‹ Analysis & Projections

Annual Energy Outlook 2014

Release Dates: April 7 - 30, 2014   |  Next Early Release Date: December 2014   |  See schedule

Legislation AEO 2011Legislation and regulations

Introduction

1. Greenhouse gas emissions and corporate average fuel economy standards for 2017 and later model year light-duty vehicles
On October 15, 2012, EPA and the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) jointly issued a final rule for tailpipe emissions of carbon dioxide (CO2) and CAFE standards for light-duty vehicles, model years 2017 and beyond [16]...

2. Recent rulings on the Cross-State Air Pollution Rule and the Clean Air Interstate Rule
On August 21, 2012, the United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit announced its intent to vacate CSAPR, which it had stayed from going into effect earlier in 2012...

3. Nuclear waste disposal and the Waste Confidence Rule
Waste confidence is defined by the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) as a finding that spent nuclear fuel can be safely stored for decades beyond the licensed operating life of a reactor without significant environmental effects [19]...

4. Maximum Achievable Control Technology for industrial boilers
Section 112 of the CAA requires the regulation of air toxics through implementation of NESHAP for industrial, commercial, and institutional boilers [31]. The final regulations are also known as "Boiler MACT," where MACT is the Maximum Achievable Control Technology...

5. State renewable energy requirements and goals: Update through 2012
To the extent possible, AEO2013 incorporates the impacts of state laws requiring the addition of renewable generation or capacity by utilities doing business in the states. Currently, 30 states and the District of Columbia have an enforceable renewable portfolio standard (RPS) or similar law (Table 3)...

6. California Assembly Bill 32: Emissions cap-and-trade as part of the Global Warming Solutions Act of 2006
California's AB 32, the Global Warming Solutions Act of 2006, authorized the California Air Resources Board (CARB) to set California's overall GHG emissions reduction goal to its 1990 level by 2020 and establish a comprehensive, multi-year program to reduce GHG emissions in California, including a cap-and-trade program [48]...

7. California low carbon fuel standard
The LCFS, administered by CARB [61], is designed to reduce by 10 percent the average carbon intensity of motor gasoline and diesel fuels sold in California from 2012 to 2020 through the increased sale of alternative "low-carbon" fuels. Regulated parties generally are the fuel producers and importers who sell motor gasoline or diesel fuel in California..…