Natural Gas

Imports/Exports & Pipelines

Short-Term Energy Outlook - Natural Gas Section

Released: April 8, 2014

Short-term forecasts of natural gas supply, demand, and price projections.

Natural Gas Monthly

Released: March 31, 2014

Highlights activities, events, and analyses associated with the natural gas industry. Volume and price data are presented each month for natural gas production, distribution, consumption, and interstate pipeline activities. Producer related activities and underground storage data are also reported. (archived versions)

 
Monthly/Annual Energy Review - Natural Gas Section

Released: March 27, 2014

Monthly and latest annual time-series and recent statistics on natural gas supply, disposition, and price.

 
Natural Gas Issues and Trends

Released: February 7, 2014

The Energy Information Administration's Natural Gas Issues and Trends provides timelier information and analyses on natural gas markets. (archived versions)

Liquid Fuels and Natural Gas in the Americas

Released: January 30, 2014

The Energy Information Administration's (EIA) Liquid Fuels and Natural Gas in the Americas report, published today, is a Congressionally-requested study examining the energy trends and developments in the Americas over the past decade. The report focuses on liquid fuels and natural gas—particularly reserves and resources, production, consumption, trade, and investment—given their scale and significance to the region.

 
Natural Gas Annual

Released: December 12, 2013

Provides information on the supply and disposition of natural gas in the United States. Production, transmission, storage, deliveries, and price data are published by state for the current year. Summary data are presented for each state for the previous 5 years. (archived versions)

 
International Energy Outlook - Natural Gas Section

Released: July 25, 2013

International natural gas projections through 2040.

Natural Gas Imports and Exports

Released: July 23, 2013

In the face of unprecedented levels of domestic natural gas production, net imports of natural gas into the United States fell 23% in 2012. A combination of both higher exports and lower imports led to a decline in net imports. In 2012, total imports decreased by 10% to 3,135 Bcf, while total exports increased by 8% to 1,619 Bcf.

Gulf of Mexico Fact Sheet

Released: July 1, 2013

Updated data and maps of energy infrastructure in the Gulf of Mexico, and updated information on past energy disruptions in the United States. (archived versions)

Short-Term Energy Outlook Supplement: Constraints in New England likely to affect regional energy prices this winter

Released: January 18, 2013

Since November, New England has had the highest average spot natural gas prices in the nation. Average prices at the Algonquin Citygate trading point, a widely used index for New England natural gas buyers, have been $3 per million British thermal units (MMBtu) higher than natural gas prices at the Henry Hub, and more than $2 per MMBtu higher than average spot price at Transco Zone 6 NY, which serves New York City and has historically traded at prices similar to those in New England.

 
Natural Gas Exports from Iran

Released: October 9, 2012

This assessment of the natural gas sector in Iran, with a focus on Iran’s natural gas exports, was prepared pursuant to section 505 (a) of the Iran Threat Reduction and Syria Human Rights Act of 2012 (Public Law No: 112-158). As requested, it includes: (1) an assessment of exports of natural gas from Iran; (2) an identification of the countries that purchase the most natural gas from Iran; (3) an assessment of alternative supplies of natural gas available to those countries; (4) an assessment of the impact a reduction in exports of natural gas from Iran would have on global natural gas supplies and the price of natural gas, especially in countries identified under number (2); and (5) such other information as the Administrator considers appropriate.

 
Hurricane Isaac

Released: August 31, 2012

Overview, data, and map on energy infrastructure and potential supply disruptions from Hurricane Isaac.

Annual Energy Outlook - Natural Gas Section

Released: June 25, 2012

Natural gas projections to 2040.

Effect of Increased Natural Gas Exports on Domestic Energy Markets

Released: January 19, 2012

This report responds to an August 2011 request from the Department of Energys Office of Fossil Energy (DOE/FE) for an analysis of the impact of increased domestic natural gas demand, as exports. Appendix A provides a copy of the DOE/FE request letter. Specifically, DOE/FE asked the U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) to assess how specified scenarios of increased natural gas exports could affect domestic energy markets, focusing on consumption, production, and prices.

 
Expansion of the U.S. Natural Gas Pipeline Network

Released: September 30, 2009

Additions in 2008 and Projects through 2011. This report examines new natural gas pipeline capacity added to the U.S. natural gas pipeline system during 2008. In addition, it discusses and analyzes proposed natural gas pipeline projects that may be developed between 2009 and 2011, and the market factors supporting these initiatives. (archived versions)

 
Natural Gas Market Centers: A 2008 Update

Released: April 24, 2009

This special report looks at the current status of market centers in today's natural gas marketplace, examining their role and their importance to natural gas shippers, pipelines, and others involved in the transportation of natural gas over the North American pipeline network.

 
Bringing Alaska North Slope Natural Gas to Market (released in AEO2009)

Released: March 31, 2009

At least three alternatives have been proposed over the years for bringing sizable volumes of natural gas from Alaska's remote North Slope to market in the lower 48 states: a pipeline interconnecting with the existing pipeline system in central Alberta, Canada; a gas-to-liquids (GTL) plant on the North Slope; and a large liquefied natural gas (LNG) export facility at Valdez, Alaska. The National Energy Modeling System (NEMS) explicitly models the pipeline and GTL options. The what if LNG option is not modeled in NEMS.

Impact of the 2008 Hurricane Season on the Natural Gas Industry

Released: January 26, 2009

This report provides an overview of the 2008 Atlantic hurricane season and its impacts on the natural gas industry

 
Hurricane Impacts on the U.S. Oil and Natural Gas Markets

Released: September 26, 2008

Report on hurricane impacts on the U.S. oil and natural gas markets.

Distribution of Natural Gas: The Final Step in the Transmission Process

Released: June 27, 2008

This report analyzes the role of local distribution companies (LDCs) and transmission pipelines in delivering natural gas supplies to end use customers, focusing upon the years 1996 through 2006.

 
Liquefied Natural Gas: Global Challenges (released in AEO2008)

Released: June 26, 2008

U.S. imports of liquefied natural gas (LNG) in 2007 were more than triple the 2000 total, and they are expected to grow in the long term as North Americas conventional natural gas production declines. With U.S. dependence on LNG imports increasing, competitive forces in the international markets for natural gas in general and LNG in particular will play a larger role in shaping the U.S. market for LNG. Key factors currently shaping the future of the global LNG market include the evolution of project economics, worldwide demand for natural gas, government policies that affect the development and use of natural resources in countries with LNG facilities, and changes in seasonal patterns of LNG trade.

Natural Gas Compressor Stations on the Interstate Pipeline Network: Developments Since 1996

Released: November 7, 2007

This special report looks at the use of natural gas pipeline compressor stations on the interstate natural gas pipeline network that serves the lower 48 states. It examines the compression facilities added over the past 10 years and how the expansions have supported pipeline capacity growth intended to meet the increasing demand for natural gas.

 
Natural Gas in the Rocky Mountains: Developing Infrastructure

Released: September 20, 2007

This Supplement to the Energy Information Administration's Short-Term Energy Outlook analyzes current natural gas production, pipeline and storage infrastructure in the Rocky Mountains, as well as prospective pipeline projects in these states. The influence of these factors on regional prices and price volatility is examined.

 
About U.S. Natural Gas Pipelines

Released: June 1, 2007

This information product provides the interested reader with a broad and non-technical overview of how the U.S. natural gas pipeline network operates, along with some insights into the many individual pipeline systems that make up the network. While the focus of the presentation is the transportation of natural gas over the interstate and intrastate pipeline systems, information on subjects related to pipeline development, such as system design and pipeline expansion, are also included.

Alaskan Natural Gas Pipeline Developments (released in AEO2007)

Released: February 22, 2007

The Annual Energy Outlook 2007 reference case projects that an Alaska natural gas pipeline will go into operation in 2018, based on the Energy Information Administration's current understanding of the projects time line and economics. There is continuing debate, however, about the physical configuration and the ownership of the pipeline. In addition, the issue of Alaskas oil and natural gas production taxes has been raised, in the context of a current market environment characterized by rising construction costs and falling natural gas prices. If rates of return on investment by producers are reduced to unacceptable levels, or if the project faces significant delays, other sources of natural gas, such as unconventional natural gas production and liquefied natural gas imports, could fulfill the demand that otherwise would be served by an Alaska pipeline.

U.S. LNG Imports - The Next Wave

Released: January 11, 2007

U.S. LNG imports - The Next Wave, is now available as a special supplement to the January 2007 issue of the Short-Term Energy Outlook (STEO). Although liquefied natural gas (LNG) imports still account for less than 3% of total U.S. natural gas supplies, the global market is growing and the Energy Information Administration (EIA) foresees another wave of U.S. LNG import growth over the next two years. The supplement focuses on recent trends in global and U.S. LNG trade, and presents factors expected to influence LNG imports through 2008. EIA expects year-over-year increases in LNG imports of 34.5% and 38.5% in 2007 and 2008, respectively.

 
Short-Term Energy Outlook Supplement: U.S. LNG Imports - The Next Wave

Released: January 11, 2007

This report was prepared by the Energy Information Administration (EIA), in response to a September 27, 2006, request from Senators Bingaman, Landrieu, Murkowski, Specter, Salazar, and Lugar. The Senators requested that EIA assess the impacts of a proposal that would regulate emissions of greenhouse gases (GHGs) through an allowance cap-and-trade system.

 
Impact of Tropical Cyclones on Gulf of Mexico Crude Oil and Natural Gas Production, The

Released: June 7, 2006

This is a special analysis report on hurricanes and their effects on oil and natural gas production in the Gulf of Mexico region.

 
Natural Gas Industry and Markets

Released: March 3, 2006

This special report provides an overview of the supply and disposition of natural gas in 2004 and is intended as a supplement to the Energy Information Administration's (EIA) Natural Gas Annual 2004 (NGA). Unless otherwise stated, all data and figures in this report are based on summary statistics published in the NGA 2004. (archived versions)

 
Natural Gas Processing: The Crucial Link Between NG Production & Its Transportation to Market

Released: January 20, 2006

This special report examines the processing plant segment of the natural gas industry, providing a discussion and an analysis of how the gas processing segment has changed following the restructuring of the natural gas industry in the 1990s and the trends that have developed during that time.

 
Changes in U.S. Natural Gas Transportation Infrastructure in 2004

Released: June 1, 2005

This report looks at the level of growth that occurred within the U.S. natural gas transportation network during 2004. In addition, it includes discussion and an analysis of recent gas pipeline development activities and an examination of additional projects proposed for completion over the next several years.

 
Military Construction Appropriations and Emergency Hurricane Supplemental Appropriations Act, 2005 (released in AEO2005)

Released: February 1, 2005

H.R. 4837, The Military Construction Appropriations and Emergency Hurricane Supplemental Appropriations Act, 2005, was signed into law on October 13, 2004. The Act provides for construction to support the operations of the U.S. Armed Forces and for military family housing. It also provides funds to help citizens in Florida and elsewhere in the aftermath of multiple hurricanes and other natural disasters. In addition, it authorizes construction of an Alaska Natural Gas Pipeline.

U.S. LNG Markets and Uses: June 2004 Update

Released: June 1, 2004

This article is an update of the Energy Information Administration's January 2003 report U.S. LNG Markets and Uses.

 
Summary Impacts of Modeled Provisions of the 2003 Conference Energy Bill

Released: February 1, 2004

This service report was undertaken at the February 2, 2004, request of Senator John Sununu to perform an assessment of the Conference Energy Bill of 2003. This report summarizes the CEB provisions that can be analyzed using the National Energy Modeling System (NEMS) and have the potential to affect energy consumption, supply, and prices. The impacts are estimated by comparing the projections with the CEB provisions to the AEO2004 Reference Case.

 
Global Liquefied Natural Gas Market: Status and Outlook, The

Released: December 1, 2003

The Global Liquefied Natural Gas Market: Status & Outlook was undertaken to characterize the global liquefied natural gas (LNG) market and to examine recent trends and future prospects in the LNG market.

 
Natural Gas Market Centers and Hubs: A 2003 Update

Released: October 1, 2003

This special report looks at the current status of market centers/hubs in today's natural gas marketplace, examining their role and their importance to natural gas shippers, marketers, pipelines, and others involved in the transportation of natural gas over the North American pipeline network.

 
U.S. LNG Markets and Uses 2003

Released: January 1, 2003

This article examines the different aspects of liquefied natural gas markets and uses, paying particular attention to marine terminal operations, peak-shaving storage facilities, and developing niche markets.

 
Effects of Alaska Oil and Natural Gas Provisions of H. R. 4 and S. 1766 on U.S. Energy Markets, Addendum

Released: March 1, 2002

This addendum provides projections on the increase in U.S. oil production from opening the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge, the decease in net petroleum imports, and the change in net petroleum expenditures across a range of cases.

 
Effects of Alaska Oil and Natural Gas Provisions of H. R. 4 and S. 1766 on U.S. Energy Markets

Released: March 1, 2002

On December 20, 2001, Sen. Frank Murkowski, the Ranking Minority Member of the Senate Committee on Energy and Natural Resources requested an analysis of selected portions of Senate Bill 1766 (S. 1766, the Energy Policy Act of 2002) and House Bill H.R. 4 (the Securing America's Future Energy Act of 2001). In response, the Energy Information Administration (EIA) has prepared a series of analyses showing the impacts of each of the selected provisions of the bills on energy supply, demand, and prices, macroeconomic variables where relevant, import dependence, and emissions. The analysis provided is based on the Annual Energy Outlook 2002 (AEO2002) midterm forecasts of energy supply, demand, and prices through 2020.

 
Natural Gas Transportation - Infrastructure Issues and Operational Trends

Released: October 1, 2001

This report examines how well the current national natural gas pipeline network has been able to handle today's market demand for natural gas. In addition, it identifies those areas of the country where pipeline utilization is continuing to grow rapidly and where new pipeline capacity is needed or is planned over the next several years.

 
U.S. Natural Gas Markets: Recent Trends and Prospects for the Future

Released: May 1, 2001

The purpose of this study is to examine recent trends and prospects for the future of the U.S. natural gas market. Natural gas prices rose dramatically in 2000 and remained high through the first part of 2001, raising concerns about the future of natural gas prices and potential for natural gas to fuel the growth of the U.S. economy.

 
Look at Western Natural Gas Infrastructure During the Recent El Paso Pipeline Disruption, A

Released: November 1, 2000

This special report looks at the capabilities of the national natural gas pipeline network in 2000 and provides an assessment of the current levels of available capacity to transport supplies from production areas to markets throughout the United States during the upcoming heating season. It also examines how completion of currently planned expansion projects and proposed new pipelines would affect the network.

 
Status of Natural Gas Pipeline System Capacity Entering the 2000-2001 Heating Season

Released: October 1, 2000

This special report looks at the capabilities of the national natural gas pipeline network in 2000 and provides an assessment of the current levels of available capacity to transport supplies from production areas to markets throughout the United States during the upcoming heating season. It also examines how completion of currently planned expansion projects and proposed new pipelines would affect the network.

 
Natural Gas: A Preliminary Summary 1999

Released: May 1, 2000

This special report provides preliminary natural gas data for 1999 which were reported on monthly surveys of the industry through December.

 
Northeast Heating Fuel Market The, Assessment and Options

Released: May 1, 2000

In response to the President's request, this study examines how the distillate fuel oil market (and related energy markets) in the Northeast behaved in the winter of 1999-2000, explains the role played by residential, commercial, industrial, and electricity generation sector consumers in distillate fuel oil markets and describes how that role is influenced by the structure of the energy markets in the Northeast

 
Increasing Importance of Natural Gas Imports on the U.S. Marketplace

Released: February 1, 2000

The growing importance of imported natural gas supplies in the U.S. marketplace, especially the northeast, is reflected in the two-fold increase in Canadian and overall net imports since 1990.

 
Pipeline Expansions

Released: December 1, 1999

This appendix examines the nature and type of proposed pipeline projects announced or approved for construction during the next several years in the United States. It also includes those projects in Canada and Mexico that tie-in with the U.S. markets or projects.

 
Corporate Realignments and Investments in the Interstate Natural Gas Transmission System

Released: October 1, 1999

Examines the financial characteristics of current ownership in the natural gas pipeline industry and of the major U.S. interstate pipeline companies that transported the bulk of the natural gas consumed in the United States between 1992 and 1997, focusing on 14 parent corporations. It also examines the near-term investment needs of the industry and the anticipated growth in demand for natural gas during the next decade.

 
Changes in the Pipeline Transportation Market

Released: April 1, 1999

This analysis assesses the amount of capacity that may be turned back to pipeline companies, based on shippers' actions over the past several years and the profile of contracts in place as of July 1, 1998. It also examines changes in the characteristics of contracts between shippers and pipeline companies.

 
Natural Gas: A Preliminary Summary 1998

Released: April 1, 1999

This special report provides preliminary natural gas data for 1998 which were reported on monthly surveys of the industry through December.

 
Revisions to Monthly Natural Gas Data

Released: July 1, 1998

Revisions to reporting of monthly natural gas data for 1994, 1995, and 1996. (archived versions)

 
Deliverability on the Interstate Natural Gas Pipeline System

Released: May 1, 1998

Examines the capability of the national pipeline grid to transport natural gas to various U.S. markets.

 
Worldwide Natural Gas Supply and Demand and the Outlook for Global LNG Trade

Released: August 1, 1997

This article is adapted from testimony by Jay Hakes, Administrator of the Energy Information Administration, before the Senate Energy and Natural Resources Committee on July 23, 1997. The hearing focused on the examination of certain aspects of natural gas into the next century with special emphasis on world natural gas supply and demand to 2015.

 
Natural Gas Pipeline and System Expansions

Released: April 1, 1997

This special report examines recent expansions to the North American natural gas pipeline network and the nature and type of proposed pipeline projects announced or approved for construction during the next several years in the United States. It includes those projects in Canada and Mexico that tie in with U.S. markets or projects.

 
Analysis of Capacity Release Trading: Results and Methodology

Released: December 1, 1996

Summary of capacity release data by pipeline companies, November 1993 - March 1996.

 
Natural Gas Pipeline Network: Changing and Growing

Released: December 1, 1996

This chapter focuses upon the capabilities of the national natural gas pipeline network, examining how it has expanded during this decade and how it may expand further over the coming years. It also looks at some of the costs of this expansion, including the environmental costs which may be extensive. Changes in the network as a result of recent regional market shifts are also discussed.

 
Changes in Firm Transportation Capacity Contracting

Released: December 1, 1996

Changes in firm transportation capacity contracting for natural gas pipelines.

 
Analysis of Firm Transportation Contracts: Results and Methodology

Released: December 1, 1996

Summary of Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) Index of Customers Data - Firm Transportation Capacity Under Contract as of April 1, 1996.

 
Summary of Industry Surveys on Future Capacity Commitments

Released: December 1, 1996

Summary of industry surveys on future capacity commitments.

 
Comparison of Firm Commitments by Pipeline Company

Released: December 1, 1996

Comparison of firm commitments for a sample of pipeline companies, 1990 and 1996.

 
Natural Gas Industry Restructuring and EIA Data Collection

Released: June 1, 1996

The Energy Information Administration's (EIA) Reserves and Natural Gas Division has undertaken an in-depth reevaluation of its programs in an effort to improve the focus and quality of the natural gas data that it gathers and reports. This article is to inform natural gas data users of proposed changes and of the opportunity to provide comments and input on the direction that EIA is taking to improve its data.

 
Natural Gas 1995: Preliminary Highlights

Released: April 1, 1996

This special report provides preliminary natural gas data for 1995.

 
Energy Policy Act Transportation Study: Interim Report on Natural Gas Flows and Rates

Released: October 1, 1995

This report, summarized data and studies that could be used to address the impact of legislative and regulatory actions on natural gas transportation rates and flow patterns.

 

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