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Petroleum Supply Annual, Volume 2

Sep 25, 2015
Final monthly statistics for the supply and disposition of crude oil and petroleum products.

East Coast distillate fuel oil inventories higher than in recent years

Sep 25, 2015
Inventories of distillate fuel oil in the U.S. East Coast are higher now than they have been in the previous three years, reaching 59 million barrels on September 18. Most of the recent increase is in the Central Atlantic region, but inventories are also higher in New England and the Lower Atlantic, compared with previous late-September levels.

Petroleum Supply Annual, Volume 1

Sep 25, 2015
Final annual data for the supply and disposition of crude oil and petroleum products.

Financial Review: Second-quarter 2015

Sep 24, 2015
This analysis focuses on the financial and operating trends of 97 global oil and natural gas companies (called the energy companies).

World Shale Resource Assessments

Sep 24, 2015
Four countries: Chad, Kazakhstan, Oman and the United Arab Emirates (UAE) have been added to report “Technically Recoverable Shale Oil and Shale Gas Resources.” The report provides an estimate of shale resources in selected basins around the world. The new chapters cover shale basins from the Sub-Saharan Africa region, represented by Chad; the Caspian region, represented by Kazakhstan; and the Middle East region, represented by Oman and the United Arab Emirates (UAE) and are available as supplemental chapters to the 2013 report.

Sustained low oil prices could reduce exploration and production investment

Sep 24, 2015
Low oil prices, if sustained, could mark the beginning of a long-term drop in upstream oil and natural gas investment. Oil prices reflect supply and demand balances, with increasing prices often suggesting a need for greater supply. Greater supply, in turn, typically requires increased investment in exploration and production (E&P) activities. Lower prices reduce investment activity.

Coal mine starts continue to decline

Sep 23, 2015
The number of new and reactivated coal mines that began production in 2013 fell to the lowest level in at least the past 10 years. The addition of 103 mines in 2013 came as 271 mines were idled or closed, resulting in a 14% decline in the total number of producing coal mines from 2012 to 2013. The 2013 total was 397 fewer coal mines than in 2008, when coal production was at its highest.

Prime Supplier Report

Sep 22, 2015
The latest Prime Supplier Report presents data collected through July 2015 on Form EIA-782C, "Monthly Report of Prime Supplier Sales of Petroleum Products Sold for Local Consumption." These data measure primary petroleum product deliveries into the states where they are locally marketed and consumed.

U.S. Gulf of Mexico share of global active offshore rigs declines since 2000

Sep 22, 2015
In response to the decline in crude oil prices since mid-2014, the number of active offshore rigs has declined worldwide, dropping close to 20%—304 offshore rigs were operating in August 2015, down from 377 in August 2014. During this period, the number of active offshore rigs in the U.S. Gulf of Mexico (GOM) dropped more rapidly, falling by 46%. Over the past 15 years, the U.S. GOM's share of active offshore rigs worldwide has declined significantly.

Mexico Country Analysis Brief

Sep 21, 2015
Mexico is one of the largest producers of petroleum and other liquids in the world and an important partner in U.S. energy trade. Mexico's crude oil production has steadily decreased since 2005; however, recent government reforms allow for greater outside investment with the goal of increasing oil and natural gas production once again.

U.S. propane inventories are at an all-time high

Sep 21, 2015
U.S. inventories of propane and propylene reached 97.7 million barrels as of September 11, the highest level in the 22 years that EIA has collected weekly propane inventory statistics. In the first six months of 2015, U.S. propane and propylene inventories were 29.9 million barrels higher on average compared to the same period in 2014. In the past year, nearly all of the increase in inventories occurred in the Gulf Coast region (PADD3).

Debt service uses a rising share of U.S. onshore oil producers' operating cash flow

Sep 18, 2015
Results from second-quarter 2015 financial statements of a number of U.S. companies with onshore oil operations suggest continued financial strain for some companies. Low oil prices have significantly reduced cash flow for U.S. oil producers, and to adjust to lower cash flows, companies have reduced capital expenditures and raised more cash from debt and equity.

State Energy Profiles: New Data for June and July 2015 and Updated Analytical Narratives

Sep 17, 2015
New monthly data are available for electricity, petroleum, and coal series. In addition, analytical narratives have been updated for California and Hawaii.

Coal use in China is slowing

Sep 17, 2015
Economic deceleration, industry restructuring, and new energy and environmental policies have slowed the growth of coal consumption in China and are also driving more centralized and cleaner uses of coal. After nearly a decade of rapid growth, energy-based consumption of coal, which currently supplies two-thirds of China's overall energy use, grew only 1% to 2% in 2012 and 2013 and was essentially flat in 2014.

Recent statistical revisions suggest higher historical coal consumption in China

Sep 16, 2015
New preliminary data from the China Statistical Abstract 2015 show an upward revision to China's historical coal consumption and production. Energy-content-based coal consumption from 2000 to 2013 is up to 14% higher than previously reported, while coal production is up to 7% higher. These revisions also affect China's total primary energy consumption and production, which are also higher than previously reported—up to 11% and 7% in some years, respectively, mainly because of revisions to coal.

U.S. job market and automotive sales trends support growth in gasoline use

Sep 15, 2015
U.S. motor gasoline product supplied, a proxy for gasoline use in the United States, has been rising after reaching an 11-year low in 2012. Although lower gasoline prices have been an important factor in the increase in gasoline use so far in 2015, changes in the labor market and in the vehicle sales mix over the past few years also have contributed to the rise in gasoline use.

Global solar photovoltaic manufacturing production slows in recent years

Sep 14, 2015
Growth in solar photovoltaic (PV) module production has slowed in recent years to 4% annually from 2011 to 2013 after increasing by an average of 78% from 2006 to 2011. In addition, the gap between global PV module manufacturing capability and production has grown, leading to lower utilization rates of manufacturing facilities.

Natural gas use features two seasonal peaks per year

Sep 11, 2015
Use of natural gas has two seasonal peaks, with consumption patterns predominantly driven by weather. The largest peak occurs during the winter, when cold weather increases the demand for natural gas space heating in the residential and commercial sectors. A smaller peak occurs in the summer when air conditioning use increases demand for electric power, an increasing portion of which is provided by natural gas-fired generators.

Assumptions for Annual Energy Outlook 2015

Sep 10, 2015
This report presents the major assumptions of the National Energy Modeling System (NEMS) used to generate the projections in the Annual Energy Outlook 2015, including general features of the model structure, assumptions concerning energy markets, and the key input data and parameters that are the most significant in formulating the model results.

Crude oil swaps with Mexico could provide economic and environmental benefits

Sep 10, 2015
U.S.-Mexico crude oil swaps approved last month by the U.S. Department of Commerce's Bureau of Industry and Security will likely involve exchanges of U.S. light sweet crude for Mexican heavy sour crude that is already being exported to the United States. The swaps, which are provided for under regulations governing U.S. crude oil exports, are expected to be economically and environmentally beneficial because of differences in crude oil qualities as well as differences in each country's petroleum refineries.

Short-Term Energy Outlook - Market Prices and Uncertainty Report

Sep 9, 2015
Crude oil prices declined through most of August before rising at the end of the month and in the first week of September. The North Sea Brent front month futures price rose $1.16 per barrel (b) since August 3 to settle at $50.68/b on September 3. The West Texas Intermediate (WTI) front month futures price increased $1.58/b over the same period to settle at $46.75/b.

Short-Term Energy Outlook

Sep 9, 2015
North Sea Brent crude oil prices averaged $47/barrel (b) in August, a $10/b decrease from July. This third consecutive monthly decrease in prices likely reflects concerns about lower economic growth in emerging markets, expectations of higher oil exports from Iran, and continuing growth in global inventories. Crude oil price volatility increased significantly, with Brent prices showing daily changes of more than 5% for four consecutive trading days from August 27 to September 1, the longest such stretch since December 2008.

Saudi Arabia maintained crude oil market share in Asia in the first half of 2015

Sep 9, 2015
In the first half of 2015, Saudi Arabia exported on average 4.4 million barrels per day (b/d) of crude oil to seven major trading partners in Asia, making up more than half of Saudi Arabia's total crude oil exports over that period. Even as global crude oil prices fell in 2014 and 2015, Saudi Arabia increased production and kept its export levels high, enabling it to maintain its market share in these countries. However, long-term trends within Saudi Arabia's energy sector may reduce its global crude oil market share.

Electric generator capacity factors vary widely across the world

Sep 8, 2015
The technologies used to generate electricity are similar across regions of the world, but the pattern of use for those generating technologies can be significantly different. Analysis of electric generating plant utilization (measured by annual capacity factors, or the ratio of generation to capacity) over a five-year period shows a wide range of variability among fuel types and across world regions.

