Total Energy

Annual Energy Review

September 2012  PDF | previous editions
Release Date: September 27, 2012

Table 2.8 Motor Vehicle Mileage, Fuel Consumption, and Fuel Economy, 1949-2010
Table 2.8  Motor Vehicle Mileage, Fuel Consumption, and Fuel Economy, 1949-2010






Year
Light-Duty Vehicles, Short Wheelbase 1 Light-Duty Vehicles, Long Wheelbase 2 Heavy-Duty Trucks 3 All Motor Vehicles 4

Mileage
Fuel
Consumption
Fuel
Economy

Mileage
Fuel
Consumption
Fuel
Economy

Mileage
Fuel
Consumption
Fuel
Economy

Mileage
Fuel
Consumption
Fuel
Economy
Miles per
Vehicle
Gallons
per Vehicle
Miles
per Gallon
Miles per
Vehicle
Gallons
per Vehicle
Miles
per Gallon
Miles per
Vehicle
Gallons
per Vehicle
Miles
per Gallon
Miles per
Vehicle
Gallons
per Vehicle
Miles
per Gallon
1949 9,388 627 15.0 [5] [5] [5] 9,712 1,080 9.0 9,498 726 13.1
1950 9,060 603 15.0 [5] [5] [5] 10,316 1,229 8.4 9,321 725 12.8
1951 9,186 614 15.0 [5] [5] [5] 10,545 1,242 8.5 9,460 735 12.9
1952 9,360 639 14.7 [5] [5] [5] 10,769 1,288 8.4 9,642 762 12.7
1953 9,377 640 14.6 [5] [5] [5] 10,963 1,283 8.5 9,684 760 12.7
1954 9,349 641 14.6 [5] [5] [5] 10,682 1,281 8.3 9,605 758 12.7
1955 9,447 645 14.6 [5] [5] [5] 10,576 1,293 8.2 9,661 761 12.7
1956 9,496 654 14.5 [5] [5] [5] 10,511 1,309 8.0 9,688 771 12.6
1957 9,348 658 14.2 [5] [5] [5] 10,774 1,304 8.3 9,609 773 12.4
1958 9,500 670 14.2 [5] [5] [5] 10,768 1,303 8.3 9,732 782 12.4
1959 9,615 674 14.3 [5] [5] [5] 10,702 1,328 8.1 9,817 789 12.4
1960 9,518 668 14.3 [5] [5] [5] 10,693 1,333 8.0 9,732 784 12.4
1961 9,521 663 14.4 [5] [5] [5] 10,537 1,341 7.9 9,708 781 12.4
1962 9,494 662 14.3 [5] [5] [5] 10,554 1,337 7.9 9,687 779 12.4
1963 9,587 655 14.6 [5] [5] [5] 10,395 1,380 7.5 9,737 780 12.5
1964 9,665 661 14.6 [5] [5] [5] 10,408 1,389 7.5 9,805 787 12.5
1965 9,603 661 14.5 [5] [5] [5] 10,851 1,387 7.8 9,826 787 12.5
1966 9,733 688 14.1 8,077 833 9.7 12,537 2,250 5.6 9,675 780 12.4
1967 9,849 699 14.1 7,877 801 9.8 12,789 2,294 5.6 9,751 786 12.4
1968 9,922 714 13.9 8,376 849 9.9 12,402 2,240 5.5 9,864 805 12.2
1969 9,921 727 13.6 8,355 851 9.8 13,484 2,459 5.5 9,885 821 12.0
1970 9,989 737 13.5 8,676 866 10.0 13,565 2,467 5.5 9,976 830 12.0
1971 10,097 743 13.6 9,082 888 10.2 14,117 2,519 5.6 10,133 839 12.1
1972 10,171 754 13.5 9,534 922 10.3 14,780 2,657 5.6 10,279 857 12.0
1973 9,884 737 13.4 9,779 931 10.5 15,370 2,775 5.5 10,099 850 11.9
1974 9,221 677 13.6 9,452 862 11.0 14,995 2,708 5.5 9,493 788 12.0
1975 9,309 665 14.0 9,829 934 10.5 15,167 2,722 5.6 9,627 790 12.2
1976 9,418 681 13.8 10,127 934 10.8 15,438 2,764 5.6 9,774 806 12.1
1977 9,517 676 14.1 10,607 947 11.2 16,700 3,002 5.6 9,978 814 12.3
1978 9,500 665 14.3 10,968 948 11.6 18,045 3,263 5.5 10,077 816 12.4
1979 9,062 620 14.6 10,802 905 11.9 18,502 3,380 5.5 9,722 776 12.5
1980 8,813 551 16.0 10,437 854 12.2 18,736 3,447 5.4 9,458 712 13.3
1981 8,873 538 16.5 10,244 819 12.5 19,016 3,565 5.3 9,477 697 13.6
1982 9,050 535 16.9 10,276 762 13.5 19,931 3,647 5.5 9,644 686 14.1
1983 9,118 534 17.1 10,497 767 13.7 21,083 3,769 5.6 9,760 686 14.2
1984 9,248 530 17.4 11,151 797 14.0 22,550 3,967 5.7 10,017 691 14.5
1985 9,419 538 17.5 10,506 735 14.3 20,597 3,570 5.8 10,020 685 14.6
1986 9,464 543 17.4 10,764 738 14.6 22,143 3,821 5.8 10,143 692 14.7
1987 9,720 539 18.0 11,114 744 14.9 23,349 3,937 5.9 10,453 694 15.1
1988 9,972 531 18.8 11,465 745 15.4 22,485 3,736 6.0 10,721 688 15.6
1989 10,157 533 19.0 11,676 724 16.1 22,926 3,776 6.1 10,932 688 15.9
1990 10,504 520 20.2 11,902 738 16.1 23,603 3,953 6.0 11,107 677 16.4
1991 10,571 501 21.1 12,245 721 17.0 24,229 4,047 6.0 11,294 669 16.9
1992 10,857 517 21.0 12,381 717 17.3 25,373 4,210 6.0 11,558 683 16.9
1993 10,804 527 20.5 12,430 714 17.4 26,262 4,309 6.1 11,595 693 16.7
1994 10,992 531 20.7 12,156 701 17.3 25,838 4,202 6.1 11,683 698 16.7
1995 11,203 530 21.1 12,018 694 17.3 26,514 4,315 6.1 11,793 700 16.8
1996 11,330 534 21.2 11,811 685 17.2 26,092 4,221 6.2 11,813 700 16.9
1997 11,581 539 21.5 12,115 703 17.2 27,032 4,218 6.4 12,107 711 17.0
1998 11,754 544 21.6 12,173 707 17.2 25,397 4,135 6.1 12,211 721 16.9
1999 11,848 553 21.4 11,957 701 17.0 26,014 4,352 6.0 12,206 732 16.7
2000 11,976 547 21.9 11,672 669 17.4 25,617 4,391 5.8 12,164 720 16.9
2001 11,831 534 22.1 11,204 636 17.6 26,602 4,477 5.9 11,887 695 17.1
2002 12,202 555 22.0 11,364 650 17.5 27,071 4,642 5.8 12,171 719 16.9
2003 12,325 556 22.2 11,287 697 16.2 28,093 4,215 6.7 12,208 718 17.0
2004 12,460 553 22.5 11,184 690 16.2 27,023 4,057 6.7 12,200 714 17.1
2005 12,510 567 22.1 10,920 617 17.7 26,235 4,385 6.0 12,082 706 17.1
2006 12,485 554 22.5 10,920 612 17.8 25,231 4,304 5.9 12,017 698 17.2
2007 1,R 10,710 1,R 468 1,R 22.9 2,R 14,970 2,R 877 2,R 17.1 3,R 28,290 3,R 4,398 3,R 6.4 R 11,915 693 17.2
2008 R 10,290 R 435 R 23.7 R 15,256 R 880 R 17.3 R 28,573 R 4,387 R 6.5 R 11,631 667 17.4
2009 10,391 442 23.5 15,252 882 17.3 26,274 4,037 6.5 11,631 661 17.6
2010P 10,649 453 23.5 15,463 898 17.2 26,609 4,174 6.4 11,853 678 17.5
1Through 2006, data are for passenger cars (and, through 1989, for motorcycles).  Beginning in 2007,
data are for passenger cars, light trucks, vans, and sport utility vehicles with a wheelbase equal to or less
than 121 inches.
5Included in "Heavy-Duty Trucks."
2Through 2006, data are for vans, pickup trucks, sport utility vehicles, and a small number of trucks with
2 axles and 4 tires, such as step vans.  Beginning in 2007, data are for large passenger cars, vans, pickup
trucks, and sport utility vehicles with a wheelbase larger than 121 inches.
R=Revised.  P=Preliminary.  
3Through 2006, data are for single-unit trucks with 2 axles and 6 or more tires, and combination trucks. 
Beginning in 2007, data are for single-unit trucks with 2 axles and 6 or more tires or a gross vehicle weight
rating exceeding 10,000 pounds, and combination trucks.
Web Page:  For related information, see http://www.fhwa.dot.gov/policyinformation/statistics.cfm.
4Includes buses and motorcycles, which are not separately displayed. Sources:  Light-Duty Vehicles, Short Wheelbase, 1990-1994:  U.S. Department of Transportation,
Bureau of Transportation Statistics, National Transportation Statistics 1998, Table 4-13.  All Other Data:
-  1949-1994-Federal Highway Administration (FHWA), Highway Statistics Summary to 1995, Table
VM-201A.  -  1995 forward-FHWA, Highway Statistics, annual reports, Table VM-1.
U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)