‹ Consumption & Efficiency

Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey (CBECS)

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Table C26. Natural gas expenditures by Census region, 2012

Released: May 2016

Total natural gas expenditures
(million dollars)
Natural gas expenditures (dollars)
per thousand cubic feet per square foot
  North-
east
Mid-
west
South West North-
east
Mid-
west
South West North-
east
Mid-
west
South West
All buildings 4,599 4,383 4,793 3,503 9.44 6.99 7.98 7.31 0.42 0.29 0.24 0.28
Building floorspace (square feet)                        
1,001 to 5,000 407 526 784 440 10.23 8.13 8.65 8.10 0.85 0.47 0.62 0.50
5,001 to 10,000 336 519 670 432 10.41 7.34 8.03 7.81 0.53 0.38 0.44 0.34
10,001 to 25,000 631 639 681 598 10.77 7.87 8.25 8.06 0.39 0.29 0.26 0.25
25,001 to 50,000 426 704 553 417 9.26 7.05 7.48 7.33 0.38 0.27 0.21 0.24
50,001 to 100,000 835 638 795 353 9.79 6.40 8.21 7.36 0.39 0.29 0.20 0.22
100,001 to 200,000 883 483 481 413 8.75 6.99 8.63 7.20 0.41 0.26 0.14 0.22
200,001 to 500,000 645 585 421 510 8.56 6.39 7.51 6.44 0.38 0.24 0.18 0.28
Over 500,000 437 288 409 Q 8.91 5.79 6.67 6.30 0.36 0.23 0.21 0.32
Principal building activity                        
Education 718 729 463 290 9.36 6.87 7.53 7.30 0.44 0.27 0.12 0.20
Food sales Q Q 83 Q Q Q 8.32 Q Q Q 0.49 Q
Food service 238 336 781 344 9.31 6.89 7.60 7.70 1.22 1.12 1.35 1.08
Health care 560 384 511 364 9.07 6.20 6.57 6.39 0.62 0.53 0.51 0.55
Inpatient 395 285 476 285 8.52 5.98 6.49 6.17 0.91 0.67 0.57 0.67
Outpatient 165 98 35 79 10.71 6.95 7.79 7.34 0.35 0.33 0.19 0.33
Lodging 314 311 504 499 9.10 7.54 7.67 6.75 0.40 0.37 0.25 0.38
Mercantile 552 573 701 567 10.57 7.20 9.09 7.53 0.43 0.31 0.24 0.24
Retail (other than mall) 153 206 119 129 11.98 7.01 8.45 8.00 0.30 0.24 0.13 0.12
Enclosed and strip malls 399 366 582 438 10.12 7.31 9.23 7.40 0.51 0.37 0.29 0.33
Office 856 609 426 416 9.23 7.24 9.12 8.02 0.32 0.24 0.16 0.18
Public assembly 295 364 220 184 10.42 6.82 7.99 8.13 0.44 0.28 0.21 0.22
Public order and safety Q Q 87 Q Q Q 8.89 Q Q Q 0.21 Q
Religious worship 180 206 179 125 9.59 7.53 7.47 8.59 0.25 0.29 0.17 0.25
Service 169 347 336 99 9.11 7.44 8.05 8.07 0.59 0.28 0.36 0.28
Warehouse and storage 312 271 275 263 9.95 7.34 9.63 6.73 0.27 0.15 0.11 0.17
Other Q Q 201 Q Q Q 8.25 6.45 Q Q 0.34 0.48
Vacant Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Year constructed                        
Before 1920 345 209 170 34 10.21 7.63 8.39 8.65 0.35 0.28 0.45 0.16
1920 to 1945 495 374 161 137 10.14 7.01 8.06 7.09 0.40 0.29 0.21 0.27
1946 to 1959 554 429 316 297 9.88 7.01 7.89 7.96 0.54 0.30 0.17 0.27
1960 to 1969 641 649 593 515 9.83 7.07 7.53 7.25 0.37 0.29 0.28 0.35
1970 to 1979 765 651 653 472 8.81 6.97 7.32 7.62 0.49 0.31 0.28 0.24
1980 to 1989 409 697 980 538 9.59 7.02 8.66 7.54 0.36 0.33 0.24 0.21
1990 to 1999 664 581 717 572 8.83 7.30 7.53 7.14 0.43 0.26 0.22 0.28
2000 to 2003 337 279 347 235 9.28 6.58 8.04 7.32 0.40 0.24 0.19 0.26
2004 to 2007 170 248 455 Q 8.69 6.88 8.65 6.93 0.51 0.25 0.27 0.38
2008 to 2012 220 265 402 292 9.63 6.32 8.37 6.85 0.34 0.40 0.24 0.35
Climate region1                        
Very cold/Cold 3,059 3,891 N 1,320 9.47 6.93 N 7.08 0.42 0.30 N 0.32
Mixed-humid 1,541 492 3,399 N 9.38 7.52 8.27 N 0.40 0.26 0.25 N
Mixed-dry/Hot-dry N N Q 1,590 N N 5.86 7.03 N N 0.14 0.24
Hot-humid N N 1,262 N N N 7.58 N N N 0.24 N
Marine N N N 593 N N N 8.91 N N N 0.29
Number of floors                        
One 1,188 1,954 2,514 1,648 9.91 7.45 8.39 7.70 0.46 0.32 0.26 0.27
Two 1,291 973 893 799 9.12 6.88 8.06 7.62 0.41 0.24 0.21 0.25
Three 563 613 344 180 10.03 6.65 7.51 7.24 0.35 0.29 0.22 0.23
Four to nine 1,210 655 793 574 9.18 6.44 7.20 6.48 0.45 0.31 0.24 0.34
Ten or more 347 189 248 Q 9.20 6.46 7.33 6.46 0.32 0.26 0.25 Q
Number of workers (main shift)                        
Fewer than 5 523 702 607 388 10.56 8.07 8.39 7.91 0.42 0.28 0.24 0.25
5 to 9 385 435 503 354 11.27 8.00 7.86 8.00 0.45 0.30 0.28 0.29
10 to 19 375 600 801 520 10.19 6.78 7.92 8.09 0.35 0.37 0.36 0.28
20 to 49 560 855 889 651 9.52 7.32 8.31 7.50 0.39 0.30 0.25 0.24
50 to 99 873 693 849 393 9.50 6.60 8.44 7.27 0.49 0.29 0.20 0.22
100 to 249 910 543 561 533 9.10 6.54 8.43 6.72 0.41 0.26 0.19 0.34
250 or more 973 554 584 664 8.40 6.03 6.57 6.55 0.39 0.28 0.24 0.33
Weekly operating hours                        
Fewer than 40 154 287 193 149 10.61 7.94 7.64 7.91 0.32 0.24 0.16 0.19
40 to 48 438 638 567 476 9.93 7.69 8.91 7.72 0.30 0.25 0.15 0.22
49 to 60 735 875 772 579 10.16 7.23 8.13 8.01 0.30 0.24 0.16 0.19
61 to 84 1,121 986 1,004 636 9.80 6.85 8.75 7.48 0.43 0.31 0.32 0.25
85 to 167 881 576 785 442 9.19 6.56 7.75 8.03 0.57 0.32 0.38 0.33
Open continuously 1,271 1,022 1,472 1,221 8.70 6.59 7.34 6.56 0.51 0.37 0.31 0.44
Ownership and occupancy                        
Nongovernment owned 3,396 3,345 3,821 2,922 9.49 7.06 8.09 7.30 0.40 0.30 0.26 0.28
Owner occupied 1,593 1,854 1,714 1,468 9.34 6.99 7.57 7.13 0.42 0.33 0.25 0.34
Leased to tenant(s) 1,274 1,026 1,714 1,158 9.77 7.34 8.75 7.60 0.39 0.28 0.29 0.26
Owner occupied and leased 521 451 391 284 9.25 6.73 7.89 7.00 0.38 0.29 0.21 0.19
Unoccupied Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Government owned 1,203 1,038 972 581 9.29 6.80 7.59 7.35 0.47 0.26 0.18 0.24
Federal Q Q 98 Q Q Q 9.24 Q Q Q 0.23 Q
State Q 237 295 202 8.82 6.49 6.96 7.51 0.59 0.29 0.21 0.26
Local 654 753 580 320 9.76 6.88 7.72 7.46 0.41 0.26 0.17 0.22
Party responsible for operation
and maintenance of energy
systems
                       
Building owner 3,741 3,834 3,685 2,833 9.41 6.97 7.80 7.32 0.40 0.29 0.23 0.27
Business owner or tenant 728 477 966 606 9.80 7.26 8.67 7.28 0.51 0.30 0.32 0.27
Property management Q Q Q Q Q Q 8.68 Q Q Q 0.26 Q
Other Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Provider of direct input on energy-
related equipment purchases
                       
Building owner 3,829 3,941 3,840 3,009 9.43 6.99 7.89 7.30 0.40 0.29 0.23 0.27
Business owner or tenant 569 341 744 447 9.73 6.99 8.27 7.35 0.53 0.30 0.32 0.30
Property management Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Other Q Q 194 Q Q 7.14 8.93 Q Q 0.22 0.40 Q
Number of establishments                        
One 3,071 2,911 3,212 2,374 9.33 6.99 7.70 7.26 0.45 0.30 0.25 0.31
2 to 5 904 981 884 583 9.73 6.91 8.51 7.35 0.41 0.28 0.21 0.23
6 to 10 204 203 235 235 9.73 7.44 8.89 7.84 0.35 0.29 0.24 0.28
11 to 20 250 163 292 174 9.41 7.01 8.10 7.35 0.35 0.38 0.30 0.27
More than 20 161 111 167 114 9.56 7.12 10.25 6.88 0.24 0.21 0.19 0.14
Currently unoccupied Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Predominant exterior wall material                        
Brick, stone, or stucco 2,469 2,420 2,585 1,450 9.58 7.05 7.87 7.19 0.41 0.32 0.25 0.29
Concrete (block or poured) 1,063 936 1,286 881 9.03 7.00 8.39 7.53 0.39 0.28 0.27 0.24
Concrete panels 275 385 301 Q 7.86 6.18 7.38 7.04 0.42 0.28 0.16 0.22
Siding or shingles 282 271 221 321 11.77 7.41 7.67 7.72 0.45 0.29 0.49 0.36
Metal panels Q 292 331 175 10.60 7.58 8.07 8.10 0.52 0.22 0.18 0.23
Window glass Q Q Q 105 Q Q Q 7.29 Q Q Q 0.42
Other Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
No one major type Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Predominant roof material                        
Metal surfacing 239 475 861 394 11.08 7.64 8.48 7.87 0.32 0.23 0.25 0.26
Synthetic or rubber 2,051 1,752 1,437 1,248 9.63 6.82 7.96 6.97 0.44 0.29 0.26 0.34
Built-up 1,199 994 1,253 856 8.73 6.60 7.64 7.37 0.41 0.29 0.21 0.23
Slate or tile shingles 274 105 223 299 9.25 8.08 7.81 7.50 0.44 0.32 0.21 0.38
Wooden materials (including
shingles)
Q Q 102 76 Q Q 6.53 6.89 Q Q 0.53 0.31
Asphalt, fiberglass, or
other shingles
657 940 797 523 10.25 7.23 8.34 7.56 0.39 0.35 0.25 0.23
Concrete 61 Q Q 38 7.82 Q Q 7.29 0.29 Q Q 0.15
Other Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
No one major type Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Roof characteristics                        
Roof tilt                        
Flat 3,312 2,611 2,843 2,184 9.28 6.74 7.66 7.18 0.42 0.30 0.25 0.29
Shallow pitch 706 957 1,222 927 9.51 7.20 8.80 7.49 0.49 0.25 0.22 0.26
Steeper pitch 581 815 728 393 10.39 7.67 8.05 7.63 0.34 0.35 0.26 0.26
Cool roof 1,165 988 1,211 1,143 9.14 6.91 7.79 7.06 0.49 0.31 0.24 0.31
Renovations in buildings
constructed before 2008
(more than one may apply)
                       
Any type of renovation 2,892 2,349 2,381 1,786 9.37 6.91 7.82 7.22 0.42 0.28 0.24 0.31
Addition or annex 913 960 896 607 9.35 6.79 7.06 6.67 0.47 0.29 0.27 0.40
Reduction in floorspace Q 71 127 Q 7.82 6.58 6.99 Q 0.49 0.30 0.28 Q
Roof replacement 1,806 1,341 1,230 825 9.42 6.85 7.67 7.07 0.44 0.30 0.24 0.32
Exterior wall replacement 240 237 277 220 10.48 7.06 7.54 6.66 0.33 0.27 0.26 0.30
Interior wall reconfiguration 1,506 1,172 1,113 1,059 9.64 6.67 7.57 7.07 0.38 0.27 0.26 0.31
Window replacement 928 683 722 594 9.96 6.74 7.38 6.94 0.39 0.27 0.28 0.33
HVAC equipment upgrade 2,024 1,504 1,547 1,265 9.36 6.92 7.46 7.00 0.40 0.27 0.25 0.34
Lighting upgrade 1,837 1,490 1,421 1,260 9.32 6.68 7.46 7.01 0.40 0.29 0.24 0.34
Electrical upgrade 1,304 965 960 910 9.40 6.80 7.77 6.84 0.41 0.30 0.26 0.39
Plumbing system upgrade 1,226 828 944 851 9.38 6.85 7.49 6.81 0.46 0.29 0.31 0.42
Insulation upgrade 600 483 502 450 9.85 7.22 7.44 6.72 0.44 0.27 0.31 0.40
Fire, safety, or security upgrade 1,435 933 1,061 805 9.51 6.57 7.27 6.94 0.41 0.30 0.26 0.33
Structural upgrade 156 184 312 Q 9.73 6.74 7.73 6.53 0.32 0.25 0.42 0.47
Other Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
No renovations 1,488 1,769 2,010 1,425 9.55 7.22 8.11 7.53 0.43 0.29 0.24 0.23
Buildings constructed 2008 or later 220 265 402 292 9.63 6.32 8.37 6.85 0.34 0.40 0.24 0.35
Energy sources
(more than one may apply)
                       
Electricity 4,599 4,383 4,793 3,503 9.44 6.99 7.98 7.31 0.42 0.29 0.24 0.28
Natural gas 4,599 4,383 4,793 3,503 9.44 6.99 7.98 7.31 0.42 0.29 0.24 0.28
Fuel oil 1,389 919 1,172 976 9.03 6.10 7.52 6.61 0.40 0.30 0.26 0.37
District heat Q 31 105 Q 8.49 6.04 6.65 6.26 Q 0.08 Q 0.55
District chilled water Q 32 177 Q 8.08 6.23 6.80 6.45 0.70 0.10 0.16 0.72
Propane 171 245 276 Q 9.89 6.16 7.61 6.95 0.32 0.26 0.28 0.36
Other 360 133 97 232 8.99 6.94 7.17 6.99 0.45 0.21 0.21 0.32
Space-heating energy sources                        
Natural gas 4,165 4,287 3,747 2,856 9.47 6.98 7.76 7.39 0.45 0.31 0.24 0.27
Natural gas main 3,946 4,074 3,057 2,453 9.47 6.97 7.72 7.45 0.47 0.31 0.25 0.27
Natural gas secondary 219 213 691 403 9.48 7.25 7.92 7.02 0.22 0.22 0.22 0.28
Other excluding natural gas 419 94 941 562 9.14 7.42 8.86 6.93 0.24 0.10 0.23 0.31
Buildings without heating Q Q 105 Q Q Q 9.39 Q Q Q 0.29 Q
Primary space-heating
energy source
                       
Electricity 276 266 1,509 649 9.99 7.51 8.58 7.34 0.22 0.19 0.24 0.24
Natural gas 3,946 4,074 3,057 2,453 9.47 6.97 7.72 7.45 0.47 0.31 0.25 0.27
Fuel oil 54 N Q Q 9.99 N Q Q 0.15 N Q Q
District heat Q 24 104 Q 8.50 5.68 6.64 6.26 Q 0.07 Q 0.57
Propane Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Other Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Cooling energy sources                        
Natural gas 243 Q Q Q 8.88 Q Q Q 0.80 Q Q Q
Other excluding natural gas 4,168 4,133 4,704 3,238 9.43 7.02 7.97 7.25 0.40 0.29 0.24 0.27
Buildings without cooling 189 151 39 234 10.63 8.04 7.94 8.74 0.40 0.26 0.18 0.41
Water-heating energy sources                        
Natural gas 3,801 3,496 3,540 2,542 9.28 6.83 7.75 7.26 0.50 0.33 0.29 0.28
Other excluding natural gas 758 829 1,154 865 10.21 7.65 8.91 7.47 0.23 0.20 0.17 0.27
Buildings without water heating Q 58 99 95 Q 8.86 6.92 7.16 Q 0.19 0.13 0.21
Cooking energy sources                        
Natural gas 2,559 2,013 2,795 1,915 9.09 6.83 7.81 7.00 0.48 0.36 0.33 0.37
Other excluding natural gas 307 542 422 307 9.51 6.97 8.38 7.73 0.28 0.28 0.20 0.27
Buildings without cooking 1,734 1,828 1,576 1,281 9.99 7.19 8.20 7.73 0.38 0.24 0.17 0.20
Energy end uses
(more than one may apply)
                       
Buildings with space heating 4,584 4,381 4,688 3,418 9.44 6.99 7.96 7.31 0.41 0.29 0.24 0.27
Buildings with cooling 4,411 4,232 4,754 3,270 9.40 6.96 7.98 7.23 0.42 0.29 0.24 0.27
Buildings with water heating 4,559 4,325 4,694 3,408 9.42 6.97 8.01 7.32 0.42 0.29 0.25 0.28
Buildings with cooking 2,866 2,555 3,217 2,222 9.13 6.86 7.88 7.09 0.44 0.34 0.30 0.35
Buildings with manufacturing 335 214 310 161 8.42 7.43 9.27 8.80 0.45 0.21 0.24 0.22
Buildings with electricity
generation
2,172 1,298 1,489 1,315 9.04 6.39 7.59 6.77 0.45 0.27 0.22 0.33
Percent of floorspace heated                        
Not heated Q Q 105 Q Q Q 9.39 Q Q Q 0.29 Q
1 to 50 191 108 275 405 11.23 7.92 7.81 7.45 0.32 0.12 0.14 0.17
51 to 99 998 598 1,172 663 9.76 6.96 7.66 7.30 0.48 0.31 0.27 0.24
100 3,394 3,675 3,241 2,351 9.27 6.97 8.08 7.29 0.41 0.30 0.24 0.32
Percent of floorspace cooled                        
Not cooled 189 151 39 234 10.63 8.04 7.94 8.74 0.40 0.26 0.18 0.41
1 to 50 1,037 1,060 585 574 9.48 7.09 8.27 7.32 0.38 0.25 0.17 0.22
51 to 99 1,683 1,183 1,339 957 9.41 6.78 7.80 7.60 0.45 0.29 0.24 0.26
100 1,691 1,989 2,831 1,738 9.34 7.01 8.01 7.01 0.40 0.32 0.27 0.30
Heating equipment
(more than one may apply)
                       
