U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)
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Estonia  

Country Analysis Note

  • While Estonia does not have significant conventional oil or natural gas resources of its own, it is a transit country for Russian oil en route to the Baltic Sea. More than 300,000 barrels per day (bbl/d) of mostly refined petroleum products was exported via Muuga and other ports in 2011.
  • Estonia does, however, stand out as one of the few producers of oil shale in the world and has mined it since 1916. Estonia produced 11,000 bbl/d of petroleum liquids from oil shale in 2011. There are three oil shale producers in Estonia: VKG Oil, Eesti Energia (Enefit), and Kiviõli Keemiatööstus. Enefit, the Estonian energy company, plans to increase its production of petroleum liquids from oil shale from 3,000 bbl/d to 22,000 bbl/d by 2016.
  • Enefit owns the largest oil shale-fueled power plants in the world, the Narva Power Plants. More than 90 percent of Estonia's power is generated using petroleum derived from oil shale.

Analysis Last Updated: March 2013


Overview data for Estonia

+ EXPAND ALL
Petroleum (Thousand Barrels per Day)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Estonia
Eurasia
OECD
World
Rank
Estonia
Total Oil Production -0.0826 , -0.0663 , -0.0248 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 7.3400 , 4.4000 , 3.0200 , 4.7470 , 5.1336 , 5.5304 , 6.1380 , 6.5920 , 6.9000 , 7.2800 , 7.4000 , 7.6000 , 9.0000 , 10.0000 , 11.0000 , 11.0000 , 13.0000
(1992-2013)
11.00 13,415 22,534 89,757 86 13.00
Crude Oil Production 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000
(1992-2013)
0.00 12,719 15,663 75,887 94 0.00
Consumption 32.0000 , 34.0000 , 32.0000 , 25.0000 , 27.0000 , 27.0000 , 27.0000 , 25.0000 , 21.3224 , 24.1589 , 25.0329 , 24.0931 , 25.0137 , 25.2192 , 27.0630 , 28.4770 , 27.4134 , 24.6263 , 25.5312 , 25.5005 , 26.0268
(1992-2012)
25.50 4,366 46,402 88,744 103 26.03
Estimated Petroleum Net Exports -32.0826 , -34.0663 , -32.0248 , -25.0000 , -27.0000 , -19.6600 , -22.6000 , -21.9800 , -16.5754 , -19.0253 , -19.5025 , -17.9551 , -18.4217 , -18.3192 , -19.7830 , -21.0770 , -19.8134 , -15.6263 , -15.5312 , -14.5005 , -15.0268
(1992-2012)
-14.50 8,967 -24,777 -- 94 -15.03
Refinery Capacity 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000
(1993-2012)
0 8,209 45,873 88,097 110 0
Proved Reserves(Billion Barrels) 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000
(1997-2013)
0.00 99 223 1,526 91 0.00
Natural Gas (Billion Cubic Feet)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Estonia
Eurasia
World
Rank
 
Estonia
Production 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000
(1992-2012)
0.00 28,464 116,255 93   0.00
Consumption 52.9700 , 21.1900 , 22.6000 , 26.3100 , 28.8200 , 37.4339 , 56.5040 , 35.3150 , 39.5528 , 44.8501 , 47.3221 , 49.7942 , 50.8536 , 53.6788 , 51.9484 , 34.8206 , 33.4080 , 23.0607 , 24.7558 , 22.1425 , 23.6611
(1992-2012)
22.14 22,062 116,395 96   23.66
Net Export/Imports(-) -52.9700 , -21.1900 , -22.6000 , -26.3100 , -28.8200 , -37.4339 , -56.5040 , -35.3150 , -39.5528 , -44.8501 , -47.3221 , -49.7942 , -50.8536 , -53.6788 , -51.9484 , -34.8206 , -33.4080 , -23.0607 , -24.7558 , -22.1425 , -23.6611
(1992-2012)
-22.14 6,402 -- 57   -23.66
Proved Reserves
(Trillion Cubic Feet)
0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000
(1997-2013)
0.00 2,165 6,845 94   0.00
Coal (Million Short Tons)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Estonia
Eurasia
World
Rank
 
Estonia
Production 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000
(1992-2012)
0.000 569 8,440 67   0.000
Consumption 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000
(1992-2012)
0.000 428 8,124 115   0.000
Net Export/Imports(-) -2451.5405 , -1964.3188 , -2010.6159 , -1679.9225 , -879.6445 , -1610.4769 , -1506.8596 , -1558.6683 , -1585.1237 , -1352.5360 , -806.8919 , -1246.7141 , -1317.2621 , -212.7461 , -58.4225 , -144.4028 , -138.8912 , -29.7624 , -55.1156 , -46.2971
(1992-2011)
-0.055 147 -- 73   -0.046
Electricity (Billion Kilowatthours)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Estonia
Eurasia
World
Rank
 
Estonia
Net Generation 11.1210 , 8.5710 , 8.6020 , 8.1720 , 8.5570 , 8.6660 , 8.0110 , 7.7730 , 8.0005 , 7.9855 , 8.0914 , 9.6097 , 9.6894 , 9.5994 , 9.1559 , 11.4673 , 9.9580 , 8.2847 , 12.2488 , 12.1920 , 11.6550
(1992-2012)
12.19 1,453 21,081 89   11.66
Net Consumption 6.8000 , 5.7260 , 5.9100 , 5.5770 , 5.9040 , 6.2120 , 6.0550 , 5.6990 , 5.8725 , 5.8305 , 6.1414 , 6.5217 , 6.7834 , 6.8884 , 7.3289 , 7.6933 , 7.8870 , 7.4807 , 7.9478 , 7.6810
(1992-2011)
7.95 1,248 18,501 94   7.68
Installed Capacity (GWe) 3.4060 , 3.4060 , 3.3330 , 3.2880 , 2.6930 , 2.7000 , 2.7220 , 2.6240 , 2.6242 , 2.7992 , 2.4450 , 2.4080 , 2.4140 , 2.6920 , 2.5590 , 2.5580 , 2.6350 , 2.6940 , 2.6611 , 2.7511 , 2.8252
(1991-2011)
2.75 356 5,086 92   2.83
Total Primary Energy (Quadrillion Btu)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Estonia
Eurasia
World
Rank
 
Estonia
Production 0.1735 , 0.1006 , 0.1014 , 0.0913 , 0.1355 , 0.1121 , 0.1040 , 0.0892 , 0.0979 , 0.0988 , 0.1036 , 0.1246 , 0.1172 , 0.1227 , 0.1187 , 0.1393 , 0.1362 , 0.1298 , 0.1596 , 0.0115 , 0.0175
(1992-2012)
.012 NA NA 73   0.017
Consumption 0.2917 , 0.1897 , 0.1898 , 0.1756 , 0.2254 , 0.2163 , 0.2312 , 0.1923 , 0.1963 , 0.2039 , 0.2034 , 0.2237 , 0.2327 , 0.2332 , 0.2266 , 0.2310 , 0.2240 , 0.1977 , 0.2230 , 0.0760
(1992-2011)
0.223 43 511 95   0.076
Energy Intensity
(Btu per 2005 U.S. Dollars)
24109.9997 , 16512.6182 , 16799.6722 , 15662.2748 , 19024.7968 , 16337.1333 , 16361.5943 , 13646.0914 , 12671.7553 , 12239.8069 , 11311.8022 , 11542.4530 , 11290.2475 , 10394.4240 , 9173.7494 , 8703.7107 , 8760.3805 , 9018.2637 , 9945.3714 , 3170.9701
(1992-2011)
9,945 14,592 7,452 36   3,171
Carbon Dioxide Emissions (Million Metric Tons of CO₂)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Estonia
Eurasia
World
Rank
 
Estonia
Total from Consumption of Fossil Fuels
25.8427 , 16.7532 , 16.6035 , 14.7749 , 19.6273 , 18.2854 , 18.5725 , 16.0430 , 16.2771 , 16.6518 , 16.5094 , 18.6305 , 19.2701 , 18.9479 , 18.6817 , 19.9965 , 18.8622 , 16.1384 , 19.3480 , 20.2629
(1992-2011)
19.35 2,429 31,502 83   20.26

-- = Not applicable; NA = Not available; E = Estimate value
Sources: EIA. For more detailed data, see International Energy Statistics.

Data last updated: May 30, 2013

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