Puerto Rico - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)
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Puerto Rico  

Country Analysis Note

  • While Puerto Rico has the potential for both onshore and offshore oil production with undiscovered, technically recoverable crude oil and undiscovered natural gas within the Puerto Rico-U.S. Virgin Islands Exclusive Economic Zone, hydrocarbon resources have not been developed, according to the U.S. Geological Survey and IHS Global Insight. Instead, Puerto Rico imports petroleum products, the dominant energy source for the island.
  • In 2012, Puerto Rico consumed 153,000 barrels per day (bbl/d) of oil.
  • Puerto Rico does not produce natural gas either and imports all the natural gas required for consumption. In 2012, natural gas imports and domestic consumption increased 56% from a five-year average (2007-2011) of 27 billion cubic feet (bcf) to 48 bcf.
  • Puerto Rico has a liquid natural gas (LNG) regasification terminal in Peñuelas. In addition, a floating offshore LNG regasification facility, Aguirre GasPort, will be completed in 2015.
  • In 2011, 68% of Puerto Rico's electricity came from petroleum, 16% from natural gas, 15% from coal, and 1% from hydroelectric power.
  • In Puerto Rico, two wind plants, the Santa Isabel and Punta da Lima, supply up to 120 megawatts of capacity.
  • In 2010, Puerto Rico created the Green Energy Fund (GEF) to support and encourage green energy production. The Puerto Rican government also initiated multiple energy efficiency measures including a sun energy program, wind energy program, and solar water heater program between 2009 and 2012. The government offers tax benefits to encourage installation of solar equipment and allows net metering, meaning that residents can sell power from home solar panels to the grid.
  • Puerto Rico has adopted a Renewable Portfolio Standard requiring 20% of net electricity sales to come from renewable energy resources by 2035.

Analysis Last Updated: January 2014



Overview data for Puerto Rico

+ EXPAND ALL
Petroleum (Thousand Barrels per Day)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Puerto Rico
Central & South America
OECD
World
Rank
Puerto Rico
Total Oil Production 0.0000 , -1.0000 , -2.0000 , -1.0000 , 2.4000 , -1.0000 , -1.0167 , 1.0391 , 1.0457 , 0.8436 , 1.8025 , 2.8266 , 1.5345 , 4.6765 , 3.3162 , 1.6801 , 1.8247 , 1.6286 , 1.3795 , 0.8940 , 0.4572 , -0.1321 , 0.4361 , 0.7218 , 1.3540 , 1.3492 , 0.0854 , 1.3276 , 0.6628 , 0.5381 , 0.0000 , 0.8536 , 0.6737
(1980-2012)
0.85 7,857 21,625 87,573 109 0.67
Crude Oil Production 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000
(1980-2012)
0.00 6,689 14,913 74,199 93 0.00
Consumption 200.0000 , 219.0000 , 158.8000 , 152.0000 , 167.0000 , 144.5808 , 155.5189 , 161.7863 , 147.4590 , 143.0740 , 140.1578 , 175.6055 , 155.5802 , 162.1598 , 165.3745 , 169.0729 , 174.8660 , 179.2466 , 183.5400 , 153.6164 , 201.3548 , 213.8642 , 212.0752 , 217.8093 , 222.7629 , 215.2137 , 210.7312 , 169.6493 , 175.2400 , 155.6156 , 176.0000 , 152.0000 , 152.6422
(1980-2012)
152.00 6,571 46,402 88,744 59 152.64
Estimated Petroleum Net Exports -200.0000 , -220.0000 , -160.8000 , -153.0000 , -164.6000 , -145.5808 , -156.5356 , -160.7472 , -146.4133 , -142.2304 , -138.3553 , -172.7789 , -154.0457 , -157.4833 , -162.0584 , -167.3928 , -173.0414 , -177.6179 , -182.1605 , -152.7225 , -200.8976 , -213.9963 , -211.6391 , -217.0874 , -221.4090 , -213.8645 , -210.6458 , -168.3217 , -174.5772 , -155.0775 , -176.0000 , -151.1464 , -151.9685
(1980-2012)
-151.15 1,287 -24,777 -- 36 -151.97
Refinery Capacity 270.5000 , 276.5000 , 255.4950 , 244.4950 , 121.0000 , 121.0000 , 123.0000 , 123.0000 , 121.0000 , 85.0000 , 121.0000 , 209.8000 , 211.4000 , 138.8000 , 138.8000 , 130.0000 , 130.0000 , 85.0000 , 85.0000 , 35.0000 , 87.0000 , 87.0000 , 87.0000 , 111.5000 , 110.6840 , 109.5000 , 77.9000 , 77.9000 , 77.9000 , 77.9000 , 0.0000 , 73.0000 , 73.0000
(1980-2012)
73 6,582 45,873 88,097 81 73
Proved Reserves(Billion Barrels) 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000
(1980-2013)
0.00 239 223 1,526 91 0.00
Natural Gas (Billion Cubic Feet)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Puerto Rico
Central & South America
World
Rank
 
