‹ Analysis & Projections

Annual Energy Outlook 2014

Release Dates: April 7 - 30, 2014   |  Next Early Release Date: December 2014   |  See schedule

natural gasNatural Gas

exec summary Executive Summary

  • The United States becomes a net exporter of natural gas....Read full section
  • Coal's share of electric power generation falls over the projection period ...Read full section
  • Natural gas consumption grows in industrial and electric power sectors....Read full section

Mkt trends Market Trends

  • Energy expenditures decline relative to grows domestic product and gross output.... Read full section
  • Production of liquid fuels from biomass, coal, and natural gas increases... Read full section
  • Renewables and natural gas lead rise in primary energy consumption... Read full section
  • Reliance on natural gas and natural gas liquids, and renewables rises as industrial energy use grows....Read full section
  • Heavy-duty vehicles dominate natural gas consumption in the transportation sector ....Read full section
  • Coal-fired plants continue to be the largest source of U.S. electricity generation....Read full section
  • Most new capacity additions use natural gas and renewables....Read full section
  • Additions to power plant capacity slow after 2012 but accelerate beyond 2023....Read full section
  • Costs and regulatory uncertainties vary across options for new capacity....Read full section
  • Industrial and electric power sectors lead U.S. growth in natural gas consumption. ....Read full section
  • Natural gas prices rise with an expected increase in production costs after 2015. ....Read full section
  • Energy from natural gas remains far less expensive than energy from oil through 2040....Read full section
  • Natural gas prices depend on economic growth and resource recovery rates among other factors ....Read full section
  • With production outpacing consumption, U.S. exports of natural gas exceed imports ....Read full section
  • U.S. natural gas production is affected by oil prices through consumption and exports ....Read full section
  • Shale gas provides the largest source of growth in U.S. natural gas supply ....Read full section
  • Pipeline exports increases as Canadian imports fall and exports to Mexico rise....Read full section
  • Energy-related carbon dioxide emissions remain below their 2005 level through 2040....Read full section
  • Energy-related carbon dioxide emissions are sensitive to potential policy changes....Read full section
  • Carbon diioxide fee cases generally increase the use of natural gas for electricity generation....Read full section

issues Issues in Focus

comparision Comparison with other projections


figure data
Reference Case Tables
Table 1. Total Energy Supply, Disposition, and Price Summary XLS
Table 13. Natural Gas Supply, Disposition, and Prices XLS
Table 14. Oil and Gas Supply XLS
Table 18. Energy-Related Carbon Dioxide Emissions by Sector and Source - United States XLS
Table 18.1. Energy-Related Carbon Dioxide Emissions by Sector and Source - New England XLS
Table 18.2. Energy-Related Carbon Dioxide Emissions by Sector and Source - Middle Atlantic XLS
Table 18.3. Energy-Related Carbon Dioxide Emissions by Sector and Source - East North Central XLS
Table 18.4. Energy-Related Carbon Dioxide Emissions by Sector and Source - West North Central XLS
Table 18.5. Energy-Related Carbon Dioxide Emissions by Sector and Source - South Atlantic XLS
Table 18.6. Energy-Related Carbon Dioxide Emissions by Sector and Source - East South Central XLS
Table 18.7. Energy-Related Carbon Dioxide Emissions by Sector and Source - West South Central XLS
Table 18.8. Energy-Related Carbon Dioxide Emissions by Sector and Source - Mountain XLS
Table 18.9. Energy-Related Carbon Dioxide Emissions by Sector and Source - Pacific XLS
Table 60. Lower 48 Crude Oil Production and Wellhead Prices by Supply Region XLS
Table 61. Lower 48 Natural Gas Production and Spot Prices by Supply Region XLS
Table 62. Oil and Gas End-of-Year Reserves and Annual Reserve Additions XLS
Table 63. Natural Gas Imports and Exports XLS
Table 64. Natural Gas Consumption by End-Use Sector and Census Division XLS
Table 65. Natural Gas Delivered Prices by End-Use Sector and Census Division XLS
Table 66. Primary Natural Gas Flows Entering NGTDM Region from Neighboring Regions XLS