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Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey (CBECS)

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Table C35. Fuel oil consumption and conditional energy intensity by Census region, 2012

Released: May 2016

Total fuel oil consumption
(million gallons)
Total floorspace of buildings
using fuel oil (million square feet)
Fuel oil energy intensity
(gallons/square foot)
  North-
east
Mid-
west
South West North-
east
Mid-
west
South West North-
east
Mid-
west
South West
All buildings 652 108 167.0 48 6,079 3,935 7,051 3,135 0.11 0.03 0.02 0.02
Building floorspace (square feet)                        
1,001 to 10,000 160 23 32.0 Q 589 164 317 Q 0.27 0.14 0.10 Q
10,001 to 100,000 296 53 61.0 8 2,157 1,084 1,583 612 0.14 0.05 0.04 0.01
Over 100,000 196 31 74.0 28 3,334 2,688 5,151 2,429 0.06 0.01 0.01 0.01
Principal building activity                        
Education 143 12 47.0 Q 957 544 500 Q 0.15 0.02 0.09 Q
Health care 107 10 18.0 7 718 592 992 474 0.15 0.02 0.02 0.02
Office 93 8 20.0 11 1,666 901 1,850 911 0.06 0.01 0.01 0.01
All others 309 77 81.0 27 2,738 1,899 3,709 1,566 0.11 0.04 0.02 0.02
Year constructed                        
Before 1945 196 5 16.0 Q 1,530 352 589 Q 0.13 0.02 0.03 Q
1946 to 1979 299 31 51.0 15 2,296 1,355 1,942 958 0.13 0.02 0.03 0.02
1980 to 1999 122 26 45.0 19 1,620 1,232 2,741 1,413 0.08 0.02 0.02 0.01
2000 to 2012 35 Q 55.0 Q 633 997 1,779 689 0.06 Q 0.03 0.01
Climate region1                        
Very cold/Cold 478 91 N 23 3,495 3,505 N 1,008 0.14 0.03 N 0.02
Mixed-humid 173 Q 124.0 N 2,584 430 4,273 N 0.07 Q 0.03 N
Mixed-dry/Hot-dry N N Q 13 N N Q 1,344 N N Q 0.01
Hot-humid N N 39.0 Q N N 2,516 Q N N 0.02 Q
Marine N N N 8 N N N 703 N N N 0.01
Number of floors                        
One 146 61 83.0 16 1,025 762 1,904 447 0.14 0.08 0.04 0.04
Two 177 17 31.0 8 1,088 808 907 572 0.16 0.02 0.03 0.01
Three 152 Q 7.0 2 868 494 577 151 0.17 Q 0.01 0.01
Four to nine 142 15 34.0 16 1,768 1,265 2,162 1,051 0.08 0.01 0.02 0.02
Ten or more 35 8 12.0 Q 1,329 607 1,500 913 0.03 0.01 0.01 Q
Number of workers (main shift)                        
Fewer than 10 182 61 38.0 Q 980 522 624 Q 0.19 0.12 0.06 Q
10 to 99 263 20 65.0 11 1,834 1,043 1,957 892 0.14 0.02 0.03 0.01
100 or more 206 27 64.0 27 3,265 2,370 4,470 2,163 0.06 0.01 0.01 0.01
Weekly operating hours                        
Fewer than 48 192 16 53.0 3 1,409 682 756 359 0.14 0.02 0.07 0.01
49 to 84 223 30 51.0 21 2,251 1,316 2,356 1,090 0.10 0.02 0.02 0.02
85 to 167 43 10 7.0 Q 487 573 597 Q 0.09 0.02 0.01 Q
Open continuously 194 51 56.0 20 1,932 1,364 3,342 1,475 0.10 0.04 0.02 0.01
Ownership and occupancy                        
Nongovernment owned 464 63 99.0 37 4,182 2,568 4,841 2,467 0.11 0.02 0.02 0.02
Owner occupied 306 34 48.0 23 1,801 1,368 2,159 980 0.17 0.02 0.02 0.02
Leased to tenant(s) 110 18 36.0 8 1,532 643 1,760 815 0.07 0.03 0.02 0.01
Owner occupied and leased 48 10 15.0 7 829 519 908 672 0.06 0.02 0.02 0.01
Unoccupied Q Q Q N Q Q Q N Q Q Q N
Government owned 188 Q 68.0 11 1,897 1,367 2,210 668 0.10 Q 0.03 0.02
Federal Q Q 6.0 Q Q Q 661 Q Q Q 0.01 Q
State Q 5 Q Q 375 479 333 Q Q 0.01 Q Q
Local 155 Q 53.0 5 1,285 788 1,216 371 0.12 Q 0.04 0.01
Party responsible for operation
and maintenance of energy
systems
                       
Building owner 591 99 145.0 44 5,509 3,574 6,223 2,799 0.11 0.03 0.02 0.02
Business owner or tenant 42 Q 18.0 Q 374 Q 590 Q 0.11 Q 0.03 Q
Property management Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Other Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Provider of direct input on energy-
related equipment purchases
                       
Building owner 603 102 146.0 44 5,611 3,575 6,241 2,865 0.11 0.03 0.02 0.02
Business owner or tenant Q Q 12.0 Q Q Q 493 Q Q Q 0.02 Q
Property management Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Other Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Number of establishments                        
One 519 55 113.0 29 3,393 2,426 4,063 1,652 0.15 0.02 0.03 0.02
2 to 5 77 Q 40.0 15 1,567 956 1,592 829 0.05 0.05 0.03 0.02
6 to 10 Q Q Q Q 300 Q 242 Q 0.10 Q 0.01 Q
11 to 20 Q Q 3.0 Q Q Q 409 Q Q Q 0.01 Q
More than 20 Q Q 7.0 2 567 Q 731 442 Q Q 0.01 0.01
Currently unoccupied Q Q Q N Q Q Q N Q Q Q N
Predominant exterior wall material                        
Brick, stone, or stucco 301 22 92.0 16 2,913 1,698 3,265 922 0.10 0.01 0.03 0.02
Concrete (block or poured) 144 16 27.0 16 1,211 699 1,530 1,022 0.12 0.02 0.02 0.02
Concrete panels 15 9 19.0 9 326 788 1,291 610 0.04 0.01 0.01 0.02
Siding or shingles 126 Q Q Q 637 Q Q Q 0.20 Q Q Q
Metal panels Q 35 20.0 Q 397 313 439 Q 0.11 0.11 0.04 Q
Window glass Q Q 3.0 Q Q Q 269 Q Q Q 0.01 Q
Other Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
No one major type Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Predominant roof material                        
Metal surfacing 88 37 40.0 Q 526 641 752 Q 0.17 0.06 0.05 Q
Synthetic or rubber 186 Q 33.0 24 2,607 1,624 2,379 1,370 0.07 Q 0.01 0.02
Built-up 162 17 38.0 13 1,590 1,102 2,173 915 0.10 0.02 0.02 0.01
Slate or tile shingles Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Wooden materials (including
shingles)
Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Asphalt, fiberglass, or
other shingles
147 6 38.0 4 796 386 1,076 311 0.19 0.02 0.03 0.01
Concrete Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Other Q Q Q N Q Q Q N Q Q Q N
No one major type Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Roof characteristics                        
Roof tilt                        
Flat 345 40 79.0 33 4,315 2,801 4,919 2,345 0.08 0.01 0.02 0.01
Shallow pitch 115 Q 71.0 12 860 805 1,586 641 0.13 0.06 0.04 0.02
Steeper pitch 192 18 17.0 Q 904 330 546 Q 0.21 0.06 0.03 Q
Cool roof 146 26 45.0 20 1,584 1,166 2,306 1,033 0.09 0.02 0.02 0.02
Renovations in buildings
constructed before 2008
(more than one may apply)
                       
Any type of renovation 401 62 86.0 35 4,012 2,310 4,220 2,004 0.10 0.03 0.02 0.02
Addition or annex 169 Q 30.0 12 1,309 1,094 1,494 732 0.13 Q 0.02 0.02
Reduction in floorspace Q Q 7.0 Q Q Q 246 Q Q Q 0.03 Q
Roof replacement 286 52 44.0 16 2,543 1,665 2,125 1,041 0.11 0.03 0.02 0.02
Exterior wall replacement 69 4 5.0 Q 499 346 510 Q 0.14 0.01 0.01 Q
Interior wall reconfiguration 190 15 57.0 20 2,197 1,420 2,504 1,499 0.09 0.01 0.02 0.01
Window replacement 210 9 28.0 Q 1,627 634 1,253 726 0.13 0.01 0.02 0.01
HVAC equipment upgrade 252 20 56.0 22 2,964 1,563 2,776 1,507 0.09 0.01 0.02 0.01
Lighting upgrade 271 28 58.0 21 2,731 1,553 2,881 1,467 0.10 0.02 0.02 0.01
Electrical upgrade 205 14 42.0 16 1,801 1,073 1,723 990 0.11 0.01 0.02 0.02
Plumbing system upgrade 172 Q 28.0 12 1,587 838 1,598 889 0.11 Q 0.02 0.01
Insulation upgrade 61 8 19.0 8 702 625 633 551 0.09 0.01 0.03 0.02
Fire, safety, or security upgrade 204 12 47.0 21 2,169 1,242 2,216 1,148 0.09 0.01 0.02 0.02
Structural upgrade 42 3 16.0 Q 366 293 563 514 0.11 0.01 0.03 0.01
Other Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
No renovations 235 41 57.0 11 1,801 1,411 2,419 891 0.13 0.03 0.02 0.01
Buildings constructed 2008 or later Q Q Q Q Q Q 413 Q Q Q 0.06 Q
Energy sources
(more than one may apply)
                       
Electricity 652 108 167.0 48 6,079 3,935 7,051 3,135 0.11 0.03 0.02 0.02
Natural gas 161 36 68.0 34 3,508 3,071 4,455 2,629 0.05 0.01 0.02 0.01
Fuel oil 652 108 167.0 48 6,079 3,935 7,051 3,135 0.11 0.03 0.02 0.02
District heat 12 9 17.0 9 966 428 1,198 517 0.01 0.02 0.01 0.02
District chilled water 5 Q 11.0 Q 279 352 1,084 Q 0.02 Q 0.01 0.02
Propane 229 Q 40.0 11 1,008 725 845 502 0.23 Q 0.05 0.02
Other 40 Q Q 4 367 Q 329 211 0.11 Q Q 0.02
Space-heating energy sources                        
Fuel oil 595 68 80.0 Q 2,851 667 765 Q 0.21 0.10 0.10 Q
Fuel oil main 569 Q 74.0 Q 1,988 Q 299 Q 0.29 Q 0.25 Q
Fuel oil secondary 26 7 5.0 Q 863 436 466 Q 0.03 0.02 0.01 Q
Other excluding fuel oil 52 40 83.0 33 3,189 3,214 6,012 2,903 0.02 0.01 0.01 0.01
Buildings without heating Q Q 4.0 Q Q Q 274 Q Q Q 0.01 Q
Primary space-heating
energy source
                       
Electricity 11 7 47.0 6 642 678 2,739 591 0.02 0.01 0.02 0.01
Natural gas 39 29 29.0 19 2,271 2,385 2,569 1,797 0.02 0.01 0.01 0.01
Fuel oil 569 Q 74.0 Q 1,988 Q 299 Q 0.29 Q 0.25 Q
District heat 11 8 12.0 Q 939 418 1,119 515 0.01 0.02 0.01 0.01
Propane Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Other Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Cooling energy sources                        
Fuel oil Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Other excluding fuel oil 513 77 161.0 43 5,440 3,735 6,996 3,070 0.09 0.02 0.02 0.01
Buildings without cooling 121 Q Q Q Q Q Q Q 0.21 Q Q Q
Water-heating energy sources                        
Fuel oil 383 Q Q Q 1,401 Q Q Q 0.27 Q Q Q
Other excluding fuel oil 235 87 114.0 42 4,487 3,662 6,715 2,933 0.05 0.02 0.02 0.01
Buildings without water heating Q Q Q Q 191 Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Cooking energy sources                        
Fuel oil Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Other excluding fuel oil 373 36 100.0 32 3,847 2,519 4,159 2,103 0.10 0.01 0.02 0.02
Buildings without cooking 269 72 66.0 16 2,180 1,411 2,884 1,030 0.12 0.05 0.02 0.02
Energy end uses
(more than one may apply)
                       
Buildings with space heating 647 108 163.0 43 6,040 3,882 6,777 2,971 0.11 0.03 0.02 0.01
Buildings with cooling 531 77 162.0 43 5,491 3,739 7,004 3,075 0.10 0.02 0.02 0.01
Buildings with water heating 617 91 156.0 46 5,888 3,864 6,923 3,032 0.10 0.02 0.02 0.02
Buildings with cooking 383 36 100.0 32 3,899 2,524 4,167 2,105 0.10 0.01 0.02 0.02
Buildings with manufacturing 36 Q Q Q 347 Q Q Q 0.10 Q Q Q
Buildings with electricity
generation
285 42 128.0 37 3,980 3,427 6,605 3,061 0.07 0.01 0.02 0.01
Percent of floorspace heated                        
Not heated Q Q 4.0 Q Q Q 274 Q Q Q 0.01 Q
1 to 50 35 Q 20.0 6 486 Q 670 520 0.07 Q 0.03 0.01
51 to 99 93 7 25.0 7 1,270 568 1,250 726 0.07 0.01 0.02 0.01
100 519 91 118.0 31 4,284 2,984 4,856 1,725 0.12 0.03 0.02 0.02
Heating equipment
(more than one may apply)
                       
Heat pumps 46 4 33.0 5 704 376 1,387 580 0.07 0.01 0.02 0.01
Furnaces Q Q Q Q 164 222 291 Q 0.23 0.02 0.03 Q
Individual space heaters 185 33 43.0 Q 1,910 1,322 1,945 697 0.10 0.03 0.02 0.02
District heat 12 9 17.0 Q 966 428 1,178 515 0.01 0.02 0.01 0.01
Boilers 454 30 82.0 17 3,398 2,041 2,351 1,550 0.13 0.01 0.03 0.01
Packaged heating units 184 62 70.0 19 2,132 2,127 3,940 1,382 0.09 0.03 0.02 0.01
Other Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Water-heating equipment                        
Centralized system 421 71 91.0 33 3,556 2,224 3,575 1,624 0.12 0.03 0.03 0.02
Distributed system 71 6 16.0 4 869 417 813 411 0.08 0.02 0.02 0.01
Combination of centralized and
distributed system
125 14 50.0 9 1,464 1,224 2,535 997 0.09 0.01 0.02 0.01
Food preparation or serving areas
in non-food service buildings
(more than one may apply)
                       
Snack bar or concession stand 52 11 37.0 15 1,131 990 1,862 886 0.05 0.01 0.02 0.02
Fast food or small restaurant 22 9 19.0 Q 749 689 1,381 804 0.03 0.01 0.01 0.01
Cafeteria or large restaurant 208 15 65.0 18 2,115 1,346 2,333 1,299 0.10 0.01 0.03 0.01
Commercial kitchen/
food preparation area
148 21 50.0 17 1,728 1,451 2,319 1,180 0.09 0.01 0.02 0.01
Small kitchen area 153 16 45.0 11 1,495 1,038 1,379 755 0.10 0.02 0.03 0.01
HVAC conservation features
(more than one may apply)
                       
Economizer cycle 180 31 76.0 26 2,974 2,495 3,546 2,257 0.06 0.01 0.02 0.01
Regular HVAC maintenance 550 75 142.0 41 5,603 3,565 6,687 3,046 0.10 0.02 0.02 0.01
Building automation system (BAS)2 217 60 113.0 33 3,339 2,823 5,259 2,446 0.07 0.02 0.02 0.01
Equipment usage reduced when
building not in full use
(more than one may apply)
                       
Heating 460 57 123.0 33 4,707 2,843 4,513 2,103 0.10 0.02 0.03 0.02
Cooling 375 40 123.0 29 4,170 2,779 4,863 2,151 0.09 0.01 0.03 0.01
Lighting 614 84 155.0 44 5,596 3,719 6,609 2,980 0.11 0.02 0.02 0.01
Annual consumption
(gallons)
                       
1,000 or less 43 17 29.0 9 1,964 2,000 3,466 1,612 0.02 0.01 0.01 0.01
1,001 to 5,000 144 Q 43.0 13 1,645 908 1,605 673 0.09 Q 0.03 0.02
5,001 to 10,000 117 33 28.0 12 837 451 835 406 0.14 0.07 0.03 0.03
10,001 to 25,000 120 Q 17.0 Q 905 436 794 Q 0.13 0.03 0.02 Q
Over 25,000 227 Q 50.0 Q 729 Q 351 Q 0.31 Q 0.14 Q
 
1These climate regions were created by the Building America program, sponsored by the U.S. Department of Energy’s Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE).
2In earlier CBECS publications, BAS was referred to as Energy Management and Control System (EMCS).
Q = Data withheld either because the Relative Standard Error (RSE) was greater than 50 percent or fewer than 20 buildings were sampled.
N = No cases in reporting sample.
Notes: • Because of rounding, data may not sum to totals. • See the
Guide to the 2012 CBECS Detailed Tables or CBECS Terminology for definitions of terms used in these tables and/or comparison of differences with prior CBECS tables. Both references can be accessed from http://www.eia.gov/consumption/commercial/data/2012/ • Statistics for the Energy end uses category represent total consumption in buildings that have the end use, not consumption specifically for that particular end use. • HVAC = Heating, ventilation, and air conditioning.
Source: U.S. Energy Information Administration, Office of Energy Consumption and Efficiency Statistics, Forms EIA-871A and Fof the 2012 Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey.