Spain - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)
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Spain  

Country Analysis Note

  • Spain is the fifth largest energy consumer in Europe and has virtually no domestic production of liquid fuels or natural gas. Government regulation limits the percent of total oil and gas imports any single country may sell to Spain to ensure diversity of supply.
  • Liquid fuels are still the largest source of Spain's total energy consumption, mostly in the transportation sector. The country had nine refineries with a total crude oil refining capacity of almost 1.3 million barrels per day as of January 2014, according to Oil & Gas Journal. However, Spain is still a net importer of petroleum products.
  • Up until the 2008 financial crisis, Spain was one of the fastest-growing natural gas markets in Europe. Although growth has slowed since then, Spain still accounted for nearly two-thirds of LNG imports to OECD Europe in 2013. Spain fell to 6th largest global importer of LNG in 2013, as India, China, and Taiwan surpassed it, and Spanish imports have declined, according to IHS Energy.
  • Spain also receives significant natural gas supplies from Algeria through the undersea Maghreb-Europe Gas Pipeline, which came on line in 2011 after a number of delays. In 2013, Algeria supplied 39% of Spain's natural gas, according to BP Statistical Review of World Energy 2014.
  • Spain generates a significant amount of power from wind energy, the most of any country in Europe as of 2012. The Spanish government authorized offshore electricity generating facilities in 2007 to promote the development of offshore wind energy. Renewable energy, including hydroelectric generation, accounted for 30% of Spain’s power generation in 2012.
  • Up until the 2008 recession, Spain was slowly phasing out its coal production subsidies. However, coal production and consumption increased in 2011 after the Spanish government introduced domestic coal production subsidies and gave preferential access to the wholesale power market to coal-powered generators in an attempt to reduce the country's dependence on imported coal. This has caused electricity producers to substitute away from renewables to coal. In 2012, fossil fuels accounted for 49% of Spain’s electricity generation. According to the Framework Plan for Coal Mines and Mining Communities 2013-2018, production subsidies will end after 2018.
  • There are eight operating nuclear reactors in Spain, which supplied about 21% of the country's electricity generation in 2012.