Gasoline prices in week before Labor Day lowest in 11 years

Sep 4, 2015
The U.S. average retail price for regular gasoline was $2.51/gallon (g) on August 31, the lowest price for the Monday before Labor Day since 2004, and 95¢/g lower than the same time last year. Declines in crude oil prices are the main driver behind falling U.S. gasoline prices.

Output per miner-hour rises as smaller coal mines close

Sep 3, 2015
Coal mining productivity increased in 2013, averaging 5.5 short tons per miner hour, reversing a trend of declining productivity since at least 2000. Preliminary data from the Mine Safety and Health Administration indicate a further increase in 2014. Improved productivity at the largest mines, as well as the shrinking number of smaller coal mines, contributed to the rise in overall productivity.

Effects of removing U.S. crude export restrictions depend on price, resource assumptions

Sep 2, 2015
A new study by the U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) on the potential implications of allowing more crude oil exports finds that effects on domestic crude oil production are key to determining the other effects of a policy change. Gasoline prices would be either unchanged or slightly reduced. Trade in crude oil and petroleum products would also be affected.

U.S. Energy Mapping System Updates

Sep 1, 2015
Biodiesel plants and ethanol plants were added as new layers. Updates to existing layers include coal mines, Federal and Indian lands, liquefied natural gas import/export terminals, natural gas processing plants, oil and gas wells, petroleum ports, petroleum product terminals, petroleum refineries, and solid biomass resources. These changes were also implemented on related interactive State maps such as the Energy Disruptions and Flood Vulnerability Assessment maps.

Effects of Removing Restrictions on U.S. Crude Oil Exports

Sep 1, 2015
The recent rise in domestic crude oil production from 5.6 million barrels per day (b/d) in 2009 to 8.7 million b/d in 2014 and the prospect of continued supply growth have sparked interest in the question of how the relaxation or removal of current policies, which restrict but do not ban exports of crude oil produced in the United States, might affect markets for both crude oil and petroleum products over the next decade. This new EIA report explores this issue.

New Interactive Map of Major Tight Oil and Shale Gas Plays in Lower 48 States

Sep 1, 2015
This map displays boundaries, structure (elevation of the top contours), and isopachs (thickness contours) for major low permeability oil and gas plays in the lower 48 States along with energy infrastructure information.

Petroleum Marketing Monthly

Sep 1, 2015
The September 2015 Petroleum Marketing Monthly (PMM), with data through June 2015, presents monthly and annual price and volume statistics covering crude oil and refined products sales in the United States. In this edition of the PMM, preliminary data show crude oil prices continued to rise in June, while price movements for sales of finished products by refiners show mixed trends. U.S.-level Prime Supplier data show June sales of gasoline and diesel fuel rose from both month- and year-ago levels.

Alaska increases wind power capacity in utility-scale and distributed-scale projects

Sep 1, 2015
Although wind power provided less than 3% of Alaska's electric power generation in 2014, Alaska's wind power capacity has increased 20-fold between 2007 and 2014, growing from 3 megawatts (MW) to 60 MW. This increase is notable in light of the challenges of installing and connecting large wind generators, specifically the high costs of expanding electricity transmission infrastructure in the least densely populated state.

U.S. Movements of Crude Oil By Rail

Aug 31, 2015
Monthly data on rail movements of crude oil have been updated for June 2015. Crude oil movements by rail have significantly increased over the past five years. The new data on crude-by-rail (CBR) movements are also fully integrated with EIA’s existing monthly petroleum supply statistics, which already include crude oil movements by pipeline, tanker, and barge.

Company Level Imports

Aug 31, 2015
Imports data at the company level collected from the EIA-814 Monthly Imports Report.

Monthly Crude Oil and Natural Gas Production

Aug 31, 2015
Beginning with the June 2015 data, EIA is providing estimates for crude oil production (including lease condensate) based on data from the EIA-914 survey. Survey-based monthly production estimates starting with January 2015 are provided for Arkansas, California, Colorado, Kansas, Louisiana, Montana, New Mexico, North Dakota, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Texas, Utah, Wyoming, and the Federal Gulf of Mexico. For two states covered by the EIA-914—Oklahoma and West Virginia—and all remaining oil-producing states and areas not individually covered by the EIA-914, production estimates are based on the previous methodology (using lagged state data). When EIA completes its validation of Oklahoma and West Virginia data, estimates for these states will also be based on EIA-914 data. For all states and areas, production data prior to 2015 are estimates published in the Petroleum Supply Monthly. Later in 2015, EIA will report monthly crude oil production by API gravity category for the individually-surveyed EIA-914 states.

