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Electricity Monthly Update

With Data for October 2016  |  Release Date: Dec. 27, 2016  |  Next Release Date: Jan. 25, 2017

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End Use: October 2016

Retail rates/prices and consumption

In this section, we look at what electricity costs and how much is purchased. Charges for retail electric service are based primarily on rates approved by state regulators. However, a number of states have allowed retail marketers to compete to serve customers and these competitive retail suppliers offer electricity at a market-based price.

EIA does not directly collect retail electricity rates or prices. However, using data collected on retail sales revenues and volumes, we calculate average retail revenues per kWh as a proxy for retail rates and prices. Retail sales volumes are presented as a proxy for end-use electricity consumption.

Average revenue per kWh by state

Average revenue per kilowatthour figures decreased in 19 states in October compared to last year. The largest declines were found in California (down 9.2%), Nevada (down 7.2%), and Hawaii (down 4.4%). Thirty states and the District of Columbia increased compared to last year, led by Alabama (up 9.7%), Delaware (up 8.7%), and West Virginia (up 7.7%).

Total average revenues per kilowatthour were down 1.6% to 10.15 cents in October compared to last year. All sectors were down on the month, from a 4.7% drop in the Transportation sector to a 2.1% drop in the Residential sector. Retail sales were down overall (1.4%) to 291,985 gigawatthours (GWh). The Commercial, Transportation, and Industrial sectors showed declines of 0.4%, 3.6%, and 6.4%, respectively, while the Residential sector showed a gain of 1.8%.

Retail sales

State retail sales volumes were down in 27 states in October compared to last year. Maine recorded the largest year-over-year decline, down 13.5%, California and Indiana had the next largest declines, down 12.9 and 7.2%, respectively. Twenty-three states and the District of Columbia had retail sales volume increases in October, led by the District of Columbia (up 13.2%), Tennessee (up 5.8%), and Mississippi (up 5.5%).

October 2016 was the 3rd warmest October on record according to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA). Heating Degree Days (HDD) were lower across most of the country, down in 38 states and the District of Columbia compared to last October. Twelve states had an over 50-percent-decrease in HDDs. The largest year-over-year decrease was found in Alabama, followed by Kentucky, Georgia, and Virginia. Eight states had more HDDs than last October, with all these states found in the Northwest. Oregon had the largest HDD increase of any state, followed by Idaho, Washington, Montana, and Alaska.

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