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Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey (CBECS)

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Table B5. Census region and division, floorspace, 2012

Released: May 2016

Total floorspace (million square feet)
Northeast Midwest South West
  All
buildings
New England Middle Atlantic East North Central West North Central South Atlantic East South Central West South Central Moun-
tain
Pacific
All buildings 87,093 4,302 11,232 12,742 6,178 17,981 4,904 11,394 4,981 13,379
Building floorspace (square feet)                    
1,001 to 5,000 8,041 405 652 1,066 792 1,564 613 1,206 528 1,216
5,001 to 10,000 8,900 541 707 1,062 810 1,764 606 1,164 504 1,741
10,001 to 25,000 14,105 901 1,507 1,823 1,065 2,709 769 1,732 990 2,609
25,001 to 50,000 11,917 642 1,002 2,040 989 2,273 501 1,755 467 2,249
50,001 to 100,000 13,918 598 2,078 1,809 920 3,049 1,002 2,088 725 1,648
100,001 to 200,000 12,415 418 2,124 1,771 628 2,817 578 1,756 447 1,875
200,001 to 500,000 10,724 597 1,636 2,129 597 2,089 503 1,089 774 1,310
Over 500,000 7,074 Q 1,526 1,042 376 1,715 Q 604 546 731
Principal building activity                    
Education 12,239 642 1,414 2,205 968 2,840 469 1,853 783 1,065
Food sales 1,252 Q Q Q Q 188 Q Q Q 304
Food service 1,819 Q 162 217 153 396 150 225 104 282
Health care 4,155 274 792 549 313 662 271 508 289 497
Inpatient 2,374 169 369 359 137 405 184 304 132 315
Outpatient 1,781 Q 423 190 176 257 Q 204 157 182
Lodging 5,826 Q 800 673 384 1,217 486 599 519 940
Mercantile 11,330 463 1,190 1,488 644 2,746 736 1,247 727 2,088
Retail (other than mall) 5,439 Q 672 748 394 1,052 Q 693 307 1,030
Enclosed and strip malls 5,890 Q 518 740 250 1,694 Q 554 420 1,058
Office 15,952 738 2,965 2,430 904 3,183 694 1,625 852 2,562
Public assembly 5,559 350 603 1,196 390 904 330 769 321 697
Public order and safety 1,440 Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Religious worship 4,557 Q 613 547 378 857 614 540 214 511
Service 4,630 255 568 847 625 741 318 583 Q 578
Warehouse and storage 13,077 521 1,240 1,570 960 2,832 Q 1,919 591 2,938
Other 2,002 Q Q Q Q 568 Q Q Q 345
Vacant 3,256 Q Q 345 191 546 Q 934 Q 396
Year constructed                    
Before 1920 3,983 692 940 642 398 425 278 279 Q 225
1920 to 1945 6,025 428 1,530 1,373 396 690 219 593 144 651
1946 to 1959 7,381 349 1,233 1,154 508 1,515 268 850 325 1,179
1960 to 1969 10,362 481 1,759 1,488 1,198 1,699 699 1,101 406 1,532
1970 to 1979 10,846 502 1,450 1,865 754 1,703 555 1,435 802 1,780
1980 to 1989 15,230 572 1,170 1,655 962 3,584 940 2,419 981 2,948
1990 to 1999 13,803 485 1,560 1,942 856 2,798 1,213 2,161 804 1,984
2000 to 2003 7,215 343 637 1,090 405 1,919 208 1,187 419 1,007
2004 to 2007 6,524 Q 267 860 375 1,923 312 605 667 Q
2008 to 2012 5,723 217 685 672 325 1,725 212 765 329 793
Number of floors                    
One 39,809 1,083 2,782 4,975 2,677 9,191 2,639 6,702 2,575 7,186
Two 20,206 1,281 2,816 3,206 1,661 3,825 1,084 2,063 1,153 3,116
Three 8,140 965 1,456 1,708 899 992 344 692 274 809
Four to nine 13,535 782 2,626 2,085 829 2,913 705 1,396 498 1,700
Ten or more 5,404 Q 1,552 767 Q 1,061 Q 541 Q 568
Elevators and escalators
(more than one may apply)
                   
Any elevators 32,120 1,857 6,054 5,439 2,115 6,484 1,236 3,302 1,700 3,932
Number of elevators                    
One 11,158 944 1,636 2,252 968 1,948 440 1,277 486 1,207
Two to five 12,817 713 2,432 1,993 788 2,839 476 1,295 563 1,718
Six or more 8,145 200 1,986 1,195 359 1,697 320 730 651 1,007
Any escalators 3,654 Q 785 731 Q 646 Q 283 Q 461
Number of workers (main shift)                    
Fewer than 5 17,751 1,017 1,675 2,663 1,623 3,033 1,266 3,037 968 2,470
5 to 9 8,973 496 786 1,110 800 1,751 491 1,312 565 1,662
10 to 19 9,623 439 951 1,232 648 1,935 573 1,307 560 1,978
20 to 49 14,514 546 1,358 2,270 1,102 3,001 964 1,646 858 2,771
50 to 99 13,476 657 1,728 2,147 614 3,490 764 1,821 597 1,657
100 to 249 10,941 686 1,843 1,548 766 2,622 447 1,094 689 1,246
250 or more 11,815 460 2,892 1,771 626 2,150 399 1,178 745 1,595
Weekly operating hours                    
Fewer than 40 8,220 392 781 1,329 697 1,161 698 1,648 564 950
40 to 48 15,828 830 1,531 1,988 1,060 2,901 1,269 2,618 896 2,734
49 to 60 20,529 910 2,435 2,736 1,636 5,097 876 2,522 1,161 3,158
61 to 84 15,867 984 2,329 2,591 1,037 3,459 476 1,339 807 2,844
85 to 167 9,395 530 1,351 1,606 821 1,846 503 789 409 1,539
Open continuously 17,253 655 2,806 2,491 927 3,518 1,082 2,477 1,144 2,155
Ownership and occupancy                    
Nongovernment owned 67,550 3,314 8,599 9,494 4,683 14,128 3,498 8,815 3,633 11,386
Owner occupied 30,637 1,499 3,954 4,649 2,690 5,746 1,975 4,397 1,539 4,187
Leased to tenant(s) 26,115 1,111 3,319 3,356 1,364 5,971 1,111 3,023 1,394 5,466
Owner occupied and leased 8,873 604 1,182 1,246 521 2,071 330 840 532 1,546
Unoccupied 1,925 Q Q Q Q 338 Q 555 Q 187
Government owned 19,543 988 2,634 3,247 1,495 3,853 1,406 2,580 1,348 1,993
Federal 1,573 Q Q Q Q 666 Q Q Q Q
State 5,539 Q 948 780 Q 715 Q 660 502 620
Local 12,431 752 1,461 2,262 1,048 2,472 580 1,840 766 1,249
Party responsible for operation
and maintenance of energy
systems
                   
Building owner 73,702 3,625 9,679 11,275 5,539 14,565 4,191 10,015 4,277 10,534
Business owner or tenant 11,309 528 1,291 1,205 518 2,840 546 1,154 625 2,600
Property management 1,250 Q Q Q Q 377 Q Q Q Q
Other 832 Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Provider of direct input on energy-
related equipment purchases
                   
Building owner 76,271 3,714 9,853 11,466 5,693 15,171 4,330 10,301 4,490 11,252
Business owner or tenant 8,256 429 965 917 357 2,088 384 854 394 1,869
Property management 880 Q Q Q Q 215 Q Q Q Q
Other 1,686 Q Q Q Q 507 Q Q Q Q
Number of establishments                    
One 54,994 2,724 6,803 8,202 4,301 10,895 3,293 7,554 2,972 8,250
2 to 5 17,756 916 2,389 2,890 1,317 3,711 1,014 1,777 1,096 2,646
6 to 10 4,425 Q 611 583 Q 1,007 Q 551 Q 879
11 to 20 3,704 Q 572 369 Q 1,025 Q 397 243 574
More than 20 3,821 Q 701 435 Q 992 Q 316 Q 778
Currently unoccupied 2,393 Q Q Q Q 350 Q 798 Q 252
Campus or complex activity                    
Not part of a campus or complex 52,275 2,236 6,793 8,593 4,029 10,431 3,027 6,746 2,796 7,624
Primary or secondary school 4,616 Q 372 646 381 794 Q 952 362 732
College or university 4,068 295 443 336 323 734 Q 757 Q 415
Office complex 3,456 Q 634 414 Q 694 Q 400 Q 708
Retail complex 5,159 Q 605 635 341 1,404 Q 486 369 812
Storage complex 3,212 Q Q 341 Q 736 Q 557 Q 690
Religious campus or complex 1,932 Q Q Q Q 423 Q 238 Q 347
Health care complex 3,362 302 828 396 187 634 150 284 212 370
Lodging or resort complex 1,295 Q Q Q Q 345 Q Q Q Q
Transportation complex 554 N Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Government complex 2,107 Q 517 Q Q 524 Q Q Q 263
Other 5,057 273 356 820 265 1,188 Q 622 220 1,173
Predominant exterior wall material                    
Brick, stone, or stucco 40,463 1,999 5,650 6,298 2,753 8,486 2,693 5,499 2,411 4,673
Concrete (block or poured) 20,726 615 2,993 2,942 1,069 4,768 1,011 2,374 1,164 3,791
Concrete panels 8,693 Q 632 1,173 521 1,799 Q 1,008 Q 2,446
Siding or shingles 5,750 915 674 867 528 658 275 456 211 1,166
Metal panels 8,673 347 673 930 1,220 1,842 538 1,865 500 757
Window glass 1,340 Q 419 Q N Q Q Q Q 272
Other 856 Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
No one major type 592 Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Predominant roof material                    
Metal surfacing 15,916 548 1,077 1,630 1,634 3,905 1,369 3,020 956 1,776
Synthetic or rubber 25,817 1,755 4,125 5,361 2,141 4,388 1,387 1,968 1,841 2,851
Built-up 21,835 684 3,098 2,894 1,104 4,714 880 3,296 1,169 3,995
Slate or tile shingles 4,306 Q 591 288 Q 1,065 Q Q 187 1,022
Wooden materials (including
shingles)
1,139 Q Q Q Q 268 Q Q Q 428
Asphalt, fiberglass, or
other shingles
15,104 864 1,805 2,191 1,077 2,964 992 1,887 681 2,643
Concrete 1,642 Q 288 Q Q 490 Q Q Q 332
Other 678 Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
No one major type 657 Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Roof characteristics                    
Roof tilt                    
Flat 49,623 2,157 7,905 7,483 3,091 10,067 2,046 6,007 2,767 8,099
Shallow pitch 23,853 1,012 1,530 3,112 1,897 5,282 1,817 3,906 1,589 3,709
Steeper pitch 13,617 1,133 1,798 2,146 1,190 2,631 1,041 1,481 625 1,572
Cool roof 19,630 742 2,639 2,545 1,121 3,879 1,345 2,306 1,510 3,544
Renovations in buildings
constructed before 2008
(more than one may apply)
                   
Any type of renovation 42,216 2,625 6,639 6,653 3,443 7,251 2,752 5,390 2,245 5,217
Addition or annex 13,022 815 1,759 2,501 1,580 2,353 778 1,478 855 902
Reduction in floorspace 1,753 Q Q Q Q 344 Q Q Q Q
Roof replacement 20,917 1,388 4,072 3,267 2,131 2,865 1,647 2,450 1,063 2,034
Exterior wall replacement 4,230 264 646 605 468 773 300 369 Q 647
Interior wall reconfiguration 21,340 1,431 3,589 3,577 1,625 3,346 1,228 2,280 1,418 2,848
Window replacement 12,265 1,095 2,308 2,027 1,013 2,079 584 1,109 770 1,278
HVAC equipment upgrade 26,779 1,570 4,908 4,574 1,967 4,584 1,437 3,342 1,561 2,837
Lighting upgrade 25,503 1,666 4,343 4,115 1,989 4,151 1,440 3,238 1,496 3,065
Electrical upgrade 16,160 1,172 2,796 2,625 1,378 2,571 979 1,932 986 1,721
Plumbing system upgrade 13,828 1,023 2,355 2,294 1,153 2,371 825 1,433 782 1,593
Insulation upgrade 7,607 581 1,168 1,268 929 1,159 409 790 Q 821
Fire, safety, or security upgrade 17,196 1,368 3,234 2,613 1,201 2,782 900 2,193 912 1,994
Structural upgrade 3,913 300 432 628 258 695 Q Q Q 717
Other 848 Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
No renovations 39,154 1,460 3,909 5,416 2,409 9,005 1,940 5,240 2,406 7,370
Buildings constructed 2008 or later 5,723 217 685 672 325 1,725 212 765 329 793
Energy sources
(more than one may apply)
                   
Electricity 84,869 4,192 11,099 12,544 6,016 17,608 4,824 10,594 4,812 13,180
Natural gas 58,725 2,241 8,827 10,790 4,236 9,984 3,436 6,480 3,766 8,966
Fuel oil 20,200 1,866 4,213 2,619 1,316 4,419 797 1,835 1,092 2,043
District heat 5,964 Q 1,628 574 332 1,159 Q 646 482 404
District chilled water 4,608 Q 656 420 Q 1,202 Q 773 Q 329
Propane 7,706 861 885 829 1,080 1,476 470 621 503 982
Other 3,826 397 691 532 267 554 Q Q 403 631
Space-heating energy sources
(more than one may apply)
                   
Electricity 49,030 1,848 5,428 5,687 2,951 12,514 3,170 6,874 2,791 7,768
Natural gas 49,511 1,990 7,362 10,122 3,909 7,309 2,662 5,467 3,180 7,509
Fuel oil 4,351 1,270 1,581 292 375 458 Q Q Q Q
District heat 5,925 Q 1,628 574 332 1,148 Q 637 482 385
Propane 3,067 314 339 280 723 498 218 Q 141 343
Other 1,010 Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Primary space-heating
energy source
                   
Electricity 26,205 468 1,720 1,702 1,281 8,533 1,982 4,604 1,122 4,794
Natural gas 42,988 1,811 6,555 9,587 3,497 5,694 2,067 4,551 2,893 6,333
Fuel oil 2,542 1,099 889 Q Q 245 Q Q Q Q
District heat 5,797 Q 1,601 532 332 1,089 Q 637 482 385
Propane 1,948 204 Q Q 517 307 193 Q Q Q
Other 598 Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Cooling energy sources
(more than one may apply)
                   
Electricity 76,034 3,317 9,986 11,474 5,352 16,368 4,307 9,275 4,205 11,749
Natural gas 732 Q 216 Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
District chilled water 4,608 Q 656 420 Q 1,202 Q 773 Q 329
Water-heating energy sources
(more than one may apply)
                   
Electricity 42,755 1,939 4,622 4,914 3,020 11,163 2,900 5,386 2,000 6,810
Natural gas 39,523 1,492 6,042 7,910 2,705 5,651 2,103 4,504 2,665 6,452
Fuel oil 1,911 693 708 Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
District heat 4,551 Q 1,383 470 Q 944 Q Q Q 243
Propane 1,575 233 Q Q 251 353 Q Q Q Q
Cooking energy sources
(more than one may apply)
                   
Electricity 25,151 1,143 3,534 4,211 1,949 5,446 1,544 2,822 1,522 2,981
Natural gas 24,770 1,015 4,341 4,293 1,349 4,427 1,487 2,658 1,694 3,506
Propane 2,001 486 293 Q 211 510 Q Q Q Q
Energy end uses
(more than one may apply)
                   
Buildings with space heating 80,078 4,090 10,963 12,240 5,815 15,883 4,692 9,923 4,704 11,767
Buildings with cooling 79,294 3,482 10,467 11,675 5,469 17,094 4,710 9,931 4,489 11,978
Buildings with water heating 79,015 3,915 10,718 12,082 5,510 16,144 4,598 9,519 4,440 12,089
Buildings with cooking 38,546 2,053 6,124 6,175 2,551 7,925 2,255 4,201 2,420 4,842
Buildings with manufacturing 5,078 391 669 807 365 821 Q 705 Q 999
Buildings with electricity
generation
25,642 1,456 4,767 3,912 1,445 5,901 1,075 2,401 1,635 3,049
Percent of floorspace heated                    
Not heated 7,015 212 269 502 362 2,098 212 1,471 277 1,612
1 to 50 10,130 Q 757 734 576 2,193 469 1,317 592 3,117
51 to 99 14,650 805 2,068 1,545 694 3,098 1,236 1,883 658 2,662
100 55,298 2,910 8,138 9,961 4,545 10,592 2,987 6,724 3,453 5,988
Percent of floorspace cooled                    
Not cooled 7,799 819 765 1,067 709 887 194 1,464 492 1,402
1 to 50 18,891 1,019 2,539 3,289 1,451 3,237 969 1,982 828 3,576
51 to 99 22,728 1,323 3,758 3,408 1,289 4,695 1,642 2,126 1,054 3,434
100 37,676 1,141 4,170 4,977 2,728 9,162 2,098 5,823 2,608 4,968
Percent lit when open                    
Zero 322 N Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
1 to 50 12,628 677 1,420 1,840 1,030 2,375 817 1,562 541 2,366
51 to 99 34,814 2,099 4,189 5,616 2,315 7,284 1,665 4,339 1,847 5,460
100 35,726 1,286 5,384 4,794 2,472 7,734 2,233 4,438 2,279 5,107
Building never open/electricity
not used
3,603 Q Q 444 329 527 Q 1,003 270 413
Percent lit during off hours                    
Zero 24,746 1,396 2,481 3,411 2,183 4,457 1,460 3,202 1,502 4,654
1 to 50 50,753 2,499 6,801 7,930 3,534 11,570 2,771 5,841 2,591 7,217
51 to 100 6,926 287 1,514 719 234 1,118 381 1,069 572 1,033
Building always open with
no "off hours"
2,443 Q 303 484 Q 462 Q 483 Q 276
Electricity not used 2,225 Q Q Q 162 373 Q 800 Q 199
Heating equipment
(more than one may apply)
                   
Heat pumps 11,846 400 998 632 436 4,909 844 1,174 498 1,955
Furnaces 8,654 323 922 1,756 755 1,234 530 1,599 554 983
Individual space heaters 20,766 1,529 3,389 3,668 2,066 3,328 1,295 1,896 1,197 2,397
District heat 5,925 Q 1,628 574 332 1,148 Q 637 482 385
Boilers 22,443 1,823 4,624 5,083 1,583 3,247 1,077 1,460 1,150 2,395
Packaged heating units 49,188 1,769 5,417 7,347 3,547 10,168 3,136 6,745 2,967 8,092
Other 1,574 Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q 242
Cooling equipment
(more than one may apply)
                   
Residential-type central air
conditioners
14,765 451 1,244 2,854 1,493 2,574 891 2,429 668 2,160
Heat pumps 12,538 388 1,103 604 421 4,925 839 1,344 672 2,244
Individual air conditioners 12,420 1,035 2,810 1,806 779 2,484 808 971 565 1,162
District chilled water 4,608 Q 656 420 Q 1,202 Q 773 Q 329
Central chillers 17,041 783 2,706 3,484 991 3,884 831 1,746 920 1,697
Packaged air conditioning units 45,153 2,062 6,635 6,839 2,977 9,119 2,686 5,379 2,314 7,141
Swamp coolers 1,918 Q Q Q N Q N Q 722 617
Other 328 Q Q Q Q Q N Q Q Q
Main equipment replaced since
1990 (more than one may apply)
                   
Heating 27,558 1,646 3,709 4,404 2,482 5,204 1,616 3,228 1,365 3,903
Cooling 30,702 1,516 4,798 4,620 2,591 6,455 1,755 3,458 1,440 4,070
Water-heating equipment                    
Centralized system 47,534 2,487 6,641 7,606 3,710 8,889 2,745 5,826 2,573 7,058
Distributed system 12,688 586 1,797 1,671 663 3,030 437 1,471 699 2,333
Combination of centralized and
distributed system
18,793 843 2,279 2,804 1,137 4,226 1,416 2,222 1,168 2,698
Lighting equipment types
(more than one may apply)
                   
Incandescent 38,406 2,046 5,520 6,180 2,858 7,828 2,468 4,286 2,253 4,969
Standard fluorescent 80,081 3,771 10,702 11,880 5,634 16,888 4,573 9,901 4,529 12,203
Compact fluorescent 53,816 2,886 7,886 8,336 3,505 10,855 2,923 6,263 3,007 8,156
High-intensity discharge (HID) 23,396 1,161 3,349 4,102 1,255 5,325 1,182 2,841 1,314 2,868
Halogen 28,059 1,494 3,774 4,590 1,578 6,161 1,349 3,459 1,663 3,990
LED 22,071 1,363 3,388 3,759 1,389 4,553 1,232 1,774 1,513 3,099
Other 446 Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Refrigeration equipment
(more than one may apply)
                   
Any refrigeration 73,645 3,568 10,044 11,374 5,196 15,268 4,498 8,989 4,179 10,530
Walk-in units 28,361 1,424 4,445 4,481 1,850 6,399 1,199 3,179 1,898 3,486
Cases or cabinets 28,719 1,524 4,542 4,820 1,983 5,711 1,596 3,079 1,740 3,725
Large cold storage areas 4,171 Q 430 695 Q 1,049 Q 316 Q 676
Commercial ice makers 32,734 1,240 4,333 4,666 1,932 7,957 2,457 4,102 2,093 3,955
Residential-type or compact units 62,381 3,081 8,354 9,850 4,407 13,129 3,747 7,312 3,323 9,176
Vending machines 43,936 1,902 6,546 6,685 2,988 9,706 2,702 5,219 2,529 5,659
No refrigeration 13,448 734 1,189 1,368 982 2,713 406 2,405 802 2,849
Office equipment
(more than one may apply)
                   
Desktop computers 77,063 3,686 10,430 11,561 5,301 16,255 4,236 9,194 4,338 12,062
With flat screen monitors 76,160 3,645 10,310 11,436 5,192 16,079 4,156 9,111 4,261 11,968
With multiple monitors 30,946 1,158 4,132 4,244 2,164 6,888 1,498 3,708 1,992 5,163
Laptop computers 63,486 3,093 8,681 9,507 4,389 13,950 3,421 7,550 3,614 9,282
Dedicated servers 53,369 2,511 7,575 7,894 3,378 11,468 2,897 6,199 3,189 8,258
Laser printers 54,256 2,696 7,622 8,535 3,624 11,789 2,681 5,990 2,952 8,367
Inkjet printers 36,235 1,899 4,660 5,161 2,521 7,724 1,954 4,619 2,056 5,641
FAX machines 66,682 3,164 9,569 9,955 4,484 14,307 3,404 8,084 3,708 10,007
Photocopiers 59,277 2,989 8,665 9,111 3,942 12,279 3,057 6,763 3,360 9,111
Number of desktop computers                    
None 10,030 616 802 1,181 877 1,726 668 2,200 643 1,317
1 to 4 15,669 846 1,611 2,283 1,299 3,318 911 2,044 782 2,575
5 to 9 9,422 Q 1,142 1,390 730 1,723 649 1,156 515 1,866
10 to 19 9,388 494 1,150 1,304 522 1,903 649 979 429 1,958
20 to 49 13,094 717 1,610 1,633 958 2,966 758 1,623 873 1,957
50 to 99 8,284 430 936 1,532 452 1,713 456 1,074 434 1,259
100 to 249 9,728 432 1,870 1,569 634 2,156 410 826 653 1,179
250 or more 11,478 518 2,110 1,850 706 2,476 403 1,493 653 1,268
Number of laptop computers                    
None 23,607 1,208 2,552 3,235 1,789 4,031 1,483 3,845 1,367 4,097
1 to 4 21,161 1,083 2,267 3,260 1,785 4,218 1,281 2,580 1,163 3,524
5 to 9 8,345 323 1,082 1,063 415 2,003 452 1,113 509 1,384
10 to 19 8,343 521 979 1,060 414 1,994 489 904 405 1,579
20 to 49 9,643 348 1,123 1,384 811 2,362 505 927 740 1,444
50 to 99 5,234 242 976 978 334 809 244 774 309 568
100 to 249 5,217 346 1,068 711 Q 1,078 Q 766 285 388
250 or more 5,542 Q 1,185 1,051 319 1,487 Q 486 202 395
Number of dedicated servers                    
None 33,724 1,790 3,657 4,848 2,800 6,513 2,007 5,195 1,792 5,122
1 to 4 34,097 1,582 4,611 5,055 2,145 7,735 1,785 3,980 2,061 5,143
5 to 9 6,241 338 755 931 504 1,063 414 749 357 1,131
10 to 19 5,711 340 777 663 343 1,286 Q 622 Q 899
20 to 49 3,758 Q 566 714 Q 696 Q 455 282 497
50 or more 3,562 Q 867 530 Q 688 Q Q Q 589
Number of photocopiers                    
None 27,816 1,312 2,568 3,630 2,236 5,702 1,847 4,631 1,621 4,269
One 17,080 912 1,692 2,726 1,216 3,397 816 1,915 1,003 3,402
2 to 4 20,312 1,017 2,564 3,003 1,581 4,073 1,247 2,743 1,137 2,948
5 to 9 8,863 599 1,347 1,644 523 1,943 456 804 399 1,148
10 or more 13,022 461 3,062 1,739 621 2,865 538 1,300 821 1,613
Number of TVs or video displays                    
None 24,339 1,513 2,541 3,230 1,861 4,717 1,132 3,635 1,447 4,264
One 9,990 435 981 1,485 806 2,162 740 1,374 524 1,482
2 to 4 16,465 833 2,097 2,889 1,167 3,192 964 2,158 688 2,477
5 to 9 8,148 441 1,383 839 611 1,524 637 1,001 292 1,419
10 to 19 8,168 391 1,408 1,134 760 1,558 435 1,058 488 936
20 to 49 8,058 375 1,069 1,198 470 1,973 401 814 620 1,139
50 to 99 4,378 Q 270 783 Q 1,213 Q Q 409 622
100 or more 7,547 202 1,483 1,184 357 1,643 Q 672 Q 1,039
Food preparation or serving areas
in non-food service buildings
(more than one may apply)
                   
Snack bar or concession stand 9,884 Q 1,710 1,632 630 2,550 329 884 723 1,211
Fast food or small restaurant 9,787 335 1,416 1,299 476 2,135 609 1,053 871 1,593
Cafeteria or large restaurant 15,222 829 2,756 2,452 1,003 3,709 613 1,625 916 1,320
Commercial kitchen/
food preparation area
16,150 915 2,339 2,960 993 3,867 722 1,503 992 1,859
Small kitchen area 14,054 776 2,329 2,282 1,130 2,551 1,072 1,498 840 1,574
Separate computer areas
(more than one may apply)
                   
Data center or server farm 11,105 491 1,887 1,743 745 2,296 456 1,120 662 1,704
Computer-based training room 17,723 747 2,594 2,728 1,222 3,895 879 2,347 1,364 1,947
Student or public computer center 14,341 834 1,877 2,236 1,102 3,187 761 2,051 1,010 1,283
HVAC conservation features
(more than one may apply)
                   
Economizer cycle 30,749 1,412 5,498 5,550 2,366 5,286 1,059 2,706 2,022 4,849
Regular HVAC maintenance 69,244 3,324 9,658 10,660 4,513 14,891 3,362 8,319 3,991 10,526
Building automation system (BAS)1 37,051 1,734 5,199 5,646 2,350 8,070 1,880 4,628 2,310 5,233
Window and interior lighting
features (more than one may
apply)
                   
Multipaned windows 60,362 3,410 8,047 10,082 5,200 12,612 3,378 6,592 3,822 7,219
Tinted window glass 45,025 1,420 4,893 6,325 2,744 9,706 2,497 6,785 2,717 7,937
Reflective window glass 15,908 495 1,849 2,633 1,180 2,980 711 1,765 1,264 3,032
External overhangs or awnings 32,188 1,106 3,183 4,169 2,326 7,774 2,074 4,009 2,237 5,310
Skylights or atriums 22,261 1,376 2,682 2,815 1,276 4,768 922 2,394 1,510 4,519
Light scheduling 30,263 1,454 4,384 5,033 1,617 6,195 1,217 3,324 1,650 5,388
Occupancy sensors 35,871 2,302 5,430 5,927 1,990 7,130 1,429 3,364 2,027 6,273
Multi-level lighting or dimming 14,534 663 1,672 2,275 902 3,452 886 1,086 1,200 2,398
Daylight harvesting 6,114 303 729 1,147 375 999 Q 666 461 1,103
Demand responsive lighting 4,738 Q 448 506 406 1,315 Q Q Q 1,332
Building automation system (BAS) for lighting1 12,068 526 1,633 1,680 768 2,714 495 1,298 807 2,146
Equipment usage reduced when
building not in full use
(more than one may apply)
                   
Heating 63,167 3,315 8,975 9,790 4,336 12,357 3,581 7,371 3,738 9,704
Cooling 62,516 2,931 8,520 9,321 4,121 13,458 3,675 7,315 3,479 9,697
Lighting 78,594 3,987 10,272 11,570 5,693 16,417 4,478 9,645 4,497 12,034
 
1In earlier CBECS publications, BAS was referred to as Energy Management and Control System (EMCS).
Q = Data withheld either because the Relative Standard Error (RSE) was greater than 50 percent or fewer than 20 buildings were sampled.
N = No cases in reporting sample.
Notes: • Because of rounding, data may not sum to totals. • See
Guide to the 2012 CBECS Detailed Tables or CBECS Terminology for definition of terms used in these tables and/or comparison of differences with prior CBECS tables. Both references can be accessed from http://www.eia.gov/consumption/commercial/data/2012/
Source: U.S. Energy Information Administration, Office of Energy Consumption and Efficiency Statistics, Form EIA-871A of the 2012 Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey.