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Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey (CBECS)

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Table C5. Consumption and gross energy intensity by Census region for sum of major fuels, 2012

Released: May 2016

Sum of major fuel
consumption
(trillion Btu)
Total floorspace
of buildings
(million square feet)
Energy intensity for
sum of major fuels
(thousand Btu/square foot)
  North-
east
Mid-
west
South West North-
east
Mid-
west
South West North-
east
Mid-
west
South West
All buildings 1,459 1,566 2,566 1,372 15,534 18,919 34,279 18,360 93.9 82.8 74.9 74.7
Building floorspace (square feet)                        
1,001 to 5,000 106 155 320 141 1,057 1,858 3,383 1,744 100.4 83.4 94.6 81.1
5,001 to 10,000 89 146 250 161 1,248 1,872 3,535 2,245 71.3 78.1 70.8 71.5
10,001 to 25,000 160 194 320 203 2,408 2,889 5,209 3,599 66.4 67.1 61.4 56.4
25,001 to 50,000 123 220 317 162 1,644 3,029 4,528 2,716 75.0 72.8 70.1 59.5
50,001 to 100,000 251 254 412 151 2,676 2,729 6,139 2,374 93.8 93.0 67.0 63.7
100,001 to 200,000 302 193 343 197 2,542 2,400 5,152 2,321 118.7 80.2 66.7 84.9
200,001 to 500,000 245 248 331 203 2,232 2,726 3,681 2,084 109.7 90.8 89.9 97.4
Over 500,000 183 157 273 154 1,727 1,418 2,652 1,277 106.2 110.5 103.0 120.4
Principal building activity                        
Education 169 235 322 116 2,056 3,173 5,162 1,848 82.1 74.2 62.3 62.8
Food sales 72 37 87 66 316 174 399 363 227.8 213.8 217.5 182.5
Food service 73 104 236 101 292 369 771 387 249.0 282.6 306.5 260.9
Health care 176 154 252 135 1,067 862 1,441 786 165.0 178.6 175.1 172.1
Inpatient 124 114 206 105 538 496 894 447 230.4 229.1 230.2 236.0
Outpatient 52 40 47 30 529 366 548 339 98.5 110.1 85.3 87.8
Lodging 99 107 203 156 1,007 1,058 2,302 1,459 97.8 101.5 88.1 106.8
Mercantile 153 210 398 247 1,653 2,132 4,729 2,815 92.8 98.5 84.1 87.6
Retail (other than mall) 56 86 133 89 835 1,142 2,126 1,336 66.9 74.9 62.6 66.7
Enclosed and strip malls 98 124 264 157 818 990 2,603 1,478 119.2 125.7 101.6 106.4
Office 370 267 368 236 3,703 3,334 5,501 3,414 99.8 80.0 66.9 69.2
Public assembly 93 138 176 73 953 1,585 2,003 1,018 97.1 87.2 88.0 71.7
Public order and safety 37 29 50 Q 345 334 576 Q 108.4 88.1 86.4 Q
Religious worship 37 42 67 27 897 925 2,011 725 41.5 45.7 33.4 36.7
Service 49 88 102 34 823 1,472 1,642 694 59.3 59.6 62.0 48.3
Warehouse and storage 63 93 176 97 1,761 2,530 5,257 3,529 35.8 36.8 33.5 27.4
Other 64 49 116 56 273 435 827 467 236.4 112.9 140.8 120.0
Vacant Q 11 13 13 389 536 1,659 672 Q Q Q 19.0
Year constructed                        
Before 1920 97 54 73 15 1,632 1,040 982 329 59.2 51.5 73.9 47.0
1920 to 1945 166 111 88 54 1,959 1,769 1,503 795 84.7 62.6 58.4 67.6
1946 to 1959 140 145 156 96 1,581 1,662 2,634 1,504 88.4 87.3 59.3 63.8
1960 to 1969 201 216 304 182 2,240 2,687 3,499 1,937 89.7 80.3 86.8 93.7
1970 to 1979 263 260 320 169 1,952 2,619 3,693 2,582 134.9 99.2 86.7 65.3
1980 to 1989 146 233 546 238 1,743 2,617 6,942 3,929 84.1 89.0 78.7 60.7
1990 to 1999 224 211 434 234 2,044 2,798 6,172 2,788 109.3 75.4 70.3 83.8
2000 to 2003 99 134 246 99 980 1,495 3,314 1,426 101.0 89.7 74.3 69.8
2004 to 2007 53 101 199 175 501 1,236 2,839 1,948 106.2 81.8 70.1 89.7
2008 to 2012 71 102 201 110 903 997 2,701 1,122 78.5 102.1 74.4 98.2
Climate region1                        
Very cold/Cold 933 1,360 N 453 10,510 16,172 N 5,217 88.8 84.1 N 86.9
Mixed-humid 526 206 1,537 N 5,024 2,748 20,101 N 104.7 74.9 76.5 N
Mixed-dry/Hot-dry N N Q 716 N N Q 10,490 N N 56.7 68.3
Hot-humid N N 941 Q N N 12,632 Q N N 74.5 Q
Marine N N N 197 N N N 2,454 N N N 80.2
Number of floors                        
One 341 616 1,241 633 3,865 7,652 18,532 9,760 88.3 80.5 67.0 64.8
Two 369 343 464 284 4,098 4,867 6,972 4,269 90.1 70.4 66.6 66.6
Three 199 215 175 79 2,421 2,607 2,028 1,083 82.3 82.5 86.0 73.2
Four to nine 356 295 531 250 3,409 2,915 5,013 2,198 104.4 101.2 105.9 113.9
Ten or more 194 97 155 Q 1,742 879 1,734 1,049 111.4 110.6 89.4 119.6
Elevators and escalators
(more than one may apply)
                       
