3,410 8,047 10,082 89.9 97.9 93.6
Tinted window glass 146 568 622 1,420 4,893 6,325 103.1 116.2 98.3
Reflective window glass 55 221 275 495 1,849 2,633 110.2 119.5 104.3
External overhangs or awnings 99 438 463 1,106 3,183 4,169 89.5 137.5 111.0
Skylights or atriums 128 326 272 1,376 2,682 2,815 92.8 121.4 96.7
Light scheduling 161 485 502 1,454 4,384 5,033 110.6 110.5 99.8
Occupancy sensors 257 562 578 2,302 5,430 5,927 111.7 103.5 97.5
Multi-level lighting or dimming 82 207 258 663 1,672 2,275 124.1 123.7 113.5
Daylight harvesting 41 91 114 303 729 1,147 136.2 124.6 99.1
Demand responsive lighting Q 49 53 Q 448 506 Q 108.6 104.9
Building automation system (BAS) for lighting2 66 201 178 526 1,633 1,680 126.1 122.9 106.2
Equipment usage reduced when
building not in full use
(more than one may apply)
                 
Heating 256 872 875 3,315 8,975 9,790 77.1 97.2 89.4
Cooling 262 839 837 2,931 8,520 9,321 89.3 98.4 89.8
Lighting 359 989 1,047 3,987 10,272 11,570 90.1 96.2 90.5
1These climate regions were created by the Building America program, sponsored by the U.S. Department of Energy’s Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE).
2In earlier CBECS publications, BAS was referred to as Energy Management and Control System (EMCS).
Q = Data withheld either because the Relative Standard Error (RSE) was greater than 50 percent or fewer than 20 buildings were sampled.
N = No cases in reporting sample.
Notes: • Because of rounding, data may not sum to totals. • See the
Guide to the 2012 CBECS Detailed Tables or CBECS Terminology for definitions of terms used in these tables and/or comparison of differences with prior CBECS tables. Both references can be accessed from http://www.eia.gov/consumption/commercial/data/2012/ • Statistics for the Energy end uses category represent total consumption in buildings that have the end use, not consumption specifically for that particular end use. • HVAC = Heating, ventilation, and air conditioning.
Source: U.S. Energy Information Administration, Office of Energy Consumption and Efficiency Statistics, Forms EIA-871A, C, D, E, and F of the 2012 Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey.