U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)
‹ Countries

Puerto Rico  

Country Analysis Note

  • While Puerto Rico has the potential for both onshore and offshore oil production with undiscovered, technically recoverable crude oil and undiscovered natural gas within the Puerto Rico-U.S. Virgin Islands Exclusive Economic Zone, hydrocarbon resources have not been developed, according to the U.S. Geological Survey and IHS Global Insight. Instead, Puerto Rico imports petroleum products, the dominant energy source for the island.
  • In 2012, Puerto Rico consumed 153,000 barrels per day (bbl/d) of oil.
  • Puerto Rico does not produce natural gas either and imports all the natural gas required for consumption. In 2012, natural gas imports and domestic consumption increased 56% from a five-year average (2007-2011) of 27 billion cubic feet (bcf) to 48 bcf.
  • Puerto Rico has a liquid natural gas (LNG) regasification terminal in Peñuelas. In addition, a floating offshore LNG regasification facility, Aguirre GasPort, will be completed in 2015.
  • In 2011, 68% of Puerto Rico's electricity came from petroleum, 16% from natural gas, 15% from coal, and 1% from hydroelectric power.
  • In Puerto Rico, two wind plants, the Santa Isabel and Punta da Lima, supply up to 120 megawatts of capacity.
  • In 2010, Puerto Rico created the Green Energy Fund (GEF) to support and encourage green energy production. The Puerto Rican government also initiated multiple energy efficiency measures including a sun energy program, wind energy program, and solar water heater program between 2009 and 2012. The government offers tax benefits to encourage installation of solar equipment and allows net metering, meaning that residents can sell power from home solar panels to the grid.
  • Puerto Rico has adopted a Renewable Portfolio Standard requiring 20% of net electricity sales to come from renewable energy resources by 2035.

Analysis Last Updated: January 2014



Overview data for Puerto Rico

+ EXPAND ALL
Petroleum (Thousand Barrels per Day)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Puerto Rico
Central & South America
OECD
World
Rank
Puerto Rico
Total Oil Production 0.0000 , -1.0000 , -2.0000 , -1.0000 , 2.4000 , -1.0000 , -1.0167 , 1.0391 , 1.0457 , 0.8436 , 1.8025 , 2.8266 , 1.5345 , 4.6765 , 3.3162 , 1.6801 , 1.8247 , 1.6286 , 1.3795 , 0.8940 , 0.4572 , -0.1321 , 0.4361 , 0.7218 , 1.3540 , 1.3492 , 0.0854 , 1.3276 , 0.6628 , 0.5381 , 0.0000 , 0.8536 , 0.6737 , 0.6737
(1980-2013)
0.67 7,801 22,533 89,692 109 0.67
Crude Oil Production 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000
(1980-2013)
0.00 6,639 15,662 75,889 94 0.00
Consumption 200.0000 , 219.0000 , 158.8000 , 152.0000 , 167.0000 , 144.5808 , 155.5189 , 161.7863 , 147.4590 , 143.0740 , 140.1578 , 175.6055 , 155.5802 , 162.1598 , 165.3745 , 169.0729 , 174.8660 , 179.2466 , 183.5400 , 153.6164 , 201.3548 , 213.8642 , 212.0752 , 217.8093 , 222.7629 , 215.2137 , 210.7312 , 169.6493 , 175.2400 , 155.6156 , 176.0000 , 143.5313 , 136.0000 , 106.0000
(1980-2013)
136.00 6,939 45,853 89,160 66 106.00
Estimated Petroleum Net Exports -200.0000 , -220.0000 , -160.8000 , -153.0000 , -164.6000 , -145.5808 , -156.5356 , -160.7472 , -146.4133 , -142.2304 , -138.3553 , -172.7789 , -154.0457 , -157.4833 , -162.0584 , -167.3928 , -173.0414 , -177.6179 , -182.1605 , -152.7225 , -200.8976 , -213.9963 , -211.6391 , -217.0874 , -221.4090 , -213.8645 , -210.6458 , -168.3217 , -174.5772 , -155.0775 , -176.0000 , -142.6777 , -135.3263 , -105.3263
(1980-2013)
-135.33 863 -23,321 -- 171 -105.33
Refinery Capacity 270.5000 , 276.5000 , 255.4950 , 244.4950 , 121.0000 , 121.0000 , 123.0000 , 123.0000 , 121.0000 , 85.0000 , 121.0000 , 209.8000 , 211.4000 , 138.8000 , 138.8000 , 130.0000 , 130.0000 , 85.0000 , 85.0000 , 35.0000 , 87.0000 , 87.0000 , 87.0000 , 111.5000 , 110.6840 , 109.5000 , 77.9000 , 77.9000 , 77.9000 , 77.9000 , 0.0000 , 73.0000 , 73.0000
(1980-2012)
73 6,582 45,873 88,097 81 73
Proved Reserves(Billion Barrels) 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000
(1980-2014)
0.00 326 227 1,646 91 0.00
Natural Gas (Billion Cubic Feet)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Puerto Rico
Central & South America
World
Rank
 
