U.S. Energy Information Administration logo
Skip to sub-navigation
‹ U.S. States

Alabama   Alabama Profile

State Profile and Energy Estimates

Visit EIA's U.S. Energy Atlas, our new interface for web map applications and geospatial data catalogue.

Profile DataPrint State Energy Profile
(overview, data, & analysis)

Last Update: October 21, 2021 | Next Update: November 18, 2021                                                                                                                                                 See full record of updates

Data in this section highlight only a small number of the many series available for this state. Use the "more" links on this page or the "Find" tool to access EIA's additional state-level data.

+ EXPAND ALL
Energy Indicators  
Demography Alabama Share of U.S. Period
Population 4.9 million 1.5% 2020  
Civilian Labor Force 2.2 million 1.4% Aug-21  
Economy Alabama U.S. Rank Period
Gross Domestic Product $ 224.9 billion 27 2020  
Gross Domestic Product for the Manufacturing Sector $ 38,016 million 21 2020  
Per Capita Personal Income $ 46,908 47 2020  
Vehicle Miles Traveled 71,735 million miles 16 2019  
Land in Farms 8.6 million acres 31 2017  
Climate Alabama U.S. Rank Period
Average Temperature 65.0 degrees Fahrenheit 6 2020  
Precipitation 68.6 inches 1 2020  
Prices  
Petroleum Alabama U.S. Average Period find more
Domestic Crude Oil First Purchase $ 69.67 /barrel $ 70.15 /barrel Jul-21  
Natural Gas Alabama U.S. Average Period find more
City Gate NA $ 5.61 /thousand cu ft Jul-21 find more
Residential $ 22.63 /thousand cu ft $ 19.94 /thousand cu ft Jul-21 find more
Coal Alabama U.S. Average Period find more
Average Sales Price $ 98.01 /short ton $ 31.41 /short ton 2020  
Delivered to Electric Power Sector $ 2.28 /million Btu $ 2.01 /million Btu Jul-21  
Electricity Alabama U.S. Average Period find more
Residential 13.35 cents/kWh 13.90 cents/kWh Jul-21 find more
Commercial 12.76 cents/kWh 11.57 cents/kWh Jul-21 find more
Industrial 6.90 cents/kWh 7.53 cents/kWh Jul-21 find more
Reserves  
Reserves Alabama Share of U.S. Period find more
Crude Oil (as of Dec. 31) 39 million barrels 0.1% 2019 find more
Expected Future Production of Dry Natural Gas (as of Dec. 31) 1,387 billion cu ft 0.3% 2019 find more
Expected Future Production of Natural Gas Plant Liquids 30 million barrels 0.1% 2019 find more
Recoverable Coal at Producing Mines 190 million short tons 1.4% 2020 find more
Rotary Rigs & Wells Alabama Share of U.S. Period find more
Natural Gas Producing Wells 5,387 wells 1.1% 2020 find more
Capacity Alabama Share of U.S. Period
Crude Oil Refinery Capacity (as of Jan. 1) 139,600 barrels/calendar day 0.7% 2020  
Electric Power Industry Net Summer Capacity 28,761 MW 2.5% Jul-21  
Supply & Distribution  
Production Alabama Share of U.S. Period find more
Total Energy 1,251 trillion Btu 1.2% 2019 find more
Crude Oil 13 thousand barrels per day 0.1% Jul-21 find more
Natural Gas - Marketed 117,028 million cu ft 0.3% 2020 find more
Coal 12,151 thousand short tons 2.3% 2020 find more
Total Utility-Scale Net Electricity Generation Alabama Share of U.S. Period find more
Total Net Electricity Generation 13,503 thousand MWh 3.3% Jul-21  
Utility-Scale Net Electricity Generation (share of total) Alabama U.S. Average Period
Petroleum-Fired NM 0.2 % Jul-21 find more
Natural Gas-Fired 39.1 % 41.8 % Jul-21 find more
Coal-Fired 21.9 % 25.1 % Jul-21 find more
Nuclear 30.3 % 17.0 % Jul-21 find more
Renewables 8.7 % 15.4 % Jul-21  
Stocks Alabama Share of U.S. Period find more
Motor Gasoline (Excludes Pipelines) 85 thousand barrels 0.6% Jul-21  
Distillate Fuel Oil (Excludes Pipelines) 850 thousand barrels 0.8% Jul-21 find more
Natural Gas in Underground Storage 28,834 million cu ft 0.4% Jul-21 find more
Petroleum Stocks at Electric Power Producers 204 thousand barrels 0.9% Jul-21 find more
Coal Stocks at Electric Power Producers 2,493 thousand tons 2.6% Jul-21 find more
Fueling Stations Alabama Share of U.S. Period
Motor Gasoline 3,217 stations 2.9% 2019  
Propane 69 stations 2.5% 2021  
Electricity 168 stations 0.4% 2021  
E85 15 stations 0.4% 2021  
Compressed Natural Gas and Other Alternative Fuels 11 stations 0.9% 2021  
Consumption & Expenditures  
Summary Alabama U.S. Rank Period
Total Consumption 1,923 trillion Btu 17 2019 find more
Total Consumption per Capita 392 million Btu 13 2019 find more
Total Expenditures $ 21,252 million 22 2019 find more
Total Expenditures per Capita $ 4,330 14 2019 find more
by End-Use Sector Alabama Share of U.S. Period
Consumption
    »  Residential 348 trillion Btu 1.7% 2019 find more
    »  Commercial 258 trillion Btu 1.4% 2019 find more
    »  Industrial 820 trillion Btu 2.5% 2019 find more
    »  Transportation 497 trillion Btu 1.7% 2019 find more
Expenditures
    »  Residential $ 4,691 million 1.8% 2019 find more
    »  Commercial $ 3,160 million 1.7% 2019 find more
    »  Industrial $ 4,182 million 2.1% 2019 find more
    »  Transportation $ 9,219 million 1.6% 2019 find more
by Source Alabama Share of U.S. Period
Consumption
    »  Petroleum 105 million barrels 1.4% 2019 find more
    »  Natural Gas 728 billion cu ft 2.3% 2019 find more
    »  Coal 16 million short tons 2.7% 2019 find more
Expenditures
    »  Petroleum $ 10,440 million 1.5% 2019 find more
    »  Natural Gas $ 2,833 million 1.9% 2019 find more
    »  Coal $ 822 million 3.2% 2019 find more
Consumption for Electricity Generation Alabama Share of U.S. Period find more
Petroleum NM NM Jul-21 find more
Natural Gas 37,533 million cu ft 3.0% Jul-21 find more
Coal 1,578 thousand short tons 2.8% Jul-21 find more
Energy Source Used for Home Heating (share of households) Alabama U.S. Average Period
Natural Gas 26.5 % 47.8 % 2019  
Fuel Oil 0.1 % 4.4 % 2019  
Electricity 66.4 % 39.5 % 2019  
Propane 5.6 % 4.8 % 2019  
Other/None 1.4 % 3.5 % 2019  
Environment  
Renewable Energy Capacity Alabama Share of U.S. Period find more
Total Renewable Energy Electricity Net Summer Capacity 4,105 MW 1.5% Jul-21  
Ethanol Plant Nameplate Capacity -- -- 2021  
Renewable Energy Production Alabama Share of U.S. Period find more
Utility-Scale Hydroelectric Net Electricity Generation 841 thousand MWh 3.7% Jul-21  
Utility-Scale Solar, Wind, and Geothermal Net Electricity Generation 39 thousand MWh 0.1% Jul-21  
Utility-Scale Biomass Net Electricity Generation 289 thousand MWh 6.0% Jul-21  
Small-Scale Solar Photovoltaic Generation * * Jul-21  
Fuel Ethanol Production 0 thousand barrels 0.0% 2019  
Renewable Energy Consumption Alabama U.S. Rank Period find more
Renewable Energy Consumption as a Share of State Total 15.5 % 17 2019  
Fuel Ethanol Consumption 6,336 thousand barrels 23 2019  
Total Emissions Alabama Share of U.S. Period find more
Carbon Dioxide 113.5 million metric tons 2.1% 2018  
Electric Power Industry Emissions Alabama Share of U.S. Period find more
Carbon Dioxide 50,842 thousand metric tons 2.9% 2019  
Sulfur Dioxide 32 thousand metric tons 2.5% 2019  
Nitrogen Oxide 26 thousand metric tons 1.9% 2019  

Notes & Sources

-- = No data reported.
*  = Value is less than half of the smallest unit of measure (e.g., for values with no decimals, the smallest unit is 1 then values less than 0.5 are shown as *.)
NA = Not available.
NM = Not meaningful due to large relative standard error or excessive percentage change.
W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data.
Note: Small differences between source data and values displayed here may be due to independent rounding.
Note: Components of "Utility-scale net electricity generation (share of total)" may not add to 100% because "Total utility-scale net electricity generation" includes net generation from petroleum coke, pumped storage hydroelectric, other gases, and other energy sources, which are not shown separately.