Table 4.3. Existing Capacity by Energy Source, 2019 (Megawatts)

Energy Source Facility Type Number of Generators Generator Nameplate Capacity Net Summer Capacity Net Winter Capacity
Coal Utility Scale 668 248,286.3 228,657.4 229,623.7
Petroleum Utility Scale 3,691 36,120.0 31,400.3 33,727.7
Natural Gas Utility Scale 6,020 542,413.2 476,567.4 511,196.1
Other Gases Utility Scale 91 2,863.3 2,499.2 2,551.1
Nuclear Utility Scale 96 102,877.3 98,119.0 100,141.5
Hydroelectric Conventional Utility Scale 4,014 79,787.1 79,773.1 79,172.2
Wind Utility Scale 1,354 104,333.6 103,571.2 103,667.8
Solar Photovoltaic Utility Scale 3,948 36,013.4 35,710.2 35,267.9
Solar Thermal Utility Scale 19 1,774.6 1,758.1 1,597.4
Wood and Wood-Derived Fuels Utility Scale 333 9,519.1 8,374.5 8,496.2
Geothermal Utility Scale 172 3,849.3 2,555.4 2,963.3
Other Biomass Utility Scale 1,917 5,382.7 4,738.8 4,799.2
Hydroelectric Pumped Storage Utility Scale 153 21,871.3 22,778.3 22,598.6
Other Energy Sources Utility Scale 255 2,825.9 2,606.4 2,656.5
Total Utility Scale 22,731 1,197,917.1 1,099,109.3 1,138,459.2
Small Scale Photovoltaic Small Scale -- -- 23,213.6 --
Estimated Total Photovoltaic Utility and Small Scale -- -- 58,923.8 --
Estimated Total Solar Utility and Small Scale -- -- 60,681.9 --

Notes: Coal includes anthracite, bituminous, subbituminous, lignite, and waste coal; coal synfuel and refined coal; and beginning in 2011, coal-derived synthesis gas. Prior to 2011, coal-derived synthesis gas was included in Other Gases.
Petroleum includes distillate fuel oil (all diesel and No. 1, No. 2, and No. 4 fuel oils), residual fuel oil (No. 5 and No. 6 fuel oils and bunker C fuel oil), jet fuel, kerosene, petroleum coke (converted to liquid petroleum, see Technical Notes for conversion methodology), waste oil, and beginning in 2011, synthetic gas and propane. Prior to 2011, synthetic gas and propane were included in Other Gases.
Other Gases includes blast furnace gas. Prior to 2011, waste heat was included in Natural Gas.
Hydroelectric Conventional capacity includes conventional hydroelectric power excluding pumped storage facilities.
Wood and wood-derived fuels include wood/wood waste solids (including paper pellets, railroad ties, utility poles, wood chips, bark, and wood waste solids), wood waste liquids (red liquor, sludge wood, spent sulfite liquor, and other wood-based liquids), and black liquor.
Other Biomass include municipal solid waste, landfill gas, sludge waste, agricultural byproducts, other biomass solids, other biomass liquids, and other biomass gases (including digester gases, methane, and other biomass gases).
Hydroelectric Conventional capacity includes conventional hydroelectric power excluding pumped storage facilities.
Other Energy Sources include batteries, hydrogen, purchased steam, sulfur, tire-derived fuels and other miscellaneous energy sources.
Capacity by energy source is based on the capacity associated with the energy source reported as the most predominant (primary) one, where more than one energy source is associated with a generator.
In 2011, EIA corrected the NAICS codes of several plants which resulted in a net capacity shift from the electric utility sector to the commercial sector.
Source: U.S. Energy Information Administration, Form EIA-860, 'Annual Electric Generator Report.'
Estimated small scale solar photovoltaic capacity is based on data from Form EIA-826, Form EIA-861M, Form EIA-861 and from estimation methods described in the technical notes.