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Alabama   Alabama Profile

State Profile and Energy Estimates

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(overview, data, & analysis)

Last Update: June 21, 2018 | Next Update: July 19, 2018                                                                                                                                                 See full record of updates

Data in this section highlight only a small number of the many series available for this state. Use the "more" links on this page or the "Find" tool to access EIA's additional state-level data.

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Energy Indicators  
Demography Alabama Share of U.S. Period
Population 4.9 million 1.5% 2016  
Civilian Labor Force 2.2 million 1.4% Apr-18  
Economy Alabama U.S. Rank Period
Gross Domestic Product $ 204.9 billion 27 2016  
Gross Domestic Product for the Manufacturing Sector $ 35,716 million 23 2016  
Per Capita Personal Income $ 39,231 47 2016  
Vehicle Miles Traveled 69,227 million miles 16 2016  
Land in Farms 8.9 million acres 31 2012  
Climate Alabama U.S. Rank Period
Average Temperature 65.1 degrees Fahrenheit 6 2017  
Precipitation 63.2 inches 2 2017  
Prices  
Petroleum Alabama U.S. Average Period find more
Domestic Crude Oil First Purchase $ 60.42 /barrel $ 60.68 /barrel Mar-18  
Natural Gas Alabama U.S. Average Period find more
City Gate $ 3.47 /thousand cu ft $ 3.71 /thousand cu ft Mar-18 find more
Residential $ 15.54 /thousand cu ft $ 9.79 /thousand cu ft Mar-18 find more
Coal Alabama U.S. Average Period find more
Average Sales Price $ 91.86 /short ton $ 30.57 /short ton 2016  
Delivered to Electric Power Sector $ 2.29 /million Btu $ 2.04 /million Btu Mar-18  
Electricity Alabama U.S. Average Period find more
Residential 12.65 cents/kWh 12.99 cents/kWh Mar-18 find more
Commercial 11.50 cents/kWh 10.47 cents/kWh Mar-18 find more
Industrial 5.80 cents/kWh 6.64 cents/kWh Mar-18 find more
Reserves  
Reserves Alabama Share of U.S. Period find more
Crude Oil (as of Dec. 31) 43 million barrels 0.1% 2016 find more
Expected Future Production of Dry Natural Gas (as of Dec. 31) 1,791 billion cu ft 0.6% 2016 find more
Expected Future Production of Natural Gas Plant Liquids 48 million barrels 0.3% 2016 find more
Recoverable Coal at Producing Mines 213 million short tons 1.3% 2016 find more
Rotary Rigs & Wells Alabama Share of U.S. Period find more
Rotary Rigs in Operation 1 rigs 0.2% 2016  
Natural Gas Producing Wells 5,981 wells 1.1% 2016 find more
Capacity Alabama Share of U.S. Period
Crude Oil Refinery Capacity (as of Jan. 1) 131,675 barrels/calendar day 0.7% 2017  
Electric Power Industry Net Summer Capacity 29,498 MW 2.7% Mar-18  
Supply & Distribution  
Production Alabama Share of U.S. Period find more
Total Energy 1,256 trillion Btu 1.4% 2015 find more
Crude Oil 521 thousand barrels 0.2% Mar-18 find more
Natural Gas - Marketed 164,804 million cu ft 0.6% 2016 find more
Coal 9,643 thousand short tons 1.3% 2016 find more
Total Utility-Scale Net Electricity Generation Alabama Share of U.S. Period find more
Total Net Electricity Generation 10,311 thousand MWh 3.2% Mar-18  
Utility-Scale Net Electricity Generation (share of total) Alabama U.S. Average Period
Petroleum-Fired * 0.3 % Mar-18 find more
Natural Gas-Fired 39.4 % 32.5 % Mar-18 find more
Coal-Fired 22.5 % 25.2 % Mar-18 find more
Nuclear 26.5 % 21.0 % Mar-18 find more
Renewables 11.6 % 20.3 % Mar-18  
Stocks Alabama Share of U.S. Period find more
Motor Gasoline (Excludes Pipelines) 98 thousand barrels 0.6% Mar-18  
Distillate Fuel Oil (Excludes Pipelines) 863 thousand barrels 0.9% Mar-18 find more
Natural Gas in Underground Storage 23,585 million cu ft 0.4% Mar-18 find more
Petroleum Stocks at Electric Power Producers 314 thousand barrels 1.2% Mar-18 find more
Coal Stocks at Electric Power Producers 2,807 thousand tons 2.2% Mar-18 find more
Fueling Stations Alabama Share of U.S. Period
Motor Gasoline 3,128 stations 2.8% 2016  
Liquefied Petroleum Gases 91 stations 2.8% 2017  
Electricity 63 stations 0.4% 2017  
Ethanol 23 stations 0.8% 2017  
Compressed Natural Gas and Other Alternative Fuels 15 stations 1.2% 2017  
Consumption & Expenditures  
Summary Alabama U.S. Rank Period
Total Consumption 1,934 trillion Btu 17 2016 find more
Total Consumption per Capita 393 million Btu 12 2015 find more
Total Expenditures $ 19,291 million 19 2016 find more
Total Expenditures per Capita $ 4,140 14 2015 find more
by End-Use Sector Alabama Share of U.S. Period
Consumption
    »  Residential 344 trillion Btu 1.7% 2016 find more
    »  Commercial 263 trillion Btu 1.5% 2016 find more
    »  Industrial 813 trillion Btu 2.6% 2016 find more
    »  Transportation 513 trillion Btu 1.8% 2016 find more
Expenditures
    »  Residential $ 4,370 million 1.8% 2016 find more
    »  Commercial $ 3,062 million 1.7% 2016 find more
    »  Industrial $ 3,981 million 2.3% 2016 find more
    »  Transportation $ 7,878 million 1.7% 2016 find more
by Source Alabama Share of U.S. Period
Consumption
    »  Petroleum 108.3 million barrels 1.5% 2016 find more
    »  Natural Gas 695.5 billion cu ft 2.5% 2016 find more
    »  Coal 19.8 million short tons 2.7% 2016 find more
Expenditures
    »  Petroleum $ 8,904 million 1.6% 2016 find more
    »  Natural Gas $ 2,604 million 2.0% 2016 find more
    »  Coal $ 1,025 million 3.2% 2016 find more
Consumption for Electricity Generation Alabama Share of U.S. Period find more
Petroleum NM NM Mar-18 find more
Natural Gas 28,910 million cu ft 3.8% Mar-18 find more
Coal 1,174 thousand short tons 2.6% Mar-18 find more
Energy Source Used for Home Heating (share of households) Alabama U.S. Average Period
Natural Gas 28.2 % 48.4 % 2016  
Fuel Oil 0.2 % 5.3 % 2016  
Electricity 63.6 % 37.7 % 2016  
Liquefied Petroleum Gases 6.5 % 4.8 % 2016  
Other/None 1.5 % 3.8 % 2016  
Environment  
Renewable Energy Capacity Alabama Share of U.S. Period find more
Total Renewable Energy Electricity Net Summer Capacity 4,128 MW 1.9% Mar-18  
Ethanol Plant Operating Capacity 0 million gal/year 0.0% 2018  
Renewable Energy Production Alabama Share of U.S. Period find more
Utility-Scale Hydroelectric Net Electricity Generation 885 thousand MWh 3.4% Mar-18  
Utility-Scale Solar, Wind, and Geothermal Net Electricity Generation 32 thousand MWh 0.1% Mar-18  
Utility-Scale Biomass Net Electricity Generation 277 thousand MWh 5.1% Mar-18  
Distributed (Small-Scale) Solar Photovoltaic Generation 1 thousand MWh * Mar-18  
Ethanol Production 0 Thousand Barrels 0.0% 2015  
Renewable Energy Consumption Alabama U.S. Rank Period find more
Renewable Energy Consumption as a Share of State Total 14.2 % 13 2015  
Ethanol Consumption 6,815 thousand barrels 20 2016  
Total Emissions Alabama Share of U.S. Period find more
Carbon Dioxide 120.0 million metric tons 2.3% 2015  
Electric Power Industry Emissions Alabama Share of U.S. Period find more
Carbon Dioxide 57,776 thousand metric tons 3.0% 2016  
Sulfur Dioxide 49 thousand metric tons 2.7% 2016  
Nitrogen Oxide 35 thousand metric tons 2.1% 2016  

Notes & Sources

-- = No data reported.
*  = Value is less than half of the smallest unit of measure (e.g., for values with no decimals, the smallest unit is 1 then values less than 0.5 are shown as *.)
NA = Not available.
NM = Not meaningful due to large relative standard error or excessive percentage change.
W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data.
Note: Small differences between source data and values displayed here may be due to independent rounding.
Note: Components of "Utility-scale net electricity generation (share of total)" may not add to 100% because "Total utility-scale net electricity generation" includes net generation from petroleum coke, pumped storage hydroelectric, other gases, and other energy sources, which are not shown separately.