Heat pumps 421 172 915 475 9.66 6.57 8.90 6.93 0.38 0.22 0.23 0.29
Furnaces 384 620 643 346 10.77 7.38 8.84 7.50 0.35 0.30 0.26 0.25
Individual space heaters 1,268 1,237 971 734 9.40 7.06 7.86 7.48 0.36 0.26 0.21 0.26
District heat Q 31 104 Q 8.49 6.04 6.64 6.26 Q 0.08 Q 0.57
Boilers 2,653 2,018 1,501 1,180 9.35 6.59 7.57 6.85 0.51 0.33 0.28 0.35
Packaged heating units 2,295 2,758 3,238 2,196 9.53 7.06 8.09 7.46 0.38 0.29 0.24 0.26
Other Q Q 98 95 Q Q 9.82 8.11 Q Q 0.24 0.39
Cooling equipment
(more than one may apply)
                       
Residential-type central air
conditioners
635 1,128 956 612 9.96 7.69 8.89 6.96 0.48 0.29 0.29 0.29
Heat pumps 420 198 992 457 9.52 6.98 8.57 7.35 0.35 0.28 0.23 0.25
Individual air conditioners 1,345 627 705 315 9.25 6.92 8.31 7.07 0.47 0.28 0.24 0.26
District chilled water Q 32 177 Q 8.08 6.23 6.80 6.45 0.70 0.10 0.16 0.72
Central chillers 1,180 1,169 1,243 667 9.22 6.31 7.35 6.57 0.43 0.31 0.25 0.29
Packaged air conditioning units 2,551 2,557 2,945 1,942 9.37 6.75 7.96 7.33 0.38 0.30 0.24 0.26
Swamp coolers Q Q Q 369 Q Q Q 7.14 Q Q Q 0.33
Other Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Main equipment replaced since
1990 (more than one may apply)
                       
Heating 1,704 1,637 1,813 995 9.74 7.09 7.79 7.52 0.42 0.28 0.26 0.24
Cooling 1,910 1,876 2,032 1,062 9.84 7.04 7.92 7.44 0.40 0.30 0.26 0.25
Water-heating equipment                        
Centralized system 2,930 2,970 2,938 1,997 9.31 6.96 7.95 7.42 0.43 0.31 0.27 0.29
Distributed system 602 493 442 475 9.89 7.31 8.28 6.89 0.36 0.24 0.17 0.25
Combination of centralized and
distributed system
1,027 862 1,314 936 9.47 6.83 8.04 7.33 0.42 0.27 0.23 0.28
Food preparation or serving areas
in non-food service buildings
(more than one may apply)
                       
Snack bar or concession stand 689 602 739 631 8.94 6.65 7.91 6.68 0.47 0.31 0.27 0.37
Fast food or small restaurant 622 535 935 720 9.04 6.76 8.37 6.98 0.41 0.35 0.31 0.31
Cafeteria or large restaurant 1,315 953 1,136 802 8.87 6.66 7.19 6.51 0.44 0.31 0.23 0.40
Commercial kitchen/
food preparation area
1,464 1,209 1,287 982 8.94 6.78 7.63 6.73 0.54 0.33 0.25 0.38
Small kitchen area 914 859 786 630 9.62 6.93 8.46 7.25 0.38 0.28 0.23 0.31
HVAC conservation features
(more than one may apply)
                       
Economizer cycle 2,314 1,924 1,594 1,688 8.82 6.64 8.07 7.01 0.41 0.28 0.25 0.29
Regular HVAC maintenance 4,119 3,844 4,103 3,067 9.32 6.85 7.98 7.21 0.42 0.30 0.24 0.28
Building automation system (BAS)2 2,204 1,902 2,107 1,881 8.97 6.68 7.68 7.02 0.40 0.29 0.22 0.31
Window and interior lighting
features (more than one may
apply)
                       
