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Iowa   Iowa Profile

State Profile and Energy Estimates

Profile DataPrint State Energy Profile
(overview, data, & analysis)

Last Update: February 16, 2017 | Next Update: March 16, 2017                                                                                                                                                 See full record of updates

Data in this section highlight only a small number of the many series available for this state. Use the "more" links on this page or the "Find" tool to access EIA's additional state-level data.

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Energy Indicators  
Demography Iowa Share of U.S. Period
Population 3.1 million 1.0% 2015  
Civilian Labor Force 1.7 million 1.1% Dec-16  
Economy Iowa U.S. Rank Period
Gross Domestic Product $ 174.1 billion 30 2015  
Gross Domestic Product for the Manufacturing Sector $ 31,782 million 25 2015  
Per Capita Personal Income $ 44,971 27 2015  
Vehicle Miles Traveled 31,414 million miles 31 2014  
Land in Farms 30.6 million acres 10 2012  
Climate Iowa U.S. Rank Period
Average Temperature 50.7 degrees Fahrenheit 31 2016  
Precipitation 38.2 inches 26 2016  
Prices  
Petroleum Iowa U.S. Average Period find more
Domestic Crude Oil First Purchase -- $ 41.65 /barrel Nov-16  
Natural Gas Iowa U.S. Average Period find more
City Gate $ 4.16 /thousand cu ft $ 3.88 /thousand cu ft Nov-16 find more
Residential $ 10.22 /thousand cu ft $ 10.76 /thousand cu ft Nov-16 find more
Coal Iowa U.S. Average Period find more
Average Sales Price -- $ 31.83 /short ton 2015  
Delivered to Electric Power Sector $ 1.55 /million Btu $ 2.08 /million Btu Nov-16  
Electricity Iowa U.S. Average Period find more
Residential 12.00 cents/kWh 12.75 cents/kWh Nov-16 find more
Commercial 8.78 cents/kWh 10.25 cents/kWh Nov-16 find more
Industrial 5.20 cents/kWh 6.64 cents/kWh Nov-16 find more
Reserves & Supply  
Reserves Iowa Share of U.S. Period find more
Crude Oil (as of Dec. 31) -- -- 2015 find more
Expected Future Production of Dry Natural Gas (as of Dec. 31) -- -- 2015 find more
Expected Future Production of Natural Gas Plant Liquids -- -- 2015 find more
Recoverable Coal at Producing Mines -- -- 2015 find more
Rotary Rigs & Wells Iowa Share of U.S. Period find more
Rotary Rigs in Operation 0 rigs 0.0% 2014  
Natural Gas Producing Wells -- -- 2015 find more
Production Iowa Share of U.S. Period find more
Total Energy 757 trillion Btu 0.9% 2014 find more
Crude Oil -- -- Nov-16 find more
Natural Gas - Marketed -- -- 2015 find more
Coal -- -- 2015 find more
Capacity Iowa Share of U.S. Period
Crude Oil Refinery Capacity (as of Jan. 1) -- -- 2016  
Electric Power Industry Net Summer Capacity 16,636 MW 1.5% Nov-16  
Total Utility-Scale Net Electricity Generation Iowa Share of U.S. Period find more
Total Net Electricity Generation 4,240 thousand MWh 1.4% Nov-16  
Utility-Scale Net Electricity Generation (share of total) Iowa U.S. Average Period
Petroleum-Fired 0.1 % 0.4 % Nov-16 find more
Natural Gas-Fired 2.8 % 31.8 % Nov-16 find more
Coal-Fired 36.5 % 29.3 % Nov-16 find more
Nuclear 9.9 % 21.9 % Nov-16 find more
Renewables 50.6 % 15.9 % Nov-16  
Stocks Iowa Share of U.S. Period find more
Motor Gasoline (Excludes Pipelines) 177 thousand barrels 1.0% Nov-16  
Distillate Fuel Oil (Excludes Pipelines) 2,039 thousand barrels 1.6% Nov-16 find more
Natural Gas in Underground Storage 271,770 million cu ft 3.3% Nov-16 find more
Petroleum Stocks at Electric Power Producers 121 thousand barrels 0.4% Nov-16 find more
Coal Stocks at Electric Power Producers 8,788 thousand tons 5.1% Nov-16 find more
Production Facilities Iowa
Major Coal Mines None find more
Petroleum Refineries None find more
Major Non-Nuclear Electricity Generating Plants Walter Scott Jr Energy Center (MidAmerican Energy Co) ; George Neal North (MidAmerican Energy Co) ; Louisa (MidAmerican Energy Co) ; Ottumwa (Interstate Power and Light Co) ; George Neal South (MidAmerican Energy Co)  
Nuclear Power Plants Duane Arnold (NextEra Energy Duane Arnold LLC) find more
Distribution & Marketing  
Distribution Centers Iowa
Petroleum Ports None find more
Natural Gas Market Hubs None  
Major Pipelines Iowa find more
Crude Oil BP Pipeline, Koch Pipeline  
Petroleum Product Midstream Partners, Nustar, Buckeye Partners  
Natural Gas Liquids Kinder Morgan, Enterprise Products, Nustar, ONEOK  
Interstate Natural Gas Pipelines ANR Pipeline Company, Natural Gas Pipeline Company of America, Northern Border Pipeline Company, Northern Natural Gas  
Fueling Stations Iowa Share of U.S. Period
Motor Gasoline 1,800 stations 1.6% 2014  
Liquefied Petroleum Gases 34 stations 0.9% 2016  
Electricity 93 stations 0.6% 2016  
Ethanol 209 stations 6.7% 2016  
Compressed Natural Gas and Other Alternative Fuels 20 stations 0.8% 2016  
Consumption & Expenditures  
Summary Iowa U.S. Rank Period
Total Consumption 1,542 trillion Btu 24 2014 find more
Total Consumption per Capita 496 million Btu 5 2014 find more
Total Expenditures $ 18,022 million 28 2014 find more
Total Expenditures per Capita $ 5,796 6 2014 find more
by End-Use Sector Iowa Share of U.S. Period
Consumption
    »  Residential 253 trillion Btu 1.2% 2014 find more
    »  Commercial 213 trillion Btu 1.2% 2014 find more
    »  Industrial 767 trillion Btu 2.4% 2014 find more
    »  Transportation 309 trillion Btu 1.1% 2014 find more
Expenditures
    »  Residential $ 2,900 million 1.1% 2014 find more
    »  Commercial $ 2,016 million 1.1% 2014 find more
    »  Industrial $ 5,046 million 2.0% 2014 find more
    »  Transportation $ 8,060 million 1.2% 2014 find more
by Source Iowa Share of U.S. Period
Consumption
    »  Petroleum 88.2 million barrels 1.3% 2014 find more
    »  Natural Gas 329.9 billion cu ft 1.2% 2014 find more
    »  Coal 23.0 million short tons 2.5% 2014 find more
Expenditures
    »  Petroleum $ 11,483 million 1.3% 2014 find more
    »  Natural Gas $ 2,579 million 1.5% 2014 find more
    »  Coal $ 723 million 1.6% 2014 find more
Consumption for Electricity Generation Iowa Share of U.S. Period find more
Petroleum 7 thousand barrels 0.5% Nov-16 find more
Natural Gas 1,051 million cu ft 0.2% Nov-16 find more
Coal 931 thousand short tons 1.9% Nov-16 find more
Energy Source Used for Home Heating (share of households) Iowa U.S. Average Period
Natural Gas 62.7 % 48.6 % 2015  
Fuel Oil 0.7 % 5.6 % 2015  
Electricity 20.4 % 37.2 % 2015  
Liquefied Petroleum Gases 13.2 % 4.8 % 2015  
Other/None 3.0 % 3.8 % 2015  
Environment  
Renewable Energy Capacity Iowa Share of U.S. Period find more
Total Renewable Energy Electricity Net Summer Capacity 6,467 MW 3.4% Nov-16  
Ethanol Plant Operating Capacity 3,921 million gal/year 25.9% 2016  
Renewable Energy Production Iowa Share of U.S. Period find more
Utility-Scale Hydroelectric Net Electricity Generation 82 thousand MWh 0.4% Nov-16  
Utility-Scale Solar, Wind, and Geothermal Net Electricity Generation 2,045 thousand MWh 8.7% Nov-16  
Utility-Scale Biomass Net Electricity Generation 20 thousand MWh 0.4% Nov-16  
Distributed (Small-Scale) Solar Photovoltaic Generation 3 thousand MWh 0.3% Nov-16  
Ethanol Production 92,632 Thousand Barrels 27.2% 2014  
Renewable Energy Consumption Iowa U.S. Rank Period find more
Renewable Energy Consumption as a Share of State Total 26.3 % 7 2014  
Ethanol Consumption 4,536 thousand barrels 27 2015  
Total Emissions Iowa Share of U.S. Period find more
Carbon Dioxide 82.0 million metric tons 1.5% 2014  
Electric Power Industry Emissions Iowa Share of U.S. Period find more
Carbon Dioxide 35,043 thousand metric tons 1.7% 2015  
Sulfur Dioxide 44 thousand metric tons 1.7% 2015  
Nitrogen Oxide 31 thousand metric tons 1.7% 2015  

Notes & Sources

-- = No data reported.
*  = Value is less than half of the smallest unit of measure but greater than 0 (e.g., for values with no decimals, the smallest unit is 1 then values between 0 and 0.5 are shown as *.)
NA = Not available.
NM = Not meaningful due to large relative standard error or excessive percentage change.
W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data.
Note: Small differences between source data and values displayed here may be due to independent rounding.
Note: Total net electricity generation includes net generation from petroleum coke, pumped storage hydroelectric, other gases, and other energy sources, which are not shown separately.