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Alabama   Alabama Profile

State Profile and Energy Estimates

Profile DataPrint State Energy Profile
(overview, data, & analysis)

Last Update: March 20, 2014 | Next Update: April 17, 2014

Data in this section highlight only a small number of the many series available for this state. Use the "more" links on this page or the "Find" tool to access EIA's additional state-level data.

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Economy  
Population and Employment Alabama U.S. Rank Period
Population 4.8 million 23 2013  
Civilian Labor Force 2.1 million 24 Jan-14  
Per Capita Personal Income $ 35,625 43 2012  
Industry Alabama U.S. Rank Period
Gross Domestic Product $ 173.1 billion 26 2011  
Land in Farms 8.9 million acres 31 2012  
Market Value of Agricultural Products Sold $ 5.6 billion 25 2012  
Prices  
Petroleum Alabama U.S. Average Period find more
Domestic Crude Oil First Purchase $ 93.33 /barrel $ 91.81 /barrel Dec-13  
Natural Gas Alabama U.S. Average Period find more
City Gate $ 4.44 /thousand cu ft $ 4.91 /thousand cu ft Dec-13 find more
Residential $ 14.09 /thousand cu ft $ 9.15 /thousand cu ft Dec-13 find more
Coal Alabama U.S. Average Period find more
Average Sales Price $ 106.57 /short ton $ 39.95 /short ton 2012  
Delivered to Electric Power Sector $ 2.75 /million Btu $ 2.33 /million Btu Dec-13  
Electricity Alabama U.S. Average Period find more
Residential 10.49 cents/kWh 11.72 cents/kWh Dec-13 find more
Commercial 9.71 cents/kWh 9.98 cents/kWh Dec-13 find more
Industrial 5.63 cents/kWh 6.62 cents/kWh Dec-13 find more
Reserves & Supply  
Reserves Alabama Share of U.S. Period find more
Crude Oil 46 million barrels 0.2% 2011 find more
Dry Natural Gas 2,475 billion cu ft 0.7% 2011 find more
Natural Gas Plant Liquids 68 million barrels 0.6% 2011 find more
Recoverable Coal at Producing Mines 265 million short tons 1.4% 2012 find more
Rotary Rigs & Wells Alabama Share of U.S. Period find more
Rotary Rigs in Operation 5 rigs 0.3% 2013  
Natural Gas Producing Wells 6,327 wells 1.3% 2012 find more
Production Alabama Share of U.S. Period find more
Total Energy 1,401 trillion Btu 1.8% 2011 find more
Crude Oil 886 thousand barrels 0.4% Dec-13 find more
Natural Gas - Marketed 215,710 million cu ft 0.9% 2012 find more
Coal 19,321 thousand short tons 1.9% 2012 find more
Capacity Alabama Share of U.S. Period
Crude Oil Refinery Capacity (as of Jan. 1) 120,100 barrels/calendar day 0.7% 2013  
Electric Power Industry Net Summer Capability 32,325 MW 3.0% Dec-13  
Net Electricity Generation Alabama Share of U.S. Period find more
Total Net Electricity Generation 12,915 thousand MWh 3.7% Dec-13  
Net Electricity Generation (share of total) Alabama U.S. Average Period
Petroleum-Fired NM 0.4 % Dec-13 find more
Natural Gas-Fired 29.2 % 26.0 % Dec-13 find more
Coal-Fired 28.8 % 40.4 % Dec-13 find more
Nuclear 28.9 % 20.2 % Dec-13 find more
Hydroelectric 11.0 % 6.1 % Dec-13 find more
Other Renewables 2.1 % 6.1 % Dec-13  
Stocks Alabama Share of U.S. Period find more
Motor Gasoline (Excludes Pipelines) 283 thousand barrels 1.0% Dec-13  
Distillate Fuel Oil (Excludes Pipelines) 879 thousand barrels 0.9% Dec-13 find more
Natural Gas in Underground Storage 25,090 million cu ft 0.3% Dec-13 find more
Petroleum Stocks at Electric Power Producers 301 thousand barrels 1.0% Dec-13 find more
Coal Stocks at Electric Power Producers 4,272 thousand tons 2.9% Dec-13 find more
Production Facilities Alabama
Major Coal Mines None find more
Petroleum Refineries Goodway Refining LLC (Atmore); Hunt Refining Co (Tuscaloosa); Shell Chemical LP (Saraland) find more
Major Non-Nuclear Electricity Generating Plants Barry (Alabama Power Co) ; James H Miller Jr (Alabama Power Co) ; H Allen Franklin Combined Cycle (Southern Power Co) ; E B Harris Electric Generating Plant (Southern Power Co) ; E C Gaston (Alabama Power Co)  
Nuclear Power Plants Browns Ferry (Tennessee Valley Authority), Joseph M Farley (Alabama Power Co) find more
Distribution & Marketing  
Distribution Centers Alabama
Oil Seaports/Oil Import Sites Mobile find more
Natural Gas Market Centers None  
Major Pipelines Alabama find more
Crude Oil Citronelle-Mobile, Genesis, Hess, Hunt, Miller.  
Petroleum Product Amoco, Colonial, Plantation.  
Liquefied Petroleum Gases Dixie, Enterprise  
Interstate Natural Gas Pipelines Chandeleur Pipeline Co., Enbridge Pipelines, Florida Gas Transmission Co., Gulf South Pipeline Co., Gulfstream Natural Gas System, Southeast Supply Header, Southern Natural Gas Co., Tennessee Gas Pipeline Co., Texas Eastern Transmission Co., Transcontinental Gas Pipeline Co.  
Fueling Stations Alabama Share of U.S. Period
Motor Gasoline 3,082 stations 2.8% 2011  
Liquefied Petroleum Gases 94 stations 3.4% 2013  
Compressed Natural Gas 15 stations 1.3% 2013  
Ethanol 28 stations 1.1% 2013  
Other Alternative Fuels 61 stations 0.4% 2013  
Consumption & Expenditures  
Summary Alabama U.S. Rank Period
Total Consumption 1,931 trillion Btu 17 2011 find more
Total Consumption per Capita 402 million Btu 13 2011 find more
Total Expenditures $ 24,479 million 19 2011 find more
Total Expenditures per Capita $ 5,096 15 2011 find more
by End-Use Sector Alabama Share of U.S. Period
Consumption
    »  Residential 377 trillion Btu 1.8% 2011 find more
    »  Commercial 257 trillion Btu 1.4% 2011 find more
    »  Industrial 810 trillion Btu 2.6% 2011 find more
    »  Transportation 487 trillion Btu 1.8% 2011 find more
Expenditures
    »  Residential $ 4,420 million 1.8% 2011 find more
    »  Commercial $ 2,881 million 1.6% 2011 find more
    »  Industrial $ 4,667 million 1.9% 2011 find more
    »  Transportation $ 12,512 million 1.8% 2011 find more
by Source Alabama Share of U.S. Period
Consumption
    »  Petroleum 103.9 million barrels 1.5% 2011 find more
    »  Natural Gas 671.3 billion cu ft 2.6% 2012 find more
    »  Coal 25.7 million short tons 2.9% 2012 find more
Expenditures
    »  Petroleum $ 14,348 million 1.6% 2011 find more
    »  Natural Gas $ 2,593 million 1.9% 2012 find more
    »  Coal $ 1,804 million 4.0% 2012 find more
Consumption for Electricity Generation Alabama Share of U.S. Period find more
Petroleum NM NM Dec-13 find more
Natural Gas 27,688 million cu ft 4.0% Dec-13 find more
Coal 1,959 thousand short tons 2.5% Dec-13 find more
Consumption for Home Heating Alabama U.S. Average Period
Natural Gas 29.8 % 49.5 % 2011  
Fuel Oil 0.2 % 6.5 % 2011  
Electricity 60.8 % 35.4 % 2011  
Liquefied Petroleum Gases 7.6 % 5.0 % 2011  
Other/None 1.4 % 3.6 % 2011  
Environment  
Special Programs Alabama find more
Clean Cities Coalitions Alabama Clean Fuels Coalition  
Alternative Fuels Alabama Share of U.S. Period find more
Alternative Fueled Vehicles in Use 15,401 vehicles 1.3% 2011 find more
Ethanol Plant Capacity 0 million gal/year 0.0% 2014 find more
Ethanol Consumption 4,363 thousand barrels 1.4% 2012 find more
Total Emissions Alabama Share of U.S. Period find more
Carbon Dioxide 129.0 million metric tons 2.4% 2011  
Electric Power Industry Emissions Alabama Share of U.S. Period find more
Carbon Dioxide 69,106,650 metric tons 3.2% 2012  
Sulfur Dioxide 147,865 metric tons 4.0% 2012  
Nitrogen Oxide 51,222 metric tons 2.4% 2012  

Notes & Sources

-- = No data reported.
*  = Value is less than half of the smallest unit of measure (e.g., for values with no decimals, the smallest unit is 1 then values under 0.5 are shown as *.)
NA = Not available.
NM = Not meaningful due to large relative standard error or excessive percentage change.
W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data.
Note: Small differences between source data and values displayed here may be due to independent rounding.
Note: Total net electricity generation includes net generation from petroleum coke, pumped storage hydroelectric, other gases, and other energy sources, which are not shown separately.