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Petroleum Marketing Monthly

Apr 1, 2016
The April 2016 Petroleum Marketing Monthly (PMM), with data through January 2016, presents monthly and annual price and volume statistics covering crude oil and refined products sales in the United States. In this issue of the PMM, final 2015 annual averages are available for finished petroleum products in Tables 2 through 17. Preliminary monthly data show prices for crude oil and finished petroleum products continued to decline in January, while Prime Supplier data show sales of gasoline and No. 2 distillates fell from December levels. Also, updated state motor fuels tax information is available on the PMM website.

Ethane production expected to increase as petrochemical consumption and exports expand

Apr 1, 2016
Ethane production is expected to increase from 1.1 million barrels per day (b/d) in 2015 to 1.4 million b/d in 2017, accounting for two-thirds of total U.S. hydrocarbon gas liquid (HGL) production growth. Ethane, a key feedstock for petrochemical manufacturing, is recovered from raw natural gas at natural gas processing plants.

Natural Gas Monthly

Mar 31, 2016
• In January, for the third straight year, dry natural gas production was the highest for the month since EIA began reporting dry natural gas production data in 1973. Preliminary dry natural gas production for January 2016 was 2,301 billion cubic feet (Bcf), or 74.2 Bcf/day. This level was a 1.1 Bcf/day (1.5%) increase from January 2015 production of 73.1 Bcf/day. • Preliminary dry natural gas consumption for January 2016 was 3,135 Bcf, or 101.1 Bcf/day. This was an increase of 0.2% from 3,130 Bcf in January 2015, or 0.2 Bcf/day. • Year-over-year total consumption of dry natural gas in January decreased in two of the four consuming sectors, and increased in the other two. Deliveries of natural gas by consuming sector in January 2016 were as follows: o Residential deliveries were 890 Bcf, or 28.7 Bcf/day, down 4.9% from 30.2 Bcf/day in January 2015. o Commercial deliveries were 510 Bcf, or 16.5 Bcf/day, down 4.1% from 17.2 Bcf/day in January 2015. o Industrial deliveries were 723 Bcf, or 23.3 Bcf/day, up 1.0% from 23.1 Bcf/day in January 2015. o Electric power deliveries were 777 Bcf, or 25.1 Bcf/day, up 8.8% from 23.0 Bcf/day in January 2015.

Australia's Gorgon, one of the world's largest LNG terminals, ships first cargo

Mar 31, 2016
Australia's Gorgon project, one of the largest liquefied natural gas (LNG) projects in the world, shipped its first cargo last week to Japan. Located on Barrow Island off the coast of northwestern Australia, the project includes a domestic natural gas plant, a carbon dioxide injection project, and an LNG export facility. Its three liquefaction units, also known as trains, have a combined capacity of 2.1 billion cubic feet per day (Bcf/d).

Monthly Crude Oil and Natural Gas Production

Mar 31, 2016
These monthly production estimates are based on data from the EIA-914, Monthly Crude Oil, Lease Condensate, and Natural Gas Production Report. Beginning in January 2015, ten states were added to the EIA-914, bringing to 16 the number of states/areas with individual coverage, and crude oil production estimates were introduced. Estimates based on the EIA-914 are now provided for Arkansas, California, Colorado, Kansas, Louisiana, Montana, New Mexico, North Dakota, Ohio, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, Texas, Utah, West Virginia, Wyoming, and the Federal Gulf of Mexico. For natural gas, production for the remaining producing states (except Alaska) is reported in a single “Other states” entry. For crude oil, production from states/areas not individually covered in the EIA-914 is based on EIA’s previous estimation methodology. A document detailing EIA’s sampling and estimation methodology is available in the "Additional data and methodology" section at the right.

EIA report shows decline in cost of U.S. oil and gas wells since 2012

Mar 30, 2016
The profitability of oil and natural gas development activity depends on both the prices realized by producers and the cost and productivity of newly developed wells. Overall trends in well development costs are generally less transparent than price and productivity trends, which are readily observable in the markets or through analyses of well productivity trends such as EIA's monthly Drilling Productivity Report.

Monthly Energy Review

Mar 29, 2016
The March report includes the first complete set of 2015 preliminary statistics for U.S. total energy consumption, production, trade, and carbon dioxide emissions. Preliminary data indicate that U.S. total primary energy consumption equaled 98 quadrillion Btu in 2015, a 1% decrease from 2014. U.S. total primary energy production totaled 89 quadrillion Btu in 2015, a 1% increase from the year before.

U.S. production of hydrocarbon gas liquids expected to increase through 2017

Mar 29, 2016
U.S. production of hydrocarbon gas liquids (HGL)—a group of products including ethane, propane, butanes, and natural gasoline—is expected to increase from 3.86 million barrels per day in 2015 to 4.33 million b/d in 2017, according to EIA's Short-Term Energy Outlook. HGLs are produced at both natural gas processing plants and petroleum refineries, but natural gas plants are expected to provide more than 95% of forecast production growth.

United Kingdom increases oil production in 2015, but new field development declines

Mar 28, 2016
After many years of decline, production of petroleum and other liquids in the United Kingdom (U.K.) increased by about 100,000 barrels per day (b/d) in 2015. The largest contribution to this increase came from fields that were brought online in the second half of 2014. Significant increases also came from fields that came online in 2015, and from improved performance of the U.K.'s largest producing field, the offshore Buzzard field.

State Energy Data System: Liquefied petroleum gases and total petroleum for 2014

Mar 25, 2016
Annual state-level estimates of consumption, prices, and expenditures for liquefied petroleum gases and total petroleum.

U.S. petroleum product exports continue to increase

Mar 25, 2016
Total U.S. petroleum product exports continued to increase in 2015, up 467,000 barrels per day (b/d) from 2014 to 4.3 million b/d, driven by increased exports of distillate fuel, motor gasoline, and propane. Mexico and countries in Central and South America continue to be major recipients of U.S. petroleum product exports.

State Electricity Profiles updated for 2014 data

Mar 24, 2016
The annual report contains data tables describing the electricity industry in each state. Data include generating capability, electricity generation, fuel use and prices, retail sales, emissions, net interstate transfers of electricity, and metering counts.

EIA reviews and enhances data and projections for wind and solar electricity

Mar 24, 2016
EIA's data and projections for renewable electricity, in particular wind and solar generators, are a major topic of interest for many EIA customers. In an effort to assure that data are accurate and comprehensive, and that projections are useful for policy analysis, EIA regularly reviews its data and projections, as well as current and projected costs for wind and solar technologies.

Annual Coal Report

Mar 23, 2016
The Annual Coal Report (ACR) provides annual data on U.S. coal production, number of mines, productive capacity, recoverable reserves, employment, productivity, consumption, stocks, and prices. All data for 2014 and prior years are final.

Trends in U.S. Oil and Natural Gas Upstream Costs

Mar 23, 2016
Average 2015 well drilling and completion costs in five onshore areas decline 25% and 30% below their level in 2012 The U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) commissioned IHS Global Inc. (IHS) to perform a study of upstream drilling and production costs. The IHS report assesses capital and operating costs associated with drilling, completing, and operating wells and facilities. The report focuses on five onshore regions, including the Bakken, Eagle Ford, and Marcellus plays, two plays (Midland and Delaware) within the Permian basin, as well as the offshore federal Gulf of Mexico (GOM). The period studied runs from 2006 through 2015, with forecasts to 2018. Among the report’s key findings are that average well drilling and completion costs in five onshore areas evaluated in 2015 were between 25% and 30% below their level in 2012, when costs per well were at their highest point over the past decade.

Wind adds the most electric generation capacity in 2015, followed by natural gas and solar

Mar 23, 2016
Wind, natural gas, and solar made up almost all new electric generation capacity in 2015, accounting for 41%, 30%, and 26% of total additions, respectively, according to preliminary data. The data also show a record amount of distributed solar photovoltaic capacity was added on rooftops throughout the country in 2015. The trend of wind, natural gas, and solar additions making up most new capacity is likely to continue in 2016.

Wells drilled since start of 2014 provided nearly half of Lower 48 oil production in 2015

Mar 22, 2016
U.S. crude oil production from the Lower 48 states from new wells (drilled since the start of 2014) made up 48% of total U.S. crude oil production in 2015, up from 22% in 2007. Production from new wells has grown as advances in horizontal drilling and completion techniques led to growth in oil production from low-permeability tight reservoirs.

Wind and Solar Data Projections from the U.S. Energy Information Administration: Past Performance and Planned Enhancements

Mar 22, 2016
In an effort to improve EIA's approach to providing accurate, comprehensive data, and useful projections for policy analysis, EIA has conducted a review of its historical data and projections of capacity, generation, and cost projections for wind and solar technologies. While EIA's internal processes and engagement with stakeholders are both continuing, this paper shares some early findings of EIA's current review of our wind and solar data and projections, focusing in part on some of the issues that have been publicly raised by EIA's critics.

Prime Supplier Report

Mar 21, 2016
The latest Prime Supplier Report presents data collected through January 2016 on Form EIA-782C, "Monthly Report of Prime Supplier Sales of Petroleum Products Sold for Local Consumption." These data measure primary petroleum product deliveries into the states where they are locally marketed and consumed.

As coal stockpiles at power plants rise, shippers are reducing coal railcar loadings

Mar 21, 2016
Coal stockpiles at electric generating facilities totaled 197 million tons at the end of 2015, the highest level since June 2012 and the highest year-end inventories in at least 25 years. More than 40 million tons of coal were added to stockpiles at electric generating facilities from September-December, the largest build during that timespan in at least 15 years. In addition to relatively low overall electricity generation, coal-fired electricity has recently been losing market share to natural gas and renewable generation.

2012 Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey: Energy Usage Summary

Mar 18, 2016
EIA has released summary tables providing energy consumption estimates from the 2012 CBECS. The data show that despite a 14% increase in total buildings and a 22% increase in total floorspace since 2003, energy use in the estimated 5.6 million U.S. commercial buildings was up just 7% during the same period. Slower growth in commercial building energy demand since 2003 is explained in part by newer construction that is built to higher energy performance standards, occupied by less energy intensive building activities, and more often built in temperate regions. The improved efficiency of key energy-consuming equipment is also decreasing demand. Since 2003, for example, space heating and lighting are each down by 11 percentage points in their share of energy use in buildings.

State Energy Data System: Nuclear energy for 2014

Mar 18, 2016
Annual state-level estimates of nuclear energy consumption, prices, and expenditures.

State Energy Profiles: New data for December 2015 and January 2016, new territory data, and updated analytical narratives and Quick Facts

Mar 18, 2016
New monthly data are available for electricity, petroleum, and coal series. The Territory Energy Profiles also feature new annual data on energy production, consumption, trade, and emissions. In addition, analytical narratives and Quick Facts have been updated for Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Minnesota, and Missouri, and Quick Facts have been updated for Puerto Rico.

Demand trends, prices, and policies drive recent electric generation capacity additions

Mar 18, 2016
The combination of slower electricity demand growth, low natural gas prices, and policies that encourage renewables-sourced electricity generation is changing the type and the amount of generating capacity added each year.

High production, low prices mean little change in natural gas storage capacity

Mar 17, 2016
High levels of natural gas production and relatively low natural gas prices are affecting markets for seasonal natural gas storage, including the value of additional storage capacity. For the second year in a row, no new natural gas storage facilities were added, and the slight changes, both positive and negative, at existing storage fields caused national storage capacity to remain essentially flat for the year.

Underground Natural Gas Working Storage Capacity

Mar 16, 2016
The U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) has released its 2016 Underground Natural Gas Working Storage Capacity update with data for November 2015. U.S. natural gas working storage capacity (in terms of design capacity and demonstrated maximum working gas volumes) as of November 2015 was essentially flat compared to November 2014, with some regions increasing while others decreased. Demonstrated maximum working gas levels increased in the South Central Salt region, offsetting declines in the Mountain region. With the exception of the Mountain region and the South Central region, storage capacity in most regions changed by less than 1% from the previous period in both maximum working gas levels and in design capacity.

Short-Term Outlook for Hydrocarbon Gas Liquids

Mar 16, 2016
U.S. liquid fuels production increased from 7.43 million barrels per day (b/d) in 2008 to 13.75 million b/d in 2015. However, the Short-Term Energy Outlook (STEO) expects liquid fuels production to decline to 12.99 million b/d in 2017, mainly as a result of prolonged low oil prices. The liquid fuels production forecast reflects a 1.24 million b/d decline in crude oil production by 2017 that is partially offset by a 450,000 b/d increase in the production of hydrocarbon gas liquids (HGL)—a group of products including ethane, propane, butane (normal and isobutane), natural gasoline, and refinery olefins. This analysis will discuss the outlook for each of these four HGL streams and related infrastructure projects through 2017.

Natural gas expected to surpass coal in mix of fuel used for U.S. power generation in 2016

Mar 16, 2016
For decades, coal has been the dominant energy source for generating electricity in the United States. EIA's Short-Term Energy Outlook is now forecasting that 2016 will be the first year that natural gas-fired generation exceeds coal generation in the United States on an annual basis. Natural gas generation first surpassed coal generation on a monthly basis in April 2015, and the generation shares for coal and natural gas were nearly identical in 2015, each providing about one-third of all electricity generation.

Hydraulic fracturing accounts for about half of current U.S. crude oil production

Mar 15, 2016
Even though hydraulic fracturing has been in use for more than six decades, it has only recently been used to produce a significant portion of crude oil in the United States. This technique, often used in combination with horizontal drilling, has allowed the United States to increase its oil production faster than at any time in its history. Based on the most recent available data from states, EIA estimates that oil production from hydraulically fractured wells now makes up about half of total U.S. crude oil production.

Total electricity sales fell in 2015 for 5th time in past 8 years

Mar 14, 2016
Total electricity sales in 2015 fell 1.1% from the previous year, marking the fifth time in the past eight years that electricity sales have fallen. The flattening of total electricity sales reflects declining sales in the industrial sector and little or no growth in sales to the residential and commercial building sectors, despite growth in the number of households and growth in commercial building space.

Algeria Country Analysis Brief

Mar 11, 2016
Algeria is the leading natural gas producer in Africa, the second-largest natural gas supplier to Europe, and is one of the top three oil producers in Africa.

Crude oil shipments by rail from Midwest to coastal regions decline

Mar 11, 2016
The movement of crude by rail within the United States, including within Petroleum Administration for Defense Districts, reached a high of 928,000 barrels per day (b/d) in October 2014, with most of the shipments originating in the Midwest and going to the East Coast, West Coast, and Gulf Coast regions. Since October 2015, crude-by-rail volumes have declined as production has slowed, as crude oil price spreads have narrowed, and as more pipelines have come online.

U.S. ethanol exports reach highest level since 2011

Mar 10, 2016
U.S. exports of fuel ethanol reached their highest level in four years in 2015, totaling 844 million gallons, a slight increase from 2014 and second only to the 1.2 billion gallons exported during 2011. U.S. imports of ethanol, which totaled 73 million gallons in 2014, also increased in 2015, reaching a total of 92 million gallons. The United States remained a net exporter of fuel ethanol for the sixth consecutive year and exported the fuel to 35 different countries in 2015.

United Kingdom Country Analysis Brief

Mar 9, 2016
Production of petroleum and other liquids in the United Kingdom increased in 2015, as investments made when oil prices were high came to fruition, but the UK remains a net importer. Although production in the UK has not yet responded to lower oil prices, investment in the UK’s oil and natural gas industry is declining. This decline will likely lead to lower production in the future.

U.S. oil production continues to decline, and is now below its year-ago level

Mar 9, 2016
U.S. monthly crude oil production in December 2015 continued to decline, as oil production reached its lowest level since November 2014. Production also declined from year-ago levels for the first time in more than four years. This continued production decline is the result of lower crude prices, which have declined more than 70% since the summer of 2014.

Quarterly Coal Distribution Report (QCDR) – Fourth Quarter 2014

Mar 9, 2016
This report provides detailed U.S. domestic coal distribution data for October – December 2014, excluding waste coal and imports, by coal origin, coal destination, mode of transportation, and consuming sector. Quarterly coal distribution data for all years are preliminary and will be superseded by the release of the corresponding “Annual Coal Distribution Report.”

Short-Term Energy Outlook - Market Prices and Uncertainty Report

Mar 8, 2016
The North Sea Brent front month futures price rose $2.83 per barrel (b) from February 1 to settle at $37.07/b on March 3. The West Texas Intermediate (WTI) front month futures price rose $2.95/b and settled at $34.57 over the same period.

Short-Term Energy Outlook

Mar 8, 2016
North Sea Brent crude oil prices averaged $32/barrel (b) in February, a $1/b increase from January. Brent crude oil prices are forecast to average $34/b in 2016 and $40/b in 2017, $3/b and $10/b lower than forecast in last month's STEO, respectively. The lower forecast prices reflect oil production that has been more resilient than expected in a low-price environment and lower expectations for forecast oil demand growth.

Coal made up more than 80% of retired electricity generating capacity in 2015

Mar 8, 2016
Nearly 18 gigawatts (GW) of electric generating capacity was retired in 2015, a relatively high amount compared with recent years. More than 80% of the retired capacity was conventional steam coal. The coal-fired generating units retired in 2015 tended to be older and smaller in capacity than the coal generation fleet that continues to operate.

Drilling Productivity Report

Mar 7, 2016
EIA’s monthly Drilling Productivity Report (DPR) has been released. The DPR takes a fresh look at oil and natural gas production, starting with an assessment of how and where drilling for hydrocarbons is taking place. It uses recent data on the total number of drilling rigs in operation along with estimates of drilling productivity and estimated changes in production from existing oil and natural gas wells to provide estimated changes in oil and natural gas production for seven key fields.

U.S. coal exports declined 23% in 2015, as coal imports remained steady

Mar 7, 2016
The United States remains a net exporter of coal, exporting 74.0 million short tons (MMst) and importing 11 MMst in 2015. Coal exports fell for the third consecutive year in 2015, ending the year 23 MMst lower than in 2014 and more than 50 MMst less than the record volume of coal exported in 2012. Slower growth in world coal demand, lower international coal prices, and higher coal output in other coal-exporting countries contributed to the decline in U.S. coal exports.

State Energy Data System: Retail electricity for 2014

Mar 4, 2016
Annual state-level estimates of retail electricity consumption, prices, and expenditures.

Growth in domestic natural gas production leads to development of LNG export terminals

Mar 4, 2016
The first export shipment of liquefied natural gas (LNG) produced in the Lower 48 states on February 24 is a milestone reflecting a decade of natural gas production growth that has put the United States in a new position in worldwide energy trade.

Crescent Dunes concentrating solar plant begins producing electricity

Mar 3, 2016
Crescent Dunes Solar Energy, a 110 megawatt (MW) concentrating solar power (CSP) electricity plant, began full operation in February, according to its press release. Crescent Dunes uses an energy storage system that developers expect will be able to store enough thermal energy to generate electricity for up to 10 hours after sunset or on cloudy days when direct sunlight is unavailable.

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