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Alabama   Alabama Profile

State Profile and Energy Estimates

Profile DataPrint State Energy Profile
(overview, data, & analysis)

Last Update: November 16, 2017 | Next Update: December 21, 2017                                                                                                                                                 See full record of updates

Data in this section highlight only a small number of the many series available for this state. Use the "more" links on this page or the "Find" tool to access EIA's additional state-level data.

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Energy Indicators  
Demography Alabama Share of U.S. Period
Population 4.9 million 1.5% 2016  
Civilian Labor Force 2.2 million 1.3% Sep-17  
Economy Alabama U.S. Rank Period
Gross Domestic Product $ 204.9 billion 27 2016  
Gross Domestic Product for the Manufacturing Sector $ 35,716 million 23 2016  
Per Capita Personal Income $ 39,231 47 2016  
Vehicle Miles Traveled 67,257 million miles 16 2015  
Land in Farms 8.9 million acres 31 2012  
Climate Alabama U.S. Rank Period
Average Temperature 65.4 degrees Fahrenheit 6 2016  
Precipitation 46.0 inches 11 2016  
Prices  
Petroleum Alabama U.S. Average Period find more
Domestic Crude Oil First Purchase $ 45.56 /barrel $ 44.96 /barrel Aug-17  
Natural Gas Alabama U.S. Average Period find more
City Gate $ 3.90 /thousand cu ft $ 4.55 /thousand cu ft Aug-17 find more
Residential $ 23.31 /thousand cu ft $ 18.09 /thousand cu ft Aug-17 find more
Coal Alabama U.S. Average Period find more
Average Sales Price $ 84.05 /short ton $ 31.83 /short ton 2015  
Delivered to Electric Power Sector $ 2.21 /million Btu $ 2.07 /million Btu Aug-17  
Electricity Alabama U.S. Average Period find more
Residential 12.78 cents/kWh 13.19 cents/kWh Aug-17 find more
Commercial 11.60 cents/kWh 11.04 cents/kWh Aug-17 find more
Industrial 6.48 cents/kWh 7.25 cents/kWh Aug-17 find more
Reserves  
Reserves Alabama Share of U.S. Period find more
Crude Oil (as of Dec. 31) 64 million barrels 0.2% 2015 find more
Expected Future Production of Dry Natural Gas (as of Dec. 31) 2,182 billion cu ft 0.7% 2015 find more
Expected Future Production of Natural Gas Plant Liquids 58 million barrels 0.5% 2015 find more
Recoverable Coal at Producing Mines 228 million short tons 1.2% 2015 find more
Rotary Rigs & Wells Alabama Share of U.S. Period find more
Rotary Rigs in Operation 1 rigs 0.2% 2016  
Natural Gas Producing Wells 5,981 wells 1.1% 2016 find more
Capacity Alabama Share of U.S. Period
Crude Oil Refinery Capacity (as of Jan. 1) 131,675 barrels/calendar day 0.7% 2017  
Electric Power Industry Net Summer Capacity 29,378 MW 2.7% Aug-17  
Supply & Distribution  
Production Alabama Share of U.S. Period find more
Total Energy 1,256 trillion Btu 1.4% 2015 find more
Crude Oil 546 thousand barrels 0.2% Aug-17 find more
Natural Gas - Marketed 164,804 million cu ft 0.6% 2016 find more
Coal 13,191 thousand short tons 1.5% 2015 find more
Total Utility-Scale Net Electricity Generation Alabama Share of U.S. Period find more
Total Net Electricity Generation 13,529 thousand MWh 3.6% Aug-17  
Utility-Scale Net Electricity Generation (share of total) Alabama U.S. Average Period
Petroleum-Fired NM 0.3 % Aug-17 find more
Natural Gas-Fired 41.2 % 36.2 % Aug-17 find more
Coal-Fired 23.8 % 31.5 % Aug-17 find more
Nuclear 27.2 % 19.0 % Aug-17 find more
Renewables 7.8 % 12.3 % Aug-17  
Stocks Alabama Share of U.S. Period find more
Motor Gasoline (Excludes Pipelines) 143 thousand barrels 0.8% Aug-17  
Distillate Fuel Oil (Excludes Pipelines) 906 thousand barrels 0.8% Aug-17 find more
Natural Gas in Underground Storage 26,821 million cu ft 0.4% Aug-17 find more
Petroleum Stocks at Electric Power Producers 326 thousand barrels 1.2% Aug-17 find more
Coal Stocks at Electric Power Producers 2,906 thousand tons 2.0% Aug-17 find more
Fueling Stations Alabama Share of U.S. Period
Motor Gasoline 3,035 stations 2.7% 2014  
Liquefied Petroleum Gases 91 stations 2.8% 2017  
Electricity 63 stations 0.4% 2017  
Ethanol 23 stations 0.8% 2017  
Compressed Natural Gas and Other Alternative Fuels 15 stations 1.2% 2017  
Consumption & Expenditures  
Summary Alabama U.S. Rank Period
Total Consumption 1,910 trillion Btu 17 2015 find more
Total Consumption per Capita 393 million Btu 12 2015 find more
Total Expenditures $ 20,095 million 20 2015 find more
Total Expenditures per Capita $ 4,140 14 2015 find more
by End-Use Sector Alabama Share of U.S. Period
Consumption
    »  Residential 353 trillion Btu 1.7% 2015 find more
    »  Commercial 264 trillion Btu 1.5% 2015 find more
    »  Industrial 808 trillion Btu 2.6% 2015 find more
    »  Transportation 485 trillion Btu 1.8% 2015 find more
Expenditures
    »  Residential $ 4,330 million 1.7% 2015 find more
    »  Commercial $ 3,005 million 1.6% 2015 find more
    »  Industrial $ 4,279 million 2.3% 2015 find more
    »  Transportation $ 8,481 million 1.7% 2015 find more
by Source Alabama Share of U.S. Period
Consumption
    »  Petroleum 102.9 million barrels 1.4% 2015 find more
    »  Natural Gas 676.1 billion cu ft 2.5% 2015 find more
    »  Coal 23.6 million short tons 3.0% 2015 find more
Expenditures
    »  Petroleum $ 9,654 million 1.6% 2015 find more
    »  Natural Gas $ 2,685 million 1.9% 2015 find more
    »  Coal $ 1,310 million 3.6% 2015 find more
Consumption for Electricity Generation Alabama Share of U.S. Period find more
Petroleum NM NM Aug-17 find more
Natural Gas 42,030 million cu ft 4.0% Aug-17 find more
Coal 1,687 thousand short tons 2.6% Aug-17 find more
Energy Source Used for Home Heating (share of households) Alabama U.S. Average Period
Natural Gas 28.5 % 48.6 % 2015  
Fuel Oil 0.2 % 5.6 % 2015  
Electricity 62.9 % 37.2 % 2015  
Liquefied Petroleum Gases 6.8 % 4.8 % 2015  
Other/None 1.6 % 3.8 % 2015  
Environment  
Renewable Energy Capacity Alabama Share of U.S. Period find more
Total Renewable Energy Electricity Net Summer Capacity 4,090 MW 2.0% Aug-17  
Ethanol Plant Operating Production 0 million gal/year 0.0% 2017  
Renewable Energy Production Alabama Share of U.S. Period find more
Utility-Scale Hydroelectric Net Electricity Generation 743 thousand MWh 3.5% Aug-17  
Utility-Scale Solar, Wind, and Geothermal Net Electricity Generation 21 thousand MWh 0.1% Aug-17  
Utility-Scale Biomass Net Electricity Generation 290 thousand MWh 5.3% Aug-17  
Distributed (Small-Scale) Solar Photovoltaic Generation NM NM Aug-17  
Ethanol Production 0 Thousand Barrels 0.0% 2015  
Renewable Energy Consumption Alabama U.S. Rank Period find more
Renewable Energy Consumption as a Share of State Total 14.2 % 13 2015  
Ethanol Consumption 6,649 thousand barrels 21 2015  
Total Emissions Alabama Share of U.S. Period find more
Carbon Dioxide 120.0 million metric tons 2.3% 2015  
Electric Power Industry Emissions Alabama Share of U.S. Period find more
Carbon Dioxide 64,442 thousand metric tons 3.2% 2015  
Sulfur Dioxide 117 thousand metric tons 4.6% 2015  
Nitrogen Oxide 51 thousand metric tons 2.8% 2015  

Notes & Sources

-- = No data reported.
*  = Value is less than half of the smallest unit of measure but greater than 0 (e.g., for values with no decimals, the smallest unit is 1 then values between 0 and 0.5 are shown as *.)
NA = Not available.
NM = Not meaningful due to large relative standard error or excessive percentage change.
W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data.
Note: Small differences between source data and values displayed here may be due to independent rounding.
Note: Components of “Utility-scale net electricity generation (share of total)” may not add to 100% because “Total utility-scale net electricity generation” includes net generation from petroleum coke, pumped storage hydroelectric, other gases, and other energy sources, which are not shown separately.