Any elevators 871 718 1,020 574 7,911 7,555 11,022 5,633 110.1 95.1 92.5 102.0
Number of elevators                        
One 258 261 252 113 2,580 3,220 3,665 1,693 99.9 81.0 68.8 66.6
Two to five 331 254 431 226 3,146 2,781 4,610 2,281 105.1 91.3 93.5 99.2
Six or more 282 204 336 235 2,186 1,554 2,746 1,658 129.2 131.1 122.5 141.8
Any escalators 86 74 113 Q 798 880 1,071 905 107.4 84.1 105.4 115.2
Number of workers (main shift)                        
Fewer than 5 126 204 288 137 2,692 4,286 7,336 3,438 46.9 47.6 39.3 39.9
5 to 9 90 134 244 131 1,282 1,910 3,553 2,227 69.8 70.1 68.6 58.6
10 to 19 95 187 322 169 1,390 1,880 3,814 2,538 68.3 99.3 84.4 66.6
20 to 49 188 281 445 273 1,903 3,372 5,611 3,628 99.0 83.3 79.3 75.4
50 to 99 246 260 480 163 2,385 2,761 6,076 2,254 103.2 94.3 79.1 72.2
100 to 249 267 221 366 205 2,530 2,314 4,163 1,934 105.5 95.3 88.0 105.8
250 or more 447 279 420 294 3,352 2,397 3,726 2,341 133.5 116.5 112.8 125.7
Weekly operating hours                        
Fewer than 40 37 78 71 43 1,173 2,026 3,508 1,514 31.6 38.3 20.3 28.4
40 to 48 138 175 327 192 2,361 3,048 6,789 3,631 58.6 57.4 48.1 52.9
49 to 60 245 302 478 233 3,345 4,372 8,494 4,318 73.3 69.0 56.2 54.0
61 to 84 296 335 462 276 3,313 3,628 5,275 3,651 89.4 92.4 87.6 75.7
85 to 167 256 269 389 184 1,881 2,428 3,138 1,948 136.0 110.7 124.1 94.6
Open continuously 487 407 840 443 3,461 3,418 7,076 3,298 140.6 119.1 118.7 134.4
Ownership and occupancy                        
Nongovernment owned 1,080 1,175 2,004 1,117 11,913 14,177 26,441 15,019 90.6 82.9 75.8 74.4
Owner occupied 499 615 989 512 5,454 7,338 12,119 5,726 91.4 83.8 81.6 89.5
Leased to tenant(s) 417 385 776 463 4,430 4,720 10,105 6,860 94.2 81.5 76.8 67.5
Owner occupied and leased 163 171 237 138 1,786 1,767 3,242 2,078 91.1 96.9 73.0 66.6
Unoccupied Q Q 2 Q Q 352 975 355 Q Q Q Q
Government owned 380 391 562 254 3,621 4,742 7,839 3,341 104.9 82.5 71.8 76.2
Federal Q 26 75 22 Q 275 835 204 Q 94.2 89.4 105.9
State Q 119 164 95 1,149 1,158 2,111 1,122 153.4 102.4 77.9 85.1
Local 188 247 323 137 2,213 3,310 4,893 2,015 85.1 74.5 66.1 68.2
Party responsible for operation
and maintenance of energy
systems
                       
Building owner 1,215 1,379 2,102 1,112 13,304 16,815 28,772 14,811 91.3 82.0 73.1 75.1
Business owner or tenant 205 158 385 235 1,819 1,724 4,541 3,225 112.8 91.8 84.8 72.8
Property management Q Q 52 Q Q Q 652 233 Q Q 80.3 Q
Other Q Q 27 Q Q Q 315 Q Q Q 84.9 Q
Provider of direct input on energy-
related equipment purchases
                       
Building owner 1,235 1,404 2,166 1,179 13,567 17,159 29,802 15,742 91.0 81.8 72.7 74.9
Business owner or tenant 167 122 305 172 1,393 1,274 3,326 2,263 120.1 95.6 91.6 76.2
Property management Q Q 18 Q Q Q 345 Q Q Q 51.4 Q
Other 38 Q 78 11 314 345 806 221 120.9 73.7 97.0 50.4
Number of establishments                        
One 913 1,000 1,684 889 9,527 12,503 21,742 11,222 95.8 80.0 77.4 79.2
2 to 5 311 384 463 243 3,305 4,207 6,503 3,742 94.0 91.2 71.2 65.0
6 to 10 68 72 138 85 775 798 1,750 1,103 88.1 90.5 78.7 77.4
11 to 20 80 56 150 70 833 493 1,560 818 95.9 113.1 96.0 85.3
More than 20 87 51 130 79 832 532 1,419 1,037 104.5 95.4 91.3 76.5
Currently unoccupied Q Q 3 6 262 386 1,306 439 Q Q Q Q
Predominant exterior wall material                        
Brick, stone, or stucco 721 814 1,374 549 7,649 9,051 16,679 7,084 94.3 89.9 82.4 77.5
Concrete (block or poured) 367 329 652 372 3,608 4,010 8,153 4,955 101.6 82.0 80.0 75.1
Concrete panels 101 170 191 202 804 1,694 3,158 3,037 125.6 100.5 60.5 66.6
Siding or shingles 100 103 91 106 1,589 1,395 1,389 1,377 62.8 73.9 65.3 77.3
Metal panels 70 99 194 64 1,020 2,150 4,246 1,257 68.9 46.3 45.8 50.7
Window glass 73 Q 34 42 432 Q 360 323 169.0 Q 95.7 129.8
Other Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
No one major type Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Predominant roof material                        
Metal surfacing 93 167 453 152 1,626 3,264 8,295 2,733 57.2 51.3 54.6 55.5
Synthetic or rubber 581 672 719 469 5,880 7,502 7,742 4,692 98.8 89.6 92.9 100.0
Built-up 429 365 703 366 3,782 3,999 8,890 5,164 113.4 91.2 79.1 70.9
Slate or tile shingles 70 29 167 105 842 390 1,865 1,209 83.6 73.9 89.4 86.8
Wooden materials (including
shingles)
17 Q 36 28 161 Q 383 469 104.3 Q 93.3 60.4
Asphalt, fiberglass, or
other shingles
222 291 390 202 2,668 3,268 5,843 3,324 83.2 89.0 66.8 60.8
Concrete 30 Q 65 28 298 Q 860 403 100.9 Q 76.0 68.2
Other Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
No one major type Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Roof characteristics                        
Roof tilt                        
Flat 1,061 990 1,547 877 10,061 10,574 18,121 10,866 105.4 93.6 85.4 80.8
Shallow pitch 194 345 701 356 2,542 5,009 11,004 5,297 76.5 68.9 63.7 67.2
Steeper pitch 204 230 318 138 2,930 3,336 5,154 2,197 69.6 69.0 61.7 62.9
Cool roof 381 371 632 454 3,382 3,666 7,530 5,053 112.6 101.1 83.9 89.8
Renovations in buildings
constructed before 2008
(more than one may apply)
                       
Any type of renovation 946 887 1,277 652 9,263 10,097 15,393 7,462 102.1 87.8 83.0 87.4
Addition or annex 276 390 422 204 2,574 4,082 4,609 1,757 107.2 95.5 91.6 116.0
Reduction in floorspace Q 32 65 19 584 273 626 270 187.5 116.0 104.4 71.1
Roof replacement 571 513 629 274 5,460 5,397 6,962 3,097 104.5 95.0 90.4 88.3
Exterior wall replacement 77 98 147 77 910 1,074 1,442 805 84.2 91.6 101.9 95.5
Interior wall reconfiguration 502 481 669 404 5,019 5,201 6,854 4,266 99.9 92.5 97.6 94.8
Window replacement 292 240 364 194 3,404 3,041 3,773 2,048 85.7 79.0 96.6 94.8
HVAC equipment upgrade 693 579 829 444 6,477 6,541 9,363 4,398 107.0 88.5 88.5 100.9
Lighting upgrade 608 570 809 452 6,009 6,104 8,829 4,560 101.2 93.4 91.7 99.0
Electrical upgrade 419 373 511 305 3,968 4,004 5,482 2,707 105.6 93.1 93.2 112.7
Plumbing system upgrade 364 322 431 280 3,378 3,447 4,629 2,375 107.9 93.3 93.1 117.7
Insulation upgrade 177 194 239 161 1,749 2,197 2,358 1,304 101.4 88.4 101.4 123.2
Fire, safety, or security upgrade 462 390 551 282 4,602 3,814 5,875 2,905 100.4 102.3 93.7 97.2
Structural upgrade 58 81 143 142 732 887 1,201 1,094 79.1 91.6 118.9 129.9
Other Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
No renovations 443 577 1,088 609 5,368 7,826 16,185 9,776 82.5 73.8 67.2 62.3
Buildings constructed 2008 or later 71 102 201 110 903 997 2,701 1,122 78.5 102.1 74.4 98.2
Energy sources
(more than one may apply)
                       
Electricity 1,459 1,566 2,566 1,372 15,291 18,560 33,026 17,992 95.4 84.4 77.7 76.2
Natural gas 1,173 1,371 1,824 1,176 11,068 15,025 19,900 12,732 106.0 91.2 91.7 92.4
Fuel oil 621 449 776 385 6,079 3,935 7,051 3,135 102.2 114.1 110.0 122.8
District heat 284 115 258 151 1,981 906 2,191 886 143.5 126.5 117.7 170.6
District chilled water 188 73 266 137 794 585 2,479 749 237.0 125.6 107.5 183.0
Propane 133 136 189 124 1,746 1,909 2,567 1,484 76.3 71.5 73.6 83.8
Other 87 48 77 89 1,087 798 907 1,034 80.5 60.1 84.4 86.2
Space-heating energy sources
(more than one may apply)
                       
Electricity 671 737 1,723 768 7,276 8,638 22,558 10,559 92.2 85.3 76.4 72.7
Natural gas 938 1,272 1,318 917 9,352 14,031 15,438 10,690 100.3 90.7 85.4 85.8
Fuel oil 218 66 64 Q 2,851 667 765 Q 76.6 99.4 84.1 Q
District heat 284 115 255 150 1,981 906 2,171 867 143.5 126.5 117.6 172.6
Propane 35 48 51 18 653 1,003 927 484 53.2 47.4 54.7 37.8
Other 6 15 Q Q 206 301 Q Q Q 49.7 Q 35.6
Primary space-heating
energy source
                       
Electricity 168 205 1,105 368 2,188 2,982 15,118 5,917 76.7 68.6 73.1 62.1
Natural gas 841 1,193 1,045 793 8,366 13,084 12,312 9,226 100.5 91.2 84.9 85.9
Fuel oil 141 Q 21 Q 1,988 Q 299 Q 71.0 Q 69.7 Q
District heat 281 110 253 150 1,954 864 2,112 867 144.0 127.7 119.8 172.6
Propane 11 23 24 6 377 723 613 235 28.3 32.1 38.4 23.5
Other Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q 32.9
Cooling energy sources
(more than one may apply)
                       
Electricity 1,254 1,487 2,360 1,220 13,303 16,826 29,950 15,955 94.3 88.4 78.8 76.5
Natural gas 43 Q Q Q 305 Q Q Q 140.9 Q Q Q
District chilled water 188 73 266 137 794 585 2,479 749 237.0 125.6 107.5 183.0
Water-heating energy sources
(more than one may apply)
                       
