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Turkey's Key Energy Statistics world rank
Total energy consumption
2017
6.432
quadrillion Btu
17
Total energy production
2017
1.592
quadrillion Btu
43
Dry natural gas imports
2017
1,947
billion cubic feet
6
Coal imports
2017
42,165
thousand short tons
8
Renewable electricity net generation
2017
86
billion kilowatthours
15
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Map of Turkey
Map of Turkey

Analysis - Energy Sector Highlights Last updated: February 2, 2017

  • Turkey is an increasingly important transit hub for oil and natural gas supplies as they move from Central Asia, Russia, and the Middle East to Europe and other Atlantic markets.
  • Over the past decade, Turkey's economy has expanded, and its petroleum and other liquids consumption has increased. With limited domestic reserves, Turkey imports nearly all of its oil supplies.
  • Turkey plays an increasingly important role in the transit of oil. The country is strategically located at the crossroads between the oil-rich former Soviet Union and Middle East countries, and the European demand centers. The Turkish Straits are home to one of the world's busiest chokepoints, through which more than 2 million b/d of crude oil flowed in 2015.
  • Turkey has a strategic role in natural gas transit because of its position between the world's second-largest natural gas market—continental Europe—and the substantial natural gas reserves of the Caspian Basin and the Middle East.
  • Turkey is increasingly dependent on natural gas imports because its domestic consumption, especially in the electric power sector, has experienced significant growth.

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Data