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Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey (CBECS)

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Table C24. Natural gas consumption and expenditure intensities, 2012

Released: May 2016

Natural gas consumption  
per
building
(thousand
cubic feet)
per
square
foot
(cubic
feet)
per
worker
(thousand
cubic feet)
Distribution of
building-level intensities
(cubic feet/square foot)
Natural gas expenditures
  25th
per-
centile
Median 75th
per-
centile
per
building
(thousand
dollars)
per
square
foot
(dollars)
per
thousand
cubic feet
(dollars)
All buildings
748
37.3
35.2
12.1
26.6
55.3
5.9
0.3
7.9
Building floorspace (square feet)
1,001 to 5,000
199
66.4
45.6
17.0
35.6
73.2
1.7
0.6
8.7
5,001 to 10,000
366
50.2
42.3
10.8
24.8
52.8
3.0
0.4
8.1
10,001 to 25,000
541
33.6
28.9
8.8
20.2
42.3
4.7
0.3
8.6
25,001 to 50,000
1,220
34.0
31.8
9.2
21.3
44.5
9.3
0.3
7.6
50,001 to 100,000
2,327
33.2
37.5
9.2
22.2
42.7
18.5
0.3
8.0
100,001 to 200,000
4,198
30.1
34.0
6.5
18.8
39.0
33.5
0.2
8.0
200,001 to 500,000
10,330
36.4
38.6
8.0
21.6
44.1
73.9
0.3
7.2
Over 500,000
35,203
38.6
29.5
3.1
12.4
41.7
242.4
0.3
6.9
Principal building activity
Education
1,215
29.8
33.1
10.7
23.8
49.1
9.4
0.2
7.8
Food sales
634
61.3
63.6
18.3
46.4
75.9
5.1
0.5
8.1
Food service
783
159.2
80.8
51.3
132.5
255.3
6.0
1.2
7.7
Health care
2,714
78.5
43.5
12.1
21.6
47.1
19.1
0.6
7.0
Inpatient
26,609
101.1
55.6
21.2
85.0
129.0
179.5
0.7
6.8
Outpatient
514
38.0
21.3
11.2
21.0
42.9
4.3
0.3
8.4
Lodging
2,169
43.8
83.7
19.5
36.0
65.5
16.4
0.3
7.6
Mercantile
799
33.5
42.6
12.0
25.4
50.1
6.7
0.3
8.4
Retail (other than mall)
312
21.5
30.7
10.8
20.8
39.2
2.6
0.2
8.4
Enclosed and strip malls
1,714
41.3
49.1
16.4
42.7
93.4
14.5
0.4
8.4
Office
463
26.8
12.4
10.4
22.8
40.0
3.9
0.2
8.4
Public assembly
643
33.9
60.4
13.6
28.4
46.7
5.2
0.3
8.1
Public order and safety
751
39.5
32.2
16.6
25.9
47.7
5.9
0.3
7.8
Religious worship
371
28.1
67.8
10.6
21.7
44.7
3.0
0.2
8.2
Service
351
42.7
43.6
13.6
29.9
63.5
2.8
0.3
8.0
Warehouse and storage
520
19.4
34.0
5.6
14.6
29.9
4.3
0.2
8.3
Other
1,334
57.2
64.6
13.8
28.8
72.5
9.7
0.4
7.3
Vacant
281
13.9
82.8
5.8
16.5
29.5
2.5
0.1
8.8
Year constructed
Before 1920
422
36.8
38.7
13.6
29.4
58.6
3.7
0.3
8.9
1920 to 1945
492
37.3
33.6
15.0
37.0
63.6
4.1
0.3
8.3
1946 to 1959
582
36.1
39.8
12.9
27.1
50.0
4.8
0.3
8.2
1960 to 1969
765
40.6
42.1
11.7
26.8
59.2
6.0
0.3
7.8
1970 to 1979
816
41.6
33.9
12.9
29.8
62.7
6.3
0.3
7.7
1980 to 1989
757
33.0
27.8
10.8
24.9
47.9
6.1
0.3
8.0
1990 to 1999
812
36.0
34.3
11.7
24.1
54.0
6.2
0.3
7.7
2000 to 2003
845
32.6
30.7
10.7
23.5
49.7
6.6
0.3
7.8
2004 to 2007
1,163
40.9
46.6
12.3
