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Alabama   Alabama Profile

State Profile and Energy Estimates

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(overview, data, & analysis)

Last Update: April 16, 2015 | Next Update: May 21, 2015                                                                                                                                                                 See full record of updates

Data in this section highlight only a small number of the many series available for this state. Use the "more" links on this page or the "Find" tool to access EIA's additional state-level data.

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Energy Indicators  
Demography Alabama Share of U.S. Period
Population 4.8 million 1.5% 2013  
Civilian Labor Force 2.1 million 1.4% Feb-15  
Economy Alabama U.S. Rank Period
Gross Domestic Product $ 193.6 billion 26 2013  
Gross Domestic Product for the Manufacturing Sector $ 34,401 million 22 2013  
Per Capita Personal Income $ 36,501 43 2013  
Vehicle Miles Traveled 65,046 million miles 16 2013  
Land in Farms 8.9 million acres 31 2012  
Prices  
Petroleum Alabama U.S. Average Period find more
Domestic Crude Oil First Purchase $ 43.24 /barrel $ 43.10 /barrel Jan-15  
Natural Gas Alabama U.S. Average Period find more
City Gate $ 4.22 /thousand cu ft $ 4.46 /thousand cu ft Jan-15 find more
Residential $ 12.54 /thousand cu ft $ 9.49 /thousand cu ft Jan-15 find more
Coal Alabama U.S. Average Period find more
Average Sales Price $ 88.20 /short ton $ 37.24 /short ton 2013  
Delivered to Electric Power Sector $ 2.44 /million Btu $ 2.28 /million Btu Jan-15  
Electricity Alabama U.S. Average Period find more
Residential 10.99 cents/kWh 12.10 cents/kWh Jan-15 find more
Commercial 10.63 cents/kWh 10.30 cents/kWh Jan-15 find more
Industrial 5.58 cents/kWh 6.62 cents/kWh Jan-15 find more
Reserves & Supply  
Reserves Alabama Share of U.S. Period find more
Crude Oil 44 million barrels 0.1% 2013 find more
Dry Natural Gas 1,597 billion cu ft 0.5% 2013 find more
Expected Future Production of Natural Gas Plant Liquids 51 million barrels 0.4% 2013 find more
Recoverable Coal at Producing Mines 383 million short tons 1.9% 2013 find more
Rotary Rigs & Wells Alabama Share of U.S. Period find more
Rotary Rigs in Operation 5 rigs 0.3% 2013  
Natural Gas Producing Wells 6,068 wells 1.2% 2013 find more
Production Alabama Share of U.S. Period find more
Total Energy 1,434 trillion Btu 1.8% 2012 find more
Crude Oil 811 thousand barrels 0.3% Jan-15 find more
Natural Gas - Marketed 196,326 million cu ft 0.8% 2013 find more
Coal 18,620 thousand short tons 1.9% 2013 find more
Capacity Alabama Share of U.S. Period
Crude Oil Refinery Capacity (as of Jan. 1) 120,100 barrels/calendar day 0.7% 2014  
Electric Power Industry Net Summer Capacity 31,850 MW 3.0% Jan-15  
Net Electricity Generation Alabama Share of U.S. Period find more
Total Net Electricity Generation 13,476 thousand MWh 3.7% Jan-15  
Net Electricity Generation (share of total) Alabama U.S. Average Period
Petroleum-Fired NM 0.5 % Jan-15 find more
Natural Gas-Fired 37.4 % 28.1 % Jan-15 find more
Coal-Fired 22.7 % 36.8 % Jan-15 find more
Nuclear 28.6 % 20.6 % Jan-15 find more
Hydroelectric 8.9 % 6.8 % Jan-15 find more
Other Renewables 2.1 % 6.5 % Jan-15  
Stocks Alabama Share of U.S. Period find more
Motor Gasoline (Excludes Pipelines) 258 thousand barrels 1.3% Jan-15  
Distillate Fuel Oil (Excludes Pipelines) 863 thousand barrels 0.9% Jan-15 find more
Natural Gas in Underground Storage 25,790 million cu ft 0.4% Jan-15 find more
Petroleum Stocks at Electric Power Producers 260 thousand barrels 0.8% Jan-15 find more
Coal Stocks at Electric Power Producers 4,434 thousand tons 2.9% Jan-15 find more
Production Facilities Alabama
Major Coal Mines None find more
Petroleum Refineries Goodway Refining (Atmore), Hunt Refining (Tuscaloosa), Shell Chemical (Saraland) find more
Major Non-Nuclear Electricity Generating Plants Barry (Alabama Power Co) ; James H Miller Jr (Alabama Power Co) ; H Allen Franklin Combined Cycle (Southern Power Co) ; E B Harris Electric Generating Plant (Southern Power Co) ; E C Gaston (Alabama Power Co)  
Nuclear Power Plants Browns Ferry (Tennessee Valley Authority), Joseph M Farley (Alabama Power Co) find more
Distribution & Marketing  
Distribution Centers Alabama
Petroleum Ports Mobile find more
Natural Gas Market Hubs None  
Major Pipelines Alabama find more
Crude Oil Plains Pipeline, Hunt Crude Oil Supply  
Petroleum Product Colonial Pipeline, Kinder Morgan  
Natural Gas Liquids Enterprise Products  
Interstate Natural Gas Pipelines Alabama Gas Corporation, American Midstream AlaTenn LLC, Bay Gas Storage, Chandeleur Pipeline Company, Childersburg Water Works, Sewer, and Gas Board, DCP Midstream LP, Florida Gas Transmission Company, Gulf South Pipeline Company LP, Gulfstream Natural Gas System LLC, Midcontinent Express Pipeline, Southeast Supply Header, Southern Natural Gas Company, Tennessee Gas Pipeline Company, Texas Eastern Transmission LP, Transcontinental Gas Pipeline, USG Pipeline Company  
Fueling Stations Alabama Share of U.S. Period
Motor Gasoline 3,068 stations 2.7% 2012  
Liquefied Petroleum Gases 94 stations 3.4% 2013  
Compressed Natural Gas 15 stations 1.3% 2013  
Ethanol 28 stations 1.1% 2013  
Other Alternative Fuels 61 stations 0.4% 2013  
Consumption & Expenditures  
Summary Alabama U.S. Rank Period
Total Consumption 1,905 trillion Btu 17 2012 find more
Total Consumption per Capita 395 million Btu 12 2012 find more
Total Expenditures $ 24,291 million 19 2012 find more
Total Expenditures per Capita $ 5,042 15 2012 find more
by End-Use Sector Alabama Share of U.S. Period
Consumption
    »  Residential 338 trillion Btu 1.7% 2012 find more
    »  Commercial 245 trillion Btu 1.4% 2012 find more
    »  Industrial 839 trillion Btu 2.7% 2012 find more
    »  Transportation 482 trillion Btu 1.8% 2012 find more
Expenditures
    »  Residential $ 4,096 million 1.7% 2012 find more
    »  Commercial $ 2,803 million 1.6% 2012 find more
    »  Industrial $ 4,784 million 2.1% 2012 find more
    »  Transportation $ 12,609 million 1.7% 2012 find more
by Source Alabama Share of U.S. Period
Consumption
    »  Petroleum 102.5 million barrels 1.5% 2012 find more
    »  Natural Gas 618.0 billion cu ft 2.4% 2013 find more
    »  Coal 27.2 million short tons 2.9% 2013 find more
Expenditures
    »  Petroleum $ 14,525 million 1.6% 2012 find more
    »  Natural Gas $ 3,091 million 2.0% 2013 find more
    »  Coal $ 1,732 million 3.8% 2013 find more
Consumption for Electricity Generation Alabama Share of U.S. Period find more
Petroleum NM NM Jan-15 find more
Natural Gas 36,190 million cu ft 4.9% Jan-15 find more
Coal 1,539 thousand short tons 2.2% Jan-15 find more
Energy Source Used for Home Heating (share of households) Alabama U.S. Average Period
Natural Gas 28.5 % 48.3 % 2013  
Fuel Oil 0.2 % 5.5 % 2013  
Electricity 63.1 % 37.4 % 2013  
Liquefied Petroleum Gases 6.7 % 4.8 % 2013  
Other/None 1.6 % 3.9 % 2013  
Environment  
Special Programs Alabama find more
Clean Cities Coalitions Alabama Clean Fuels Coalition  
Alternative Fuels Alabama Share of U.S. Period find more
Alternative Fueled Vehicles in Use 15,401 vehicles 1.3% 2011 find more
Ethanol Plant Operating Capacity 0 million gal/year 0.0% 2014 find more
Ethanol Consumption 6,318 thousand barrels 2.0% 2013 find more
Total Emissions Alabama Share of U.S. Period find more
Carbon Dioxide 121.0 million metric tons 2.3% 2012  
Electric Power Industry Emissions Alabama Share of U.S. Period find more
Carbon Dioxide 69,106,650 metric tons 3.2% 2012  
Sulfur Dioxide 147,865 metric tons 4.0% 2012  
Nitrogen Oxide 51,222 metric tons 2.4% 2012  

Notes & Sources

-- = No data reported.
*  = Value is less than half of the smallest unit of measure (e.g., for values with no decimals, the smallest unit is 1 then values under 0.5 are shown as *.)
NA = Not available.
NM = Not meaningful due to large relative standard error or excessive percentage change.
W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data.
Note: Small differences between source data and values displayed here may be due to independent rounding.
Note: Total net electricity generation includes net generation from petroleum coke, pumped storage hydroelectric, other gases, and other energy sources, which are not shown separately.