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The Availability and Price of Petroleum and Petroleum Products Produced in Countries Other Than Iran

Oct 6, 2015

Number 23 in a series of reports required by section 1245 (d) (4) (A) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2012, which requires that, not later than 60 days from enactment and every 60 days thereafter, the U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) “submit to Congress a report on the availability and price of petroleum and petroleum products produced in countries other than Iran in the 60-day period preceding the submission of the report.”

Short-Term Energy Outlook

Oct 6, 2015

North Sea Brent crude oil prices averaged $47/barrel (b) in August, a $10/b decrease from July. This third consecutive monthly decrease in prices likely reflects concerns about lower economic growth in emerging markets, expectations of higher oil exports from Iran, and continuing growth in global inventories. Crude oil price volatility increased significantly, with Brent prices showing daily changes of more than 5% for four consecutive trading days from August 27 to September 1, the longest such stretch since December 2008.

Household heating costs are expected to be lower than previous two winters

Oct 6, 2015

Most U.S. households can expect lower heating expenditures this winter (October through March) compared with the past two winters. In most regions, the decline in expenditures is attributed to the combination of warmer weather and lower fuel prices.

Short-Term Energy Outlook - Market Prices and Uncertainty Report

Oct 6, 2015

Brent crude oil prices drifted lower in September and remained below $50 per barrel (b) for 20 consecutive trading days, the longest period since 2009. The North Sea Brent front month futures price settled at $47.69/b on October 1, a decline of $1.87/b since September 1. The West Texas Intermediate (WTI) front month futures price settled at $44.74/b on October 1, decreasing by 67 cents/b over the same time.

South Korea Country Analysis Brief

Oct 5, 2015

South Korea, which lacks domestic energy reserves, ranks among the world’s top five importers of liquefied natural gas, coal, crude oil, and refined oil products. Despite its lack of resources, South Korea has some of the most advanced oil refineries in the world, and its companies have investments in overseas oil and natural gas assets.

U.S. reactor operators increase uranium purchases from Kazakhstan

Oct 5, 2015

Kazakhstan became the leading supplier of uranium for the 100 operating U.S. nuclear power reactors in 2014, supplying 12 million pounds, or 23%, of the 53.3 million pounds of uranium purchased by owners and operators of U.S. reactors. This level is almost double the 6.5 million pounds of Kazakh-origin uranium purchased in 2013.

Within the past week

Hurricane Joaquin may cause problems for East Coast energy infrastructure

Oct 2, 2015
Hurricane Joaquin, which strengthened to a Category 4 storm on Thursday, is on track to move north along the East Coast this weekend, potentially bringing torrential rainfall and flooding to the region. To help analysts assess potential storm effects, EIA maintains an energy disruptions map that displays energy infrastructure and real-time storm information.

Petroleum Marketing Monthly

Oct 1, 2015
The October 2015 Petroleum Marketing Monthly (PMM), with data through July 2015, presents monthly and annual price and volume statistics covering crude oil and refined products sales in the United States. In this issue of the PMM, preliminary data show crude oil and refiner prices for most finished petroleum products fell during July. U.S.-level Prime Supplier data show sales of gasoline increased from month- and year-ago levels, while No. 2 distillates sales show the opposite trend. Additionally, updated state motor fuels tax information is available in a downloadable Excel spreadsheet on the PMM webpage.

July petroleum data show challenges in the reporting of processed condensate exports

Oct 1, 2015
According to official U.S. trade data, the United States exported 21,000 barrels per day (b/d) of condensate derived wholly from natural gas (CDWFNG) to Brazil in July 2015. Under the current U.S. export classification system, CDWFNG falls under the general heading of crude oil within the 2709 Schedule B category. Consequently, these exports are counted as crude oil in EIA's Petroleum Supply Monthly released yesterday.

Wholesale Market Data

Oct 1, 2015
Wholesale market data for natural gas and electric power are now available and updated through September 29, 2015 Data contain peak prices, volumes, and the number of transactions at eight selected ICE (IntercontinentalExchange) electricity trading hubs and eight corresponding natural gas hubs covering most regions of the United States.

Natural Gas Annual

Sep 30, 2015
• The 2014 Natural Gas Annual shows record natural gas production levels in the United States for the fourth consecutive year and record consumption levels for the fifth consecutive year. • Domestic dry production of 25.7 trillion cubic feet (Tcf), or 70.5 billion cubic feet per day (Bcf/d) , in 2014 was 6.3% above the 2013 level, with production in Ohio increasing the most, percentage-wise, of any state. Dry natural gas production in Ohio rose nearly 200%, from 0.45 Bcf/d in 2013 to 1.33 Bcf/d in 2013. As was the case last year, Pennsylvania again saw the biggest total annual gain, increasing by more than 2.5 Bcf/d, from 8.87 Bcf/d in 2013 to 11.44 Bcf/d in 2014. • Consumer deliveries of natural gas were at a record level of 24.4 Tcf, or 66.7 Bcf/d. Residential, commercial, industrial, and vehicle fuel deliveries each showed an increase from 2013 deliveries, led by industrial volumes, which rose from 20.3 Bcf/d in 2013 to 20.9 Bcf/d in 2014. Electric power deliveries were virtually unchanged from the 2013 level. • For the seventh consecutive year, gains in domestic natural gas production led to a decline in natural gas imports in 2014. Total U.S. imports of natural gas in 2014 were 2,695,378 Mcf (million cubic feet), the lowest level since 1994. Exports of natural gas dropped from 1,572,413 Mcf in 2013 to 1,514,242 Mcf in 2014, the second consecutive yearly decline.

Natural Gas Monthly

Sep 30, 2015
• This issue contains extensive revisions to 2013, 2014, and year-to-date 2015 data as a result of benchmarking to data published in the Natural Gas Annual 2014. These revisions primarily apply to statistics on production, underground storage, consumption, and prices by sector. • Dry natural gas production in July was the highest for any month since EIA began reporting dry gas production data. Dry natural gas production has increased year-over-year for each month since March 2013; dry production has not decreased year-over-year for any month since February 2013. Preliminary dry natural gas production for July 2015 was 2,318 billion cubic feet (Bcf), or 74.8 Bcf/day. This level was a 3.6 Bcf/day increase from production of 71.1 Bcf/day in July 2014, a 5.1% rise. • July’s dry natural gas consumption level was the highest on record for the month, dating back to 2001. This was the sixth consecutive month that saw a record high level of consumption for the given month. Preliminary total natural gas consumption for July 2015 was 2,082 Bcf, or 67.2 Bcf/day. This level was an increase of 10.3% from 1,887 Bcf in July 2014, or 6.29 Bcf/day. • For the fifth consecutive month, year-over-year total consumption of dry natural gas decreased in three of the four consuming sectors, with the exception being electric power deliveries, which again increased significantly year to year: o Deliveries to residential consumers for July 2015 were 108 Bcf, or 3.5 Bcf/day, down 4.4% from 3.6 Bcf/day in July 2014. Residential consumption was the second-lowest level for the month on record, dating back to 1973. o Commercial deliveries were 134 Bcf, or 4.3 Bcf/day, a 2.9% decrease from 4.5 Bcf/day in July 2014. o Industrial deliveries were 591 Bcf, or 19.1 Bcf/day, down 2.0% from 19.5 Bcf/day in July 2014. o Electric power deliveries were 1,046 Bcf, or 33.7 Bcf/day, a 23.9% rise from 27.2 Bcf/day in July 2014. July’s electric power consumption was the second-highest level for the month on record.

Norway Country Analysis Brief

Sep 30, 2015
Norway is Europe's largest petroleum liquids producer, and it provides much of the petroleum liquids and natural gas consumed on the continent. Norwegian petroleum and other liquids production, which has been declining since 2001, increased by about 50,000 barrels per day (b/d) in 2014 compared with 2013. Natural gas production, on the other hand, has increased nearly every year since 1993. However, investment in the oil and gas industry in Norway is declining, and this will lead to lower production in the future.

Petroleum Supply Monthly

Sep 30, 2015
Supply and disposition of crude oil and petroleum products on a national and regional level. The data series describe production, imports and exports, movements, and inventories.

Monthly Crude Oil and Natural Gas Production

Sep 30, 2015
EIA is providing estimates for crude oil production (including lease condensate) based on data from the EIA-914 survey. Survey-based monthly production estimates starting with January 2015 are provided for Arkansas, California, Colorado, Kansas, Louisiana, Montana, New Mexico, North Dakota, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Texas, Utah, West Virginia, Wyoming, and the Federal Gulf of Mexico. For Oklahoma and all remaining oil-producing states and areas not individually covered by the EIA-914, production estimates are based on the previous methodology (using lagged state data).

U.S. Movements of Crude Oil By Rail

Sep 30, 2015
Monthly data on rail movements of crude oil have been updated for July 2015. Crude oil movements by rail have significantly increased over the past five years. The new data on crude-by-rail (CBR) movements are also fully integrated with EIA’s existing monthly petroleum supply statistics, which already include crude oil movements by pipeline, tanker, and barge.

Company Level Imports

Sep 30, 2015
Imports data at the company level collected from the EIA-814 Monthly Imports Report.

PADD 5 Transportation Fuels Markets

Sep 30, 2015
This study examines supply, demand, and distribution of transportation fuels in Petroleum Administration for Defense District (PADD) 5, a region that includes the western states of California, Arizona, Nevada, Oregon, Washington, Alaska, and Hawaii. For this study, transportation fuels include gasoline, diesel fuel, and jet fuel.

Shale gas development in China aided by government investment and decreasing well cost

Sep 30, 2015
Decreases in the cost to drill shale gas wells and continued investment into domestic production have allowed China to increase its development of shale gas. Although reliance on natural gas imports has increased in the Chinese energy market, future shale gas production in China would help to meet natural gas demand as the country faces difficulties in developing other natural gas resources, including coalbed methane (CBM).

Monthly Biodiesel Production Report

Sep 30, 2015
The U.S. Energy Information Administration released new data today showing national and regional monthly biodiesel production for July 2015. In addition to biodiesel production, data included producer sales, producer stocks, and feedstock inputs.

Within the past 30 days

Testing Notice for the Changes to the Weekly Natural Gas Storage Report

Sep 29, 2015
As previously announced, EIA is preparing to change to new regions and revision thresholds for the Weekly Natural Gas Storage Report. Details and dates for public testing for the new file formats are now available. All file formats need to be tested and checked for the new changes. We anticipate coding changes will be needed for customers automatically scraping the data from any of these files. Implementation of the new report changes is anticipated for later in 2015, pending the successful outcome of these scheduled public tests and further internal testing.

Natural gas prices in Asia mainly linked to crude oil, but use of spot indexes increases

Sep 29, 2015
Unlike the natural gas market in the United States, natural gas prices in Asian markets typically reflect contracts that are indexed to crude oil or petroleum product prices. However, Asian countries are developing regional trading hubs so that natural gas prices better reflect natural gas market dynamics. In 2014, almost 30% of global LNG was traded on a spot and short-term basis, of which Asia Pacific trade accounted for three quarters of the total.

U.S. nuclear outages were less than 3% of capacity this summer

Sep 28, 2015
Outages at U.S. nuclear power plants were extremely low this summer (June through August), averaging 2.9 gigawatts (GW), or less than 3% of total U.S. nuclear capacity. During four days in August, outages dropped to just 0.1 GW out of a total U.S. nuclear capacity of 98.7 GW, the lowest value recorded since the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) began collecting data in 2007.

Electricity Monthly Update

Sep 28, 2015
This issue contains data for July 2015 as well as a feature article on how coal stockpiles in 2015 returned to historical levels after an early 2014 drawdown.

Petroleum Supply Annual, Volume 2

Sep 25, 2015
Final monthly statistics for the supply and disposition of crude oil and petroleum products.

Monthly Energy Review

Sep 25, 2015
The September report includes the first complete set of preliminary statistics for the first six months of 2015 for U.S. total energy consumption, production, trade, and carbon dioxide emissions. Preliminary data indicate that U.S. total primary energy consumption equaled 49 quadrillion Btu, which was virtually unchanged from the first six months of 2014. U.S. total primary energy production totaled 44 quadrillion Btu, a 4% increase. U.S. primary energy net imports totaled 5 quadrillion Btu, a 5% decrease.

East Coast distillate fuel oil inventories higher than in recent years

Sep 25, 2015
Inventories of distillate fuel oil in the U.S. East Coast are higher now than they have been in the previous three years, reaching 59 million barrels on September 18. Most of the recent increase is in the Central Atlantic region, but inventories are also higher in New England and the Lower Atlantic, compared with previous late-September levels.

Petroleum Supply Annual, Volume 1

Sep 25, 2015
Final annual data for the supply and disposition of crude oil and petroleum products.

Financial Review: Second-quarter 2015

Sep 24, 2015
This analysis focuses on the financial and operating trends of 97 global oil and natural gas companies (called the energy companies).

World Shale Resource Assessments

Sep 24, 2015
Four countries: Chad, Kazakhstan, Oman and the United Arab Emirates (UAE) have been added to report “Technically Recoverable Shale Oil and Shale Gas Resources.” The report provides an estimate of shale resources in selected basins around the world. The new chapters cover shale basins from the Sub-Saharan Africa region, represented by Chad; the Caspian region, represented by Kazakhstan; and the Middle East region, represented by Oman and the United Arab Emirates (UAE) and are available as supplemental chapters to the 2013 report.

Sustained low oil prices could reduce exploration and production investment

Sep 24, 2015
Low oil prices, if sustained, could mark the beginning of a long-term drop in upstream oil and natural gas investment. Oil prices reflect supply and demand balances, with increasing prices often suggesting a need for greater supply. Greater supply, in turn, typically requires increased investment in exploration and production (E&P) activities. Lower prices reduce investment activity.

Electric Power Monthly

Sep 24, 2015
Data in the September 2015 Electric Power Monthly (EPM ) are for July 2015, during which net generation in the United States rose 3.7 percent from the July 2014 level. Consumption of coal for power generation fell 6.3 percent compared to July 2014. The average retail price of electricity for July 2015 was down 0.5 percent from what it had been in July 2014.

Coal mine starts continue to decline

Sep 23, 2015
The number of new and reactivated coal mines that began production in 2013 fell to the lowest level in at least the past 10 years. The addition of 103 mines in 2013 came as 271 mines were idled or closed, resulting in a 14% decline in the total number of producing coal mines from 2012 to 2013. The 2013 total was 397 fewer coal mines than in 2008, when coal production was at its highest.

Prime Supplier Report

Sep 22, 2015
The latest Prime Supplier Report presents data collected through July 2015 on Form EIA-782C, "Monthly Report of Prime Supplier Sales of Petroleum Products Sold for Local Consumption." These data measure primary petroleum product deliveries into the states where they are locally marketed and consumed.

U.S. Gulf of Mexico share of global active offshore rigs declines since 2000

Sep 22, 2015
In response to the decline in crude oil prices since mid-2014, the number of active offshore rigs has declined worldwide, dropping close to 20%—304 offshore rigs were operating in August 2015, down from 377 in August 2014. During this period, the number of active offshore rigs in the U.S. Gulf of Mexico (GOM) dropped more rapidly, falling by 46%. Over the past 15 years, the U.S. GOM's share of active offshore rigs worldwide has declined significantly.

Mexico Country Analysis Brief

Sep 21, 2015
Mexico is one of the largest producers of petroleum and other liquids in the world and an important partner in U.S. energy trade. Mexico's crude oil production has steadily decreased since 2005; however, recent government reforms allow for greater outside investment with the goal of increasing oil and natural gas production once again.

U.S. propane inventories are at an all-time high

Sep 21, 2015
U.S. inventories of propane and propylene reached 97.7 million barrels as of September 11, the highest level in the 22 years that EIA has collected weekly propane inventory statistics. In the first six months of 2015, U.S. propane and propylene inventories were 29.9 million barrels higher on average compared to the same period in 2014. In the past year, nearly all of the increase in inventories occurred in the Gulf Coast region (PADD3).

Debt service uses a rising share of U.S. onshore oil producers' operating cash flow

Sep 18, 2015
Results from second-quarter 2015 financial statements of a number of U.S. companies with onshore oil operations suggest continued financial strain for some companies. Low oil prices have significantly reduced cash flow for U.S. oil producers, and to adjust to lower cash flows, companies have reduced capital expenditures and raised more cash from debt and equity.

State Energy Profiles: New Data for June and July 2015 and Updated Analytical Narratives

Sep 17, 2015
New monthly data are available for electricity, petroleum, and coal series. In addition, analytical narratives have been updated for California and Hawaii.

Coal use in China is slowing

Sep 17, 2015
Economic deceleration, industry restructuring, and new energy and environmental policies have slowed the growth of coal consumption in China and are also driving more centralized and cleaner uses of coal. After nearly a decade of rapid growth, energy-based consumption of coal, which currently supplies two-thirds of China's overall energy use, grew only 1% to 2% in 2012 and 2013 and was essentially flat in 2014.

Recent statistical revisions suggest higher historical coal consumption in China

Sep 16, 2015
New preliminary data from the China Statistical Abstract 2015 show an upward revision to China's historical coal consumption and production. Energy-content-based coal consumption from 2000 to 2013 is up to 14% higher than previously reported, while coal production is up to 7% higher. These revisions also affect China's total primary energy consumption and production, which are also higher than previously reported—up to 11% and 7% in some years, respectively, mainly because of revisions to coal.

U.S. job market and automotive sales trends support growth in gasoline use

Sep 15, 2015
U.S. motor gasoline product supplied, a proxy for gasoline use in the United States, has been rising after reaching an 11-year low in 2012. Although lower gasoline prices have been an important factor in the increase in gasoline use so far in 2015, changes in the labor market and in the vehicle sales mix over the past few years also have contributed to the rise in gasoline use.

Drilling Productivity Report

Sep 14, 2015
EIA’s monthly Drilling Productivity Report (DPR) has been released. The DPR takes a fresh look at oil and natural gas production, starting with an assessment of how and where drilling for hydrocarbons is taking place. It uses recent data on the total number of drilling rigs in operation along with estimates of drilling productivity and estimated changes in production from existing oil and natural gas wells to provide estimated changes in oil and natural gas production for seven key fields.

Global solar photovoltaic manufacturing production slows in recent years

Sep 14, 2015
Growth in solar photovoltaic (PV) module production has slowed in recent years to 4% annually from 2011 to 2013 after increasing by an average of 78% from 2006 to 2011. In addition, the gap between global PV module manufacturing capability and production has grown, leading to lower utilization rates of manufacturing facilities.

Natural gas use features two seasonal peaks per year

Sep 11, 2015
Use of natural gas has two seasonal peaks, with consumption patterns predominantly driven by weather. The largest peak occurs during the winter, when cold weather increases the demand for natural gas space heating in the residential and commercial sectors. A smaller peak occurs in the summer when air conditioning use increases demand for electric power, an increasing portion of which is provided by natural gas-fired generators.

Assumptions for Annual Energy Outlook 2015

Sep 10, 2015
This report presents the major assumptions of the National Energy Modeling System (NEMS) used to generate the projections in the Annual Energy Outlook 2015, including general features of the model structure, assumptions concerning energy markets, and the key input data and parameters that are the most significant in formulating the model results.

Crude oil swaps with Mexico could provide economic and environmental benefits

Sep 10, 2015
U.S.-Mexico crude oil swaps approved last month by the U.S. Department of Commerce's Bureau of Industry and Security will likely involve exchanges of U.S. light sweet crude for Mexican heavy sour crude that is already being exported to the United States. The swaps, which are provided for under regulations governing U.S. crude oil exports, are expected to be economically and environmentally beneficial because of differences in crude oil qualities as well as differences in each country's petroleum refineries.

Short-Term Energy Outlook - Market Prices and Uncertainty Report

Sep 9, 2015
Crude oil prices declined through most of August before rising at the end of the month and in the first week of September. The North Sea Brent front month futures price rose $1.16 per barrel (b) since August 3 to settle at $50.68/b on September 3. The West Texas Intermediate (WTI) front month futures price increased $1.58/b over the same period to settle at $46.75/b.

Short-Term Energy Outlook

Sep 9, 2015
North Sea Brent crude oil prices averaged $47/barrel (b) in August, a $10/b decrease from July. This third consecutive monthly decrease in prices likely reflects concerns about lower economic growth in emerging markets, expectations of higher oil exports from Iran, and continuing growth in global inventories. Crude oil price volatility increased significantly, with Brent prices showing daily changes of more than 5% for four consecutive trading days from August 27 to September 1, the longest such stretch since December 2008.

Saudi Arabia maintained crude oil market share in Asia in the first half of 2015

Sep 9, 2015
In the first half of 2015, Saudi Arabia exported on average 4.4 million barrels per day (b/d) of crude oil to seven major trading partners in Asia, making up more than half of Saudi Arabia's total crude oil exports over that period. Even as global crude oil prices fell in 2014 and 2015, Saudi Arabia increased production and kept its export levels high, enabling it to maintain its market share in these countries. However, long-term trends within Saudi Arabia's energy sector may reduce its global crude oil market share.

Electric generator capacity factors vary widely across the world

Sep 8, 2015
The technologies used to generate electricity are similar across regions of the world, but the pattern of use for those generating technologies can be significantly different. Analysis of electric generating plant utilization (measured by annual capacity factors, or the ratio of generation to capacity) over a five-year period shows a wide range of variability among fuel types and across world regions.

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