Frequently Asked Questions

When was the last refinery built in the United States?

There were 142 operable petroleum refineries in the United States as of January 1, 2014.

The "newest" refinery in the United States began operating in 2008 in Douglas, Wyoming with an initial capacity of 3,000 barrels per calendar day (bbl/cd). As of January 1, 2014, the facility has 3,800 bbl/cd of capacity. However, the newest complex refinery with significant downstream unit capacity began operating in 1977 in Garyville, Louisiana. That facility came online in 1977 with an initial atmospheric distillation unit capacity of 200,000 bbl/cd and as of January 1, 2014 had capacity of 522,000 bbl/cd.

Ground was broken in March 2013 for construction of a new refinery in Dickinson, North Dakota.  The 20,000 barrel per stream day (bbl/sd) Dakota Prairie facility is scheduled to open in December 2014. Kinder Morgan plans to start up a 50,000 bbl/sd condensate processing facility on the Houston ship channel by the end of 2014.

Capacity has also been added to existing refineries through upgrades or new construction. The most recent examples include

  • In 2012, Motiva upgraded its refinery in Port Arthur, Texas, making it the largest refinery in the United States with a capacity of 600,250 bbl/cd.
  • In 2009, Marathon upgraded its Garyville, Louisiana refinery.  As of January 1, 2014, the capacity (bbl/cd) is more than double its original 1977 capacity.

The newest refineries currently operating in the United States are as follow

Year Built First Operated Location Original Owner Original Capacity Bbl/cd Current Owner 2014 Capacity Bbl/cd Type
2008 2008 Douglas, WY Interline Resources 3,000 Antelope Refining  3,800 Simple
1998 1998 Atmore, AL Goodway 4,100 Goodway 4,100 Simple
1993 1993 Valdez, AK Petro Star 26,300 Petro Star 55,000 Simple
1991 1992 Ely, NV  Petro Source 7,000 Foreland 2,000 Simple
1986 1987 North Pole, AK Petro Star 6,700 Petro Star 19,700 Simple
1985 1986 Prudhoe Bay, AK  ARCO 12,000 ConocoPhillips 15,000 Simple
1981 1982 Thomas, OK OK Refining 10,700 Ventura 12,000 Simple
1979 1980 Wilmington, CA Huntway 5,400 Valero 6,300 Simple
1978 1979 Vicksburg, MS Ergon 10,000 Ergon 23,000 Simple
1978 1979 North Slope, AK ARCO 13,000 BP Exp AK 10,500 Simple
1978 1978 North Pole, AK Earth Resources 22,600 Flint Hills 126,535 Simple
1977 1978 Lake Charles, LA Calcasieu 6,500 Calcasieu 78,000 Simple
1976 1977 Garyville, LA Marathon 200,000 Marathon 522,000  Complex
1976 1977 Krotz Springs, LA Gold King 5,000 Alon 80,000 Complex
1975 1975 Corpus Christi, TX Saber 15,000 Valero 200,000  Complex

Learn more:

Refinery Capacity Report, Table 1

Last updated:  June 25, 2014



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