‹ Analysis & Projections

Annual Energy Outlook 2016

Release Date: July 7, 2016   |  Next Release Date: July 2017 

Issues in Focus

Effects of the Clean Power Plan

Laura Martin and Jeffrey Jones

Release Date: 6/20/2016

The Clean Power Plan (CPP) [1] rule, issued under Section 111(d) of the Clean Air Act, is the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) program to regulate carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions at existing fossil-fired electric power plants. EPA estimates that the CPP will reduce CO2 emissions from the power sector by 32% from 2005 levels by 2030. As described in the Annual Energy Outlook 2016 (AEO2016) Legislation and Regulations section, the CPP rule allows states to choose either mass-based or rate-based emissions targets. A mass-based target simply specifies an annual limit on the amount of CO2 that can be emitted by states from the affected sources. A rate-based target requires states to meet an annual adjusted emission rate (lbs CO2/MWh) based on emissions from affected sources divided by generation from affected sources, which for this calculation includes new non-emitting sources, such as nuclear and renewable capacity, and incremental energy efficiency. The rule also provides flexibility in other areas, such as regional cooperation through trading.

Fuel Consumption and Greenhouse Gas Emissions Phase 2 Standards for Medium- and Heavy-Duty Vehicles

David stone and melissa lynes

Release Date: 6/23/2016

The transportation sector is the second-largest consumer of energy in the United States, accounting for more than 70% of U.S. petroleum consumption and thus playing a significant role in projections of energy demand. The Annual Energy Outlook 2016 (AEO2016) Reference case reflects the effects of existing laws and regulations on the fuel consumption and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions of medium- and heavy-duty vehicles, which in 2015 accounted for 20% of total energy consumption in the transportation sector and 60% of total delivered distillate fuel consumption.

 

Introduction

The "Issues in focus" section of the Annual Energy Outlook (AEO) provides in-depth discussions on topics of special significance, including changes in assumptions and recent developments in technologies for energy production and consumption. Selected topics from recent AEOs are listed below. read more ›

Introduction

The "Issues in Focus" section of the Annual Energy Outlook (AEO) provides in-depth discussions on topics of special significance, including changes in assumptions and recent developments in technologies for energy production and consumption. Selected topics from recent AEOs are listed in the tabs (below right).

Topics discussed in this section include:

  • Effects of the Clean Power Plan
  • Fuel consumption and greenhouse gas emissions Phase 2 standards for medium- and heavy-duty vehicles
  • Effect of Extended Policies case
  • Hydrocarbon gas liquids production and related industrial development
  • Steel industry energy consumption sensitivity to technology choice, fuel and carbon prices in the Industrial Demand Module