U.S. Energy Information Administration logo
Skip to sub-navigation
‹ U.S. States

Alabama   Alabama Profile

State Profile and Energy Estimates

Visit EIA's U.S. Energy Atlas, our new interface for web map applications and geospatial data catalogue.

Profile DataPrint State Energy Profile
(overview, data, & analysis)

Last Update: July 21, 2022 | Next Update: August 18, 2022                                                                                                                                                 See full record of updates

Data in this section highlight only a small number of the many series available for this state. Use the "more" links on this page or the "Find" tool to access EIA's additional state-level data.

+ EXPAND ALL
Energy Indicators  
Demography Alabama Share of U.S. Period
Population 5.0 million 1.5% 2021  
Civilian Labor Force 2.3 million 1.4% May-22  
Economy Alabama U.S. Rank Period
Gross Domestic Product $ 247.1 billion 27 2021  
Gross Domestic Product for the Manufacturing Sector $ 40,062 million 23 2021  
Per Capita Personal Income $ 48,608 49 2021  
Vehicle Miles Traveled 67,921 million miles 15 2020  
Land in Farms 8.6 million acres 31 2017  
Climate Alabama U.S. Rank Period
Average Temperature 64.3 degrees Fahrenheit 6 2021  
Precipitation 64.9 inches 3 2021  
Prices  
Petroleum Alabama U.S. Average Period find more
Domestic Crude Oil First Purchase $ 101.89 /barrel $ 103.28 /barrel Apr-22  
Natural Gas Alabama U.S. Average Period find more
City Gate $ 6.33 /thousand cu ft $ 6.34 /thousand cu ft Apr-22 find more
Residential $ 17.12 /thousand cu ft $ 13.65 /thousand cu ft Apr-22 find more
Coal Alabama U.S. Average Period find more
Average Sales Price $ 98.01 /short ton $ 31.41 /short ton 2020  
Delivered to Electric Power Sector $ 2.50 /million Btu $ 2.18 /million Btu Apr-22  
Electricity Alabama U.S. Average Period find more
Residential 14.24 cents/kWh 14.77 cents/kWh Apr-22 find more
Commercial 12.82 cents/kWh 11.92 cents/kWh Apr-22 find more
Industrial 7.02 cents/kWh 7.83 cents/kWh Apr-22 find more
Reserves  
Reserves Alabama Share of U.S. Period find more
Crude Oil (as of Dec. 31) 34 million barrels 0.1% 2020 find more
Expected Future Production of Dry Natural Gas (as of Dec. 31) 1,493 billion cu ft 0.3% 2020 find more
Expected Future Production of Natural Gas Plant Liquids 31 million barrels 0.1% 2020 find more
Recoverable Coal at Producing Mines 190 million short tons 1.4% 2020 find more
Rotary Rigs & Wells Alabama Share of U.S. Period find more
Natural Gas Producing Wells 5,387 wells 1.1% 2020 find more
Capacity Alabama Share of U.S. Period
Crude Oil Refinery Capacity (as of Jan. 1) 139,600 barrels/calendar day 0.7% 2020  
Electric Power Industry Net Summer Capacity 28,988 MW 2.5% Apr-22  
Supply & Distribution  
Production Alabama Share of U.S. Period find more
Total Energy 1,206 trillion Btu 1.3% 2020 find more
Crude Oil 11 thousand barrels per day 0.1% Apr-22 find more
Natural Gas - Marketed 117,028 million cu ft 0.3% 2020 find more
Coal 12,151 thousand short tons 2.3% 2020 find more
Total Utility-Scale Net Electricity Generation Alabama Share of U.S. Period find more
Total Net Electricity Generation 10,463 thousand MWh 3.4% Apr-22  
Utility-Scale Net Electricity Generation (share of total) Alabama U.S. Average Period
Petroleum-Fired NM 0.2 % Apr-22 find more
Natural Gas-Fired 39.9 % 34.8 % Apr-22 find more
Coal-Fired 15.3 % 18.1 % Apr-22 find more
Nuclear 32.3 % 18.2 % Apr-22 find more
Renewables 12.6 % 28.0 % Apr-22  
Stocks Alabama Share of U.S. Period find more
Motor Gasoline (Excludes Pipelines) 72 thousand barrels 0.6% Apr-22  
Distillate Fuel Oil (Excludes Pipelines) 778 thousand barrels 1.0% Apr-22 find more
Natural Gas in Underground Storage 25,382 million cu ft 0.4% Apr-22 find more
Petroleum Stocks at Electric Power Producers 212 thousand barrels 1.0% Apr-22 find more
