Total Energy

Annual Energy Review

September 2012  PDF | previous editions
Release Date: September 27, 2012

Table 5.7 Petroleum Net Imports by Country of Origin, 1960-2011
Table 5.7   Petroleum Net Imports by Country of Origin, 1960-2011






Year



Persian
Gulf 2
Selected OPEC 1 Countries Selected Non-OPEC 1 Countries

Total
Net
Imports

Total Net
Imports as
Share of 
Consumption 5
Net Imports From OPEC 1


Algeria


Nigeria

Saudi
Arabia 3


Venezuela

Total
OPEC 4


Canada


Mexico

United
Kingdom
U.S. Virgin
Islands and
Puerto Rico

Total
Non-OPEC 4
Share of
Total Net
Imports 6

Share of
Consumption 7
Thousand Barrels per Day Percent
1960 NA [8] [9] 84 910 1,232 86 -2 -12 34 381 1,613 16.5 76.4 12.6
1961 NA [8] [9] 73 878 1,223 167 27 -10 42 520 1,743 17.5 70.2 12.3
1962 NA [8] [9] 74 905 1,263 229 35 -6 40 650 1,913 18.4 66.0 12.2
1963 NA [8] [9] 108 899 1,281 243 29 -7 43 633 1,915 17.8 66.9 11.9
1964 NA [8] [9] 131 932 1,350 272 23 -9 45 707 2,057 18.7 65.6 12.2
1965 NA [8] [9] 158 994 1,438 297 21 -11 45 843 2,281 19.8 63.0 12.5
1966 NA [8] [9] 147 1,018 1,443 352 6 -6 58 932 2,375 19.7 60.7 11.9
1967 NA [8] [9] 92 937 1,246 400 13 -51 89 984 2,230 17.8 55.9 9.9
1968 NA [8] [9] 74 886 1,286 468 15 13 143 1,322 2,609 19.5 49.3 9.6
1969 NA 2 [9] 65 875 1,286 564 10 7 186 1,647 2,933 20.8 43.8 9.1
1970 NA 8 [9] 30 989 1,294 736 9 -1 270 1,867 3,161 21.5 40.9 8.8
1971 NA 15 102 128 1,019 1,671 831 -14 1 365 2,030 3,701 24.3 45.1 11.0
1972 NA 92 251 189 959 2,044 1,082 -20 -1 428 2,475 4,519 27.6 45.2 12.5
1973 NA 136 459 485 1,134 2,991 1,294 -28 6 426 3,034 6,025 34.8 49.6 17.3
1974 NA 190 713 461 978 3,254 1,038 -27 1 475 2,638 5,892 35.4 55.2 19.5
1975 NA 282 762 714 702 3,599 824 29 7 484 2,248 5,846 35.8 61.6 22.1
1976 NA 432 1,025 1,229 699 5,063 571 53 19 488 2,027 7,090 40.6 71.4 29.0
1977 NA 559 1,143 1,379 689 6,190 446 155 117 560 2,375 8,565 46.5 72.3 33.6
1978 NA 649 919 1,142 644 5,747 359 291 173 436 2,255 8,002 42.5 71.8 30.5
1979 NA 636 1,080 1,354 688 5,633 438 418 196 353 2,352 7,985 43.1 70.5 30.4
1980 NA 488 857 1,259 478 4,293 347 506 169 256 2,071 6,365 37.3 67.5 25.2
1981 1,215 311 620 1,128 403 3,315 358 497 370 169 2,086 5,401 33.6 61.4 20.6
1982 692 170 512 551 409 2,136 397 632 442 154 2,163 4,298 28.1 49.7 14.0
1983 439 240 299 336 420 1,843 471 802 374 178 2,469 4,312 28.3 42.7 12.1
1984 502 323 215 324 544 2,037 547 714 388 184 2,679 4,715 30.0 43.2 13.0
1985 309 187 293 167 602 1,821 696 755 295 114 2,465 4,286 27.3 42.5 11.6
1986 909 271 440 685 788 2,828 721 642 342 152 2,611 5,439 33.4 52.0 17.4
1987 1,074 295 535 751 801 3,055 765 585 346 158 2,859 5,914 35.5 51.7 18.3
1988 1,529 300 618 1,064 790 3,513 916 677 306 117 3,074 6,587 38.1 53.3 20.3
1989 1,858 269 815 1,224 861 4,124 839 678 206 212 3,078 7,202 41.6 57.3 23.8
1990 1,962 280 800 1,339 1,016 4,285 843 666 179 213 2,876 7,161 42.2 59.8 25.2
1991 1,833 253 703 1,796 1,020 4,065 963 707 125 153 2,561 6,626 39.6 61.3 24.3
1992 1,773 196 680 1,720 1,161 4,071 1,005 706 219 180 2,867 6,938 40.7 58.7 23.9
1993 1,774 219 736 1,413 1,296 4,253 1,109 809 340 175 3,365 7,618 44.2 55.8 24.7
1994 1,723 243 637 1,402 1,322 4,233 1,194 860 448 246 3,822 8,054 45.5 52.6 23.9
1995 1,563 234 626 1,343 1,468 3,980 1,260 943 369 170 3,906 7,886 44.5 50.5 22.5
1996 1,596 256 616 1,362 1,667 4,193 1,330 1,101 299 262 4,305 8,498 46.4 49.3 22.9
1997 1,747 285 693 1,407 1,758 4,542 1,444 1,178 214 298 4,616 9,158 49.2 49.6 24.4
1998 2,132 290 693 1,491 1,700 4,880 1,451 1,116 239 305 4,884 9,764 51.6 50.0 25.8
1999 2,459 259 655 1,478 1,480 4,934 1,421 1,063 356 284 4,978 9,912 50.8 49.8 25.3
2000 2,483 225 896 1,571 1,530 5,181 1,697 1,015 356 297 5,238 10,419 52.9 49.7 26.3
2001 2,758 278 884 1,662 1,540 5,510 1,717 1,166 311 268 5,390 10,900 55.5 50.5 28.0
2002 2,265 264 620 1,551 1,387 4,589 1,864 1,292 467 224 5,958 10,546 53.4 43.5 23.2
2003 2,497 381 866 1,774 1,364 5,144 1,932 1,395 434 279 6,094 11,238 56.1 45.8 25.7
2004 2,489 452 1,139 1,557 1,548 5,688 1,980 1,456 366 321 6,409 12,097 58.4 47.0 27.4
2005 2,330 478 1,165 1,536 1,515 5,567 2,001 1,394 375 317 6,982 12,549 60.3 44.4 26.8
2006 2,208 657 1,111 1,462 1,392 5,480 2,194 1,450 244 318 6,910 12,390 59.9 44.2 26.5
2007 2,159 663 1,133 1,483 1,339 5,946 2,266 1,254 268 336 6,090 12,036 58.2 49.4 28.8
2008 2,368 548 982 1,529 1,162 5,899 2,229 969 219 307 5,214 11,114 57.0 53.1 30.3
2009 1,678 490 798 1,003 1,037 4,675 2,257 888 212 257 4,991 9,667 51.5 48.4 24.9
2010 R 1,705 R 510 R 1,006 R 1,096 R 968 R 4,787 R 2,302 R 837 R 237 R 236 R 4,653 R 9,441 R 49.2 R 50.7 R 25.0
2011P 1,843 354 802 1,193 912 4,408 2,411 636 124 171 4,028 8,436 44.8 52.2 23.4
1See "Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC)" in Glossary. 8Algeria joined OPEC in 1969.  For 1960-1968, Algeria is included in "Total Non-OPEC." 
2Bahrain, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates, and the Neutral Zone
(between Kuwait and Saudi Arabia).
9Nigeria joined OPEC in 1971.  For 1960-1970, Nigeria is included in "Total Non-OPEC." 
3Through 1970, includes half the imports from the Neutral Zone.  Beginning in 1971, includes imports
from the Neutral Zone that are reported to U.S. Customs as originating in Saudi Arabia.
R=Revised.  P=Preliminary.  NA=Not available.  
4On this table, "Total OPEC" for all years includes Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, Venezuela, and the
Neutral Zone (between Kuwait and Saudi Arabia); beginning in 1961, also includes Qatar; beginning in
1962, also includes Libya; for 1962-2008, also includes Indonesia; beginning in 1967, also includes United
Arab Emirates; beginning in 1969, also includes Algeria; beginning in 1971, also includes Nigeria; for
1973-1992 and beginning in 2008, also includes Ecuador (although Ecuador rejoined OPEC in November
2007, on this table Ecuador is included in "Total Non-OPEC" for 2007); for 1975-1994, also includes
Gabon; and beginning in 2007, also includes Angola.  Data for all countries not included in "Total OPEC"
are included in "Total Non-OPEC." 
Notes:  -  The country of origin for refined petroleum products may not be the country of origin for the
crude oil from which the refined products were produced.  For example, refined products imported from
refineries in the Caribbean may have been produced from Middle East crude oil.  -  Net imports equal
imports minus exports.  Minus sign indicates exports are greater than imports.  -  Data include any imports
for the Strategic Petroleum Reserve, which began in 1977.  -  Totals may not equal sum of components
due to independent rounding.
5Calculated by dividing total net petroleum imports by total U.S. petroleum products supplied
(consumption).
Web Page:  For related information, see http://www.eia.gov/petroleum/.
6Calculated by dividing net petroleum imports from OPEC countries by total net petroleum imports. Sources:  -  1960-1975-Bureau of Mines, Minerals Yearbook, "Crude Petroleum and Petroleum
Products" chapter.  -  1976-1980-U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA), Energy Data Reports,
P.A.D. Districts Supply/Demand, Annual, annual reports.  -  1981-2010-EIA, Petroleum Supply Annual,
annual reports.  -  2011-EIA, Petroleum Supply Monthly (February 2012).
7Calculated by dividing net petroleum imports from OPEC countries by total U.S. petroleum product
supplied (consumption).
 
Total Energy - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)