Electricity 546 609 1,358 589 6,561 7,934 19,449 8,811 83.2 76.7 69.8 66.8
Natural gas 888 1,047 1,245 849 7,533 10,615 12,258 9,116 117.8 98.6 101.6 93.1
Fuel oil 123 Q Q Q 1,401 Q Q Q 87.7 Q Q Q
District heat 240 104 190 Q 1,641 767 1,568 575 146.6 135.3 121.0 205.6
Propane 19 18 40 10 389 392 534 260 49.6 45.1 74.5 38.9
Cooking energy sources
(more than one may apply)
                       
Electricity 477 617 936 481 4,677 6,159 9,812 4,503 102.0 100.3 95.4 106.8
Natural gas 683 642 1,018 671 5,357 5,642 8,572 5,200 127.5 113.8 118.8 129.1
Propane 74 24 47 22 779 328 663 230 95.6 71.6 70.7 95.4
Energy end uses
(more than one may apply)
                       
Buildings with space heating 1,447 1,560 2,449 1,326 15,053 18,055 30,499 16,471 96.1 86.4 80.3 80.5
Buildings with cooling 1,402 1,522 2,539 1,310 13,949 17,144 31,734 16,467 100.5 88.8 80.0 79.6
Buildings with water heating 1,440 1,541 2,487 1,329 14,633 17,592 30,261 16,529 98.4 87.6 82.2 80.4
Buildings with cooking 917 887 1,455 821 8,177 8,726 14,381 7,262 112.1 101.7 101.1 113.1
Buildings with manufacturing 99 69 135 58 1,059 1,172 1,708 1,139 93.1 58.5 79.1 51.0
Buildings with electricity
generation
721 551 1,003 529 6,223 5,358 9,377 4,683 115.9 102.8 106.9 112.9
Percent of floorspace heated                        
Not heated 12 6 117 46 481 864 3,781 1,890 Q Q 30.9 24.4
1 to 50 53 55 184 175 1,132 1,310 3,979 3,709 47.1 41.6 46.3 47.3
51 to 99 278 195 546 279 2,873 2,239 6,218 3,320 96.7 87.3 87.8 84.1
100 1,116 1,310 1,719 871 11,049 14,506 20,302 9,441 101.0 90.3 84.7 92.2
Percent of floorspace cooled                        
Not cooled 57 43 27 62 1,585 1,776 2,545 1,894 36.3 24.4 10.5 32.6
1 to 50 227 321 239 202 3,558 4,741 6,189 4,403 63.7 67.7 38.7 45.9
51 to 99 571 457 738 377 5,081 4,697 8,462 4,487 112.4 97.2 87.2 84.1
100 604 745 1,562 731 5,311 7,706 17,083 7,576 113.8 96.7 91.4 96.4
Percent lit when open                        
Zero Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
1 to 50 109 186 235 113 2,097 2,870 4,755 2,907 51.8 64.7 49.4 39.0
51 to 99 605 747 1,106 591 6,288 7,932 13,288 7,307 96.2 94.2 83.2 80.9
100 741 625 1,220 658 6,670 7,266 14,405 7,385 111.1 86.0 84.7 89.0
Building never open/electricity
not used
Q 8 3 9 437 773 1,710 683 Q Q Q 13.8
Percent lit during off hours                        
Zero 240 315 437 302 3,877 5,594 9,120 6,156 61.9 56.2 47.9 49.0
1 to 50 870 1,049 1,656 771 9,299 11,464 20,182 9,808 93.6 91.5 82.0 78.6
51 to 100 298 132 330 257 1,801 953 2,567 1,605 165.4 138.5 128.7 160.3
Building always open with
no "off hours"
51 70 143 42 314 550 1,157 423 163.3 127.7 123.5 99.2
Electricity not used N N N N 243 360 1,254 368 N N N N
Heating equipment
(more than one may apply)
                       
Heat pumps 135 90 488 186 1,397 1,068 6,927 2,453 96.3 83.8 70.5 76.0
Furnaces 92 187 229 108 1,244 2,511 3,363 1,536 74.0 74.3 68.0 70.4
Individual space heaters 424 439 453 255 4,918 5,735 6,519 3,594 86.2 76.5 69.5 71.0
District heat 284 115 255 150 1,981 906 2,171 867 143.5 126.5 117.6 172.6
Boilers 653 645 580 383 6,447 6,666 5,784 3,545 101.3 96.8 100.3 108.1
Packaged heating units 665 951 1,607 859 7,186 10,894 20,049 11,059 92.6 87.3 80.1 77.7
Other Q 39 66 38 Q 370 550 339 Q 105.0 119.6 113.2
Cooling equipment
(more than one may apply)
                       
Residential-type central air
conditioners
169 307 388 222 1,695 4,347 5,895 2,828 99.5 70.6 65.9 78.6
Heat pumps 136 90 513 199 1,490 1,024 7,108 2,916 91.5 88.0 72.2 68.4
Individual air conditioners 370 230 296 117 3,845 2,585 4,263 1,727 96.3 88.8 69.6 67.5
District chilled water 188 73 266 137 794 585 2,479 749 237.0 125.6 107.5 183.0
Central chillers 403 489 677 284 3,489 4,475 6,460 2,617 115.6 109.3 104.8 108.4
Packaged air conditioning units 840 918 1,453 762 8,697 9,816 17,185 9,455 96.5 93.5 84.5 80.6
Swamp coolers Q Q 38 118 Q Q 469 1,340 Q Q 80.8 88.4
Other Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Main equipment replaced since
1990 (more than one may apply)
                       
Heating 455 558 797 354 5,356 6,886 10,048 5,268 84.9 81.1 79.3 67.3
Cooling 579 622 928 391 6,314 7,210 11,668 5,510 91.7 86.3 79.5 71.0
Water-heating equipment                        
Centralized system 932 1,025 1,502 751 9,128 11,316 17,460 9,631 102.2 90.5 86.0 77.9
Distributed system 179 165 293 195 2,383 2,335 4,938 3,032 75.2 70.5 59.3 64.4
Combination of centralized and
distributed system
328 352 692 383 3,122 3,942 7,863 3,866 105.1 89.3 88.0 99.1
Lighting equipment types
(more than one may apply)
                       
Incandescent 781 881 1,240 639 7,565 9,038 14,581 7,222 103.3 97.5 85.0 88.4
Standard fluorescent 1,417 1,526 2,464 1,307 14,473 17,514 31,363 16,732 97.9 87.1 78.6 78.1
Compact fluorescent 1,157 1,139 1,796 1,003 10,771 11,841 20,042 11,163 107.4 96.2 89.6 89.8
High-intensity discharge (HID) 503 549 758 376 4,510 5,357 9,347 4,182 111.6 102.5 81.1 89.9
Halogen 502 634 1,017 541 5,267 6,169 10,970 5,653 95.4 102.8 92.7 95.8
LED 567 535 794 466 4,752 5,148 7,559 4,612 119.3 104.0 105.1 101.1
Other Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Refrigeration equipment
(more than one may apply)
                       
Any refrigeration 1,368 1,465 2,397 1,241 13,612 16,570 28,755 14,709 100.5 88.4 83.4 84.4
Walk-in units 813 740 1,279 695 5,870 6,331 10,777 5,384 138.4 116.8 118.6 129.0
Cases or cabinets 783 743 1,106 683 6,066 6,803 10,386 5,464 129.0 109.3 106.5 125.1
Large cold storage areas 93 103 207 127 569 972 1,700 930 163.0 105.8 121.6 137.1
Commercial ice makers 753 802 1,447 729 5,573 6,598 14,516 6,048 135.1 121.6 99.7 120.6
Residential-type or compact units 1,133 1,236 1,844 970 11,436 14,257 24,189 12,499 99.1 86.7 76.2 77.6
Vending machines 928 934 1,539 777 8,448 9,673 17,627 8,188 109.9 96.6 87.3 94.9
No refrigeration 91 101 169 131 1,922 2,350 5,525 3,651 47.6 42.8 30.7 35.7
Office equipment
(more than one may apply)
                       
Desktop computers 1,393 1,492 2,412 1,289 14,116 16,861 29,686 16,400 98.7 88.5 81.3 78.6
With flat screen monitors 1,381 1,479 2,382 1,281 13,956 16,628 29,347 16,229 98.9 89.0 81.2 79.0
With multiple monitors 606 637 1,059 640 5,289 6,407 12,095 7,155 114.6 99.3 87.6 89.4
Laptop computers 1,194 1,240 1,990 1,043 11,774 13,895 24,921 12,896 101.4 89.2 79.8 80.8
Dedicated servers 1,039 1,045 1,723 977 10,087 11,271 20,565 11,447 103.0 92.7 83.8 85.4
Laser printers 1,061 1,100 1,734 899 10,317 12,158 20,460 11,320 102.8 90.5 84.8 79.4
Inkjet printers 579 646 1,082 597 6,559 7,682 14,297 7,697 88.2 84.1 75.6 77.5
FAX machines 1,247 1,282 2,113 1,065 12,733 14,439 25,795 13,715 97.9 88.8 81.9 77.6
Photocopiers 1,179 1,152 1,782 997 11,654 13,053 22,099 12,471 101.2 88.3 80.6 79.9
Number of desktop computers                        
None 67 74 154 83 1,418 2,058 4,594 1,960 47.1 35.8 33.5 42.1
1 to 4 181 265 505 233 2,457 3,582 6,273 3,356 73.5 74.1 80.4 69.6
5 to 9 115 196 287 140 1,392 2,120 3,528 2,381 82.4 92.5 81.3 58.8
10 to 19 151 147 225 153 1,644 1,826 3,531 2,388 91.9 80.2 63.8 64.1
20 to 49 228 247 433 212 2,327 2,591 5,347 2,830 98.0 95.5 80.9 75.1
50 to 99 127 166 217 134 1,365 1,984 3,243 1,692 93.3 83.9 67.0 79.4
100 to 249 271 197 289 203 2,303 2,202 3,391 1,832 117.9 89.6 85.2 110.9
250 or more 319 273 456 213 2,628 2,556 4,373 1,921 121.6 106.7 104.4 110.7
Number of laptop computers                        
None 266 326 577 329 3,760 5,024 9,358 5,464 70.6 64.8 61.6 60.3
1 to 4 273 385 571 288 3,350 5,045 8,080 4,687 81.4 76.4 70.6 61.4
5 to 9 178 146 254 119 1,406 1,478 3,568 1,894 126.7 99.0 71.3 62.7
10 to 19 144 124 262 188 1,500 1,473 3,386 1,984 95.9 84.5 77.4 94.9
20 to 49 156 208 303 239 1,471 2,195 3,794 2,183 106.4 95.0 79.8 109.6
50 to 99 117 132 176 82 1,218 1,312 1,827 877 95.8 100.3 96.4 93.1
100 to 249 151 99 210 65 1,414 1,022 2,108 673 106.9 96.6 99.8 96.3
250 or more 175 145 213 62 1,415 1,370 2,159 598 123.6 106.0 98.8 104.0
Number of dedicated servers                        
None 421 521 844 395 5,448 7,648 13,715 6,913 77.2 68.1 61.5 57.1
1 to 4 556 615 1,022 525 6,193 7,200 13,500 7,203 89.8 85.4 75.7 72.9
5 to 9 118 143 178 127 1,092 1,435 2,226 1,487 107.7 99.3 79.7 85.4
10 to 19 153 95 194 151 1,117 1,006 2,325 1,263 137.0 94.3 83.6 119.4
20 to 49 62 107 159 68 688 982 1,309 779 90.0 109.0 121.5 87.9
50 or more 150 86 170 106 996 649 1,204 714 151.0 132.6 140.8 148.2
Number of photocopiers                        
None 281 413 785 375 3,880 5,866 12,181 5,889 72.3 70.5 64.4 63.7
One 208 316 421 258 2,604 3,942 6,129 4,405 79.9 80.1 68.6 58.5
2 to 4 320 377 595 304 3,581 4,583 8,063 4,085 89.4 82.3 73.8 74.4
5 to 9 228 189 241 126 1,946 2,167 3,203 1,547 117.3 87.3 75.1 81.6
10 or more 423 271 525 309 3,523 2,361 4,704 2,434 119.9 114.6 111.7 126.8
Number of TVs or video displays                        
None 259 288 402 266 4,054 5,090 9,483 5,711 63.9 56.5 42.4 46.5
One 122 164 284 128 1,416 2,292 4,276 2,006 86.1 71.4 66.4 63.7
2 to 4 251 340 505 215 2,930 4,056 6,314 3,165 85.6 83.9 79.9 68.0
5 to 9 196 131 288 161 1,824 1,450 3,162 1,711 107.5 90.3 91.2 94.3
10 to 19 221 200 256 133 1,799 1,893 3,051 1,424 122.7 105.4 83.9 93.7
20 to 49 144 138 275 160 1,443 1,668 3,188 1,759 99.7 82.5 86.3 91.1
50 to 99 48 94 201 89 382 929 2,036 1,031 126.2 101.2 98.5 86.1
100 or more 219 212 356 220 1,685 1,541 2,769 1,552 129.8 137.7 128.5 141.5
Food preparation or serving areas
in non-food service buildings
(more than one may apply)
                       
Snack bar or concession stand 227 240 395 251 1,924 2,262 3,763 1,934 117.8 105.9 104.9 129.7
Fast food or small restaurant 220 227 466 294 1,751 1,774 3,797 2,464 125.4 127.9 122.6 119.2
Cafeteria or large restaurant 435 345 553 292 3,585 3,455 5,947 2,236 121.3 99.9 92.9 130.5
Commercial kitchen/
food preparation area
424 410 605 359 3,254 3,952 6,092 2,852 130.4 103.8 99.3 125.8
Small kitchen area 274 286 399 228 3,105 3,413 5,121 2,414 88.4 83.8 77.9 94.4
Separate computer areas
(more than one may apply)
                       
Data center or server farm 317 286 424 329 2,377 2,488 3,873 2,366 133.1 114.9 109.4 139.2
Computer-based training room 330 399 637 330 3,341 3,950 7,121 3,311 98.7 101.0 89.5 99.8
Student or public computer center 249 288 493 244 2,710 3,338 5,999 2,293 91.9 86.4 82.3 106.4
HVAC conservation features
(more than one may apply)
                       
Economizer cycle 810 780 881 671 6,911 7,916 9,051 6,870 117.2 98.6 97.3 97.7
Regular HVAC maintenance 1,327 1,401 2,263 1,212 12,982 15,173 26,573 14,517 102.2 92.4 85.2 83.5
Building automation system (BAS)2 782 806 1,351 770 6,934 7,996 14,578 7,542 112.8 100.8 92.7 102.1
Window and interior lighting
features (more than one may
apply)
                       
Multipaned windows 1,095 1,333 1,879 943 11,457 15,282 22,581 11,041 95.5 87.3 83.2 85.4
Tinted window glass 715 855 1,544 859 6,313 9,069 18,988 10,654 113.2 94.3 81.3 80.7
Reflective window glass 276 391 562 424 2,344 3,813 5,455 4,296 117.5 102.4 103.1 98.7
External overhangs or awnings 537 642 1,217 694 4,290 6,494 13,858 7,547 125.1 98.8 87.8 92.0
Skylights or atriums 453 371 706 480 4,058 4,091 8,083 6,028 111.7 90.8 87.3 79.6
Light scheduling 645 656 959 670 5,838 6,651 10,737 7,038 110.6 98.6 89.4 95.1
Occupancy sensors 819 762 1,129 724 7,732 7,916 11,922 8,300 105.9 96.3 94.7 87.3
Multi-level lighting or dimming 289 352 555 422 2,335 3,177 5,424 3,598 123.8 110.7 102.3 117.4
Daylight harvesting 132 153 168 166 1,032 1,522 1,996 1,564 128.0 100.3 84.2 106.4
Demand responsive lighting 62 87 156 105 648 912 1,692 1,487 95.6 95.4 92.1 70.8
Building automation system (BAS) for lighting2 267 251 395 287 2,159 2,448 4,507 2,953 123.7 102.7 87.7 97.1
Equipment usage reduced when
building not in full use
(more than one may apply)
                       
Heating 1,128 1,183 1,724 987 12,290 14,126 23,309 13,442 91.8 83.7 74.0 73.4
Cooling 1,100 1,139 1,798 970 11,450 13,442 24,448 13,176 96.1 84.8 73.5 73.7
Lighting 1,348 1,460 2,343 1,276 14,259 17,263 30,541 16,531 94.5 84.6 76.7 77.2
   
1These climate regions were created by the Building America program, sponsored by the U.S. Department of Energy’s Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE).
2In earlier CBECS publications, BAS was referred to as Energy Management and Control System (EMCS).
Q = Data withheld either because the Relative Standard Error (RSE) was greater than 50 percent or fewer than 20 buildings were sampled.
N = No cases in reporting sample.
Notes: • Because of rounding, data may not sum to totals. • See the
Guide to the 2012 CBECS Detailed Tables or CBECS Terminology for definitions of terms used in these tables and/or comparison of differences with prior CBECS tables. Both references can be accessed from http://www.eia.gov/consumption/commercial/data/2012/ • Statistics for the Energy end uses category represent total consumption in buildings that have the end use, not consumption specifically for that particular end use. • HVAC = Heating, ventilation, and air conditioning.
Source: U.S. Energy Information Administration, Office of Energy Consumption and Efficiency Statistics, Form EIA-871A, C, D, E, and F of the 2012 Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey.