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State Profile and Energy Estimates

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(overview, data, & analysis)

Last Update: April 18, 2019 | Next Update: May 16, 2019                                                                                                                                                 See full record of updates

Data in this section highlight only a small number of the many series available for this state. Use the "more" links on this page or the "Find" tool to access EIA's additional state-level data.

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Energy Indicators  
Demography Alabama Share of U.S. Period
Population 4.9 million 1.5% 2017  
Civilian Labor Force 2.2 million 1.4% Feb-19  
Economy Alabama U.S. Rank Period
Gross Domestic Product $ 211.0 billion 27 2017  
Gross Domestic Product for the Manufacturing Sector $ 36,397 million 24 2017  
Per Capita Personal Income $ 39,976 47 2017  
Vehicle Miles Traveled 70,677 million miles 16 2017  
Land in Farms 8.9 million acres 31 2012  
Climate Alabama U.S. Rank Period
Average Temperature 64.5 degrees Fahrenheit 6 2018  
Precipitation 64.4 inches 8 2018  
Prices  
Petroleum Alabama U.S. Average Period find more
Domestic Crude Oil First Purchase $ 52.73 /barrel $ 47.85 /barrel Jan-19  
Natural Gas Alabama U.S. Average Period find more
City Gate $ 3.99 /thousand cu ft $ 4.09 /thousand cu ft Jan-19 find more
Residential $ 13.78 /thousand cu ft $ 9.43 /thousand cu ft Jan-19 find more
Coal Alabama U.S. Average Period find more
Average Sales Price $ 146.20 /short ton $ 33.72 /short ton 2017  
Delivered to Electric Power Sector $ 2.31 /million Btu $ 2.10 /million Btu Jan-19  
Electricity Alabama U.S. Average Period find more
Residential 11.85 cents/kWh 12.47 cents/kWh Jan-19 find more
Commercial 11.24 cents/kWh 10.29 cents/kWh Jan-19 find more
Industrial 5.56 cents/kWh 6.58 cents/kWh Jan-19 find more
Reserves  
Reserves Alabama Share of U.S. Period find more
Crude Oil (as of Dec. 31) 43 million barrels 0.1% 2017 find more
Expected Future Production of Dry Natural Gas (as of Dec. 31) 1,510 billion cu ft 0.3% 2017 find more
Expected Future Production of Natural Gas Plant Liquids 26 million barrels 0.1% 2017 find more
Recoverable Coal at Producing Mines 243 million short tons 1.5% 2017 find more
Rotary Rigs & Wells Alabama Share of U.S. Period find more
Natural Gas Producing Wells 5,910 wells 1.2% 2017 find more
Capacity Alabama Share of U.S. Period
Crude Oil Refinery Capacity (as of Jan. 1) 131,675 barrels/calendar day 0.7% 2017  
Electric Power Industry Net Summer Capacity 30,033 MW 2.7% Jan-19  
Supply & Distribution  
Production Alabama Share of U.S. Period find more
Total Energy 1,124 trillion Btu 1.3% 2016 find more
Crude Oil 472 thousand barrels 0.1% Jan-19 find more
Natural Gas - Marketed 150,084 million cu ft 0.5% 2017 find more
Coal 12,861 thousand short tons 1.7% 2017 find more
Total Utility-Scale Net Electricity Generation Alabama Share of U.S. Period find more
Total Net Electricity Generation 12,626 thousand MWh 3.5% Jan-19  
Utility-Scale Net Electricity Generation (share of total) Alabama U.S. Average Period
Petroleum-Fired * 0.4 % Jan-19 find more
Natural Gas-Fired 30.6 % 33.3 % Jan-19 find more
Coal-Fired 24.1 % 28.2 % Jan-19 find more
Nuclear 31.8 % 20.6 % Jan-19 find more
Renewables 13.5 % 16.8 % Jan-19  
Stocks Alabama Share of U.S. Period find more
Motor Gasoline (Excludes Pipelines) 193 thousand barrels 1.0% Jan-19  
Distillate Fuel Oil (Excludes Pipelines) 1,176 thousand barrels 1.1% Jan-19 find more
Natural Gas in Underground Storage 25,958 million cu ft 0.4% Jan-19 find more
Petroleum Stocks at Electric Power Producers 210 thousand barrels 0.8% Jan-19 find more
Coal Stocks at Electric Power Producers W W Jan-19 find more
Fueling Stations Alabama Share of U.S. Period
Motor Gasoline 3,128 stations 2.8% 2016  
Liquefied Petroleum Gases 80 stations 2.6% 2019  
Electricity 118 stations 0.6% 2019  
Ethanol 23 stations 0.7% 2019  
Compressed Natural Gas and Other Alternative Fuels 12 stations 1.0% 2019  
Consumption & Expenditures  
Summary Alabama U.S. Rank Period
Total Consumption 1,934 trillion Btu 17 2016 find more
Total Consumption per Capita 398 million Btu 12 2016 find more
Total Expenditures $ 19,291 million 19 2016 find more
Total Expenditures per Capita $ 3,969 8 2016 find more
by End-Use Sector Alabama Share of U.S. Period
Consumption
    »  Residential 344 trillion Btu 1.7% 2016 find more
    »  Commercial 263 trillion Btu 1.5% 2016 find more
    »  Industrial 813 trillion Btu 2.6% 2016 find more
    »  Transportation 513 trillion Btu 1.8% 2016 find more
Expenditures
    »  Residential $ 4,370 million 1.8% 2016 find more
    »  Commercial $ 3,062 million 1.7% 2016 find more
    »  Industrial $ 3,981 million 2.3% 2016 find more
    »  Transportation $ 7,878 million 1.7% 2016 find more
by Source Alabama Share of U.S. Period
Consumption
    »  Petroleum 108 million barrels 1.5% 2016 find more
    »  Natural Gas 662 billion cu ft 2.4% 2017 find more
    »  Coal 18 million short tons 2.6% 2017 find more
Expenditures
    »  Petroleum $ 8,903.7 million 1.6% 2016 find more
    »  Natural Gas $ 2,805.0 million 2.0% 2017 find more
    »  Coal $ 916.7 million 3.0% 2017 find more
Consumption for Electricity Generation Alabama Share of U.S. Period find more
Petroleum 6 thousand barrels 0.3% Jan-19 find more
Natural Gas 26,924 million cu ft 3.2% Jan-19 find more
Coal 1,556 thousand short tons 2.8% Jan-19 find more
Energy Source Used for Home Heating (share of households) Alabama U.S. Average Period
Natural Gas 26.9 % 48.0 % 2017  
Fuel Oil 0.1 % 4.7 % 2017  
Electricity 65.9 % 39.0 % 2017  
Propane 5.8 % 4.7 % 2017  
Other/None 1.3 % 3.6 % 2017  
Environment  
Renewable Energy Capacity Alabama Share of U.S. Period find more
Total Renewable Energy Electricity Net Summer Capacity 4,174 MW 1.9% Jan-19  
Ethanol Plant Operating Capacity 0 million gal/year 0.0% 2018  
Renewable Energy Production Alabama Share of U.S. Period find more
Utility-Scale Hydroelectric Net Electricity Generation 1,385 thousand MWh 5.6% Jan-19  
Utility-Scale Solar, Wind, and Geothermal Net Electricity Generation 21 thousand MWh 0.1% Jan-19  
Utility-Scale Biomass Net Electricity Generation 292 thousand MWh 5.5% Jan-19  
Distributed (Small-Scale) Solar Photovoltaic Generation NM NM Jan-19  
Ethanol Production 0 Thousand Barrels 0.0% 2016  
Renewable Energy Consumption Alabama U.S. Rank Period find more
Renewable Energy Consumption as a Share of State Total 13.2 % 17 2016  
Ethanol Consumption 6,747 thousand barrels 20 2017  
Total Emissions Alabama Share of U.S. Period find more
Carbon Dioxide 115.7 million metric tons 2.2% 2016  
Electric Power Industry Emissions Alabama Share of U.S. Period find more
Carbon Dioxide 53,192 thousand metric tons 2.8% 2017  
Sulfur Dioxide 36 thousand metric tons 2.2% 2017  
Nitrogen Oxide 29 thousand metric tons 1.9% 2017  

Notes & Sources

-- = No data reported.
*  = Value is less than half of the smallest unit of measure (e.g., for values with no decimals, the smallest unit is 1 then values less than 0.5 are shown as *.)
NA = Not available.
NM = Not meaningful due to large relative standard error or excessive percentage change.
W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data.
Note: Small differences between source data and values displayed here may be due to independent rounding.
Note: Components of "Utility-scale net electricity generation (share of total)" may not add to 100% because "Total utility-scale net electricity generation" includes net generation from petroleum coke, pumped storage hydroelectric, other gases, and other energy sources, which are not shown separately.