Analysis & Projections

Energy In Brief

What is a cap-and-trade program and how does it work?

A cap-and-trade program is designed to reduce emissions of a pollutant by placing a limit (or cap) on the total amount of emissions. The cap is implemented through a system of allowances that can be traded to minimize costs to affected sources. Cap-and-trade programs for greenhouse gas emissions would increase the costs of using fossil fuels.

What are renewable portfolio standards (RPS) and how do they affect generation of electricity from renewable sources?

Renewable portfolio standards are policies designed to increase electricity generation from renewable resources, including wind, solar, geothermal, and biomass. Many States have their own renewable portfolio standards, although currently there is no program at the National level. States with renewable portfolio programs have seen an increase in the amount of electricity generated from renewable fuels.

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man looking through binoculars at a mountain range Short-Term Energy Outlook

Released July 8, 2014

EIA's monthly energy projections through 2015. Includes oil supply and consumption projections and price projections for crude oil, gasoline, diesel, and heating oil. The Market Prices and Uncertainty Report is a regular monthly supplement to the Short-Term Energy Outlook.

image of two crude oil barrelsThe Availability and Price of Petroleum and Petroleum Products Produced in Countries Other Than Iran

Released June 26, 2014

This is the latest in a series of reports to Congress on the availability and price of petroleum and petroleum products produced in countries other than Iran in the 60-day period preceding the submission of the report.

Annual Energy Outlook 2014 cover Annual Energy Outlook 2014

Released May 7, 2014 | Next Early Release: December 2014

Projections in the Annual Energy Outlook 2014 (AEO2014) Reference case focus on the factors that shape U.S. energy markets through 2040.

Cover of International Energy OutlookInternational Energy Outlook 2013

Released July 25, 2013

The International Energy Outlook 2013 (IEO2013) projects that world energy consumption will grow by 56 percent between 2010 and 2040.