U.S. Energy Information Administration - EIA - Independent Statistics and Analysis
Short-Term Energy Outlook
Renewables and CO2 Emissions
U.S. Electricity and Heat Generation from Renewables
EIA projects renewable energy consumption for electricity and heat generation in all sectors to increase by 4.4% in 2013. While hydropower declines by 1.2%, nonhydropower renewables used for electricity and heat generation grow by an average of 8.1% in 2013. In 2014, the growth in renewables consumption for electric power and heat generation is projected to continue at a rate of 2.6%, as a 0.6% increase in hydropower is combined with a 3.7% increase in non-hydropower renewables.
EIA estimates that wind capacity will increase by 2.7% in 2013 to about 61 gigawatts (GW) at the end of this year and will total more than 66 GW at the end of 2014. Electricity generation from wind is projected to increase by 17.3% in 2013 and by 3.7% in 2014, contributing more than 4% of total electricity generation.
EIA expects continued robust growth in the generation of solar energy, although the amount of utility-scale generation remains a small share of total U.S. generation at about 0.4% by 2014. Utility-scale capacity, which until recently experienced little growth compared with customer-sited distributed generation capacity, is projected to more than double between 2012 and 2014. Photovoltaics (PV) accounted for all utility-scale solar growth in 2012, but EIA expects that several large solar thermal generation projects will enter service in 2013 and 2014.
U.S. Liquid Biofuels
Ethanol and biodiesel production have recovered from last year's drought. Ethanol production increased from an average of 806,000 bbl/d in October 2012 to 892,000 bbl/d during October 2013 and is forecast to average 900,000 bbl/d during 2014. Biodiesel production, which averaged 64,000 bbl/d (1.0 billion gallons per year) in 2012, has been rising this year and reached a record level of 128 million gallons (98,000 bbl/d) in August.
U.S. Energy-Related CO2 Emissions
EIA estimates that carbon dioxide emissions from fossil fuels declined by 3.9% in 2012 from the previous year, and projects increases of 1.6% in 2013 and 1.0% in 2014. The increase in emissions over the forecast period primarily reflects projected growth in coal use for electricity generation in response to higher natural gas prices relative to coal.
|U.S. Renewables & CO2 Emissions Summary|
|2011||2012||2013 projected||2014 projected|
a Conventional hydroelectric power only. Hydroelectricity generated by pumped storage is not included in renewable energy.
|U.S. Renewables Consumption||(quadrillion Btu)|
|Carbon Dioxide Emissions by Fuel||(million metric tons)|
|Petroleum and Other Liquid Fuels||2301||2247||2251||2261|
|Total Fossil Fuels||5482||5269||5355||5407|
Interactive Data Viewers
|U.S. Renewable Energy Supply||XLS||PNG|
|U.S. Energy-Related Carbon Dioxide Emissions Growth||XLS||PNG|
|U.S. Total Industrial Production Index||XLS||PNG|
|U.S. Disposable Income||XLS||PNG|
|Today In Energy||Daily|
|U.S. Energy-Related Carbon Dioxide Emissions||Annual|
|State-Level Energy-Related Carbon Dioxide Emissions||Annual|
|Changes to Electricity and Renewables Tables||Aug-2012|
|Emissions of Greenhouse Gases in the United States||31-Mar-2011|
|Understanding the Decline in CO2 Emissions in 2009||Oct-2009|
|Biodiesel Supply and Consumption||Apr-2009|