Analysis Last Updated: July 2014


Overview data for Spain

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Petroleum (Thousand Barrels per Day)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Spain
Europe
OECD
World
Rank
Spain
Total Oil Production 12.9200 , 3.9400 , 12.5800 , 45.8210 , 37.1110 , 40.1580 , 46.7563 , 43.7556 , 45.6342 , 38.7309 , 37.3787 , 41.7663 , 42.5364 , 34.2420 , 34.4098 , 32.2624 , 26.4976 , 22.8229 , 24.8668 , 21.9382 , 23.8275 , 27.6553 , 27.8576 , 33.1698 , 37.8872 , 37.5467 , 36.6561 , 28.2095 , 25.3903 , 29.4900 , 28.7513 , 28.4562 , 29.2918 , 33.6261
(1980-2013)
29.29 3,979 22,543 89,755 68 33.63
Crude Oil Production 33.0000 , 25.0000 , 30.0000 , 58.0000 , 46.0000 , 44.0000 , 38.0000 , 34.0000 , 30.0000 , 21.0000 , 16.0000 , 22.0000 , 21.8820 , 17.8090 , 16.5750 , 13.4280 , 10.5000 , 7.6000 , 10.5800 , 6.0795 , 4.7514 , 7.0986 , 6.4100 , 6.5970 , 5.9973 , 3.0932 , 2.9945 , 2.7479 , 2.6667 , 2.3370 , 2.5726 , 2.1671 , 3.0027 , 7.3370
(1980-2013)
3.00 3,116 15,672 75,956 82 7.34
Consumption 990.0000 , 941.0000 , 1003.0000 , 1011.0000 , 852.0000 , 858.0000 , 866.0000 , 895.0000 , 983.0000 , 981.0000 , 1010.0000 , 1068.0000 , 1104.0000 , 1053.0000 , 1116.0000 , 1187.0000 , 1199.0000 , 1266.0000 , 1356.0000 , 1396.0000 , 1433.1995 , 1492.3315 , 1504.5288 , 1542.3644 , 1571.4372 , 1607.2575 , 1588.1698 , 1611.2049 , 1546.9760 , 1467.5170 , 1441.0063 , 1385.3186 , 1300.9284 , 1205.0121
(1980-2013)
1,300.93 14,447 45,822 89,128 17 1,205.01
Estimated Petroleum Net Exports -977.0800 , -937.0600 , -990.4200 , -965.1790 , -814.8890 , -817.8420 , -819.2437 , -851.2444 , -937.3658 , -942.2691 , -972.6213 , -1026.2337 , -1061.4636 , -1018.7580 , -1081.5902 , -1154.7376 , -1172.5024 , -1243.1771 , -1331.1332 , -1374.0618 , -1409.3720 , -1464.6762 , -1476.6712 , -1509.1946 , -1533.5500 , -1569.7108 , -1551.5137 , -1582.9954 , -1521.5857 , -1438.0270 , -1412.2550 , -1356.8624 , -1271.6366 , -1171.3860
(1980-2013)
-1,271.64 -10,467 -23,279 -- 207 -1,171.39
Refinery Capacity 1456.0000 , 1464.0000 , 1517.0000 , 1522.0000 , 1493.0000 , 1493.0000 , 1367.0000 , 1305.0000 , 1305.0000 , 1285.0000 , 1293.0000 , 1321.0000 , 1321.0000 , 1301.3280 , 1283.0000 , 1283.0000 , 1326.6500 , 1295.6500 , 1293.6500 , 1315.5000 , 1315.5000 , 1293.5000 , 1293.5000 , 1321.5000 , 1271.5000 , 1271.5000 , 1271.5000 , 1271.5000 , 1277.0000 , 1271.5000 , 1271.5000 , 1271.5000 , 1271.5000
(1980-2012)
1,272 16,787 45,873 88,097 19 1,272
Proved Reserves(Billion Barrels) 0.1500 , 0.3500 , 0.1217 , 0.1314 , 0.1600 , 0.1150 , 0.0900 , 0.0282 , 0.0386 , 0.0260 , 0.0250 , 0.0200 , 0.0214 , 0.0225 , 0.0225 , 0.0202 , 0.0200 , 0.0300 , 0.0300 , 0.0140 , 0.0140 , 0.0210 , 0.0210 , 0.1576 , 0.1576 , 0.1576 , 0.1576 , 0.1500 , 0.1500 , 0.1500 , 0.1500 , 0.1500 , 0.1500 , 0.1500 , 0.1500
(1980-2014)
0.15 12 227 1,646 60 0.15
Natural Gas (Billion Cubic Feet)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Spain
Europe
World
Rank
 
Spain
Production 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 2.4014 , 7.6634 , 8.7900 , 13.0000 , 25.0000 , 31.0000 , 55.0000 , 49.0000 , 46.0000 , 42.1308 , 22.7075 , 6.8864 , 14.6600 , 16.4568 , 6.2861 , 3.9553 , 5.0500 , 5.7210 , 18.2225 , 18.0460 , 7.5927 , 11.9718 , 5.8976 , 2.5780 , 0.6357 , 0.6004 , 0.4944 , 1.8011 , 1.8364 , 2.1542 , 1.9776
(1980-2013)
2.15 10,183 118,866 84   1.98
Consumption 56.0000 , 65.9331 , 70.3828 , 75.2916 , 71.9367 , 82.0000 , 87.0000 , 100.0000 , 129.0000 , 172.0000 , 192.0000 , 216.0000 , 227.7818 , 224.4268 , 239.2944 , 298.5900 , 334.1505 , 437.2350 , 448.8890 , 513.8333 , 588.4538 , 634.1161 , 725.0170 , 821.7447 , 953.9288 , 1187.7847 , 1274.4477 , 1299.1329 , 1423.8655 , 1272.4701 , 1265.1246 , 1175.1419 , 1147.5962 , 1058.7790
(1980-2013)
1,147.60 18,684 119,556 28   1,058.78
Net Export/Imports(-) -142.6700 , -170.0000 , -187.1342 , -196.8458 , -250.9131 , -290.8200 , -321.5078 , -446.2050 , -466.2286 , -537.5649 , -598.0242 , -611.9383 , -731.9034 , -818.4958 , -951.7746 , -1233.8002 , -1290.8692 , -1284.9716 , -1437.4264 , -1255.3423 , -1256.0133 , -1193.3292 , -1139.5091 , -1044.1939
(1990-2013)
-1,139.51 -8,275 -- 13   -1,044.19
Proved Reserves
(Trillion Cubic Feet)
2.0000 , 3.5000 , 0.0250 , 1.9400 , 2.2250 , 0.7000 , 0.7000 , 0.8000 , 0.6000 , 0.8400 , 0.8100 , 0.7800 , 0.7400 , 0.7000 , 0.7000 , 0.6700 , 0.6000 , 0.6000 , 0.6000 , 0.0600 , 0.0600 , 0.0180 , 0.0180 , 0.0940 , 0.0940 , 0.0900 , 0.0900 , 0.0900 , 0.0900 , 0.0900 , 0.0900 , 0.0900 , 0.0900 , 0.0900 , 0.0900
(1980-2014)
0.09 146 6,846 86   0.09
Coal (Million Short Tons)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Spain
Europe
World
Rank
 
Spain
Production 30.8779 , 38.3086 , 43.3263 , 44.0406 , 43.6427 , 43.7210 , 42.2406 , 38.1301 , 35.0976 , 40.1804 , 39.1795 , 36.8668 , 36.8161 , 34.7272 , 32.5777 , 31.1326 , 29.6841 , 29.1451 , 28.7979 , 26.7674 , 25.8723 , 24.9982 , 24.2883 , 22.6657 , 22.5831 , 21.4741 , 20.3343 , 18.9399 , 11.2292 , 10.4113 , 9.2925 , 7.2984 , 6.7737
(1980-2012)
7.298 779 8,444 31   6.774
Consumption 34.0735 , 45.2455 , 50.0813 , 52.6971 , 52.1140 , 53.6958 , 51.9718 , 50.3337 , 42.2792 , 53.3431 , 51.6301 , 52.4810 , 52.2253 , 48.9955 , 47.5262 , 47.5901 , 40.4824 , 45.2124 , 43.7276 , 47.7940 , 49.7220 , 45.6346 , 50.5322 , 46.6752 , 49.5930 , 48.3507 , 42.5393 , 46.1450 , 28.5532 , 21.4874 , 15.9295 , 26.3739 , 31.6352
(1980-2012)
26.374 1,023 8,285 29   31.635
Net Export/Imports(-) -6859.6836 , -8118.5232 , -8137.2625 , -6793.5449 , -8004.9851 , -9443.5014 , -9797.3434 , -9926.3138 , -9683.8053 , -11740.7183 , -11665.7611 , -14410.4833 , -15797.2241 , -14094.1530 , -13175.9277 , -16153.2707 , -13773.3804 , -12504.6201 , -15648.4121 , -21864.3458 , -23194.8356 , -20322.2122 , -26554.6807 , -23170.5848 , -26078.4821 , -26766.3244 , -25145.9267 , -24854.9165 , -20633.0640 , -17180.6248 , -12305.1017 , -16280.0365 , -22332.8281
(1980-2012)
-16.280 -239 -- 14   -22.333
Electricity (Billion Kilowatthours)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Spain
Europe
World
Rank
 
Spain
Net Generation 108.5790 , 109.5730 , 113.1880 , 114.7780 , 117.4090 , 124.7780 , 127.4860 , 127.9870 , 129.8670 , 140.0620 , 143.6750 , 147.1180 , 148.1720 , 147.4250 , 152.8770 , 156.8730 , 165.1870 , 179.7520 , 183.5330 , 194.4660 , 208.7422 , 221.1336 , 226.0208 , 244.1845 , 259.3647 , 268.9338 , 279.9665 , 286.4740 , 295.6365 , 278.2674 , 285.3033 , 276.7841 , 276.5275
(1980-2012)
276.78 3,558 21,081 14   276.53
Net Consumption 97.2310 , 99.2050 , 99.5950 , 104.1630 , 108.6530 , 111.8650 , 114.2550 , 114.2910 , 115.0460 , 125.8460 , 129.2190 , 131.9020 , 133.9690 , 133.8440 , 139.5970 , 145.4020 , 150.6500 , 162.5810 , 168.4880 , 180.7030 , 193.9172 , 206.6026 , 212.1028 , 222.9205 , 232.2667 , 241.6308 , 251.5615 , 255.2420 , 258.7875 , 245.7184 , 249.5703 , 243.9001
(1980-2011)
249.57 3,351 18,501 13   243.90
Installed Capacity (GWe) 29.9230 , 31.5620 , 32.2010 , 34.1690 , 37.2320 , 39.6750 , 40.2240 , 42.1720 , 42.8380 , 43.5540 , 43.5440 , 43.7650 , 43.9270 , 44.0380 , 44.7150 , 45.9290 , 47.0640 , 48.4210 , 50.0820 , 51.5500 , 53.8890 , 55.8280 , 60.4940 , 71.8100 , 69.6570 , 76.5880 , 81.3290 , 88.7840 , 93.7830 , 96.5850 , 101.7880 , 101.8442
(1980-2011)
101.79 986 5,086 11   101.84
Total Primary Energy (Quadrillion Btu)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Spain
Europe
World
Rank
 
Spain
Production 0.8662 , 0.9192 , 1.0263 , 1.1321 , 1.2821 , 1.3315 , 1.3673 , 1.3565 , 1.4862 , 1.4390 , 1.4250 , 1.4346 , 1.3410 , 1.3340 , 1.3268 , 1.1878 , 1.3478 , 1.2796 , 1.3049 , 1.2568 , 1.3359 , 1.5137 , 1.3354 , 1.5136 , 1.4614 , 1.2971 , 1.3950 , 1.3877 , 1.3939 , 1.4310 , 1.7257 , 1.5379 , 1.5076
(1980-2012)
1.538 44 518 43   1.508
Consumption 3.0441 , 3.0901 , 3.3317 , 3.4193 , 3.2509 , 3.3372 , 3.3922 , 3.4944 , 3.7442 , 3.8578 , 3.9229 , 4.1469 , 4.1197 , 4.0210 , 4.1813 , 4.3144 , 4.4068 , 4.6969 , 4.9216 , 5.1666 , 5.4999 , 5.7532 , 5.8307 , 6.1375 , 6.3435 , 6.5208 , 6.5693 , 6.7351 , 6.5304 , 6.1061 , 6.2433 , 6.0434 , 5.9665
(1980-2012)
6.043 82 520 18   5.967
Energy Intensity
(Btu per 2005 U.S. Dollars)
5538.5792 , 5629.7781 , 5994.0711 , 6044.5201 , 5646.2727 , 5664.5040 , 5576.5498 , 5442.5165 , 5549.0703 , 5454.0290 , 5343.9700 , 5508.9928 , 5422.3031 , 5347.5454 , 5431.4471 , 5453.9068 , 5439.0774 , 5581.2885 , 5598.0740 , 5610.5608 , 5685.2264 , 5737.9382 , 5662.1072 , 5780.9423 , 5786.0202 , 5740.2278 , 5559.5441 , 5503.3349 , 5290.3238 , 5137.8866 , 5261.0658 , 5059.5797
(1980-2011)
5,261 5,497 7,401 103   5,060
Carbon Dioxide Emissions (Million Metric Tons of CO₂)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Spain
Europe
World
Rank
 
Spain
Total from Consumption of Fossil Fuels
194.9961 , 205.2306 , 220.9382 , 225.5926 , 210.6203 , 205.0437 , 199.2374 , 201.3212 , 202.1651 , 221.5928 , 224.1359 , 237.0039 , 241.8120 , 230.6198 , 236.8804 , 243.3778 , 237.3815 , 265.3438 , 275.0218 , 298.6677 , 315.6442 , 320.2834 , 337.7575 , 346.3732 , 366.8503 , 382.9244 , 377.0478 , 386.8662 , 354.6998 , 327.8008 , 312.4018 , 318.2319 , 312.4420
(1980-2012)
318.23 4,348 32,155 19   312.44

-- = Not applicable; NA = Not available; E = Estimate value
Sources: EIA. For more detailed data, see International Energy Statistics.

Data last updated: May 30, 2013

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