U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)
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Estonia  

Country Analysis Note

  • Since restoring its independence in 1991, Estonia has fully liberalized its electricity and gas markets. The strengthening of the Baltic electricity market, integration with the Nordic market, and the establishment of a regional gas market are priorities for Estonia.
  • While Estonia does not have significant conventional oil or natural gas resources of its own, it is a transit country for Russian oil en route to the Baltic Sea. Approximately 340,000 barrels per day (bbl/d) of mostly refined petroleum products was exported via Muuga and other ports in 2013.
  • Estonia does, however, stand out as one of the few producers of oil shale (fine-grained sedimentary rock, containing significant amounts of organic compounds such as kerogen) in the world and has mined it since 1916 from a basin in northeast Estonia near Narva. About 70% of Estonia’s total primary energy supply in 2012 came from oil shale, according to the International Energy Agency.
  • Estonia produced more than 12,000 bbl/d of petroleum liquids from oil shale in 2013. There are three oil shale producers in Estonia: VKG Oil, Eesti Energia (Enefit), and Kiviõli Keemiatööstus.
  • Enefit owns the largest oil shale-fueled power plants in the world, the Narva Power Plants (Balti and Eesti). Almost 90% of Estonia's power is generated using petroleum and gas derived from oil shale. The remaining power generation is primarily from biomass and wind, although small amounts of hydroelectric, natural gas and coal are also used.

Analysis Last Updated: March 2015


Overview data for Estonia

+ EXPAND ALL
Petroleum (Thousand Barrels per Day)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Estonia
Eurasia
OECD
World
Rank
Estonia
Total Oil Production -0.0826 , -0.0663 , -0.0248 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 7.3400 , 4.4000 , 3.0200 , 4.7470 , 5.1336 , 5.5304 , 6.1380 , 6.5920 , 6.9000 , 7.2800 , 7.4000 , 7.6000 , 9.0000 , 10.0000 , 11.0000 , 11.0000 , 13.0000
(1992-2013)
11.00 13,613 22,538 90,457 86 13.00
Crude Oil Production 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000
(1992-2013)
0.00 12,719 15,667 76,160 95 0.00
Consumption 32.0000 , 34.0000 , 32.0000 , 25.0000 , 27.0000 , 27.0000 , 27.0000 , 25.0000 , 21.3265 , 24.1668 , 25.0403 , 24.4584 , 25.2669 , 26.0205 , 27.8063 , 29.5847 , 28.3213 , 25.8263 , 26.4795 , 25.9932 , 28.6139 , 29.5411
(1992-2013)
28.61 4,688 45,868 89,721 114 29.54
Estimated Petroleum Net Exports -32.0826 , -34.0663 , -32.0248 , -25.0000 , -27.0000 , -19.6600 , -22.6000 , -21.9800 , -16.5795 , -19.0332 , -19.5099 , -18.3204 , -18.6749 , -19.1205 , -20.5263 , -22.1847 , -20.7213 , -16.8263 , -16.4795 , -14.9932 , -17.6139 , -16.5411
(1992-2013)
-17.61 8,925 -23,330 -- 118 -16.54
Refinery Capacity 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000
(1993-2012)
0 8,209 45,873 88,097 110 0
Proved Reserves(Billion Barrels) 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000
(1997-2015)
0.00 119 233 1,656 91 0.00
Natural Gas (Billion Cubic Feet)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Estonia
Eurasia
World
Rank
 
Estonia
Production 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000
(1992-2012)
0.00 28,464 116,255 93   0.00
Consumption 52.9700 , 21.1900 , 22.6000 , 26.3100 , 28.8200 , 37.4339 , 56.5040 , 35.3150 , 39.5528 , 44.8501 , 47.3221 , 49.7942 , 50.8536 , 34.5734 , 35.6328 , 34.8206 , 33.4080 , 22.6722 , 24.3320 , 22.1425 , 23.6611 , 23.9436
(1992-2013)
23.66 22,288 119,568 97   23.94
Net Export/Imports(-) -52.9700 , -21.1900 , -22.6000 , -26.3100 , -28.8200 , -37.4339 , -56.5040 , -35.3150 , -39.5528 , -44.8501 , -47.3221 , -49.7942 , -50.8536 , -34.5734 , -35.6328 , -34.8206 , -33.4080 , -22.6722 , -24.3320 , -22.1425 , -23.6611
(1992-2012)
-22.14 6,402 -- 57   -23.66
Proved Reserves
(Trillion Cubic Feet)
0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000
(1997-2015)
0.00 2,178 6,973 91   0.00
Coal (Million Short Tons)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Estonia
Eurasia
World
Rank
 
Estonia
Production 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000
(1992-2012)
0.000 558 8,444 68   0.000
Consumption 0.2293 , 0.1510 , 0.0728 , 0.0584 , 0.0430 , 0.0231 , 0.0838 , 0.0970 , 0.0948 , 0.1246 , 0.0694 , 0.0485 , 0.0639 , 0.0617 , 0.0772 , 0.1422 , 0.1356 , 0.1036 , 0.0639 , 0.0783 , 0.0694
(1992-2012)
0.078 419 8,285 99   0.069
Net Export/Imports(-) -255.7362 , -59.5248 , -100.3103 , -60.6271 , -18.7393 , 24.2508 , -90.3895 , -98.1057 , -112.4358 , -93.6965 , -67.2410 , -63.9341 , -48.5017 , -59.5248 , -104.7196 , -194.0068 , -135.5843 , -33.0693 , -78.2641 , -73.8549 , -90.3895
(1992-2012)
-0.074 135 -- 73   -0.090
Electricity (Billion Kilowatthours)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Estonia
Eurasia
World
Rank
 
Estonia
Net Generation 11.1210 , 8.5710 , 8.6020 , 8.1720 , 8.5570 , 8.6660 , 8.0110 , 7.7730 , 8.0005 , 7.9855 , 8.0914 , 9.6097 , 9.6894 , 9.5994 , 9.1559 , 11.4673 , 9.9580 , 8.2847 , 12.2488 , 12.1920 , 11.3390
(1992-2012)
12.19 1,454 21,182 89   11.34
Net Consumption 6.8000 , 5.7260 , 5.9100 , 5.5770 , 5.9040 , 6.2120 , 6.0550 , 5.6990 , 5.8725 , 5.8305 , 6.1414 , 6.5217 , 6.7834 , 6.8884 , 7.3289 , 7.6933 , 7.8870 , 7.4807 , 7.9478 , 7.6810 , 8.2200
(1992-2012)
7.68 1,271 19,397 98   8.22
Installed Capacity (GWe) 3.4060 , 3.4060 , 3.3330 , 3.2880 , 2.6930 , 2.7000 , 2.7220 , 2.6240 , 2.6242 , 2.7992 , 2.4450 , 2.4080 , 2.4140 , 2.6920 , 2.5590 , 2.5580 , 2.6270 , 2.6940 , 2.6650 , 2.7510 , 2.8250 , 2.9262
(1991-2012)
2.83 360 5,315 93   2.93
Total Primary Energy (Quadrillion Btu)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Estonia
Eurasia
World
Rank
 
Estonia
Production 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0001 , 0.0001 , 0.0001 , 0.0002 , 0.0002 , 0.0002 , 0.0002 , 0.0003 , 0.0005 , 0.0006 , 0.0011 , 0.0013 , 0.0014 , 0.0019 , 0.0053 , 0.0102 , 0.0115 , 0.0141
(1992-2012)
.011 73 519 135   0.014
Consumption 0.1162 , 0.0933 , 0.0893 , 0.0786 , 0.0846 , 0.0922 , 0.1146 , 0.0887 , 0.0837 , 0.0956 , 0.0991 , 0.0951 , 0.0993 , 0.0849 , 0.0935 , 0.0938 , 0.0953 , 0.0851 , 0.0809 , 0.0781 , 0.0926
(1992-2012)
0.078 45 520 131   0.093
Energy Intensity
(Btu per 2005 U.S. Dollars)
9605.0680 , 8119.2486 , 7907.1033 , 7006.7611 , 7143.3517 , 6961.3527 , 8109.7563 , 6294.8445 , 5399.1766 , 5737.6250 , 5513.8058 , 4910.2896 , 4818.5080 , 3783.9383 , 3784.7033 , 3533.9867 , 3727.3579 , 3883.1748 , 3607.7699 , 3261.3693
(1992-2011)
3,608 14,796 7,415 144   3,261
Carbon Dioxide Emissions (Million Metric Tons of CO₂)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Estonia
Eurasia
World
Rank
 
Estonia
Total from Consumption of Fossil Fuels
7.3120 , 5.5027 , 5.4686 , 5.3858 , 5.5991 , 6.3123 , 7.4794 , 5.9081 , 5.6886 , 6.0774 , 6.1244 , 6.2640 , 6.9024 , 6.1167 , 6.5505 , 6.4743 , 6.3165 , 5.2229 , 5.4734 , 5.5345 , 5.6861
(1992-2012)
5.53 2,551 32,155 124   5.69

-- = Not applicable; NA = Not available; E = Estimate value
Sources: EIA. For more detailed data, see International Energy Statistics.

Data last updated: May 30, 2013

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