U.S. Energy Information Administration - EIA - Independent Statistics and Analysis
Short-Term Energy Outlook
Renewables and CO2 Emissions
Electricity and Heat Generation from Renewables
EIA projects total renewables use for electricity and heat generation will grow by 2.9% in 2014. Conventional hydropower generation is projected to fall by 0.8%, while nonhydropower renewables rise by 4.9%. In 2015, total renewables consumption for electric power and heat generation increases by 4.0%, as a result of a 3.5% increase in hydropower and a 4.2% increase in nonhydropower renewables.
EIA projects that wind power capacity will increase by 8.6% in 2014 and 13.9% in 2015. Electricity generation from wind is projected to contribute 4.5% of total electricity generation in 2015.
EIA expects continued robust growth in solar electricity generation, although the amount of utility-scale generation remains a small share of total U.S. generation at about 0.5% in 2015. While solar growth has historically been concentrated in customer-sited distributed generation installations, utility-scale solar capacity doubled in 2013. EIA expects that utility-scale solar capacity will increase by 88% between the end of 2013 and the end of 2015; about 70% of this new capacity is being built in California. However, customer-sited photovoltaic capacity growth, which the STEO does not forecast, is expected to exceed utility-scale solar growth between 2013 and 2015, according to EIA's Annual Energy Outlook 2014.
Ethanol production increased from an average of 907,000 bbl/d in March to an estimated 949,000 bbl/d in June, which was the highest monthly level of the year and included the highest weekly level ever recorded at 972,000 bbl/d for the week ending June 13. Ethanol production is forecast to average 932,000 bbl/d in 2014 and 940,000 bbl/d in 2015. Biodiesel production averaged 89,000 bbl/d in 2013 and is forecast to average 80,000 bbl/d in 2014 and 84,000 bbl/d in 2015.
Energy-Related Carbon Dioxide Emissions
EIA estimates that carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions from fossil fuels increased by 2.2% in 2013 from the previous year. Emissions are forecast to rise by 1.7% in 2014, and then to decline by 0.9% in 2015. The increase in emissions in 2013 and 2014 reflects growth in coal consumption for electric power generation. Coal emissions are projected to decline by 2.6% in 2015.
On June 4, the 24th allowance auction was held for the Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative (RGGI). RGGI involves nine northeastern and mid-Atlantic states (Connecticut, Delaware, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New York, Rhode Island, and Vermont). Each allowance permits one short ton of CO2 emissions. The clearing price was $5.02 per short ton, and more than 18 million allowances were sold to 43 bidders. The average clearing prices in prior-year auctions were $1.93 per short ton in 2012 and $2.92 per short ton in 2013.
|U.S. Renewables & CO2 Emissions Summary|
|2012||2013||2014 projected||2015 projected|
a Conventional hydroelectric power only. Hydroelectricity generated by pumped storage is not included in renewable energy.
|U.S. Renewables Consumption||(quadrillion Btu)|
|Carbon Dioxide Emissions by Fuel||(million metric tons)|
|Petroleum and Other Liquid Fuels||2246||2262||2275||2279|
|Total Fossil Fuels||5262||5375||5464||5415|
Interactive Data Viewers
|U.S. Renewable Energy Supply||XLSX||PNG|
|U.S. Energy-Related Carbon Dioxide Emissions Growth||XLSX||PNG|
|U.S. Total Industrial Production Index||XLSX||PNG|
|U.S. Disposable Income||XLSX||PNG|
|Today In Energy||Daily|
|U.S. Energy-Related Carbon Dioxide Emissions||Annual|
|State-Level Energy-Related Carbon Dioxide Emissions||Annual|
|Changes to Electricity and Renewables Tables||Aug-2012|
|Emissions of Greenhouse Gases in the United States||31-Mar-2011|
|Understanding the Decline in CO2 Emissions in 2009||Oct-2009|
|Biodiesel Supply and Consumption||Apr-2009|