Puerto Rico
Production 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000
(1980-2012)
0.00 5,498 116,255 93   0.00
Consumption 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 12.3603 , 22.2485 , 22.2485 , 26.1331 , 24.0142 , 23.6611 , 25.4268 , 26.0000 , 28.4860 , 26.7230 , 27.1930 , 26.4863 , 48.0284
(1980-2012)
26.49 5,032 116,395 95   48.03
Net Export/Imports(-) 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , -12.3603 , -22.2485 , -22.2485 , -26.1331 , -24.0142 , -23.6611 , -25.4268 , -26.0000 , -28.4860 , -26.7230 , -27.1930 , -26.4863 , -48.0284
(1990-2012)
-26.49 471 -- 55   -48.03
Proved Reserves
(Trillion Cubic Feet)
0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000
(1980-2013)
0.00 270 6,845 94   0.00
Coal (Million Short Tons)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Puerto Rico
Central & South America
World
Rank
 
Puerto Rico
Production 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000
(1980-2011)
0.000 92 7,934 66   0.000
Consumption 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.1885 , 0.1102 , 0.1102 , 0.2557 , 0.3230 , 0.3946 , 0.3285 , 0.2348 , 0.2116 , 0.1698 , 0.1764 , 0.1786 , 0.1819 , 0.1874 , 0.1907 , 0.1929 , 0.1764 , 0.1764 , 0.1709 , 0.4850 , 1.5212 , 1.4330 , 1.4661 , 1.6535 , 1.6535 , 1.6535 , 1.6535 , 1.6535 , 1.6535
(1980-2011)
1.653 47 7,751 58   1.653
Net Export/Imports(-) 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , -188.4952 , -110.2311 , -110.2311 , -255.7362 , -322.9772 , -394.6275 , -328.4888 , -234.7923 , -211.6438 , -169.7559 , -176.3698 , -178.5744 , -181.8814 , -187.3929 , -190.6999 , -192.9045 , -176.3698 , -176.3698 , -170.8583 , -485.0170 , -1521.1897 , -1433.0048 , -1466.0741 , -1653.4670 , -1653.4670 , -1653.4670 , -1653.4670 , -1653.4670 , -1653.4670
(1980-2011)
-1.653 46 -- 35   -1.653
Electricity (Billion Kilowatthours)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Puerto Rico
Central & South America
World
Rank
 
Puerto Rico
Net Generation 13.3010 , 13.0580 , 11.1140 , 11.3260 , 11.7830 , 11.5860 , 12.1090 , 12.9440 , 13.5520 , 13.4650 , 14.2463 , 14.8606 , 15.4458 , 16.1787 , 16.8344 , 17.4071 , 17.8790 , 18.7431 , 19.2124 , 20.1039 , 21.8130 , 22.3020 , 23.1750 , 23.9370 , 24.1350 , 24.9623 , 23.8370 , 22.3050 , 20.9210 , 20.7090 , 20.8880 , 20.0150
(1980-2011)
20.89 1,097 20,254 71   20.02
Net Consumption 12.3699 , 12.1439 , 10.3360 , 10.5332 , 10.9582 , 10.7750 , 11.2614 , 12.0379 , 12.6034 , 12.5225 , 13.2491 , 13.8203 , 14.3646 , 15.0462 , 15.6560 , 16.1886 , 16.6275 , 17.4311 , 17.8675 , 18.6967 , 20.2861 , 20.7409 , 21.5528 , 22.2614 , 22.4456 , 23.2149 , 22.1684 , 20.7437 , 19.4565 , 19.2594 , 19.4258 , 18.6140
(1980-2011)
19.43 928 18,501 69   18.61
Installed Capacity (GWe) 4.3000 , 4.1000 , 4.1000 , 4.1000 , 4.1000 , 4.2000 , 4.2000 , 4.2200 , 4.2200 , 4.2300 , 4.2300 , 4.2300 , 4.2300 , 4.2300 , 4.3960 , 4.3960 , 4.3960 , 4.3960 , 4.9030 , 4.9178 , 4.9028 , 4.9028 , 5.3580 , 5.3580 , 5.3574 , 5.4020 , 5.4930 , 5.5150 , 5.5150 , 5.5710 , 5.5710 , 5.5710
(1980-2011)
5.57 260 5,086 73   5.57
Total Primary Energy (Quadrillion Btu)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Puerto Rico
Central & South America
World
Rank
 
Puerto Rico
Production 0.0021 , 0.0013 , 0.0011 , 0.0012 , 0.0014 , 0.0019 , 0.0023 , 0.0027 , 0.0028 , 0.0028 , 0.0014 , 0.0012 , 0.0014 , 0.0012 , 0.0007 , 0.0009 , 0.0014 , 0.0010 , 0.0011 , 0.0016 , 0.0016 , 0.0014 , 0.0012 , 0.0011 , 0.0014 , 0.0014 , 0.0014 , 0.0016 , 0.0015 , 0.0017 , 0.0015 , 0.0015
(1980-2011)
.001 30 509 154   0.001
Consumption 0.4276 , 0.4501 , 0.3311 , 0.3207 , 0.3593 , 0.3109 , 0.3372 , 0.3507 , 0.3202 , 0.3123 , 0.3001 , 0.3730 , 0.3326 , 0.3089 , 0.3559 , 0.3638 , 0.3743 , 0.3843 , 0.3936 , 0.3274 , 0.4407 , 0.4784 , 0.4816 , 0.5199 , 0.5304 , 0.5136 , 0.5143 , 0.4265 , 0.4409 , 0.3943 , 0.4397 , 0.3883
(1980-2011)
0.440 27 511 76   0.388
Energy Intensity
(Btu per 2005 U.S. Dollars)
10546.8137 , 11193.4548 , 8491.5305 , 8187.3761 , 8548.1401 , 7245.5379 , 7267.2795 , 7203.2388 , 6174.7000 , 5738.8219 , 5314.4528 , 6456.3279 , 5504.7841 , 4886.2813 , 5403.2250 , 5282.5837 , 5312.0870 , 5200.9326 , 5046.9206 , 3984.3271 , 5192.3396 , 5301.4534 , 5289.1670 , 5706.0474 , 5651.0762 , 5426.4889 , 5442.8861 , 4625.4296 , 4873.0476 , 4459.4867 , 5078.2269 , 4540.7150
(1980-2011)
5,078 5,896 7,452 109   4,541
Carbon Dioxide Emissions (Million Metric Tons of CO₂)
Previous Year
Latest Year
   
History
Puerto Rico
Central & South America
World
Rank
 
Puerto Rico
Total from Consumption of Fossil Fuels
28.8783 , 31.0302 , 22.6923 , 22.0820 , 24.3750 , 21.0703 , 22.9682 , 24.0910 , 21.6100 , 20.4548 , 20.2253 , 24.0209 , 23.3429 , 24.4812 , 25.2554 , 24.2754 , 24.2137 , 24.9699 , 27.5099 , 26.3402 , 27.7156 , 34.5412 , 35.2247 , 37.4466 , 38.2002 , 37.7922 , 37.8665 , 34.1724 , 34.3708 , 28.9928 , 32.3525 , 28.5250
(1980-2011)
32.35 1,288 31,502 74   28.53

-- = Not applicable; NA = Not available; E = Estimate value
Sources: EIA. For more detailed data, see International Energy Statistics.

Data last updated: May 30, 2013

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