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Energy Sources

Recent Statistics

Energy Ant

Energy statistics can answer questions like — How reliant is the United States on imports? Which renewable fuel do we use most?

File Scrub L2 ::::: EE ... us_energy_home-stats ... us_energy_home-stats

U.S. total energy statistics

Preliminary data for 2016 1

Total primary energy production 83.88 quadrillion British thermal units (Btu)
    By fuel/energy source and share of total
  • Natural gas
  • Oil (includes crude oil and natural gas plant liquids)
  • Coal
  • Renewable
  • Nuclear

    • 33%
    • 28%
    • 17%
    • 12%
    • 10%
Total energy consumption 97.39 quadrillion Btu

  • 37%
  • 29%
  • 15%
  • 10%
  •  9%


  • 32%
  • 29%
  • 21%
  • 19%
Electricity generation 4.08 billion kilowatthours

By major fuel/energy source and share of total

  • Natural gas
  • Coal
  • Nuclear
  • Renewable
  • Petroleum

 

  • 34%
  • 30%
  • 20%
  • 15%
  • <1%
Carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions 5,171 million metric tons CO2
    By energy end-use sector and share of total
    • Transportation
    • Industrial
    • Residential
    • Commercial

  • 36%
  • 27%
  • 20%
  • 17%
Energy consumption/GDP ratio
  • 2016
  • 1980
  •   5.85 thousand Btu per 2009 dollar
  • 12.10 thousand Btu per 2009 dollar

1Source: Monthly Energy Review, April 2017

More statistics for each energy source

File Scrub L2 ::::: EE ... oil_home-stats ... oil_home-stats

Crude oil and petroleum statistics

Preliminary data for the United States for 2016. Units are in barrels per day (b/d), except where noted.

Petroleum production (crude oil, other petroleum liquids, and renewable fuels) 13,504,000 b/d
Crude oil production
8,875,000 b/d
U.S. crude oil imports
7,877,000 b/d
Petroleum product imports
2,181,000 b/d
Net petroleum imports
4,870,000 b/d
Dependence on net petroleum imports
25%
Top crude oil import source
Canada–3,256,000 b/d
Top total petroleum import source
Canada–3,798,000 b/d
Top crude oil producing state Texas–3,213,000 b/d
Petroleum consumption
19,631,000 b/d
Motor gasoline consumption
9,327,000 b/d (392 million gallons/day)
Share of petroleum consumption for transportation
71%
Total petroleum exports
5,188,000 b/d
Federal motor gasoline tax
18.4 cents/gallon
Average state motor gasoline taxes
27.30 cents/gallon (as of Jan. 1, 2017)
Federal on-highway diesel fuel taxes
24.40 cents/gallon
Average state on-highway diesel fuel taxes
27.94 cents/gallon (as of Jan. 1, 2017)
Number of operable petroleum refineries (as of January 1, 2016)
141
Top petroleum refining state (as of January 1, 2016) #1–Texas 5,452,250 b/d
Proved reserves of crude oil (as of December 31, 2015)
32,318 million barrels
Strategic petroleum reserve
695 million barrels
World total oil supply (2016)
97,166,000 b/d
World total petroleum consumption (2015)
95,362,000 b/d
File Scrub L2 ::::: EE ... natural_gas_home-stats ... natural_gas_home-stats

Natural gas statistics

Data for the United States for 2016, except where noted. Physcial amounts (volumes) are in billion cubic feet (Bcf) and prices are in dollars per thousand cubic feet (Mcf).

U.S. production (dry gas) 27,663 Bcf
U.S. consumption 27,486 Bcf
U.S. imports  3,006 Bcf
U.S. exports  2,335 Bcf
Average citygate price  $3.71 per Mcf
Average price delivered to consumers
  • $10.05 per Mcf
  •  $7.28 per Mcf
  •  $3.52 per Mcf
  •  $2.99 per Mcf
Ranking of state residential prices

Highest—Hawaii, $36.42 per Mcf

Lowest—Idaho, $7.21 per Mcf

Natural gas consumption by end use Amount—share of total
  • 9,984 Bcf—35%
  • 7,722 Bcf—33%
  • 4,345 Bcf—17%
  • 3,105 Bcf—12%
  • 1,590 Bcf—3%
  •    739 Bcf—3%
LNG imports 92 Bcf
Number of U.S. producing natural gas wells 553,495
Natural gas percentage of electricity generation 33%
Natural gas percentage of electricity generation capacity (2014) 40%
Top-producing state Texas
World dry natural gas production (2014) 122,336 Bcf
World consumption (2014) 122,804 Bcf
File Scrub L2 ::::: EE ... coal_home-stats ... coal_home-stats

Coal statistics

Data for the United States and for 2015 except where noted.

{/ee}
Production
897.0 million short tons
Consumption
798.1 million short tons
Coal consumption by end-use sector  
   Electric power sector
   Other industrial
   Coke plants
   Commercial and institutional
738.1 million short tons
38.5 million short tons
19.7 million short tons
1.5 million short tons
Average delivered price
    Electric utilities
$42.58 per short ton
    Coke plants
$118.69 per short ton
    Other industrial plants
$65.44 per short ton
Largest producing state
Wyoming—375.8 million short tons
Share produced in Western region 57%
Share produced from surface mining 66%
Demonstrated reserve base 477.4 billion short tons (as of January 1, 2016)
Imports
11.3 million short tons
Exports
74.0 million short tons
Coal share of total electricity generating capacity
26%
Largest producing coal mine
North Antelope Rochelle Mine/Peabody Powder River Mining LLC.
109.3 million short tons
Leading producing company
Peabody Energy Corporation
176.0 million short tons
Average number of employees/miners
65,971 employees/miners
Productivity  
  2015
  1978
6.3 tons/miner-hour
1.8 tons/miner-hour
World coal production (2014)
9,019 million short tons
World coal consumption (2014)
8,908 million short tons
File Scrub L2 ::::: EE ... nuclear_home-stats ... nuclear_home-stats

U.S. nuclear statistics

Data for 2016 except where noted.

Total operable nuclear reactors 99
Nuclear electricity net generation 805,327 million kilowatthours
Nuclear percentage of total annual electricity generation 19.7%
Largest nuclear plant Palo Verde—3,937 megawatts (three nuclear reactors)
Number of states with commercial nuclear power plants 30
Top five nuclear electricity generating countries—Share of total world nuclear electricity generation
  • United States
  • France
  • Russia
  • South Korea
  • China
  • 33%
  • 17%
  •   7%
  •   6%
  •   5%
File Scrub L2 ::::: EE ... biofuel_home-stats ... biofuel_home-stats

Fuel ethanol statistics

Preliminary data for the United States for 2016.

U.S. production

 

15.33 billion gallons

364.98 million barrels

U.S. net imports

 

-1.01 billion gallons

-24.05 million barrels

U.S. consumption

 

14.39 billion gallons

342.84 million barrels

Source: Monthly Energy Review, April 2017, Table 10.3



Biodiesel statistics

Preliminary data for the United States for 2016.

U.S. production

 

1.56 billion gallons

37.04 million barrels

U.S. net imports

 

0.60 billion gallons

14.40 million barrels

U.S. consumption

 

2.06 billion gallons

49.04 million barrels

Source: Monthly Energy Review, April 2017, Table 10.4



File Scrub L2 ::::: EE ... electricity_home-stats ... electricity_home-stats

Preliminary data for the United States for 2016 (except where noted) as of May 2, 2017.

Generation from utility-scale power plants

Total net generation 4,079,079 thousand megawatthours
Electric utility net generation 2,304,081 thousand megawatthours
Share of total net generation by energy source  
    Natural gas 34%
    Coal 30%
    Nuclear 20%
    Hydroelectric   7%
    Nonhydro renewables   8%
    Petroleum and other   1%
Number of electricity generators (2015) 20,068
Largest power plant by net generation (2015) Palo Verde (nuclear)—32,525,595 megawatthours

Generation capacity of utility-scale generators (2015)

Total electricity generating capacity (net summer)
1,064,055 megawatts
Share of capacity by energy source  
    Natural gas 41%
        Conventional hydro   7%
        Pumped storage hydro   2%
    Nonhydro renewables 10%
    Nuclear   9%
    Petroleum   3%
    Other <1%
    Total may not equal 100% because of independent rounding.
Largest power plant by capacity (2015) Grand Coulee Dam (hydroelectric)—7,079 megawatts

Consumption and price

Total electricity consumption (end use) 3,852,769 thousand megawatthours
Share of total electricity consumption by type  
Electricity retail sales (total) 96%
Direct use of electricity   4%
Electricity retail sales (shares by sector)
  Residential sector 38%
  Commercial sector 37%
  Industrial sector 25%
  Transportation sector <1%
Largest utility by retail sales (within state in 2015) Florida Power & Light Company—110,327 thousand megawatthours
Retail prices by sector (average annual)  
    Residential 12.55 cents per kilowatthour (kWh)
    Commercial 10.37 cents per kilowatthour
    Industrial   6.75 cents per kilowatthour
    Transportation 9.48 cents per kilowatthour
    Average 10.28 cents per kilowatthour
State retail price rankings (average annual price for all sectors) Highest—Hawaii: 26.87 cents/kWh
Lowest—Washington: 7.40 cents/kWh
Average residential monthly use (2015) 1,177 kilowatthours
Average residential monthly bill (2015) $128.81

Emissions

Emissions from power plants (2015)  
    Carbon dioxide (CO2) 2,031,452 thousand metric tons
    Sulfur dioxide (SO2) 2,584 thousand metric tons
    Nitrogen oxides (NOx) 1,824 thousand metric tons