Multipaned windows 3,548 3,725 3,583 2,551 9.35 6.94 8.04 7.35 0.42 0.30 0.25 0.31
Tinted window glass 2,302 2,237 2,946 2,189 9.13 6.76 7.85 7.28 0.44 0.30 0.24 0.28
Reflective window glass 888 1,007 993 1,142 9.32 6.86 8.06 7.02 0.49 0.30 0.28 0.34
External overhangs or awnings 1,804 1,791 2,380 1,881 9.47 6.87 8.15 7.18 0.53 0.32 0.28 0.32
Skylights or atriums 1,514 950 1,273 1,374 9.25 6.63 7.81 7.08 0.46 0.26 0.24 0.30
Light scheduling 1,958 1,691 1,754 1,628 9.21 6.74 8.19 7.16 0.41 0.29 0.26 0.29
Occupancy sensors 2,491 1,905 1,863 1,802 9.17 6.63 8.11 7.13 0.41 0.29 0.23 0.28
Multi-level lighting or dimming 908 893 1,218 1,199 9.32 6.68 8.14 6.70 0.46 0.34 0.31 0.37
Daylight harvesting 522 311 293 390 9.89 6.57 8.19 6.89 0.58 0.24 0.22 0.28
Demand responsive lighting 256 219 342 235 10.40 7.05 9.41 7.31 0.55 0.25 0.31 0.19
Building automation system (BAS) for lighting2 791 564 594 588 8.79 6.53 8.41 7.36 0.43 0.27 0.20 0.24
Equipment usage reduced when
building not in full use
(more than one may apply)
                       
Heating 3,648 3,503 3,423 2,434 9.49 7.03 8.11 7.38 0.40 0.29 0.22 0.24
Cooling 3,572 3,315 3,511 2,354 9.45 6.99 8.15 7.35 0.40 0.29 0.22 0.24
Lighting 4,333 4,155 4,466 3,298 9.48 6.99 8.08 7.34 0.42 0.29 0.24 0.28
Annual consumption
(hundred cubic feet)
                       
1,000 or less 88 185 224 132 16.54 11.44 13.03 10.53 0.13 0.15 0.07 0.07
1,001 to 5,000 569 668 769 519 11.71 8.09 9.22 8.59 0.27 0.21 0.16 0.17
5,001 to 10,000 438 458 676 359 10.16 7.59 8.35 7.58 0.30 0.26 0.20 0.25
10,001 to 25,000 608 923 1,113 867 9.35 7.16 7.87 7.70 0.33 0.29 0.30 0.35
25,001 to 50,000 693 640 625 388 9.63 6.77 7.65 6.98 0.42 0.34 0.29 0.26
50,001 to 100,000 659 553 533 358 9.04 6.57 7.58 7.10 0.48 0.33 0.41 0.39
Over 100,000 1,544 956 853 880 8.57 5.98 6.81 6.28 0.81 0.46 0.61 0.60
 
1These climate regions were created by the Building America program, sponsored by the U.S. Department of Energy’s Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE).
2In earlier CBECS publications, BAS was referred to as Energy Management and Control System (EMCS).
Q = Data withheld either because the Relative Standard Error (RSE) was greater than 50 percent or fewer than 20 buildings were sampled.
N = No cases in reporting sample.
Notes: • Because of rounding, data may not sum to totals. • See the
Guide to the 2012 CBECS Detailed Tables or CBECS Terminology for definitions of terms used in these tables and/or comparison of differences with prior CBECS tables. Both references can be accessed from http://www.eia.gov/consumption/commercial/data/2012/ • Statistics for the Energy end uses category represent total consumption in buildings that have the end use, not consumption specifically for that particular end use. • HVAC = Heating, ventilation, and air conditioning.
Source: U.S. Energy Information Administration, Office of Energy Consumption and Efficiency Statistics, Forms EIA-871A and C of the 2012 Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey.