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Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey (CBECS)

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Table C33. Total fuel oil consumption and expenditures, 2012

Released: May 2016

All buildings
using fuel oil
  Fuel oil
expenditures
  Number of buildings (thousand) Total
floorspace
(million
square feet)
Floorspace
per building
(thousand
square feet)
Total
(trillion Btu)
Total
(million
gallons)
Total
(million dollars)
All buildings 467 20,200 43.3 134 974 3,230
Building floorspace (square feet)            
1,001 to 5,000 204 604 3.0 21 151 522
5,001 to 10,000 74 559 7.6 10 74 253
10,001 to 25,000 67 1,123 16.7 20 147 494
25,001 to 50,000 39 1,490 38.3 14 102 329
50,001 to 100,000 39 2,822 71.5 23 171 559
100,001 to 200,000 19 2,858 148.6 20 147 461
200,001 to 500,000 18 5,370 303.4 14 98 329
Over 500,000 6 5,374 924.0 12 84 284
Principal building activity            
Education 30 2,185 71.9 28 205 658
Food sales Q Q Q Q Q Q
Food service Q Q Q Q Q Q
Health care 23 2,776 118.5 20 142 444
Inpatient 9 2,257 264.4 16 117 362
Outpatient 15 520 34.9 Q Q Q
Lodging 28 2,051 74.0 8 61 204
Mercantile 44 1,119 25.6 9 69 241
Retail (other than mall) 37 454 12.3 7 53 188
Enclosed and strip malls 7 665 97.8 Q Q Q
Office 86 5,328 62.2 18 131 449
Public assembly 27 1,663 Q 7 48 160
Public order and safety 34 908 26.9 2 17 59
Religious worship 23 391 16.6 5 39 134
Service 86 733 8.6 16 118 394
Warehouse and storage 26 1,773 68.1 5 38 129
Other 28 738 26.5 10 71 243
Vacant Q Q Q Q Q Q
Year constructed            
Before 1920 56 1,099 19.7 16 119 398
1920 to 1945 44 1,447 32.8 14 105 355
1946 to 1959 53 1,530 28.9 18 133 428
1960 to 1969 75 2,407 32.2 20 144 478
1970 to 1979 58 2,614 45.1 16 118 383
1980 to 1989 50 3,806 75.5 16 114 385
1990 to 1999 51 3,201 62.4 14 98 330
2000 to 2003 35 1,467 42.4 10 75 253
2004 to 2007 18 1,497 82.0 3 22 74
2008 to 2012 27 1,133 42.7 6 46 145
Census region and division            
Northeast 217 6,079 28.1 90 652 2,146
New England 115 1,866 16.3 47 344 1,119
Middle Atlantic 102 4,213 41.4 42 308 1,027
Midwest 77 3,935 51.1 15 108 367
East North Central 46 2,619 57.3 10 70 237
West North Central 31 1,316 42.1 5 38 130
South 131 7,051 54.0 23 167 553
South Atlantic 69 4,419 64.0 16 118 387
East South Central 30 797 27.0 3 21 73
West South Central 32 1,835 57.5 4 28 94
West 43 3,135 73.6 7 48 164
Mountain 8 1,092 Q Q Q Q
Pacific 35 2,043 59.2 5 34 117
Climate region1            
Very cold/Cold 271 8,008 29.6 81 592 1,967
Mixed-humid 131 7,287 55.5 43 314 1,043
Mixed-dry/Hot-dry 22 1,605 72.7 2 18 62
Hot-humid 36 2,597 72.6 6 43 133
Marine 7 703 100.0 1 8 26
Number of floors            
One 256 4,139 16.1 42 306 1,009
Two 105 3,375 32.0 32 233 783
Three 58 2,091 36.2 23 167 553
Four to nine 38 6,246 164.6 28 207 679
Ten or more 9 4,349 477.7 8 62 207
Number of workers (main shift)            
Fewer than 5 214 1,489 7.0 31 227 767
5 to 9 73 717 9.8 9 65 222
10 to 19 45 765 17.0 11 83 270
20 to 49 44 1,824 41.2 17 122 409
50 to 99 39 3,137 79.6 21 153 514
100 to 249 30 4,040 136.5 22 161 526
250 or more 21 8,229 389.8 22 162 523
Weekly operating hours            
Fewer than 40 58 538 9.3 10 70 241
40 to 48 125 2,668 21.3 27 194 635
49 to 60 102 3,910 38.4 25 181 604
61 to 84 49 3,104 63.4 20 143 477
85 to 167 30 1,868 62.0 9 64 211
Open continuously 102 8,113 79.2 44 322 1,062
Ownership and occupancy            
Nongovernment owned 365 14,057 38.5 91 663 2,224
Owner occupied 223 6,308 28.3 56 411 1,372
Leased to tenant(s) 108 4,749 43.8 23 171 578
Owner occupied and leased 29 2,928 101.6 11 79 267
Unoccupied Q Q Q Q Q Q
Government owned 101 6,143 60.6 43 311 1,007
Federal Q 1,083 Q Q Q Q
State 15 1,400 95.8 5 39 125
Local 83 3,660 44.2 34 250 808
Party responsible for operation
and maintenance of energy
systems
           
