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International Energy Outlook 2014

Release Date: September 9, 2014   |  Next Release Date: September 2015   |  Report Number: DOE/EIA-0484(2014)

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Table 11. World coal flows by importing and exporting regions, Reference case, 2011, 2020, and 2040
(million short tons)
  Importers
  Steam Coking Total
Exporters Europe/
Othera
Asia Americas Totalb Europe/
Othera
Asiac Americas Totalb Europe/
Othera
Asia Americas Totalb
  2011
Australia 1.0 157.4 3.9 163.5 20.4 118.7 4.0 146.9 21.5 276.1 7.8 310.4
United States 22.4 8.1 7.2 37.7 35.7 19.7 14.2 69.6 58.1 27.8 21.4 107.3
Southern Africad 25.8 43.6 1.8 76.2 0.0 0.0 0.4 1.0 25.8 43.6 2.2 77.2
Eurasia 47.5 32.6 0.0 80.1 4.6 7.6 0.0 12.2 52.0 40.2 0.0 92.3
Poland 4.0 0.0 0.0 4.2 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 3.9 0.0 0.0 4.2
Canada 0.1 6.0 0.3 6.4 5.9 20.2 4.4 30.5 6.0 26.2 4.7 36.8
China 0.0 12.0 0.0 12.0 0.1 3.9 0.0 4.0 0.1 15.8 0.0 16.0
South Americae 63.2 2.0 22.8 88.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 63.2 2.0 22.8 88.1
Vietnam 0.0 27.7 0.0 27.7 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 27.7 0.0 27.7
Indonesiaf,g 15.3 333.3 1.5 351.0 0.0 20.8 0.2 21.1 15.3 354.2 1.7 372.1
Total 179.2 622.7 37.4 846.9 66.7 190.9 23.2 285.1 245.9 813.5 60.6 1,132.1
  2020
Australia 0.0 191.0 0.0 191.0 14.4 193.1 0.0 207.4 14.4 384.1 0.0 398.5
United States 40.6 14.7 0.9 56.2 29.1 26.0 21.2 76.4 69.7 40.8 22.1 132.6
Southern Africad 32.5 60.5 0.0 92.9 13.2 3.4 0.0 16.5 45.6 63.8 0.0 109.5
Eurasia 52.1 49.9 0.0 102.1 4.5 11.7 0.0 16.2 56.6 61.7 0.0 118.3
Poland 4.0 0.0 0.0 4.0 1.0 0.0 0.0 1.0 5.0 0.0 0.0 5.0
Canada 0.0 7.1 0.0 7.1 5.9 17.1 12.1 35.0 5.9 24.2 12.1 42.1
China 0.0 16.5 0.0 16.5 0.0 1.0 0.0 1.0 0.0 17.5 0.0 17.5
South Americae 96.7 0.0 33.2 129.9 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 96.7 0.0 33.2 129.9
Vietnam 0.0 14.1 0.0 14.1 0.0 0.2 0.0 0.2 0.0 14.3 0.0 14.3
Indonesiaf 0.0 407.9 0.0 407.9 0.5 20.5 0.0 21.1 0.5 428.5 0.0 429.0
Total 2,25.8 761.8 34.1 1,021.7 68.6 273.1 33.3 375.0 294.4 1,034.9 67.4 1,396.7
  2040
Australia 0.0 315.4 0.0 315.4 15.8 229.6 0.0 245.4 15.8 545.0 0.0 560.8
United States 62.9 36.8 2.5 102.2 24.6 10.9 31.4 66.9 87.6 47.7 33.9 169.2
Southern Africad 0.0 106.2 0.8 107.0 14.9 18.7 0.0 33.6 14.9 124.9 0.8 140.6
Eurasia 56.6 61.1 0.0 117.6 6.1 18.7 0.0 24.8 62.7 79.8 0.0 142.5
Poland 3.2 0.0 0.8 4.0 0.5 0.0 0.0 0.5 3.7 0.0 0.8 4.5
Canada 0.0 9.7 0.0 9.7 4.0 19.5 18.9 42.3 4.0 29.1 18.9 52.0
China 0.0 16.5 0.0 16.5 0.0 1.0 0.0 1.0 0.0 17.5 0.0 17.5
South Americae 84.6 53.0 66.7 204.2 0.0 0/0 0.0 0.0 84.6 53.0 66.7 204.2
Vietnam 0.0 6.6 0.0 6.6 0.0 0.2 0.0 0.2 0.0 6.8 0.0 6.8
Indonesiaf 0.0 431.0 6.7 437.7 0.5 20.5 0.0 21.1 0.5 451.5 6.7 458.8
Total 207.3 1,036.3 77.4 1,321.0 66.4 319.2 50.3 435.9 273.6 1,355.5 127.7 1,756.8
a Coal flows to Europe/Other include shipments to Europe, Eurasia, the Middle East, and Africa.
b For 2011, total world coal flows include a balancing item used to reconcile discrepancies between reported exports and imports. By coal type, the balancing items for 2011 are: steam, 7.6 million tons; coking, 4.4 million tons; and total, 12.0 million tons.
c Includes 19.0 million tons of coal shipped from Indonesia to Asian steelmakers in 2011 for pulverized coal injection at blast furnaces.
d Southern Africa consists of the countries of South Africa, Mozambique, and Botswana.
e Coal exports from South America are projected to originate from Colombia and Venezuela.
f Data exclude recent appearance of Indonesian coal export data classified as lignite and shipped to countries in Asia (primarily China). For 2011,
Indonesia reported 33.0 million tons of lignite exports.
g For 2011, coal exports from Indonesia include shipments from other countries not modeled for the projection period. For 2011, the non-Indonesian exports by coal type were: steam, 13.6 million tons; coking, 2.1 million tons; and total, 15.7 million tons.
Note: With the exception of North America, non-seaborne coal trade is not represented in EIA's projections. According to data published in
the International Energy Agency's Coal Information 2012, there was approximately 110 million tons of nonseaborne coal trade (excluding North
America) in 2011.
Source: 2011: SSY Consultancy and Research Ltd, SSY's Coal Trade Forecast, Vol. 20, No. 4 (London, UK: August 2012), and previous issues; International Energy Agency, Coal Information 2012 (Paris, France: August 2012), and previous issues; and EIA, Quarterly Coal Repor, October-December 2011, DOE/EIA-0121(2011/Q4) (Washington, DC: April 2012), and previous issues. Projections: EIA, IEO2013 National Energy Modeling System, run IEO2013.D031113A.