26.2
54.9
8.9
0.3
7.7
2008 to 2012
1,128
40.7
38.8
10.0
19.3
61.1
8.6
0.3
7.6
Census region and division
Northeast
1,125
44.0
36.4
16.1
35.1
63.5
10.6
0.4
9.4
New England
1,104
48.1
46.6
12.6
26.0
45.2
10.9
0.5
9.9
Middle Atlantic
1,131
43.0
34.2
17.6
39.2
73.2
10.5
0.4
9.3
Midwest
743
41.7
43.9
17.0
32.0
56.0
5.2
0.3
7.0
East North Central
835
44.6
45.8
18.9
34.3
59.1
5.8
0.3
6.9
West North Central
545
34.3
38.5
13.5
24.3
49.9
3.9
0.3
7.2
South
632
30.2
30.6
8.9
22.1
52.3
5.0
0.2
8.0
South Atlantic
770
29.8
30.2
9.6
24.1
62.7
6.8
0.3
8.9
East South Central
529
29.4
32.2
9.6
21.6
33.1
4.1
0.2
7.8
West South Central
542
31.1
30.6
8.0
20.2
52.0
3.7
0.2
6.8
West
678
37.6
31.7
8.1
23.8
53.7
5.0
0.3
7.3
Mountain
731
42.3
43.6
15.6
30.4
59.0
4.9
0.3
6.7
Pacific
654
35.7
27.9
6.5
20.4
49.7
5.0
0.3
7.6
Climate region1
Very cold/Cold
847
43.7
43.3
18.0
34.0
59.0
6.5
0.3
7.7
Mixed-humid
688
33.1
32.1
11.9
24.3
56.5
5.8
0.3
8.5
Mixed-dry/Hot-dry
582
33.1
27.7
6.0
15.5
40.1
4.0
0.2
6.9
Hot-humid
776
31.4
27.3
6.7
19.4
55.4
5.9
0.2
7.6
Marine
706
32.7
26.0
9.2
21.1
46.4
6.3
0.3
8.9
Number of floors
One
489
36.6
37.8
12.3
27.5
59.6
4.0
0.3
8.2
Two
689
34.0
34.1
11.9
24.0
48.5
5.5
0.3
7.9
Three
894
36.0
36.6
13.4
29.4
53.6
6.9
0.3
7.8
Four to nine
3,478
44.3
36.9
10.4
29.1
56.5
26.0
0.3
7.5
Ten or more
17,357
39.7
23.2
4.6
26.6
43.2
127.7
0.3
7.4
Number of workers (main shift)
Fewer than 5
211
32.8
96.6
14.1
27.9
54.0
1.8
0.3
8.6
5 to 9
325
36.8
51.1
10.8
24.2
55.4
2.8
0.3
8.5
10 to 19
583
42.8
44.6
12.1
28.3
69.0
4.6
0.3
7.9
20 to 49
1,061
34.8
36.2
11.7
26.2
55.7
8.5
0.3
8.0
50 to 99
2,283
34.1
34.9
8.5
21.2
47.9
18.2
0.3
8.0
100 to 249
4,449
37.0
31.8
9.5
29.8
56.5
34.4
0.3
7.7
250 or more
14,690
44.7
21.2
6.5
21.7
54.2
102.4
0.3
7.0
Weekly operating hours
Fewer than 40
219
25.6
46.7
12.1
24.8
44.7
1.8
0.2
8.3
40 to 48
347
25.3
21.6
10.6
22.6
40.7
2.9
0.2
8.4
49 to 60
476
25.7
21.4
10.5
22.7
46.7
3.9
0.2
8.2
61 to 84
1,009
39.9
39.1
14.0
33.9
89.1
8.3
0.3
8.2
85 to 167
1,211
50.5
55.5
19.7
54.2
155.0
9.6
0.4
7.9
Open continuously
2,437
53.6
49.2
17.7
34.9
71.0
17.7
0.4
7.3
Ownership and occupancy
Nongovernment owned
685
38.3
35.4
11.9
27.0
56.8
5.4
0.3
7.9
Owner occupied
659
42.3
47.2
13.6
28.7
57.1
5.0
0.3
7.6
Leased to tenant(s)
650
35.6
27.4
11.5
27.1
64.3
5.4
0.3
8.4
Owner occupied and leased
1,077
34.1
29.8
7.3
17.7
38.2
8.3
0.3
7.7
Unoccupied
177
12.5
N
5.8
18.9
29.5
1.6
0.1
9.0
Government owned
1,102
34.3
34.2
13.3
25.5
48.6
8.5
0.3
7.8
Federal
1,395
34.0
23.2
14.3
22.9
37.9
10.8
0.3
7.7
State
1,644
42.0
40.3
10.6
28.2
53.3
12.5
0.3
7.6
Local
913
31.2
33.0
13.9
25.6
48.6
7.2
0.2
7.8
Party responsible for operation
and maintenance of energy
systems
Building owner
741
36.8
34.5
12.2
26.4
53.3
5.8
0.3
7.8
Business owner or tenant
774
40.6
40.3
11.7
27.5
69.8
6.4
0.3
8.3
Property management
869
33.3
22.0
10.8
30.4
72.3
6.9
0.3
8.0
Other
814
43.0
45.9
18.8
42.2
83.7
6.4
0.3
7.8
Provider of direct input on energy-
related equipment purchases
Building owner
736
36.7
34.4
12.2
26.4
53.1
5.8
0.3
7.8
Business owner or tenant
822
42.8
40.4
10.8
32.2
75.3
6.7
0.4
8.1
Property management
911
32.3
29.1
16.0
43.0
155.0
6.6
0.2
7.2
Other
811
40.9
44.9
13.6
25.0
76.9
7.0
0.4
8.6
Number of establishments
One
664
40.1
40.0
13.3
28.2
59.6
5.2
0.3
7.8
2 to 5
814
33.6
31.4
9.2
22.7
45.6
6.5
0.3
8.0
6 to 10
1,153
33.8
26.7
7.6
24.5
43.0
9.7
0.3
8.4
11 to 20
2,310
39.7
29.3
13.7
32.6
57.2
18.5
0.3
8.0
More than 20
5,786
22.8
15.9
6.3
22.5
60.5
49.0
0.2
8.5
Currently unoccupied
231
14.1
N
5.8
20.7
30.5
1.9
0.1
8.3
Predominant exterior wall material
Brick, stone, or stucco
793
39.0
37.0
13.0
29.4
63.0
6.3
0.3
7.9
Concrete (block or poured)
827
35.9
34.9
10.6
26.1
52.2
6.6
0.3
8.0
Concrete panels
1,850
34.2
32.8
4.0
17.4
55.4
12.9
0.2
7.0
Siding or shingles
368
45.3
43.3
16.1
29.8
58.2
3.1
0.4
8.4
Metal panels
336
28.0
34.6
11.8
20.4
44.2
2.8
0.2
8.4
Window glass
3,407
44.4
22.2
18.4
77.5
344.5
28.2
0.4
8.3
Other
Q
46.0
44.9
11.9
20.2
30.1
Q
0.3
6.6
No one major type
865
30.6
Q
20.5
36.0
53.0
6.9
0.3
8.0
Predominant roof material
Metal surfacing
365
30.1
34.8
11.8
23.5
47.6
3.1
0.3
8.4
Synthetic or rubber
1,334
41.9
39.4
14.6
29.6
62.0
10.4
0.3
7.8
Built-up
1,102
35.5
31.6
9.2
24.9
55.5
8.3
0.3
7.6
Slate or tile shingles
506
39.7
41.8
14.8
38.2
73.2
4.1
0.3
8.1
Wooden materials (including
shingles)
506
65.7
63.2
11.3
34.0
72.7
3.6
0.5
7.2
Asphalt, fiberglass, or
other shingles
445
36.3
32.1
12.1
28.3
54.9
3.6
0.3
8.1
Concrete
1,271
27.5
16.1
4.0
18.6
38.7
9.8
0.2
7.7
Other
1,065
32.8
38.9
10.7
20.2
40.6
8.8
0.3
8.3
No one major type
939
23.5
Q
15.2
19.1
53.6
9.1
0.2
9.7
Roof characteristics
Roof tilt
Flat
1,199
39.6
33.5
11.6
27.9
65.1
9.2
0.3
7.7
Shallow pitch
460
32.4
36.1
11.1
24.5
49.7
3.7
0.3
8.1
Steeper pitch
418
36.2
43.2
14.4
28.5
52.1
3.5
0.3
8.3
Cool roof
1,314
40.9
37.0
12.6
28.4
61.6
10.1
0.3
7.7
Renovations in buildings
constructed before 2008
(more than one may apply)
Any type of renovation
928
38.8
35.1
13.0
28.7
58.2
7.3
0.3
7.8
Addition or annex
1,619
45.2
46.2
13.1
28.7
56.9
12.0
0.3
7.4
Reduction in floorspace
1,627
49.0
31.6
11.9
36.0
67.6
11.9
0.4
7.3
Roof replacement
1,059
41.1
36.9
13.6
26.8
55.9
8.3
0.3
7.8
Exterior wall replacement
1,054
37.2
35.5
8.6
23.9
48.6
8.1
0.3
7.7
Interior wall reconfiguration
1,073
39.1
30.6
11.1
24.9
47.9
8.3
0.3
7.7
Window replacement
1,023
40.7
35.0
14.4
27.9
55.9
7.9
0.3
7.8
HVAC equipment upgrade
1,143
40.2
35.7
14.0
27.1
56.5
8.8
0.3
7.7
Lighting upgrade
1,233
40.9
37.2
13.8
29.8
58.3
9.4
0.3
7.6
Electrical upgrade
1,114
43.4
38.6
14.2
28.5
60.3
8.6
0.3
7.7
Plumbing system upgrade
1,214
47.6
40.4
15.1
30.5
72.1
9.3
0.4
7.7
Insulation upgrade
1,040
44.5
39.7
14.2
26.8
49.7
8.1
0.4
7.8
Fire, safety, or security upgrade
1,336
41.9
35.9
12.0
26.8
56.5
10.2
0.3
7.6
Structural upgrade
1,469
52.1
53.7
12.7
25.2
44.7
10.6
0.4
7.2
Other
770
23.9
19.9
16.1
42.5
77.4
6.2
0.2
8.0
No renovations
558
35.0
34.7
11.7
25.4
53.1
4.5
0.3
8.0
Buildings constructed 2008 or later
1,128
40.7
38.8
10.0
19.3
61.1
8.6
0.3
7.6
Energy sources
(more than one may apply)
Electricity
748
37.3
35.2
12.1
26.6
55.3
5.9
0.3
7.9
Natural gas
748
37.3
35.2
12.1
26.6
55.3
5.9
0.3
7.9
Fuel oil
3,713
44.5
34.1
10.8
28.3
58.7
27.2
0.3
7.3
District heat
6,206
36.9
23.3
2.3
11.9
49.1
44.0
0.3
7.1
District chilled water
6,245
53.5
40.9
4.8
29.5
106.3
44.2
0.4
7.1
Propane
2,053
42.0
58.1
7.3
22.7
52.3
14.9
0.3
7.3
Other
1,470
40.1
41.1
8.8
22.8
43.1
11.4
0.3
7.8
Space-heating energy sources
Natural gas
736
38.8
37.2
13.0
27.1
54.0
5.8
0.3
7.8
Natural gas main
743
40.2
38.7
14.0
28.5
55.0
5.8
0.3
7.8
Natural gas secondary
681
30.2
27.7
7.2
18.8
43.0
5.3
0.2
7.7
Other excluding natural gas
890
28.5
24.3
5.8
22.4
68.2
7.3
0.2
8.2
Buildings without heating
541
41.1
48.0
2.2
25.8
118.9
4.6
0.4
8.5
Primary space-heating
energy source
Electricity
643
28.3
27.2
7.0
21.9
55.4
5.3
0.2
8.3
Natural gas
743
40.2
38.7
14.0
28.5
55.0
5.8
0.3
7.8
Fuel oil
520
19.0
16.4
7.6
22.4
52.2
5.0
0.2
9.6
District heat
6,122
37.1
23.6
2.2
11.9
49.1
43.2
0.3
7.1
Propane
Q
Q
Q
Q
Q
Q
Q
Q
Q
Other
Q
Q
Q
Q
Q
Q
Q
Q
Q
Cooling energy sources
Natural gas
4,790
77.9
54.4
27.0
41.6
53.7
35.6
0.6
7.4
Other excluding natural gas
769
36.8
34.4
12.1
26.3
55.3
6.0
0.3
7.9
Buildings without cooling
293
37.3
58.8
13.6
32.7
54.5
2.6
0.3
9.0
Water-heating energy sources
Natural gas
983
43.7
41.2
14.1
30.9
67.6
7.6
0.3
7.7
Other excluding natural gas
435
24.5
21.9
10.8
23.5
43.8
3.7
0.2
8.4
Buildings without water heating
197
22.0
42.2
8.5
18.9
48.2
1.5
0.2
7.8
Cooking energy sources
Natural gas
1,632
48.7
46.7
20.9
49.4
127.2
12.5
0.4
7.7
Other excluding natural gas
577
32.0
29.3
10.8
24.5
46.1
4.6
0.3
7.9
Buildings without cooking
426
28.4
26.5
10.5
22.8
43.4
3.5
0.2
8.2
Energy end uses
(more than one may apply)
Buildings with space heating
751
37.3
35.1
12.3
26.6
54.5
5.9
0.3
7.9
Buildings with cooling
787
37.4
34.7
12.1
26.5
55.3
6.2
0.3
7.8
Buildings with water heating
786
37.8
35.1
12.6
27.1
55.8
6.2
0.3
7.9
Buildings with cooking
1,295
45.4
43.1
16.6
38.7
93.1
10.0
0.4
7.7
Buildings with manufacturing
785
32.2
32.1
7.2
19.8
40.0
6.7
0.3
8.5
Buildings with electricity
generation
3,088
41.1
35.3
12.2
28.4
55.7
23.2
0.3
7.5
Percent of floorspace heated
Not heated
541
41.1
48.0
2.2
25.8
118.9
4.6
0.4
8.5
1 to 50
373
21.0
34.0
5.6
13.6
31.8
3.0
0.2
8.2
51 to 99
930
38.8
37.6
11.3
25.0
59.8
7.4
0.3
7.9
100
770
39.2
34.5
14.9
29.8
58.2
6.0
0.3
7.8
Percent of floorspace cooled
Not cooled
293
37.3
58.8
13.6
32.7
54.5
2.6
0.3
9.0
1 to 50
586
31.3
46.7
10.1
24.6
49.9
4.7
0.3
8.0
51 to 99
1,100
38.0
35.1
12.6
26.3
60.8
8.7
0.3
7.9
100
755
39.8
31.4
13.3
28.4
57.0
5.8
0.3
7.7
Heating equipment
(more than one may apply)
Heat pumps
1,037
31.9
30.1
7.4
18.5
48.2
8.5
0.3
8.2
Furnaces
434
33.8
33.6
13.0
23.4
44.3
3.6
0.3
8.4
Individual space heaters
687
33.6
36.4
13.6
27.9
53.5
5.4
0.3
7.9
District heat
6,207
37.2
23.6
2.3
11.9
49.1
44.0
0.3
7.1
Boilers
2,347
48.0
41.7
21.8
39.2
68.0
18.0
0.4
7.7
Packaged heating units
698
35.3
35.0
11.6
26.2
55.2
5.5
0.3
7.9
Other
1,472
44.1
58.3
19.7
29.9
56.0
12.6
0.4
8.6
Cooling equipment
(more than one may apply)
Residential-type central air
conditioners
401
38.7
38.3
13.4
25.2
54.4
3.3
0.3
8.2
Heat pumps
943
31.2
29.2
8.9
20.9
55.2
7.8
0.3
8.3
Individual air conditioners
947
40.0
40.7
13.4
29.7
56.8
7.8
0.3
8.2
District chilled water
6,245
53.5
40.9
4.8
29.5
106.3
44.2
0.4
7.1
Central chillers
4,608
42.5
33.1
12.2
29.6
53.7
33.6
0.3
7.3
Packaged air conditioning units
981
36.8
35.4
11.0
26.5
56.0
7.6
0.3
7.8
Swamp coolers
1,007
45.1
50.5
16.9
43.0
123.9
7.5
0.3
7.5
Other
Q
35.0
34.8
7.3
18.1
52.0
Q
0.3
8.5
Main equipment replaced since
1990 (more than one may apply)
Heating
642
36.6
35.6
12.6
28.0
60.0
5.1
0.3
8.0
Cooling
692
37.2
34.9
13.1
28.3
59.2
5.5
0.3
8.0
Water-heating equipment
Centralized system
666
40.6
37.9
13.6
28.5
58.1
5.2
0.3
7.9
Distributed system
646
30.5
28.7
8.6
21.1
47.9
5.2
0.2
8.0
Combination of centralized and
distributed system
1,867
35.5
32.2
12.3
25.1
57.8
14.7
0.3
7.9
Food preparation or serving areas
in non-food service buildings
(more than one may apply)
Snack bar or concession stand
3,691
45.2
43.2
10.4
27.5
67.5
27.6
0.3
7.5
Fast food or small restaurant
2,745
43.4
39.8
19.7
47.9
93.4
21.3
0.3
7.8
Cafeteria or large restaurant
5,511
43.9
38.1
11.5
27.7
53.0
40.5
0.3
7.4
Commercial kitchen/
food preparation area
2,974
46.6
49.0
15.5
32.4
66.3
22.4
0.4
7.5
Small kitchen area
868
36.7
39.4
10.7
24.3
46.9
6.9
0.3
8.0
HVAC conservation features
(more than one may apply)
Economizer cycle
2,248
40.1
35.5
11.4
26.9
59.6
17.1
0.3
7.6
Regular HVAC maintenance
975
38.3
34.2
12.6
28.4
58.7
7.6
0.3
7.8
Building automation system (BAS)2
2,069
38.6
34.1
9.6
24.5
49.1
15.6
0.3
7.5
Window and interior lighting
features (more than one may
apply)
Multipaned windows
923
39.0
37.3
13.2
28.2
56.1
7.2
0.3
7.8
Tinted window glass
1,082
38.6
33.6
10.0
24.5
54.2
8.3
0.3
7.7
Reflective window glass
1,458
43.8
36.7
9.3
24.2
58.9
11.1
0.3
7.6
External overhangs or awnings
898
43.3
41.3
13.1
30.0
71.0
7.0
0.3
7.8
Skylights or atriums
1,821
39.7
40.3
9.2
23.8
49.1
14.0
0.3
7.7
Light scheduling
1,492
39.2
34.2
12.1
27.5
57.9
11.6
0.3
7.8
Occupancy sensors
1,875
38.6
34.2
10.5
28.6
52.2
14.5
0.3
7.7
Multi-level lighting or dimming
2,132
47.8
42.6
16.7
42.3
89.6
16.1
0.4
7.5
Daylight harvesting
2,505
39.1
31.7
17.4
29.8
59.8
19.7
0.3
7.9
Demand responsive lighting
1,230
33.7
33.6
12.5
27.5
55.4
10.4
0.3
8.5
Building automation system (BAS) for lighting2
2,305
34.8
33.2
10.8
24.0
56.7
17.9
0.3
7.8
Equipment usage reduced when
building not in full use
(more than one may apply)
Heating
707
34.9
32.9
11.6
25.6
51.5
5.6
0.3
8.0
Cooling
735
35.1
32.8
11.5
25.3
51.6
5.8
0.3
8.0
Lighting
740
37.3
34.7
12.3
26.6
54.5
5.9
0.3
7.9
Annual consumption
(hundred cubic feet)
1,000 or less
50
7.4
7.0
4.9
11.6
22.7
0.6
0.1
12.3
1,001 to 5,000
239
20.6
18.7
17.8
31.5
58.1
2.2
0.2
9.2
5,001 to 10,000
713
29.0
29.7
24.5
50.7
112.0
5.9
0.2
8.3
10,001 to 25,000
1,550
40.1
37.4
32.4
68.6
175.8
12.1
0.3
7.8
25,001 to 50,000
3,449
42.4
43.4
35.3
56.5
121.7
26.6
0.3
7.7
50,001 to 100,000
6,711
52.7
54.6
39.5
67.4
124.4
50.8
0.4
7.6
Over 100,000
26,592
88.3
71.4
58.6
106.3
140.2
185.9
0.6
7.0
 
1These climate regions were created by the Building America program, sponsored by the U.S. Department of Energy’s Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE).
2In earlier CBECS publications, BAS was referred to as Energy Management and Control System (EMCS).
Q = Data withheld either because the Relative Standard Error (RSE) was greater than 50 percent or fewer than 20 buildings were sampled.
N = No cases in reporting sample.
Notes: • Because of rounding, data may not sum to totals. • See the
Guide to the 2012 CBECS Detailed Tables or CBECS Terminology for definitions of terms used in these tables and/or comparison of differences with prior CBECS tables. Both references can be accessed from http://www.eia.gov/consumption/commercial/data/2012/ • Statistics for the Energy end uses category represent total consumption in buildings that have the end use, not consumption specifically for that particular end use. • HVAC = Heating, ventilation, and air conditioning.
Source: U.S. Energy Information Administration, Office of Energy Consumption and Efficiency Statistics, Forms EIA-871A and C of the 2012 Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey.