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Heating Oil and Propane Update

FAQs for Respondents

Q1: What is the purpose of this survey?

The U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Form EIA-877, "Winter Heating Fuels Telephone Survey," is designed to collect data on State-level stocks and residential prices of No. 2 heating oil and propane during the heating season. The data are used to monitor the prices of propane and No. 2 heating oil during the heating season, and to report to the Congress and others when requested.

Q2: How does the survey work?

The EIA-877 "Winter Heating Fuels Telephone Survey" requires participating States to collect residential prices for heating oil and propane once a week by calling individual heating fuel retailers. Data are collected on every Monday starting the first week of October through mid-March. Price data collected by each State are transmitted to EIA for validation, aggregation, and publication.

Q3: Where can I find published data reported by the EIA-877?

Q4: Who uses this data?

EIA provides State and Federal governments, consumers, policy makers, the press, analysts, and others with up-to-date information on retail heating fuels prices during the heating season. Winter Heating Fuels Price data continues to be one of the most requested datasets EIA produces.

Q5: There are several different prices for propane that we offer our customers. How do I know which price to provide EIA with when they call?

Propane prices are often determined by annual consumption and categorized in pricing tiers. A company should report the tier-level price based on the amount of heating fuel the majority of their residential customer's consume on a yearly basis. If relevant, the price should also be based on a leased-tank.

Q6: If I have been selected by EIA to participate in the survey, do I have to report data?

Yes. The timely submission of Form EIA-877 by those required to report is mandatory under Section 13(b) of the Federal Energy Administration Act of 1974 (FEAA) (Public Law 93-275), as amended. Failure to respond may result in a civil penalty of not more than $2,750 per day for each violation, or a fine of not more than $5,000 per day for each criminal violation. The government may bring a civil action to prohibit reporting violations which may result in a temporary restraining order or a preliminary or permanent injunction without bond. In such civil action, the court may also issue mandatory injunctions commanding any person to comply with these reporting requirements.

Related Information

More Price Data


Due to updated weighting methodology, national and regional residential heating oil and propane prices from October 2009 to March 2013 have been revised since they were first published. We have created an excel file that shows the differences between the original and revised published data for your convenience.

Why are data not collected over the summer? ›

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