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Natural Gas Monthly

Jul 31, 2015
• Preliminary dry natural gas production for April 2015 was 2,239 billion cubic feet (Bcf), or 74.6 Bcf/day, up from last month’s 74.2 Bcf/day. April's production was a 6.0 Bcf/day increase from 68.6 Bcf/day in April 2014, an 8.8% rise from year to year. • Preliminary total natural gas consumption for April 2015 was 2,044 Bcf, or 68.1 Bcf/day, an increase of 3.5% from 1,975 Bcf in April 2014, or 65.8 Bcf/day. • For the second consecutive month, total consumption of dry natural gas for April 2015 decreased in three of four sectors year to year, with the exception being electric power deliveries, which increased significantly from last April: o Deliveries to residential consumers for April 2015 were 322 Bcf, or 10.7 Bcf/day, down 3.5% from 11.8 Bcf/day in April 2014. o Commercial deliveries were 236 Bcf, or 7.9 Bcf/day, a 5.6% decrease from 8.3 Bcf/day in April 2014. o Industrial deliveries were 610 Bcf, or 20.3 Bcf/day, down 2.9% from 20.9 Bcf/day in April 2014. o Electric power deliveries were 669 Bcf, or 22.3 Bcf/day, a 21.6% rise from 18.3 Bcf/day in April 2014. • Beginning this month, EIA is expanding its reporting of monthly natural gas production by 10 additional states on Form EIA-914. Arkansas, California, Colorado, Kansas, Montana, North Dakota, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Utah, and West Virginia were added to Form EIA-914. The 18 remaining states (including the federal Pacific region) with natural gas production are collectively surveyed, from which natural gas production for the Other States category is estimated. All production-related Other States data have been revised back to January 2006 to include only these 18 remaining states/regions. • Beginning this month, base natural gas reported on Form EIA-191 will be made publically available at the field level in the Natural Gas Annual Respondent Query System for January 2015 forward.

Petroleum Supply Monthly

Jul 31, 2015
Supply and disposition of crude oil and petroleum products on a national and regional level. The data series describe production, imports and exports, movements, and inventories.

Company Level Imports

Jul 31, 2015
Imports data at the company level collected from the EIA-814 Monthly Imports Report.

Electricity from natural gas surpasses coal for first time, but just for one month

Jul 31, 2015
In April, traditionally the month when total electricity demand is lowest, U.S. generation of electricity fueled by natural gas exceeded coal-fired generation for the first time since the start of EIA's monthly generation data in 1973. However, EIA's latest Electric Power Monthly shows that coal's generation share once again exceeded that of natural gas during May. Total generation from coal and natural gas in May increased 14% from its April level, with coal generation accounting for 65% of the combined increase.

U.S. Movements of Crude Oil By Rail

Jul 31, 2015
Monthly data on rail movements of crude oil have been updated for May 2015. Crude oil movements by rail have significantly increased over the past five years. The new data on crude-by-rail (CBR) movements are also fully integrated with EIA’s existing monthly petroleum supply statistics, which already include crude oil movements by pipeline, tanker, and barge.

Monthly Biodiesel Production Report

Jul 31, 2015
The U.S. Energy Information Administration released new data today showing national and regional monthly biodiesel production for May 2015. In addition to biodiesel production, data included producer sales, producer stocks, and feedstock inputs.

Monthly Crude Oil and Natural Gas Production

Jul 31, 2015
EIA expanded the coverage of natural gas production to include a breakout for an additional 10 states based on data from the EIA-914 survey. The additional states include: Arkansas, California, Colorado, Kansas, Montana, North Dakota, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Utah, and West Virginia. Estimates for the 10 states were previously included in the "other states" total. Estimates for production back to January 2015 now include the new breakout. EIA will continue to report natural gas gross withdrawals here instead of in the Natural Gas Gross Production Report. Later this summer, EIA expects to report survey-based estimates for crude oil production (including lease condensate). Later in 2015, EIA will report monthly crude oil production by API gravity category for each state.

EIA reports show different aspects of U.S. oil production statistics and trends

Jul 30, 2015
EIA publishes several reports covering current crude oil and natural gas production conditions and how recent trends may affect the near-term outlook for the oil and gas industry. Each EIA product is distinct in its purpose, methodology, timeframe, and regional coverage. Some reports are considered estimates of actual production volumes, while others focus on future production.

New methanol and fertilizer plants to increase already-growing industrial natural gas use

Jul 29, 2015
Reversing a decline that lasted more than a decade, industrial natural gas consumption has grown steadily since 2009 as relatively low natural gas prices have supported use of natural gas as a feedstock for the production of bulk chemicals. Industrial facilities, including methanol plants and ammonia- or urea-based fertilizer plants, consumed an average of 21.0 billion cubic feet per day of natural gas in 2014, a 24% increase from 2009.

Monthly Energy Review

Jul 28, 2015
EIA's most comprehensive report on recent integrated energy statistics. Preliminary estimates indicate that for April 2015 the transportation sector accounted for 73% of total U.S. estimated petroleum consumption. The industrial sector accounted for 23%, the residential sector 2%, and the commercial and electric power sectors each accounted for 1%.

Marcellus, Utica provide 85% of U.S. shale gas production growth since start of 2012

Jul 28, 2015
The productivity of natural gas wells in the Marcellus Shale and the neighboring Utica Shale is steadily increasing because of ongoing improvements in precision and efficiency of horizontal drilling and hydraulic fracturing occurring in those regions. Since January 2012, natural gas production in the Marcellus and Utica regions has accounted for 85% of the increase in production reported in EIA's Drilling Productivity Report and has driven recent growth in total U.S. natural gas production.

Russia Country Analysis Brief

Jul 28, 2015
Russia is a major producer and exporter of oil and natural gas, and its economy largely depends on energy exports. Russia was the world's largest producer of crude oil including lease condensate and the third-largest producer of petroleum and other liquids (after Saudi Arabia and the United States) in 2014, with average liquids production of 10.9 million barrels per day. Sanctions and lower oil prices have reduced foreign investment in Russia's upstream, especially in Arctic offshore and shale projects, and have made financing projects more difficult. However, these sanctions will have little effect on Russian production in the short term as these resources were not expected to begin producing for 5 to 10 years at the earliest.

Natural gas salt-facility storage serves special gas market needs

Jul 27, 2015
Natural gas stored in salt facilities, principally in the greater Gulf Coast gas-producing region, accounts for only 10% of storage capacity in the Lower 48 states, but it provides 28% of daily deliverability.

Power-to-gas brings a new focus to the issue of energy storage from renewable sources

Jul 24, 2015
Large-scale electricity storage technologies are currently limited in use, with pumped hydroelectric storage accounting for more than 98% of total storage capacity. However, nonhydro storage is increasing, and there is considerable interest in developing new storage technologies with attractive costs and operating characteristics. Power-to-gas conversion is a potential storage solution that is undergoing advanced study and approaching commercial application.

State Energy Data System: Complete Set of State-Level Estimates Through 2013

Jul 24, 2015
Annual state-level estimates by energy source and sector of total energy production and consumption from 1960 through 2013 and prices and expenditures from 1970 through 2013.

Average diesel retail price below gasoline price for first time in six years

Jul 23, 2015
On July 13, the U.S. average diesel fuel retail price fell below the average regular gasoline retail price for the first time since the week of August 10, 2009. From August 2009 through June of this year, retail diesel fuel prices sold at an average premium of 34 cents per gallon (gal) over regular grade gasoline, with the difference reaching more than 90 cents/gal in January.

Prime Supplier Report

Jul 22, 2015
The latest Prime Supplier Report presents data collected through May 2015 on Form EIA-782C, "Monthly Report of Prime Supplier Sales of Petroleum Products Sold for Local Consumption." These data measure primary petroleum product deliveries into the states where they are locally marketed and consumed.

Beyond Shell-BG, oil company merger activity is down

Jul 22, 2015
The second quarter of 2015 exhibited the largest amount of oil companies' merger and acquisition (M&A) activity by value since fourth-quarter 2012. The announced merger between Royal Dutch Shell and BG Group in early April accounted for $84 billion of the $115 billion quarterly total.

Financal Review: First-quarter 2015

Jul 21, 2015
This review analyzes the financial and operating trends of the major global oil and natural gas companies’ public financial statement data. A couple of highlights: Crude oil prices in first-quarter 2015 were the lowest in several years, which contributed to reduced profitability for these companies compared to previous quarters; Although companies reduced investment spending, declines in operating cash flow were greater, contributing to a decline in cash balances. See the full analysis.

Consensus process provides alternate approach to energy efficiency standard development

Jul 21, 2015
Last month a group of industry stakeholders, and energy efficiency and environmental advocates, along with the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), proposed consensus energy conservation standards for multiple commercial heating and cooling equipment types. DOE estimates these standards could save about 15 quadrillion Btu over 30 years. The working group represents an alternate approach to energy efficiency standards development within DOE.

China will soon surpass South Korea, Russia, and Japan in nuclear generating capacity

Jul 20, 2015
Nuclear power currently makes up slightly more than 2% of China's total power generation. However, the Chinese government has a stated goal to provide at least 15% of overall energy consumption by 2020 (increasing to 20% by 2030) from non-fossil fuel sources, including nuclear, hydroelectricity and other renewable sources. To help achieve this target, China plans to increase nuclear capacity to 58 gigawatts (GW) and to have 30 GW of capacity under construction by 2020.

U.S. nuclear outages are low during summer peak electricity demand season

Jul 17, 2015
As the country reaches the summer peak electricity demand season, nearly all U.S. nuclear generators have returned from refueling outages. Total outages were less than 1.5 gigawatts (GW) on July 6, the lowest level since late January. Daily nuclear outage levels and plant-by-plant status updates can be found in EIA's new Status of U.S. Nuclear Outages page.

Sales of Fossil Fuels Produced from Federal and Indian Lands, FY 2003 through FY 2014

Jul 17, 2015
The U.S. Energy Information Administration estimates that total sales of fossil fuels produced from Federal and Indian Lands increased in fiscal year 2014 compared to fiscal year 2013. Production of crude oil increased 7%, natural gas production declined 7%, natural gas plant liquids production increased by 8%, and coal production increased slightly. Detailed tables and maps of production, by State, are contained in the report. EIA’s estimates are based on data provided by the U.S. Department of the Interior’s Office of Natural Resources Revenue.

State Energy Profiles: New Data for April and May 2015, 2013 and Updated Analytical Narratives

Jul 16, 2015
New monthly data are available for electricity, petroleum, and coal series. New annual data are also available for 10 series covering consumption and expenditures. In addition, analytical narratives have been updated for five states: Delaware, the District of Columbia, Maryland, New Jersey, and New York.

EIA now reporting monthly base gas levels in underground natural gas storage

Jul 16, 2015
With the release of the most recent Natural Gas Monthly, EIA began publishing base gas levels in natural gas storage facilities through the natural gas query system. Base gas plays an important role in underground natural gas storage, serving to maintain cavern or reservoir pressure and keeping natural gas storage facilities operational.

In Rocky Mountain region, increased crude production is being shipped by pipeline, rail

Jul 15, 2015
Rail and pipeline shipments of crude oil from the Rocky Mountain region (PADD 4) have steadily increased as regional crude oil production has increased. The recently released Petroleum Supply Monthly, which contains data for April 2015, shows that 122,000 barrels per day of crude oil was moved by rail from PADD 4 to other regions of the country, representing 19% of total crude shipments from the region.

Summer gasoline prices are lowest in years

Jul 14, 2015
The average retail price for motor gasoline this summer (April through September) is expected to be $2.67 per gallon, the lowest price (in real dollars, meaing adjusted for inflation) since 2009, based on projections in EIA's Short-Term Energy Outlook (STEO). This decline is mainly the result of the projected 41% year-over-year decline in the average price of North Sea Brent crude oil.

Drilling Productivity Report

Jul 13, 2015
EIA’s monthly Drilling Productivity Report (DPR) has been released. The DPR takes a fresh look at oil and natural gas production, starting with an assessment of how and where drilling for hydrocarbons is taking place. It uses recent data on the total number of drilling rigs in operation along with estimates of drilling productivity and estimated changes in production from existing oil and natural gas wells to provide estimated changes in oil and natural gas production for seven key fields.

Last Monday's large percentage decline in crude oil prices was relatively rare

Jul 13, 2015
The front-month futures price for crude oil benchmark West Texas Intermediate declined 7.7% on Monday, July 6, the largest single-day decline in percentage terms since February 4. Uncertainty over Greece's fiscal position, volatility in the Chinese stock market, and uncertain prospects for a nuclear deal with Iran were cited as immediate factors affecting expectations for future crude oil supply and demand. Other market indicators over past weeks, such as the stabilization of the U.S. rig count and growing petroleum product inventories, may have also contributed to lower prices.

EIA's estimates for state crude oil production account for incomplete, lagged data

Jul 10, 2015
Market analysts have a keen interest in understanding how crude oil production has been affected by recent changes in crude oil prices and drilling activity. EIA develops state-level production estimates based in part on state-level data. However, data from state agencies are often incomplete when first published because of late reporting and processing delays. Because EIA's methodology for state-level production estimates aims to anticipate and account for expected revisions to data collected by the states, production data published by EIA and state agencies can differ.

U.S.-Canada electricity trade increases

Jul 9, 2015
U.S. electricity trade with Canada is increasing, providing more economic and reliability benefits to both the United States and Canada. Although the amount of electricity imported over the Canadian border is a small part of the overall U.S. power supply, the transmission connections linking Canada and the United States are an important component of the electricity markets in northern states.

Net petroleum product exports continue to increase

Jul 8, 2015
Over the past decade, domestic refinery output of petroleum products has grown significantly while consumption has declined, resulting in a major increase in product exports. Petroleum product exports averaged 4.1 million barrels per day (b/d) in the first four months of the year, an increase of 0.5 million b/d over exports the same time last year. Product imports are also higher than last year, but to a lesser extent, leading to an increase in net petroleum product exports

State Electricity Profiles updated for 2013 data

Jul 8, 2015
The annual report contains data tables describing the electricity industry in each state. Data include generating capability, electricity generation, fuel use and prices, retail sales, emissions, net interstate transfers of electricity, and metering counts.

Turkey Country Analysis Brief

Jul 7, 2015
Turkey is well placed to serve as a hub for oil and natural gas supply headed to Europe and other Atlantic markets from Russia, the Caspian region, and the Middle East. Turkey has been a major transit point for oil and is becoming more important as a transit point for natural gas. Growing volumes of Caspian oil are being sent to Black Sea ports such as Novorossisyk, Russia and Supsa, Georgia and then to Western markets by tanker via the Turkish Straits (Bosporus and Dardanelles waterways). Caspian oil and oil from northern Iraq also cross Turkey by pipeline, through the Ceyhan oil terminal on Turkey's Mediterranean coast.

Short-Term Energy Outlook

Jul 7, 2015
North Sea Brent crude oil prices averaged $61/barrel (b) in June, a $3/b decrease from May. Despite daily price volatility, monthly average Brent crude oil prices have averaged between $55/b and $65/b since falling to $48/b in January. Prices have been relatively stable in recent months despite consistent growth in global petroleum and other liquids inventories, which rose by an estimated average of 2.6 million barrels per day (b/d) in the second quarter of 2015, compared with an average build of 0.8 million b/d in the second quarter of 2014. EIA expects global inventories to continue rising for the rest of the forecast period.

Coal production using mountaintop removal mining decreases by 62% since 2008

Jul 7, 2015
Coal production from mines with mountaintop removal permits has declined since 2008, more than the downward trend in total U.S. coal production. Total U.S. coal production decreased about 15% from 2008 to 2014. Surface production decreased about 21%, and mountaintop removal, one type of surface production, decreased 62% over this period. Lower demand for U.S. coal, primarily used to generate electric power, has contributed to lower U.S. coal production.

Short-Term Energy Outlook - Market Prices and Uncertainty Report

Jul 7, 2015
Global and domestic crude oil prices traded in a narrow range in June. The North Sea Brent front month futures price declined $2.87 per barrel (b) since June 1 to settle at $62.01/b on July 1. The West Texas Intermediate (WTI) front month futures price declined $3.24/b over the month, settling at $56.96/b on July 1.

California grid expected to maintain reliability despite drought

Jul 6, 2015
According to the North American Electric Reliability Corporation (NERC), the bulk power system in California is not expected to lose grid reliability this summer, despite a drought that has lowered hydroelectric generation. Overall, NERC expects more than 72 gigawatts (GW) of electric generating capacity to be available this summer in the part of the electric grid covering much of California.

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