Coal Stocks at Electric Power Producers W W Apr-22 find more
Fueling Stations Alabama Share of U.S. Period
Motor Gasoline 3,217 stations 2.9% 2019  
Propane 65 stations 2.6% 2022  
Electricity 199 stations 0.4% 2022  
E85 21 stations 0.5% 2022  
Compressed Natural Gas and Other Alternative Fuels 10 stations 0.8% 2022  
Consumption & Expenditures  
Summary Alabama U.S. Rank Period
Total Consumption 1,839 trillion Btu 16 2020 find more
Total Consumption per Capita 366 million Btu 13 2020 find more
Total Expenditures $ 18,570 million 20 2020 find more
Total Expenditures per Capita $ 3,696 11 2020 find more
by End-Use Sector Alabama Share of U.S. Period
Consumption
    »  Residential 332 trillion Btu 1.6% 2020 find more
    »  Commercial 236 trillion Btu 1.4% 2020 find more
    »  Industrial 773 trillion Btu 2.5% 2020 find more
    »  Transportation 498 trillion Btu 2.0% 2020 find more
Expenditures
    »  Residential $ 4,518 million 1.7% 2020 find more
    »  Commercial $ 2,886 million 1.7% 2020 find more
    »  Industrial $ 3,629 million 2.2% 2020 find more
    »  Transportation $ 7,537 million 1.9% 2020 find more
by Source Alabama Share of U.S. Period
Consumption
    »  Petroleum 105 million barrels 1.6% 2020 find more
    »  Natural Gas 691 billion cu ft 2.3% 2020 find more
    »  Coal 13 million short tons 2.8% 2020 find more
Expenditures
    »  Petroleum $ 8,528 million 1.7% 2020 find more
    »  Natural Gas $ 2,430 million 1.8% 2020 find more
    »  Coal $ 605 million 3.1% 2020 find more
Consumption for Electricity Generation Alabama Share of U.S. Period find more
Petroleum NM NM Apr-22 find more
Natural Gas 29,039 million cu ft 3.7% Apr-22 find more
Coal 926 thousand short tons 3.0% Apr-22 find more
Energy Source Used for Home Heating (share of households) Alabama U.S. Average Period
Natural Gas 26.5 % 47.8 % 2019  
Fuel Oil 0.1 % 4.4 % 2019  
Electricity 66.4 % 39.5 % 2019  
Propane 5.6 % 4.8 % 2019  
Other/None 1.4 % 3.5 % 2019  
Environment  
Renewable Energy Capacity Alabama Share of U.S. Period find more
Total Renewable Energy Electricity Net Summer Capacity 4,332 MW 1.5% Apr-22  
Ethanol Plant Nameplate Capacity -- -- 2021  
Renewable Energy Production Alabama Share of U.S. Period find more
Utility-Scale Hydroelectric Net Electricity Generation 975 thousand MWh 4.8% Apr-22  
Utility-Scale Solar, Wind, and Geothermal Net Electricity Generation 89 thousand MWh 0.1% Apr-22  
Utility-Scale Biomass Net Electricity Generation 249 thousand MWh 6.1% Apr-22  
Small-Scale Solar Photovoltaic Generation NM NM Apr-22  
Fuel Ethanol Production 0 thousand barrels 0.0% 2020  
Renewable Energy Consumption Alabama U.S. Rank Period find more
Renewable Energy Consumption as a Share of State Total 16.8 % 15 2020  
Fuel Ethanol Consumption 6,201 thousand barrels 18 2020  
Total Emissions Alabama Share of U.S. Period find more
Carbon Dioxide 106.3 million metric tons 2.1% 2019  
Electric Power Industry Emissions Alabama Share of U.S. Period find more
Carbon Dioxide 44,803 thousand metric tons 2.9% 2020  
Sulfur Dioxide 26 thousand metric tons 2.6% 2020  
Nitrogen Oxide 21 thousand metric tons 1.7% 2020  

Notes & Sources

-- = No data reported.
*  = Value is less than half of the smallest unit of measure (e.g., for values with no decimals, the smallest unit is 1 then values less than 0.5 are shown as *.)
NA = Not available.
NM = Not meaningful due to large relative standard error or excessive percentage change.
W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data.
Note: Small differences between source data and values displayed here may be due to independent rounding.
Note: Components of "Utility-scale net electricity generation (share of total)" may not add to 100% because "Total utility-scale net electricity generation" includes net generation from petroleum coke, pumped storage hydroelectric, other gases, and other energy sources, which are not shown separately.