U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)
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Estonia  

Country Analysis Note

  • While Estonia does not have significant conventional oil or natural gas resources of its own, it is a transit country for Russian oil en route to the Baltic Sea. More than 300,000 barrels per day (bbl/d) of mostly refined petroleum products was exported via Muuga and other ports in 2011.
  • Estonia does, however, stand out as one of the few producers of oil shale in the world and has mined it since 1916. Estonia produced 11,000 bbl/d of petroleum liquids from oil shale in 2011. There are three oil shale producers in Estonia: VKG Oil, Eesti Energia (Enefit), and Kiviõli Keemiatööstus. Enefit, the Estonian energy company, plans to increase its production of petroleum liquids from oil shale from 3,000 bbl/d to 22,000 bbl/d by 2016.
  • Enefit owns the largest oil shale-fueled power plants in the world, the Narva Power Plants. More than 90 percent of Estonia's power is generated using petroleum derived from oil shale.

Analysis Last Updated: March 2013


Overview data for Estonia

+ EXPAND ALL
Petroleum (Thousand Barrels per Day)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Estonia
Eurasia
OECD
World
Rank
Estonia
Total Oil Production -0.0826 , -0.0663 , -0.0248 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 7.3400 , 4.4000 , 3.0200 , 4.7470 , 5.1336 , 5.5304 , 6.1380 , 6.5920 , 6.9000 , 7.2800 , 7.4000 , 7.6000 , 9.0000 , 10.0000 , 11.0000 , 11.0000 , 13.0000
(1992-2013)
11.00 13,415 22,543 89,755 86 13.00
Crude Oil Production 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000
(1992-2013)
0.00 12,719 15,672 75,956 94 0.00
Consumption 32.0000 , 34.0000 , 32.0000 , 25.0000 , 27.0000 , 27.0000 , 27.0000 , 25.0000 , 21.3224 , 24.1589 , 25.0329 , 24.0931 , 25.0137 , 25.2192 , 27.0630 , 29.5847 , 28.3213 , 25.8263 , 26.4795 , 25.9932 , 28.6139 , 29.5534
(1992-2013)
28.61 4,531 45,822 89,128 113 29.55
Estimated Petroleum Net Exports -32.0826 , -34.0663 , -32.0248 , -25.0000 , -27.0000 , -19.6600 , -22.6000 , -21.9800 , -16.5754 , -19.0253 , -19.5025 , -17.9551 , -18.4217 , -18.3192 , -19.7830 , -22.1847 , -20.7213 , -16.8263 , -16.4795 , -14.9932 , -17.6139 , -16.5534
(1992-2013)
-17.61 8,884 -23,279 -- 117 -16.55
Refinery Capacity 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000
(1993-2012)
0 8,209 45,873 88,097 110 0
Proved Reserves(Billion Barrels) 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000
(1997-2014)
0.00 119 227 1,646 91 0.00
Natural Gas (Billion Cubic Feet)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Estonia
Eurasia
World
Rank
 
Estonia
Production 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000
(1992-2012)
0.00 28,464 116,255 93   0.00
Consumption 52.9700 , 21.1900 , 22.6000 , 26.3100 , 28.8200 , 37.4339 , 56.5040 , 35.3150 , 39.5528 , 44.8501 , 47.3221 , 49.7942 , 50.8536 , 34.5734 , 35.6328 , 34.8206 , 33.4080 , 22.6722 , 24.3320 , 22.1425 , 23.6611 , 23.9436
(1992-2013)
23.66 22,014 120,017 96   23.94
Net Export/Imports(-) -52.9700 , -21.1900 , -22.6000 , -26.3100 , -28.8200 , -37.4339 , -56.5040 , -35.3150 , -39.5528 , -44.8501 , -47.3221 , -49.7942 , -50.8536 , -34.5734 , -35.6328 , -34.8206 , -33.4080 , -22.6722 , -24.3320 , -22.1425 , -23.6611
(1992-2012)
-22.14 6,402 -- 57   -23.66
Proved Reserves
(Trillion Cubic Feet)
0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000
(1997-2014)
0.00 2,178 6,846 92   0.00
Coal (Million Short Tons)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Estonia
Eurasia
World
Rank
 
Estonia
Production 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000
(1992-2012)
0.000 558 8,444 68   0.000
Consumption 0.2293 , 0.1510 , 0.0728 , 0.0584 , 0.0430 , 0.0231 , 0.0838 , 0.0970 , 0.0948 , 0.1246 , 0.0694 , 0.0485 , 0.0639 , 0.0617 , 0.0772 , 0.1422 , 0.1356 , 0.1036 , 0.0639 , 0.0783 , 0.0694
(1992-2012)
0.078 419 8,285 99   0.069
Net Export/Imports(-) -255.7362 , -59.5248 , -100.3103 , -60.6271 , -18.7393 , 24.2508 , -90.3895 , -98.1057 , -112.4358 , -93.6965 , -67.2410 , -63.9341 , -48.5017 , -59.5248 , -104.7196 , -194.0068 , -135.5843 , -33.0693 , -78.2641 , -73.8549 , -90.3895
(1992-2012)
-0.074 135 -- 73   -0.090
Electricity (Billion Kilowatthours)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Estonia
Eurasia
World
Rank
 
Estonia
Net Generation 11.1210 , 8.5710 , 8.6020 , 8.1720 , 8.5570 , 8.6660 , 8.0110 , 7.7730 , 8.0005 , 7.9855 , 8.0914 , 9.6097 , 9.6894 , 9.5994 , 9.1559 , 11.4673 , 9.9580 , 8.2847 , 12.2488 , 12.1920 , 11.6550
(1992-2012)
12.19 1,453 21,081 89   11.66
Net Consumption 6.8000 , 5.7260 , 5.9100 , 5.5770 , 5.9040 , 6.2120 , 6.0550 , 5.6990 , 5.8725 , 5.8305 , 6.1414 , 6.5217 , 6.7834 , 6.8884 , 7.3289 , 7.6933 , 7.8870 , 7.4807 , 7.9478 , 7.6810
(1992-2011)
7.95 1,248 18,501 94   7.68
Installed Capacity (GWe) 3.4060 , 3.4060 , 3.3330 , 3.2880 , 2.6930 , 2.7000 , 2.7220 , 2.6240 , 2.6242 , 2.7992 , 2.4450 , 2.4080 , 2.4140 , 2.6920 , 2.5590 , 2.5580 , 2.6350 , 2.6940 , 2.6611 , 2.7511 , 2.8252
(1991-2011)
2.75 356 5,086 92   2.83
Total Primary Energy (Quadrillion Btu)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Estonia
Eurasia
World
Rank
 
Estonia
Production 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0001 , 0.0001 , 0.0001 , 0.0002 , 0.0002 , 0.0002 , 0.0002 , 0.0003 , 0.0005 , 0.0006 , 0.0011 , 0.0013 , 0.0014 , 0.0019 , 0.0053 , 0.0102 , 0.0115 , 0.0171
(1992-2012)
.011 73 518 134   0.017
Consumption 0.1162 , 0.0933 , 0.0893 , 0.0786 , 0.0846 , 0.0922 , 0.1146 , 0.0887 , 0.0837 , 0.0956 , 0.0991 , 0.0951 , 0.0993 , 0.0849 , 0.0935 , 0.0915 , 0.0934 , 0.0826 , 0.0789 , 0.0759 , 0.0894
(1992-2012)
0.076 44 520 131   0.089
Energy Intensity
(Btu per 2005 U.S. Dollars)
9605.0680 , 8119.2486 , 7907.1033 , 7006.7611 , 7143.3517 , 6961.3527 , 8109.7563 , 6294.8445 , 5399.1766 , 5737.6250 , 5513.8058 , 4910.3675 , 4818.5144 , 3783.9383 , 3784.7033 , 3445.7102 , 3652.0413 , 3767.3900 , 3518.2961 , 3168.4074
(1992-2011)
3,518 14,673 7,401 144   3,168
Carbon Dioxide Emissions (Million Metric Tons of CO₂)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Estonia
Eurasia
World
Rank
 
Estonia
Total from Consumption of Fossil Fuels
25.8427 , 16.7532 , 16.6035 , 14.7749 , 19.6273 , 18.2854 , 18.5725 , 16.0430 , 16.2771 , 16.6518 , 16.5094 , 18.6305 , 19.2701 , 18.9479 , 18.6817 , 19.9965 , 18.8622 , 16.1384 , 19.3480 , 20.2629
(1992-2011)
19.35 2,429 31,502 83   20.26

-- = Not applicable; NA = Not available; E = Estimate value
Sources: EIA. For more detailed data, see International Energy Statistics.

Data last updated: May 30, 2013

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