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Turkey's Key Energy Statistics world rank
Total Primary Energy Consumption
2016
5.969
Quadrillion Btu
19
Total Primary Energy Production
2016
1.6
Quadrillion Btu
43
Imports of Dry Natural Gas
2017
1,947
Billion Cubic Feet
6
Primary Coal Imports
2016
39,921
Thousand Short Tons
8
Total Renewable Electricity Net Generation
2016
89
Billion Kilowatthours
14
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Map of Turkey
Map of Turkey

Analysis - Energy Sector Highlights Last updated: February 2, 2017

  • Turkey is an increasingly important transit hub for oil and natural gas supplies as they move from Central Asia, Russia, and the Middle East to Europe and other Atlantic markets.
  • Over the past decade, Turkey's economy has expanded, and its petroleum and other liquids consumption has increased. With limited domestic reserves, Turkey imports nearly all of its oil supplies.
  • Turkey plays an increasingly important role in the transit of oil. The country is strategically located at the crossroads between the oil-rich former Soviet Union and Middle East countries, and the European demand centers. The Turkish Straits are home to one of the world's busiest chokepoints, through which more than 2 million b/d of crude oil flowed in 2015.
  • Turkey has a strategic role in natural gas transit because of its position between the world's second-largest natural gas market—continental Europe—and the substantial natural gas reserves of the Caspian Basin and the Middle East.
  • Turkey is increasingly dependent on natural gas imports because its domestic consumption, especially in the electric power sector, has experienced significant growth.

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Data