Analysis & Projections

Energy In Brief

What are the major sources and users of energy in the United States?

The major energy sources consumed in the United States are petroleum (oil), natural gas, coal, nuclear, and renewable energy. The major users are residential and commercial buildings, industry, transportation, and electric power generators. The pattern of fuel use varies widely by sector.

Who are the major players supplying the world oil market?

The world oil market is complex. Governments as well as private companies play roles in moving oil from producers to consumers.

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man looking through binoculars at a mountain range Short-Term Energy Outlook

Released September 9, 2014

EIA's monthly energy projections through 2015. Includes oil supply and consumption projections and price projections for crude oil, gasoline, diesel, and heating oil. The Market Prices and Uncertainty Report is a regular monthly supplement to the Short-Term Energy Outlook.

Cover of International Energy OutlookInternational Energy Outlook 2014

Released September 9, 2014

The International Energy Outlook 2014 (IEO2014) projects that world petroleum and other liquid fuels consumption will increase 38% by 2040.

Annual Energy Outlook 2014 cover Annual Energy Outlook 2014

Released May 7, 2014 | Next Early Release: December 2014

Projections in the Annual Energy Outlook 2014 (AEO2014) Reference case focus on the factors that shape U.S. energy markets through 2040.

image of two crude oil barrelsThe Availability and Price of Petroleum and Petroleum Products Produced in Countries Other Than Iran

Released August 28, 2014

This is the latest in a series of reports to Congress on the availability and price of petroleum and petroleum products produced in countries other than Iran in the 60-day period preceding the submission of the report.