U.S. Energy Information Administration - EIA - Independent Statistics and Analysis
Short-Term Energy Outlook
Renewables and CO2 Emissions
Electricity and Heat Generation from Renewables
EIA projects that total renewables used for electricity and heat generation will grow by 3.3% in 2015. Conventional hydropower generation increases by 2.1%, while nonhydropower renewables generation increases by 3.9%. In 2016, total renewables consumption for electric power and heat generation increases by 4.8% as a result of a 1.1% increase in hydropower and a 6.6% increase in nonhydropower renewables.
In 2013, the electricity generation shares were 6.6% and 6.2% from hydropower and nonhydropower renewables, respectively. In 2014, 6.4% of generation came from hydropower and 6.7% from nonhydropower renewables. This trend is expected to continue, with the electricity generation share from nonhydropower renewables rising to 7.9% by 2016, and the hydropower share remaining at 6.4%. Wind is the largest source of nonhydropower renewable generation, and it is projected to contribute 5.3% of total electricity generation in 2016.
EIA expects continued growth in utility-scale solar power generation, which is projected to average almost 80 gigawatthours per day in 2016. Despite the growth, solar power remains just 0.7% of total U.S. utility-scale generation in 2016. Although solar growth has historically been concentrated in customer-sited distributed generation installations, EIA expects that utility-scale solar capacity will increase more than 60% between the end of 2014 and the end of 2016, with about half of this new capacity being built in California. Wind capacity, which grew by 10% between 2012 and 2014, is forecast to increase by about 23% between 2014 and 2016. Because wind is starting from a much larger base than solar, even though the growth rate is lower, the absolute amount of the increase in capacity is more than twice that of solar: 15 gigawatts of wind versus 6 gigawatts of utility-scale solar.
Ethanol production in December 2014 reached an estimated monthly average record of 979,000 bbl/d, exceeding the previous record of 968,000 bbl/d set the previous month. Ethanol production is estimated to have averaged 935,000 bbl/d in 2014, and EIA expects that ethanol production will average 936,000 bbl/d in 2015 and 937,000 bbl/d in 2016. Biodiesel production averaged an estimated 81,000 bbl/d in 2014 and is forecast to average 84,000 bbl/d in both 2015 and 2016.
Energy-Related Carbon Dioxide Emissions
EIA estimates that emissions grew 0.9% in 2014. Emissions are forecast to increase by 0.9% in 2015 and 0.3% in 2016. These forecasts are sensitive to both weather and economic assumptions.
|U.S. Renewables & CO2 Emissions Summary|
|2013||2014||2015 projected||2016 projected|
a Conventional hydroelectric power only. Hydroelectricity generated by pumped storage is not included in renewable energy.
|U.S. Renewables Consumption||(quadrillion Btu)|
|Carbon Dioxide Emissions by Fuel||(million metric tons)|
|Petroleum and Other Liquid Fuels||2272||2281||2319||2331|
|Total Fossil Fuels||5393||5442||5488||5506|
Interactive Data Viewers
|U.S. Renewable Energy Supply||XLSX||PNG|
|U.S. Energy-Related Carbon Dioxide Emissions Growth||XLSX||PNG|
|U.S. Total Industrial Production Index||XLSX||PNG|
|U.S. Disposable Income||XLSX||PNG|
|Today In Energy||Daily|
|U.S. Energy-Related Carbon Dioxide Emissions||Annual|
|State-Level Energy-Related Carbon Dioxide Emissions||Annual|
|Changes to Electricity and Renewables Tables||Aug-2012|
|Emissions of Greenhouse Gases in the United States||31-Mar-2011|
|Understanding the Decline in CO2 Emissions in 2009||Oct-2009|
|Biodiesel Supply and Consumption||Apr-2009|