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Alabama   Alabama Profile

State Profile and Energy Estimates

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Last Update: February 18, 2021 | Next Update: March 18, 2021                                                                                                                                                 See full record of updates

Data in this section highlight only a small number of the many series available for this state. Use the "more" links on this page or the "Find" tool to access EIA's additional state-level data.

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Energy Indicators  
Demography Alabama Share of U.S. Period
Population 4.9 million 1.5% 2019  
Civilian Labor Force 2.2 million 1.4% Dec-20  
Economy Alabama U.S. Rank Period
Gross Domestic Product $ 231.0 billion 27 2019  
Gross Domestic Product for the Manufacturing Sector $ 38,636 million 22 2019  
Per Capita Personal Income $ 43,880 49 2019  
Vehicle Miles Traveled 71,167 million miles 16 2018  
Land in Farms 8.6 million acres 31 2017  
Climate Alabama U.S. Rank Period
Average Temperature 65.0 degrees Fahrenheit 6 2020  
Precipitation 68.6 inches 1 2020  
Prices  
Petroleum Alabama U.S. Average Period find more
Domestic Crude Oil First Purchase $ 36.79 /barrel $ 38.18 /barrel Nov-20  
Natural Gas Alabama U.S. Average Period find more
City Gate $ 3.45 /thousand cu ft $ 3.80 /thousand cu ft Nov-20 find more
Residential $ 18.58 /thousand cu ft $ 11.07 /thousand cu ft Nov-20 find more
Coal Alabama U.S. Average Period find more
Average Sales Price $ 137.26 /short ton $ 36.07 /short ton 2019  
Delivered to Electric Power Sector $ 2.21 /million Btu $ 1.90 /million Btu Nov-20  
Electricity Alabama U.S. Average Period find more
Residential 13.00 cents/kWh 13.35 cents/kWh Nov-20 find more
Commercial 11.85 cents/kWh 10.59 cents/kWh Nov-20 find more
Industrial 6.08 cents/kWh 6.48 cents/kWh Nov-20 find more
Reserves  
Reserves Alabama Share of U.S. Period find more
Crude Oil (as of Dec. 31) 39 million barrels 0.1% 2019 find more
Expected Future Production of Dry Natural Gas (as of Dec. 31) 1,387 billion cu ft 0.3% 2019 find more
Expected Future Production of Natural Gas Plant Liquids 30 million barrels 0.1% 2019 find more
Recoverable Coal at Producing Mines 204 million short tons 1.4% 2019 find more
Rotary Rigs & Wells Alabama Share of U.S. Period find more
Natural Gas Producing Wells 5,577 wells 1.1% 2019 find more
Capacity Alabama Share of U.S. Period
Crude Oil Refinery Capacity (as of Jan. 1) 141,675 barrels/calendar day 0.8% 2019  
Electric Power Industry Net Summer Capacity 28,727 MW 2.6% Nov-20  
Supply & Distribution  
Production Alabama Share of U.S. Period find more
Total Energy 1,243 trillion Btu 1.3% 2018 find more
Crude Oil 10 thousand barrels per day 0.1% Nov-20 find more
Natural Gas - Marketed 130,065 million cu ft 0.4% 2019 find more
Coal 14,124 thousand short tons 2.0% 2019 find more
Total Utility-Scale Net Electricity Generation Alabama Share of U.S. Period find more
Total Net Electricity Generation 9,787 thousand MWh 3.2% Nov-20  
Utility-Scale Net Electricity Generation (share of total) Alabama U.S. Average Period
Petroleum-Fired NM 0.3 % Nov-20 find more
Natural Gas-Fired 34.0 % 35.7 % Nov-20 find more
Coal-Fired 19.6 % 20.3 % Nov-20 find more
Nuclear 34.1 % 20.5 % Nov-20 find more
Renewables 12.3 % 22.5 % Nov-20  
Stocks Alabama Share of U.S. Period find more
Motor Gasoline (Excludes Pipelines) 169 thousand barrels 1.0% Nov-20  
Distillate Fuel Oil (Excludes Pipelines) 1,726 thousand barrels 1.4% Nov-20 find more
Natural Gas in Underground Storage 36,063 million cu ft 0.4% Nov-20 find more
Petroleum Stocks at Electric Power Producers 210 thousand barrels 0.8% Nov-20 find more
Coal Stocks at Electric Power Producers 2,958 thousand tons 2.2% Nov-20 find more
Fueling Stations Alabama Share of U.S. Period
Motor Gasoline 3,217 stations 2.9% 2018  
Propane 69 stations 2.5% 2021  
Electricity 168 stations 0.4% 2021  
E85 15 stations 0.4% 2021  
Compressed Natural Gas and Other Alternative Fuels 11 stations 0.9% 2021  
Consumption & Expenditures  
Summary Alabama U.S. Rank Period
Total Consumption 1,955 trillion Btu 17 2018 find more
Total Consumption per Capita 400 million Btu 14 2018 find more
Total Expenditures $ 21,952 million 22 2018 find more
Total Expenditures per Capita $ 4,491 15 2018 find more
by End-Use Sector Alabama Share of U.S. Period
Consumption
    »  Residential 358 trillion Btu 1.7% 2018 find more
    »  Commercial 264 trillion Btu 1.4% 2018 find more
    »  Industrial 841 trillion Btu 2.6% 2018 find more
    »  Transportation 492 trillion Btu 1.7% 2018 find more
Expenditures
    »  Residential $ 4,720 million 1.8% 2018 find more
    »  Commercial $ 3,190 million 1.7% 2018 find more
    »  Industrial $ 4,412 million 2.1% 2018 find more
    »  Transportation $ 9,629 million 1.6% 2018 find more
by Source Alabama Share of U.S. Period
Consumption
    »  Petroleum 103 million barrels 1.4% 2018 find more
    »  Natural Gas 728 billion cu ft 2.3% 2019 find more
    »  Coal 16 million short tons 2.7% 2019 find more
Expenditures
    »  Petroleum $ 10,948 million 1.5% 2018 find more
    »  Natural Gas $ 2,833 million 1.9% 2019 find more
    »  Coal $ 822 million 3.2% 2019 find more
Consumption for Electricity Generation Alabama Share of U.S. Period find more
Petroleum NM NM Nov-20 find more
Natural Gas 23,027 million cu ft 2.9% Nov-20 find more
Coal 1,027 thousand short tons 3.0% Nov-20 find more
Energy Source Used for Home Heating (share of households) Alabama U.S. Average Period
Natural Gas 26.5 % 47.8 % 2019  
Fuel Oil 0.1 % 4.4 % 2019  
Electricity 66.4 % 39.5 % 2019  
Propane 5.6 % 4.8 % 2019  
Other/None 1.4 % 3.5 % 2019  
Environment  
Renewable Energy Capacity Alabama Share of U.S. Period find more
Total Renewable Energy Electricity Net Summer Capacity 4,119 MW 1.6% Nov-20  
Ethanol Plant Nameplate Capacity -- -- 2020  
Renewable Energy Production Alabama Share of U.S. Period find more
Utility-Scale Hydroelectric Net Electricity Generation 905 thousand MWh 4.1% Nov-20  
Utility-Scale Solar, Wind, and Geothermal Net Electricity Generation 23 thousand MWh 0.1% Nov-20  
Utility-Scale Biomass Net Electricity Generation 272 thousand MWh 5.9% Nov-20  
Small-Scale Solar Photovoltaic Generation NM NM Nov-20  
Fuel Ethanol Production 0 thousand barrels 0.0% 2018  
Renewable Energy Consumption Alabama U.S. Rank Period find more
Renewable Energy Consumption as a Share of State Total 15.3 % 16 2018  
Fuel Ethanol Consumption 6,336 thousand barrels 23 2019  
Total Emissions Alabama Share of U.S. Period find more
Carbon Dioxide 108.0 million metric tons 2.1% 2017  
Electric Power Industry Emissions Alabama Share of U.S. Period find more
Carbon Dioxide 50,842 thousand metric tons 2.9% 2019  
Sulfur Dioxide 32 thousand metric tons 2.5% 2019  
Nitrogen Oxide 26 thousand metric tons 1.9% 2019  

Notes & Sources

-- = No data reported.
*  = Value is less than half of the smallest unit of measure (e.g., for values with no decimals, the smallest unit is 1 then values less than 0.5 are shown as *.)
NA = Not available.
NM = Not meaningful due to large relative standard error or excessive percentage change.
W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data.
Note: Small differences between source data and values displayed here may be due to independent rounding.
Note: Components of "Utility-scale net electricity generation (share of total)" may not add to 100% because "Total utility-scale net electricity generation" includes net generation from petroleum coke, pumped storage hydroelectric, other gases, and other energy sources, which are not shown separately.