Notice of Changes to the Weekly Natural Gas Storage Report

Aug 31, 2015
To enhance the transparency and utility of the Weekly Natural Gas Storage Report (WNGSR), the U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) will make several important changes: The regional breakdown of the data will now include five regions for working gas in the Lower 48 states. The threshold for published revisions and reclassifications between working and base gas will be reduced from 7 billion cubic feet (Bcf) to 4 Bcf. Unscheduled release of revisions to weekly estimates of working gas held in underground storage will occur when the cumulative sum of data changes or corrections to working gas and the net change between the two most recent report weeks is at least 10 Bcf.

Monthly Biodiesel Production Report

Aug 31, 2015
The U.S. Energy Information Administration released new data today showing national and regional monthly biodiesel production for June 2015. In addition to biodiesel production, data included producer sales, producer stocks, and feedstock inputs.

Petroleum Supply Monthly

Aug 31, 2015
Supply and disposition of crude oil and petroleum products on a national and regional level. The data series describe production, imports and exports, movements, and inventories.

Natural Gas Monthly

Aug 31, 2015
• Dry natural gas production in June was the highest for that month since EIA began reporting dry gas production data. Dry natural gas production has increased year-over-year for each month since March 2013; dry production has not decreased year-over-year for any month since February 2013. Preliminary dry natural gas production for June 2015 was 2,236 billion cubic feet (Bcf), or 74.5 Bcf/day. This level was a 4.7 Bcf/day increase from 69.8 Bcf/day in June 2014, a 6.7% rise. • June’s dry natural gas consumption level was the highest on record for the month, dating back to 2001. This was the fifth consecutive month that saw a record high level of consumption for the given month. Preliminary total natural gas consumption for June 2015 was 1,927 Bcf, or 64.2 Bcf/day. This level was an increase of 5.4% from 1,765 Bcf in June 2014, or 58.8 Bcf/day. • For the fourth consecutive month, year-over-year total consumption of dry natural gas decreased in three of four sectors, with the exception being electric power deliveries, which again increased significantly year to year: o Deliveries to residential consumers for June 2015 were 123 Bcf, or 4.1 Bcf/day, down 1.6% from 4.2 Bcf/day in June 2014. For the second consecutive month, residential consumption was the second-lowest level for the month on record, dating back to 1973. o Commercial deliveries were 135 Bcf, or 4.5 Bcf/day, a 4.3% decrease from 4.7 Bcf/day in June 2014. o Industrial deliveries were 577 Bcf, or 19.2 Bcf/day, down 1.7% from 19.6 Bcf/day in June 2014. o Electric power deliveries were 889 Bcf, or 29.6 Bcf/day, a 22.8% rise from 24.1 Bcf/day in June 2014. June’s electric power consumption was the highest level for the month on record.

EIA improves monthly reporting of crude oil production

Aug 31, 2015
With the planned release of the Petroleum Supply Monthly (PSM) later today, EIA is incorporating the first survey-based reporting of monthly crude oil production based on an expansion of its survey program earlier this year. Today's PSM includes EIA's first reporting of June crude oil production. EIA also begins using new survey data from multiple states and regions within the United States, and revises figures previously reported for January through May 2015.

Reduced offshore share in U.S. oil and natural gas production lowers risk from hurricanes

Aug 28, 2015
The domestic market for distributed wind turbines has weakened since the record capacity additions in 2012. Last year's installations of mid-size and small wind turbines were the lowest in a decade. Relatively low electricity prices, competition from other distributed energy sources, and relatively high permitting and other nonmaterial costs have presented challenges to the distributed wind market in the United States.

Domestic market for distributed wind turbines faces several challenges

Aug 27, 2015
The domestic market for distributed wind turbines has weakened since the record capacity additions in 2012. Last year's installations of mid-size and small wind turbines were the lowest in a decade. Relatively low electricity prices, competition from other distributed energy sources, and relatively high permitting and other nonmaterial costs have presented challenges to the distributed wind market in the United States.

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