Puerto Rico
Production 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000
(1980-2012)
0.00 5,498 116,255 93   0.00
Consumption 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 12.3603 , 22.2485 , 22.2485 , 26.1331 , 24.0142 , 23.6611 , 25.4268 , 26.0000 , 28.4860 , 26.7230 , 27.1530 , 26.4863 , 48.0284
(1980-2012)
26.49 5,032 116,395 95   48.03
Net Export/Imports(-) 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , -12.3603 , -22.2485 , -22.2485 , -26.1331 , -24.0142 , -23.6611 , -25.4268 , -26.0000 , -28.4860 , -26.7230 , -27.1530 , -26.4863 , -48.0284
(1990-2012)
-26.49 471 -- 55   -48.03
Proved Reserves
(Trillion Cubic Feet)
0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000
(1980-2014)
0.00 269 6,846 92   0.00
Coal (Million Short Tons)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Puerto Rico
Central & South America
World
Rank
 
Puerto Rico
Production 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000
(1980-2012)
0.000 104 8,444 68   0.000
Consumption 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.1885 , 0.1102 , 0.1102 , 0.2557 , 0.3230 , 0.3946 , 0.3285 , 0.2348 , 0.2116 , 0.1698 , 0.1764 , 0.1786 , 0.1819 , 0.1874 , 0.1907 , 0.1929 , 0.1764 , 0.1764 , 0.1709 , 0.4850 , 1.5212 , 1.4330 , 1.4661 , 1.6535 , 1.6535 , 1.6535 , 1.6535 , 1.6535 , 1.6535 , 1.6535
(1980-2012)
1.653 51 8,285 64   1.653
Net Export/Imports(-) 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , -188.4952 , -110.2311 , -110.2311 , -255.7362 , -322.9772 , -394.6275 , -328.4888 , -234.7923 , -211.6438 , -169.7559 , -176.3698 , -178.5744 , -181.8814 , -187.3929 , -190.6999 , -192.9045 , -176.3698 , -176.3698 , -170.8583 , -485.0170 , -1521.1897 , -1433.0048 , -1466.0741 , -1653.4670 , -1653.4670 , -1653.4670 , -1653.4670 , -1653.4670 , -1653.4670 , -1653.4670
(1980-2012)
-1.653 52 -- 39   -1.653
Electricity (Billion Kilowatthours)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Puerto Rico
Central & South America
World
Rank
 
Puerto Rico
Net Generation 13.3010 , 13.0580 , 11.1140 , 11.3260 , 11.7830 , 11.5860 , 12.1090 , 12.9440 , 13.5520 , 13.4650 , 14.2463 , 14.8606 , 15.4458 , 16.1787 , 16.8344 , 17.4071 , 17.8790 , 18.7431 , 19.2124 , 20.1039 , 21.8130 , 22.3020 , 23.1750 , 23.9370 , 24.1350 , 24.9623 , 23.8370 , 22.3050 , 20.9210 , 20.7090 , 20.8880 , 20.0150
(1980-2011)
20.89 1,097 20,254 71   20.02
Net Consumption 12.3699 , 12.1439 , 10.3360 , 10.5332 , 10.9582 , 10.7750 , 11.2614 , 12.0379 , 12.6034 , 12.5225 , 13.2491 , 13.8203 , 14.3646 , 15.0462 , 15.6560 , 16.1886 , 16.6275 , 17.4311 , 17.8675 , 18.6967 , 20.2861 , 20.7409 , 21.5528 , 22.2614 , 22.4456 , 23.2149 , 22.1684 , 20.7437 , 19.4565 , 19.2594 , 19.4258 , 18.6140
(1980-2011)
19.43 928 18,501 69   18.61
Installed Capacity (GWe) 4.3000 , 4.1000 , 4.1000 , 4.1000 , 4.1000 , 4.2000 , 4.2000 , 4.2200 , 4.2200 , 4.2300 , 4.2300 , 4.2300 , 4.2300 , 4.2300 , 4.3960 , 4.3960 , 4.3960 , 4.3960 , 4.9030 , 4.9178 , 4.9028 , 4.9028 , 5.3580 , 5.3580 , 5.3574 , 5.4020 , 5.4930 , 5.5150 , 5.5150 , 5.5710 , 5.5710 , 5.5710
(1980-2011)
5.57 260 5,086 73   5.57
Total Primary Energy (Quadrillion Btu)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Puerto Rico
Central & South America
World
Rank
 
Puerto Rico
Production 0.0021 , 0.0013 , 0.0011 , 0.0012 , 0.0014 , 0.0019 , 0.0023 , 0.0027 , 0.0028 , 0.0028 , 0.0014 , 0.0012 , 0.0014 , 0.0012 , 0.0007 , 0.0009 , 0.0014 , 0.0010 , 0.0011 , 0.0016 , 0.0016 , 0.0014 , 0.0012 , 0.0011 , 0.0014 , 0.0014 , 0.0014 , 0.0016 , 0.0015 , 0.0017 , 0.0015 , 0.0014
(1980-2011)
.001 30 505 155   0.001
Consumption 0.4276 , 0.4501 , 0.3311 , 0.3207 , 0.3593 , 0.3109 , 0.3372 , 0.3507 , 0.3202 , 0.3123 , 0.3001 , 0.3730 , 0.3326 , 0.3089 , 0.3559 , 0.3638 , 0.3743 , 0.3843 , 0.3936 , 0.3274 , 0.4407 , 0.4784 , 0.4816 , 0.5199 , 0.5304 , 0.5136 , 0.5143 , 0.4265 , 0.4415 , 0.3943 , 0.4396 , 0.3619
(1980-2011)
0.440 27 507 76   0.362
Energy Intensity
(Btu per 2005 U.S. Dollars)
10546.8137 , 11193.4548 , 8491.5305 , 8187.3761 , 8548.1401 , 7245.5379 , 7267.2795 , 7203.2388 , 6174.7000 , 5738.8219 , 5314.4528 , 6456.3279 , 5504.7841 , 4886.2813 , 5403.2250 , 5282.5837 , 5312.0870 , 5200.9326 , 5046.9206 , 3984.3271 , 5192.3396 , 5301.4534 , 5289.1670 , 5706.0474 , 5651.0762 , 5426.4889 , 5442.8861 , 4625.4296 , 4880.6333 , 4459.4867 , 5077.7432 , 4232.4672
(1980-2011)
5,078 5,840 7,401 108   4,232
Carbon Dioxide Emissions (Million Metric Tons of CO₂)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Puerto Rico
Central & South America
World
Rank
 
Puerto Rico
Total from Consumption of Fossil Fuels
28.8783 , 31.0302 , 22.6923 , 22.0820 , 24.3750 , 21.0703 , 22.9682 , 24.0910 , 21.6100 , 20.4548 , 20.2253 , 24.0209 , 23.3429 , 24.4812 , 25.2554 , 24.2754 , 24.2137 , 24.9699 , 27.5099 , 26.3402 , 27.7156 , 34.5412 , 35.2247 , 37.4466 , 38.2002 , 37.7922 , 37.8665 , 34.1724 , 34.3708 , 28.9928 , 32.3525 , 28.5250
(1980-2011)
32.35 1,288 31,502 74   28.53

-- = Not applicable; NA = Not available; E = Estimate value
Sources: EIA. For more detailed data, see International Energy Statistics.

Data last updated: May 30, 2013

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