Building owner 412 18,105 43.9 121 879 2,911
Business owner or tenant 41 1,420 34.5 10 70 233
Property management 3 454 Q 1 7 24
Other Q Q Q Q Q Q
Provider of direct input on energy-
related equipment purchases
           
Building owner 418 18,292 43.8 123 895 2,964
Business owner or tenant 29 1,142 39.1 6 47 156
Property management 4 353 83.1 2 12 41
Other 15 414 26.9 3 20 69
Number of establishments            
One 356 11,534 32.4 98 716 2,368
2 to 5 89 4,944 55.7 25 179 589
6 to 10 7 873 129.1 5 38 124
11 to 20 4 884 203.4 1 8 26
More than 20 5 1,893 391.8 4 32 116
Currently unoccupied Q Q Q Q Q Q
Predominant exterior wall material            
Brick, stone, or stucco 156 8,798 56.3 59 432 1,418
Concrete (block or poured) 106 4,462 42.2 28 203 678
Concrete panels 12 3,015 245.5 7 51 163
Siding or shingles 108 1,092 10.1 21 154 525
Metal panels 73 1,195 16.4 13 98 330
Window glass 4 865 221.8 2 16 53
Other Q 491 Q Q Q Q
No one major type Q Q Q Q Q Q
Predominant roof material            
Metal surfacing 124 2,024 16.4 23 167 562
Synthetic or rubber 104 7,980 76.9 40 288 958
Built-up 63 5,780 92.2 31 229 748
Slate or tile shingles 18 724 40.6 4 32 117
Wooden materials (including
shingles)
Q Q Q Q Q Q
Asphalt, fiberglass, or
other shingles
139 2,569 18.5 27 195 655
Concrete 3 620 195.7 3 22 60
Other Q Q Q Q Q Q
No one major type Q Q Q Q Q Q
Roof characteristics            
Roof tilt            
Flat 171 14,380 84.3 68 496 1,644
Shallow pitch 155 3,891 25.1 34 248 822
Steeper pitch 141 1,929 13.7 32 230 764
Cool roof 80 6,090 76.6 33 237 791
Renovations in buildings
constructed before 2008
(more than one may apply)
           
Any type of renovation 233 12,546 53.8 80 584 1,934
Addition or annex 65 4,629 71.6 34 248 795
Reduction in floorspace 9 549 Q Q Q Q
Roof replacement 130 7,374 56.7 55 398 1,313
Exterior wall replacement 22 1,636 72.8 11 82 263
Interior wall reconfiguration 107 7,620 71.4 39 283 920
Window replacement 70 4,239 60.4 35 255 824
HVAC equipment upgrade 112 8,810 78.7 48 350 1,151
Lighting upgrade 105 8,632 82.0 52 378 1,245
Electrical upgrade 82 5,588 68.4 38 277 911
Plumbing system upgrade 69 4,912 70.8 33 243 818
Insulation upgrade 34 2,510 74.0 13 96 320
Fire, safety, or security upgrade 79 6,775 86.1 39 283 932
Structural upgrade 23 1,737 75.0 9 68 226
Other Q 371 Q Q Q Q
No renovations 207 6,521 31.5 47 344 1,151
Buildings constructed 2008 or later 27 1,133 42.7 6 46 145
Energy sources
(more than one may apply)
           
Electricity 467 20,200 43.3 134 974 3,230
Natural gas 164 13,663 83.4 41 298 1,002
Fuel oil 467 20,200 43.3 134 974 3,230
District heat 10 3,110 307.5 6 47 159
District chilled water 8 2,134 263.2 4 32 108
Propane 90 3,080 34.3 43 314 1,008
Other 41 1,133 27.6 8 59 201
Space-heating energy sources            
Fuel oil 270 4,351 16.1 104 753 2,484
Fuel oil main 205 2,542 12.4 98 715 2,357
Fuel oil secondary 65 1,809 28.0 5 39 127
Other excluding fuel oil 185 15,319 82.8 29 207 692
Buildings without heating 12 530 Q 2 13 54
Primary space-heating
energy source
           
Electricity 85 4,651 54.4 10 71 226
Natural gas 114 9,022 79.0 16 117 396
Fuel oil 205 2,542 12.4 98 715 2,357
District heat 10 2,991 304.7 5 38 130
Propane Q Q Q Q Q Q
Other Q Q Q Q Q Q
Cooling energy sources            
Fuel oil Q Q Q Q Q Q
Other excluding fuel oil 360 19,241 53.4 109 794 2,635
Buildings without cooling 106 891 8.4 22 161 541
Water-heating energy sources            
Fuel oil 77 1,911 24.7 60 433 1,401
Other excluding fuel oil 334 17,797 53.3 66 477 1,632
Buildings without water heating 56 492 8.9 9 64 198
Cooking energy sources            
Fuel oil Q Q Q Q Q Q
Other excluding fuel oil 163 12,628 77.5 74 540 1,772
Buildings without cooking 300 7,506 25.0 58 423 1,422
Energy end uses
(more than one may apply)
           
Buildings with space heating 455 19,670 43.2 132 961 3,176
Buildings with cooling 360 19,309 53.6 112 813 2,689
Buildings with water heating 411 19,708 47.9 125 911 3,032
Buildings with cooking 166 12,694 76.3 76 551 1,808
Buildings with manufacturing 25 863 35.0 6 47 152
Buildings with electricity
generation
214 17,073 79.8 68 491 1,613
Percent of floorspace heated            
Not heated 12 530 Q 2 13 54
1 to 50 65 2,005 30.9 10 69 218
51 to 99 58 3,815 65.8 18 132 439
100 332 13,849 41.7 104 759 2,519
Heating equipment
(more than one may apply)
           
Heat pumps 44 3,047 68.9 12 88 292
Furnaces 42 870 20.8 7 54 184
Individual space heaters 177 5,874 33.1 38 275 912
District heat 10 3,088 306.8 6 44 150
Boilers 139 9,340 67.3 80 583 1,897
Packaged heating units 218 9,580 44.0 46 335 1,126
Other Q Q Q Q Q Q
Water-heating equipment            
Centralized system 314 10,979 34.9 85 616 2,072
Distributed system 52 2,510 48.4 13 98 324
Combination of centralized and
distributed system
45 6,219 138.0 27 197 636
Food preparation or serving areas
in non-food service buildings
(more than one may apply)
           
Snack bar or concession stand 24 4,868 202.6 16 114 384
Fast food or small restaurant 19 3,624 192.9 8 60 200
Cafeteria or large restaurant 35 7,093 204.0 42 306 1,002
Commercial kitchen/
food preparation area
49 6,678 135.2 33 237 783
Small kitchen area 82 4,666 57.2 31 225 745
HVAC conservation features
(more than one may apply)
           
Economizer cycle 86 11,271 131.6 43 313 1,026
Regular HVAC maintenance 318 18,901 59.5 111 809 2,681
Building automation system (BAS)2 119 13,867 116.3 58 423 1,371
Equipment usage reduced when
building not in full use
(more than one may apply)
           
Heating 320 14,165 44.3 92 673 2,233
Cooling 254 13,963 54.9 78 566 1,880
Lighting 427 18,903 44.3 123 897 2,971
Annual consumption
(gallons)
           
1,000 or less 311 9,042 29.0 14 99 349
1,001 to 5,000 111 4,830 43.6 33 239 810
5,001 to 10,000 29 2,528 86.9 26 190 620
10,001 to 25,000 10 2,302 226.7 21 156 519
Over 25,000 5 1,498 280.4 40 291 932
   
1These climate regions were created by the Building America program, sponsored by the U.S. Department of Energy’s Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE).
2In earlier CBECS publications, BAS was referred to as Energy Management and Control System (EMCS).
Q = Data withheld either because the Relative Standard Error (RSE) was greater than 50 percent or fewer than 20 buildings were sampled.
N = No cases in reporting sample.
Notes: • Because of rounding, data may not sum to totals. • See the
Guide to the 2012 CBECS Detailed Tables or CBECS Terminology for definitions of terms used in these tables and/or comparison of differences with prior CBECS tables. Both references can be accessed from http://www.eia.gov/consumption/commercial/data/2012/ • Statistics for the Energy end uses category represent total consumption in buildings that have the end use, not consumption specifically for that particular end use. • HVAC = Heating, ventilation, and air conditioning.
Source: U.S. Energy Information Administration, Office of Energy Consumption and Efficiency Statistics, Forms EIA-871A and Fof the 2012 Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey.